18 votes
Accepted

Can a service dog enter a Temple during service?

Yes. The Jerusalem Talmud (Tractate Megillah) quotes Rav Imi telling his assistant that if a scholar should visit and need to sleep in the Synagogue, he should let him, and allow him to bring ...
  • 9,755
8 votes
Accepted

What happens with the blessings if a mute is called for a Torah aliyah?

Peri Megadim (OC 140 MZ 2) writes that perhaps if the mute is an extremely important person ("אדם חשוב גדול הדור") we can be lenient to allow others to say the blessing for him through Shomea' KeOneh, ...
  • 95.7k
6 votes
Accepted

What do Orthodox communities do for profoundly-disabled 13-year-olds (bar mitzvah or similar)?

You've asked an interesting question. I've seen several Bar Mitzvah affairs done on Shabbat for cerebral palsy kids and those with all kinds of disabilities. I have a close friend who has an autistic ...
  • 69k
6 votes

What do Orthodox communities do for profoundly-disabled 13-year-olds (bar mitzvah or similar)?

I am a charadi yid living in NYC. I can describe what I did for my severely disabled (non verbal, non mobile, blind) son. [He had a stroke as a result of side effect to a medication at 2.5 years]. On ...
  • 61
6 votes
Accepted

Megillah 4.6 -- Why can't the blind recite the Shema with their benedictions (according to R. Judah)?

The context of that Mishna is discussing who is fit to lead the congregation in prayers, and in particular that line is part of a dispute if a blind person can lead the prayer of Shema and its ...
  • 95.7k
5 votes

How does a mute get married?

In writing or in sign language. You are talking about someone that can hear and understand. For the Din of Cheresh (which imply inability to be Chayav bemitsvot) is a man who cannot speaking nor ...
  • 22.4k
5 votes
Accepted

Looking for a list of Mikva'ot in the U.S. or Canada that have ramps

This link from the OU lists Mikvas that are accessible to handicapped people.
4 votes
Accepted

May the gabbai use a disabled person for shat"z over a non-disabled one?

The Jerusalem-based kollel Eretz Hemda has a responsa on this very topic (here). Their conclusion is that If [a person is] permanently (or for a long time) in need of a wheelchair, people should ...
  • 43.9k
4 votes
Accepted

Is it permitted to attach a prosthetic leg/arm body/body part on shabbos?

R Abraham S. Abraham discusses a related element in the volume 1 of his Nishmat Avraham pp. 166ff. - a 3-volume sefer of medical halacha. He explains (based on Shulchan Aruch HaRav) that the ...
  • 43.9k
4 votes

Tefillin for somone missing fingers

If one is missing his middle finger, he should wrap around the finger closest to the thumb, the index finger. That is the same finger a ring is placed on by marriage, and the wrappings represent our ...
4 votes

Mental Disability and Exemption from Mitzvot

See Does Down Syndrome make one a Shoteh? . Generally, they are obligated in whatever mitzvot their consciousness can support. If someone's actions indicate they're completely disconnected from ...
  • 127k
4 votes
Accepted

How does a mute get married?

The implication of the Mishna (Ma'aser Sheni 4:7) is that a formal declaration is not necessary, and context suffices: היה מדבר עם האשה על עסקי גיטה וקדושיה ונתן לה גיטה וקדושיה ולא פירש רבי יוסי ...
  • 34.9k
4 votes

Is a blind person required to cover their eyes during Shema?

Since the simple, traditional reason for covering the eyes is in order not to be distracted [while reciting the Shema (proclaiming God’s kingship)], as stated in SA O.C. 61:5, therefore if one cannot ...
  • 11.8k
4 votes

Can a mute person do teshuva?

Quoting the Rambam again, he actually says something more radical. "כְּשֶׁיַּעֲשֶׂה תְּשׁוּבָה וְיָשׁוּב מֵחֶטְאוֹ חַיָּב לְהִתְוַדּוֹת -- ... when he does teshuvah, he is obligated to confess..." ...
  • 8,985
4 votes

Using hearing aids on the sabbath?

