8

The Arukh haShulchan (OC 620:1) writes: ומה שתמיהני: דהנה הרא"ש שלהי יומא, והטור בסימן זה הביאו בשם הגאונים לומר בשחרית חמש פעמים "ויעבור". ויש אומרים שלוש עשרה פעמים כנגד שלוש עשרה מדות. ויש אומרים שבע פעמים, ובמוסף שבע פעמים, וכן במנחה, עיין שם. ואנחנו אין מזכירין אפילו פעם אחת. ויש מנהגים שאין להם עיקר — ונזהרים בהם, וזה שהוא מהגאונים ...


8

Rema Orach Chaim 46:9 notes that the custom he observed was to recite birchot hatorah only after selichot. However Mishnah Berurah 46:27 points out that the prevalent custom today is not to recite any verses before birchot hatorah, therefore one should recite birchot hatorah before selichot.


7

Rabbi Dr. Immanual Shochat's introduction to his translation of Slichos (page xii) places the first text of Slichos to Rav Amram Gaon. Wikipedia contends that the slichos part is of later vintage, but brings no evidence for the assertion (that the entire thing is whole cloth of later vintage, rather than interpolation of later slichos into what Rav Amram ...


6

The text of the Selihot appears at Da`at (Herzog College) and at Wikitext. The text is nearly the same every day. There are additions for the 10 days of repentance, and there is a small section which varies based on the day of the week. There are also sections which are said in some congregations but not in others.


6

This idea may have an earlier source, but I found in the Nit'ei Gavriel (Rosh HaShana, ch. 2, fn. 33) that the recitation of the 13 middos causes HaShem to move to His throne of mercy (see also Rosh HaShana 17b), which is why all subsequent recitations are preceded by "Kail Melech Yoshaiv" ("Lord King who sits on the Throne of Mercy").


6

(Assuming that finding a slower Minyan is not an option, and that you are using the Ashkenazi/Chassidich version.) Take a 2-pronged approach: Prepare Don't plan on saying it all Prepare the shortest chapter of that day; very often it's the Pizmun - the one towards the end recited by the congregation and Chazzan. Spend a few minutes before Selichot (or ...


6

As you can see from the Tur 581 and his commentators and successors, the Elul/Tishrei Selichot are said pre-dawn as pre-dawn is an auspicious time for connecting with The Spiritual. (See the first Siman in O"C, for other examples of pre-dawn activities.) Recently these have been moved from pre-dawn to midnight, before Shacharit and other random/...


5

As explained in אוצר מנהגי חב"ד, the practice in the main Shul in Lubavitch where the Rabbeim davened was not indicative of the official Chabad practice, but rather represented what the crowd chose to do. So whatever the practice was was not indicative of the actual position of the Rabbeim (i.e. what they would do in private). Often the Rabbeim would daven ...


5

I asked a fellow in Shul this morning this question, and he showed me a fascinating Medrash Raba. Medrash Raba Vayeira 56 third line from the top. Avaraham prayed at Mount Moriah after he was told not to sacrifice Yitzchak that Hashem should have Mercy on the Jews even if due to sin they are not deserving of it . ר' יוחנן אמר: אמר לפניו רבון העולמים בשעה ...


5

German Ashkenazim do not say on public fast days Avinu Malkeinu, and this was followed by the Ashkenazim of Austria-Hungary. See any Rödelheim or Schlesinger siddur for reference. Edit 12.07.2017: Since many started to discuss the details and exceptions regarding the Shabbat, I would like to add that I was not 100% precise. The very last verse of Avinu ...


5

I'm vaguely recalling what I had heard many years ago when I studied Nusach at the Belz School of Jewish music (part of Yeshiva University.) Cantor Beer taught the course on Selichot and he was (and still is) a maven on Tefillah history. He explained that beginning at Tzaddik Hashem bechol Derachav is a "recurring" theme for Selichot as well as the High ...


5

Artscroll (introduction to Selichot) quotes the Maharal of Prague as writing strongly against supplications addressed to angelic advocates. Why may one seek the intercession of human intermediaries [the avot and imaot], yet be prohibited from beseeching the angels to advocate his case? Man is commanded to perform acts of kindness with his fellow ...


5

The Levush explains in his commentary on Orach Chayim 581 (page 204 in the PDF linked here) why the selichos service concludes with kaddish shalem, which is normally reserved for after shmoneh esrei. אע״ג שבכל ימות השנה א״א תתקבל אלא אחר תפלת י״ח שכן הוא משמעות לשון צלותהן שפירושו תפלה וסתם תפלה ר״ל תפילת י״ח שאני סדר הסליחות שנתקנו כולם על סדר התפלה של ...


4

R. Chaim Berlin writes in a responsum (Nishmas Chaim # 7 in the one volume edition) that it is forbidden to publicly deviate from the nusach and the customs of the congregation, and it is a violation of Lo Sisgodedu. ולהתפלל בבית הכנסת של החסידים אין שום חשש בזה וגזירת רבינו הגר"א ז"ל לא הי' אלא בזמנו שהקילו אז בכבוד תלמידי חכמים לומדי תורה ולא כן ...


4

Selichot cannot be a Halachic Obligation (as defined by you as something that a Jew is obligated to do, according to Jewish law. This is in contrast to a minhag, which might be "good", "nice", or even "advisable", but not obligatory). The reason is that - as the Tur mentions in תקפ"א - that it was instituted by the Geonim ...


