14

Perhaps it includes the Fast of the Firstborn. Contemporary practice is to override it, so I don't know if there's any liturgy for it, but maybe at some time in some communities, it was/is observed as a fast, with its own liturgy. Or maybe the sixth fast is the non-calendar-fixed "Ta'anit Dibbur," which the front cover says is included.


14

It's just a bookbinding technique. Read: COLOURING EDGES from this Bookbinding Website.


14

In the introduction to the Tur (upon which the Shulchan Aruch is based), R' Yaakov Baal HaTurim writes that he organized the Sefer based on the order of the day, how a person should conduct himself from when he wakes up until he goes to sleep.


12

The g'mara in B'rachos (4B) explains that 'נ' represents downfall [of the nation] and is therefore encompassed in the positive context of the putative next pasuk, which states that "God supports all of the fallen".


12

Two stories explaining why the Alter Rebbe included V'shomru in his siddur: R' Avraham Chaim Na'ah, in his sefer Piskei Hasidur (paragraph 128), brings a story Chassidim would tell. Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev once asked the Alter Rebbe why his custom is not to say V'shomru, if it makes such a "יריד"‬ (usually translated as fair, or parade) in heaven. The ...


12

We say every morning "Neshalma parim sefatenu". Since we cannot offer Korbanot , we got the Tfila instead. So the Tfila follows the order of the Korbanot. For the Korbanot the day starts after sunrise.


12

Perhaps because not everyone translates "Mei Raglayim" as urine. The Shitah Mekubetzet (Chof-Chet) to Kritot 6A brings 2 translations of "Mei Raglayin". The first being actual urine, but the second being a grass with that name. And the name makes it an embarrassment to use it for service in the Beit Hamikdash. I also remember reading another explanation ...


11

Erlau. They dress like Hassidim and they have a rebbe, who holds a tisch, but their traditions and minhagim are Chassam Sofer strictly (In fact, the Erlauer ravs are from the direct line of the Chassam Sofer, and their surname is in fact, Sofer.). They use Ashkenaz siddur, and their culture is an Oberlander culture. You'll also find, if you hang out ...


11

The Tur (OC 61) says, in his guidance on careful pronunciation of Hebrew, to be careful to pause between a word ending in a ם and a word starting with an א, and one of the examples of that that he mentions is here וממליכים את. There's no need for a big pause or a paragraph break anymore than at the other places he mentions (such as שבחי ירושלים את or וראיתם ...


10

The introductory note (in your second link), from Sefer Kerisus by R. Shimshon of Chinon (a prominent Tosafist), explains that the 32 middos are indeed an amplification of the 13, but that (a) not all of the former are universally accepted, (b) some of them aren't really middos (exegetical methods) at all, but amount to a different kind of peshat ("as if it ...


10

Being blind myself, I can more specifically address Hebrew Braille and how siddurim work. As the first answer says, a person who knows English Grade 2 braille does not need to start from scratch, because there are many similarities. However, it is not transliteration; the Hebrew letters are represented character for character, with the vowels, when used, ...


9

I haven't vetted these but they might be worth working through http://www.kehilathadar.org/content/davening-audio-files http://sidduraudio.com/ http://www.toraschaimdallas.org/resources/weekday-davening-2/ I just ran a google search and found a bunch. I also know that too much information can be as problematic as too little. You should ask your Rabbi to ...


9

There is a text called שירת הקודש של ביתא ישראל - Holy Song of the House of Israel It is centuries old. It contains religious poetry including prayers.


9

Someone recently sent me a screenshot of a sefer. I have paraphrased it: Someone had apparently asked הרה״ג רבי יצחק זילברשטיין שליט״א if he is allowed to use the "spinner" during Shemona Esrei since it is hard for him to concentrate, and according to the researchers he will be more successful at concentrating during the Tefilah. רבי יצחק זילברשטיין ...


8

R' Shalom Dovber of Lubavitch writes that it has to do with the difference between the different modes in which Hashem constantly re-creates the world. On weekdays, this is done by Hashem speaking it into existence, which for Him is a form of action (דיבורו של הקב"ה חשיב מעשה), whereas on Shabbos this is done through Hashem's attribute of Wisdom (chochmah). ...