Tzomet is an Israeli institute for Science and Halacha (Jewish law). They research modern devices and see how they can be used/tuned to be used with observant Jews. They have some relevant thoughts on ...
  • 43.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Using hearing aids on the sabbath?

Welcome to Mi Yodeya. As my son wears cochlear implants, I have been reading quite a bit on the usage of hearing aids and implants on Shabbat. There is quite a diversity of opinions in this area. ...
  • 69k
3 votes
Accepted

Can a mute person do teshuva?

The sefer LeDofkei BaTeshuva by Rabbi Uri Teegar on Rambam's Hilchos Teshuva 1:1, in Biurim s.v. על לשון כל ישראל (near § 65, it's too far to see for free on Otzar HaChochma) brings the Sefer ...
  • 18.8k
3 votes

Can someone with a blemish be king?

The Rambam in Hilchot Melachim (chapter 1) lists a number of conditions to be a king (not to be a convert, a woman, a butcher, barber, bath-attendant or a tanner). Having no blemish is not such a ...
  • 43.9k
3 votes

Can a Beis Din deny conversion if a person cannot physically perform a mitzvah?

The Halacha clearly defines when a potential Ger - who wants to keep all the Mitzvot - should be turned away. These reasons are codified in Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh De'ah סימן רסח - כיצד מגירין הגר ...
2 votes
Accepted

Meaning of "the lame and the blind"

What you say is similar - somewhat - to what the Ralbag explains there. He says it refers to the covenant that Abraham made with Abimelech not to fight with each other: The blind refers to Isaac who- ...
2 votes

Is there any benefit to an adult with the general mental capacity of a child of around 6 months wearing Tefillin?

What you're describing sounds like the halachos category known as a "shoteh," a mentally disabled person, who, as you correctly assumed, is not obligated in mitzvos. At first glance, you might point ...
  • 33.5k
2 votes

Is there a guide or publication listing U.S. / Canadian shuls that are handicapped-friendly?

This link from the OU lists synagogues that are handicapped accessible.
2 votes

Can a Blind Person make Matzah for the Seder?

I've been making soft matzah for about 5 years and I can offer the following insights based on that experience. The halacha from last week indicated that while forming the dough, the baker must ...
  • 9,755
2 votes
Accepted

Can a deaf person read the Torah or the Megillah on Purim?

I did some googling and found some interesting results. The one with the most information is here. It is a reasonably long essay on deafness in halakhah, and outlines differing opinions on different ...
  • 482
2 votes

Is a blind person required to cover their eyes during Shema?

I found the following here from the Yalkut Yosef authored by Rabbi Yitzchak Yosef sefardi Chief Rabbi of Israel. ד נוהגים ליתן יד ימין על העינים בקריאת פסוק שמע ישראל, כדי שלא יסתכל בדבר אחר ...
1 vote

How does one put on tefillin with a prosthetic?

Rema in OC 27:1 rules that one who is missing his hand but has a remaining arm lays tefillin without a blessing, citing a machlokes between Tosafos in Menachos (37a) and the Ohr Zarua. Mishne Berura ...
  • 1,328
1 vote

What do Orthodox communities do for profoundly-disabled 13-year-olds (bar mitzvah or similar)?

Having a severely autistic son, we had a mini concert with Yaakov Shwekey, who is his favorite singer. At the Bar Mitzva concert I spoke, said a Dvar Torah, a story from Rabbi Paysach Krohn as to the ...
1 vote

How does a mute get married?

The Mishnah (Kiddushin 2a) gives three ways to get married: money, document, or marital relations. So if he can't give the ring, he can always give the document. One merely has to write in the ...
  • 33.5k
1 vote

Can a service dog enter a Temple during service?

In contrast to R. Feinstein's responsum permitting this (cited in Aaron's answer), R. Yitzchak Abadi has a responsum (Ohr Yitzchak 2:51) forbidding this. He cites R. Feinstein's responsum on the ...
  • 48.2k

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