24 votes
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Making a pikuach nefesh phone call on Yom Kippur - mitzva or something to be avoided?

מְפַקְּחִין פִּקּוּחַ נֶפֶשׁ בְּשַׁבָּת וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לִטּל רְשׁוּת מִבֵּית דִּין. וְהַמַּקְדִּים לְהַצִּיל הַנֶּפֶשׁ הֲרֵי זֶה מְשֻׁבָּח. [All] activities necessary to save a life should be ...
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15 votes
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What's an appropriate greeting for Motzei Yom Kippur?

While I'm accustomed to "gut voch" or "gut (gebentched) yar," I noticed that the "מחזור המפורש" (Gefen, Jerusalem 5772 [Ashkenaz, page 999]) indicates that a regular yom tov greeting (either "gut yom ...
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13 votes
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Teshuva and non-Jews?

Non-Jews are certainly able to do teshuva and be forgiven, as evidenced by the story of Jonah and Ninveh (who were forgiven, despite having sinned both against man and God). The Mabit, in Beis Elohim ...
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13 votes

What's an appropriate greeting for Motzei Yom Kippur?

In addition to "good yom tov" and "good year" (or the Yiddish or Hebrew equivalents) mentioned in other answers, I've heard "a gutn kvitl" or the equivalent "piska tava", meaning "a good note", ...
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12 votes

When was the one time the Jewish people did not fast on Yom Kippur?

From http://www.chabadnj.org/page.asp?pageID=%7B829583A0-2C90-449A-B619-2362C8B418FF%7D The first Holy Temple was inaugurated by King Solomon on the 8th of Tishrei, and was celebrated for the next ...
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11 votes
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Germaphobes washing on Tisha B'Av and Yom Kippur

Regarding washing on Yom Kippur, the Tur (OH 613) writes: ביה"כ...ואם היו ידיו מלוכלכות בטיט וצואה מותר לרוחצן שלא אסרו אלא רחיצה של תענוג ...וכן בכל היום אחר שעשה צרכיו וקנח או הטיל מים ושפשף ...
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10 votes

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

The question of Kiddush on Yom Kippur is discussed first in the Gemara Eiruvin The Shibolei Haleket (312) writes that because one does not normally eat on Yom Kippur, the Sages never required ...
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10 votes
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Customary foods for the erev Yom Kippur meal(s)

Nitei Gavriel Yom Kippur 16:9 says the Minhag is to eat round Challas dipped in honey. 16:10:15 brings in the name of the Magen Avraham 608:7 to eat fish and fowl. (some eat the Kapara chicken at ...
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10 votes

Connection Between Purim and Yom Kippur

The Medrash records a machloket Tannaim about whether in the future all the moadim are batel except for Yom Kippur and Purim or all the moadim except for Purim. The Maharal writes in his hakdama to ...
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10 votes

Nocturnal emission on Yom Kippur

Yoma 88a: תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן הרואה קרי ביוה"כ עונותיו מחולין לו ... תנא דבי רבי ישמעאל הרואה קרי ביוה"כ ידאג כל השנה כולה ואם עלתה לו שנה מובטח לו שהוא בן העולם הבא אמר רב נחמן בר יצחק תדע שכל ...
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10 votes

Why was the calendar not arranged so that Yom Kippur never falls on Shabbat?

The fixed calendar already prevents Yom Kippur from falling on a Friday or Sunday, to avoid two consecutive days where all melachot are forbidden. (See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 428:1 with e.g. Magen ...
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10 votes
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What is the purpose of the goat for Azazel, as opposed to conventional offerings?

In Guide for the Perplexed 3:46 Rambam writes: The goat [of the Day of Atonement] that was sent [into the wilderness] (Lev. xvi. 20, seq.) served as an atonement for all serious transgressions more ...
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9 votes
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Why don't we say "Ashrei" for Mincha of Yom Kippur?

Actually there is a debate in Orach Chayim 622:1 between the Sefardi and the Ashkenazi practice (as pointed out by DoubleAA in comment): למנחה אומר אשרי ובא לציון ואין אומרים ואני תפלתי אפילו אם חל ...
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8 votes
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How can someone, halachically, do teshuva when s/he has offended an anonymous person on the internet?