8

Perhaps it includes Yom Kippur


8

Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel Rabbi Yishmael the Kohen Gadol. Rabbi Akiva: Recorded in Berachot 61B - Arrested for gathering large groups of Jews and teaching Torah publicly in a time when learning Torah was outlawed. Was killed by having his skin raked off with iron combs. Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion: Avodah Zarah 18A - Was caught teaching Torah in public with ...


8

I studied in Brisk in Yerushalyim and what I saw from my Rosh Yeshiva and his family was that they use regular ashkenazi siddurim but by heart they incorporate their own nuschaos and minhagim (ie. most often following the Gr"a, for example, ommitting נא in the blessing of rachem in bentching. Also ברחמיו in Bonei Yerushalayim is omitted. However, they don'...


8

שם - a name refers to reputation, or how something is known. טוב שם משמן טוב (Koheles 7:1) means a good reputation is better than oil. One who is מוציא שם רע - וְשָׂם לָהּ עֲלִילֹת דְּבָרִים, וְהוֹצִא עָלֶיהָ שֵׁם רָע (Devarim 22:14) - has created a bad reputation. The idea of a name is that which you use for others to relate to you - one does not ...


8

Many of the people who daven at the Hillel Minyan at Northwestern University (where I davened in college) associate with the Open Orthodox movement. Most of them daven with the Koren Sacks siddur. Some others use the Artscroll Siddur edition that includes the prayers for Israel, TzaHa"L, the United States, etc. Since they use mainstream siddurim, their ...


8

DISCLAIMER: While the study Hebrew grammar is of interest to me, I am far from proficient in it, and hopefully those who know more will add to the discussion. My answer is marei mekomos and a highly simplified summary of the reasons behind each spelling. Several of the sources were cited in Dayan Raskin's notes on the Chabad siddur, an extremely helpful book ...


8

It is repeated at the end of the Song of the Sea to indicate the end of the song. (OC 51:7)


7

I have never seen a siddur that has TOras. The correct pronunciation, as far as I know, is toRAS. In general, the only reason a mil'ra word, such as toRAS, would become mil'ail, is if the word following it had its accent on its first syllable. For example, if the term was "toras chesed", it would be "TOras CHEsed", as the accent in "chesed" is on the first ...


7

It's generally accepted to stack sfarim (books) in order of holiness, with the holiest on top. As a chumash is considered to be holier than a Siddur the Chumash goes on top. See this question for a quote from the Shulchan Aruch. Modern day Siddurim are a little more complicated, as they contain (often at the back) weekday and other Torah readings, but ...


7

I found a discussion of possible problems, the writer seems not to like the idea, though doesn't rule it out completely. Issues that are addressed there (my comments in parentheses): Holding something valuable during Davenning is prohibited since the possibility of it falling bothers כוונה. (A Siddur is permitted, I woudn't assume a difference since people ...


7

I have been compiling a German siddur for the past fifteen years. It is currently available on www.thebookpatch.com: http://www.thebookpatch.com/BookStoreDetails.aspx?BookID=19123&ID=0da30d3e-df41-4b72-bdbe-ee301d7f0000


7

Although there was some initial confusion on this question among some poskim, because the Siddur was printed during the Alter Rebbe's lifetime, where as the Shulchan Aruch was only printed after his passing (even though he wrote the Shulchan Aruch when he was 26 years old), his children write that the Siddur was written later than the Shulchan Aruch, ...


7

I have just compared the weekday ma'ariv services in the following two books: Siddur Sim Shalom for Weekdays, September 2003 (2nd printing) Expanded Artscroll Siddur, Wasserman Edition, 2010 I found the following differences: Sim Shalom has two versions of the beginning of the t'filah, the usual text (page 142a) and the same text with the imahot inserted ...


7

In Saadya Gaon's Siddur, the phrase shows up again with the desired variation at the end of the blessing and seems to have been transplanted from there to the beginning of the blessing in Siddur Sim Shalom. Here is the full text of the blessing from your linked-to pdf (emphasis added): שים שלום טובה וברכה חן וחסד ורחמים וברכנו כלנו כאחד במאור פניך כי ...


7

Your question is asked word for word by the Mishnah Berurah on Orach Chayim 132, seif katan 14: וצ"ע למה אנו אומרין אותה בשבת ויו"ט אחר מוסף והלא הקטורת קודמת למוספין לכו"ע והיא שייכא לקרבן תמיד And he gives the Magen Avraham's answer as a possibility - that we want to finish our prayer with divrei Torah, before starting out with our day: ואפשר ...


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