4

ELiyahu Ki Tov in Sefer Hatoda'ah (Book of Heritage) mentions that Elul is am "Et Ratzon" - a time of "acceptance"/ Therefore, this is an appropriate month to concentrate on Teshuva. Saying Selichot and increasing supplications is one means of doing this, but, going through the motions of saying the words of Selichot without feeling anything or encouraging ...


4

ט אַל-תַּשְׁלִיכֵנִי, לְעֵת זִקְנָה; כִּכְלוֹת כֹּחִי, אַל-תַּעַזְבֵנִי 9 Cast me not off in the time of old age; when my strength faileth, forsake me not. י כִּי-אָמְרוּ אוֹיְבַי לִי; וְשֹׁמְרֵי נַפְשִׁי, נוֹעֲצוּ יַחְדָּו. For mine enemies speak concerning me, and they that watch for my soul take counsel together, ...


4

Yona 4, 3: ועתה יהוה, קח-נא את-נפשי ממני; כי טוב מותי מחיי: ‏ Therefore now, O Lord, take, I pray you, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live. Genesis 27, 46 (here the whish is conditional): וַתֹּ֤אמֶר רִבְקָה֙ אֶל־יִצְחָ֔ק קַ֣צְתִּי בְחַיַּ֔י מִפְּנֵ֖י בְּנ֣וֹת חֵ֑ת אִם־לֹקֵ֣חַ יַ֠עֲקֹ֠ב אִשָּׁ֨ה מִבְּנֽוֹת־חֵ֤ת כָּאֵ֙לֶּה֙ ...


3

This is from the Art Scroll siddur with translation of this selicha (page 848/849) The next few verses give the list of three Translation of the Torah into Greek on the ninth of Teves Ezra the Sofer died on "this day" On the tenth the prophecy of Yechezkel ben Buzi was commanded. Since this is when he was informed of both the siege and the fall, the two ...


3

Perhaps the verse is used as a kind of Kal VeChomer. The end of the verse says "for My house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples." This is in line with what King Shlomo prayed for during the dedication of the Beit HaMikdash, Melachim I 8:41-43: And also to the stranger, who (is) not of Your people Israel, but will come from a far country ...


3

This occurs most notably on these occasions: Entire Chodesh Ellul (Sefardim) or approx. last week of Ellul (Ashkenazim) Erev Yom Kippur (Avinu Malkeinu is not said unless Yom Kippur occurs on Shabbat.) Also, there is a minhag (I will edit in source, later, IY"H) among some to say Selichot on Tish'a B'Av instead of Kinot. However, they do not say Avinu ...


3

Rav Chaim Kanivesky (Daas Noteh 1:page 192:10) was asked this question. He answered "with certainty davening vasikin(source in gemara) is more important than selichos(just a minhag),but the main mitzvah of selichos is b'ashmoros haboker"


3

Mateh Levi is a classic peirush, and there's a copy of Selichos with it at http://beta.hebrewbooks.org/23516, although a lot of the pages have ink blots or something that make them difficult to read. There's also the Be'er Yaakov selichos (http://beta.hebrewbooks.org/49117 according to Minhag Lita, and http://beta.hebrewbooks.org/49921 according to Minhag ...


3

Rema Orach Chaim 585:4 writes that it is preferable that the one who blows shofar before musaf also blows during musaf because of this principle.


3

With full thanks and acknowledgement to @JoelK, it writes in Nitei Gavriel here the following: כשחל יוה"כ ביום ב' או ביום ה' יש מקדימים לומר סליחות של י"ג מדות ביום ב' או ביום ה' שלפניו, כדי שיאמרו הסליחות של י"ג מדות ביום שיש בו קרה"ת ויש מקומות שנוהגים אשר רק אם חל בשבת מקדימים ליום ה', אבל כשחל ביום אחר א"צ לשנות, ויש מקומות שאין ...


2

Sefaria.org has it on different nusachim. Scroll down in liturgy. Specifically: Edot HaMizrach Nusach Polin Nusach Lita Nusach Lita - Linear English translation


2

Too long for a comment: Footnote 34 in Heineman's "The Ancient 'Orders of Benedictions' for New Year and Fasts" (Tarbiẕ, 1976), argues that the non-Biblical verse was inserted to have a complete ten verses. Although there is a surfeit of זכר verses in Tanakh, Heineman believes that no additional ones were suitable in content and in style for inclusion in ...


2

If s'lichos and tachanunim are the same thing, as I believe they are, this question is synonymous with "why don't we say tachanun on Tish'a B'Av?" The answer to that, linked here from here is No “Tachanun” and no “Avinu Malkeinu,” both typically said on Fast Days, but not on Tisha B’Av, because, although it is the saddest day, and the most severe of the ...


2

I hear you and agree. You got some good advice about preparing, however life as a frum Jew leaves little free time if you have kids and a job. I have the same issue as you and lately I have been going to Sephardic selichos. The language is easier and the tone is not sad and depressing. I can only suggest what I do and that is I go at my own pace, find one ...


2

The Behag lists a number of days where the custom is to fast because of various historical tragedies, including both 8 and 9 Tevet. While the Tur and Shulchan Arukh quote this list in OC 580, the Beit Yosef (16th century) and the Arukh haShulchan (19th century) there note that they've never heard of anyone fasting on the days on that list (and frankly, never ...


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