Chovos Halevavos - #7 - Shaar Teshuva ch.10 ch.9 But for the sins towards G-d and man, it will be difficult to repent for several reasons: He may not be able to find the person he ...
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  • 20.5k
8 votes

What texts should be studied after services on erev Yom Kippur?

Try Mishnayos Yoma. These mishnayos discuss the Temple Service for the day of Yom Kippur, and are traditionally printed in Yom Kippur machzorim (prayer books) after Maariv prayers of the night of Yom ...
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8 votes
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What was the ריב"א thinking?

Shaalos Uteshuvos Radbaz 3:444 says that perhaps the Riva felt that his time was up and knew that he would die either way and therefore did not eat. "אפשר דריב"א ז"ל הרגיש בעצמו דאפילו שיאכל ימות ...
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8 votes

What's an appropriate greeting for Motzei Yom Kippur?

In addition to "gut yor", I believe I've heard "gmar tov" till Hoshana Rabba.
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8 votes
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selichot on yom hakkipurim

The Arukh haShulchan (OC 620:1) writes: ומה שתמיהני: דהנה הרא"ש שלהי יומא, והטור בסימן זה הביאו בשם הגאונים לומר בשחרית חמש פעמים "ויעבור". ויש אומרים שלוש עשרה פעמים כנגד שלוש עשרה ...
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8 votes

Do you need a minyan for Kol Nidrei?

No, not according to the answer on this site: Although it is preferable to join a minyan where this is possible, both Kol Nidrei and Yizkor can be recited in private. The reason for this is that ...
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8 votes
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Why is Masechta Yoma not entitled more clearly after Yom Kippur like other masechtos reflecting the relevant yom tov

According to the gemara in Rosh Hashanah 21a, Yom Kippur was known in Babylon as "Yoma Rabbah" - The Great Day: "רַב נַחְמָן יְתֵיב בְּתַעֲנִיתָא כּוּלֵּיהּ יוֹמֵי דְּכִיפּוּרֵי ...
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  • 20.5k
7 votes

What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

Rosh Hashanah 16a: Rav Yosef said: Like whom do we hold that we pray nowadays for the sick and ailing? Like whom? Like Rabbi Yosi! [who says that "a person is judged every day"] And if you'...
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  • 8,163
7 votes

Why do we wear a tallit at kol nidre?

Nitei Gavriel Hilchos Yom Hakipurim page 181 note 24 in the name of Siach Yitzchak that we wear a Talis at Kol Nidrei based on the Yerushalmi Chagiga 1:5 that says that one needs to wear a Talis at ...
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7 votes

What is the purpose of the goat for Azazel, as opposed to conventional offerings?

The Sefer HaChinuch explains (§95) that the two goats of Yom Kippur are symbolic for the choice presented to a sinner – the goat for Hashem representing one who repents, and the goat for Azazel ...
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  • 33.4k
7 votes

Shacharit on י"א תשרי

This custom is noted in Matteh Ephraim 624:14.
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7 votes

Who are the bene elim?

There are several opinions: Rashi - They are to be understood as "שרים" - officers Ibn Ezra - they are "כוכבים" - stars The Targum draws the same conclusion as you that they ...
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  • 20.2k
6 votes

Eating a Yom Tov meal on Yom Kippur

A person who eats on Yom Kipour does not make kiddush and have two challah rolls, plus meat and fish just as any other yom tov. The reason being that they should be eating as little as possible - ...
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6 votes

Customary foods for the erev Yom Kippur meal(s)

Some Ashkenazim have the custom to eat Kreplach.
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  • 95.4k
6 votes

Is it permitted to wear leather belts on Yom Kippur?

Yes, it is permitted to wear leather belts on Yom Kippur. According to this article​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ by Rabbi Ari Zivotofsky (published in the Fall 2011 edition of Jewish Action), there ...
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6 votes
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If there is incliment weather on Yom Kippor may one wear leather shoes to the synogogue?

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן קלג - הלכות יום הכפורים says: סעיף ח' נְעִילַת הַסַּנְדָּל, יֵשׁ אוֹסְרִין אֲפִלּוּ בְּסַנְדָּל שֶל עֵץ שֶׁאֵינוֹ חָפוּי בְּעוֹר. אֲבָל שֶׁל גֶּמִי אוֹ קַשׁ אוֹ ...
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6 votes

I accidentally broke my fast on Yom Kippur, now what?

Continue the fast. ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​
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