10 votes
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How did Jerusalem get bigger without the Sanhedrin?

Halachic Yerushalyim is indeed still the same size (eg. for Maaser Sheni purposes). Shushan Purim is celebrated both in an ancient walled city and "adjacent" to it (Megilla 2b).
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  • 95.1k
10 votes
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Who made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem on the three Regalim?

See the Mishna in Chagigah (Perek 1 - Chapter 1) : פרק א - משנה א הַכֹּל חַיָּבִין בָּרְאִיָּה, חוּץ מֵחֵרֵשׁ, שׁוֹטֶה וְקָטָן, וְטֻמְטוּם, וְאַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס, וְנָשִׁים, וַעֲבָדִים שֶׁאֵינָם ...
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8 votes
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How does the Motza Temple fit into our tradition?

From what I've gathered so far, researchers seem to agree that this temple was built prior to the religious reforms enacted by Kings Chizkiyahu and Yoshiyahu1. On-site, the altar and other cultish/...
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  • 20.2k
7 votes

Jerusalem Uninhabited?

Two thousand years beforehand, they may not have said this text. Rambam's text, for example, does not have it, nor do Seder Rav Amram Gaon (ed. Harpenes: Seder Tisha B'av), or Seder Rav Sa'adya Gaon, ...
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  • 34.8k
6 votes

Why does ולירושלים start with a Vav?

Rabbi Yaakov Shapiro says based on what he heard in the name of Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, based on the Gemara in Megila, that the Vav here shows us that it is in the honor of the righteous people that ...
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6 votes
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Is there any tradition in Rabbinical sources regarding the conquering of Jerusalem by Pompey?

(The Talmud is aware of the Hasmonean civil war, by the way; it's mentioned in passing in Bava Kama 82b: כשצרו בית חשמונאי זה על זה היה הורקנוס מבפנים ואריסטובלוס מבחוץ) As for Pompey, it's in ...
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  • 126k
6 votes

Where was Maaeser Sheni brought before the beit hamikdash was built?

The Mishna, Z'vachim 14:6, q.v., says maaser sheni was brought to the mishkan at Shilo. The commentaries to 14:7 indicate that when the mishkan was in Nov, and when it was in Giv'on, maaser sheni was ...
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  • 73.4k
5 votes

Pronunciation of Yerushalayim

In the Chumash, we find "Malki-tzedek, king of Shalem", as well as Avraham referring to the place of Akeidat Yitzchak as "Hashem Yireh." The midrash says those names were combined, "Yireh+Shalem" -> "...
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  • 126k
5 votes
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Where in parshas Vayishlach is Jerusalem hinted to?

In Parashat va-Yishlach (Bereshit 35:1) it says: ויאמר אלהים אל-יעקב, קום עלה בית-אל ושב-שם; ועשה-שם מזבח -- לאל הנראה אליך, בברחך מפני עשו אחיך. And God said unto Jacob: 'Arise, go up to Beth-el, ...
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  • 2,356
5 votes
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What is the purpose of the mezuzah on the entrance to Sha'ar Tziyon?

Rambam Mezuza 6,8 אחד שערי חצרות ואחד שערי מבואות ואחד שערי מדינות ועיירות הכל חייבים במזוזה שהרי הבתים החייבין במזוזה פתוחין לתוכן Gates of courtyards, cul de sacs, countries and cities need a ...
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4 votes
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Prince of Yerushalaim named Merishadek?

This could be Malchitzedek, traditionally identified as Shem, son of Noah. He was a priest and the ruler of Yerushalayim* in the time of Avraham Avinu, although it was then known as Shalem (see ...
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4 votes
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Were there any sages who supported the Zealots during the siege of Jerusalem?

Rabbi Eleazar Ben Hanania Ben Hizkiya. The evidence for this one is not 100% proof, but: 1) In Shabbat 13b it says that חנניה בן חזקיה וסעתו compiled Megillat Taanit. He is also identified as one ...
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  • 3,626
4 votes

Who made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem on the three Regalim?

Pirkei Avot 5:5: עֲשָׂרָה נִסִּים נַעֲשׂו לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ בְּבֵית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ... וְלֹא אָמַר אָדָם לַחֲבֵרוֹ צַר לִי הַמָּקוֹם שֶׁאָלִין בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם: Ten miracles were performed for our ...
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  • 68.7k
4 votes

Going to Jerusalem for Rosh Hashona and Yom Kippur

As DanF already answered, the Torah only commands us to go for the 3 festivals. However, if you look in the Mishna in Yoma, 7:2, and its commentators, you will learn that there were people who ...
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4 votes

On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

See the Malbim on that verse in ישעיה פרק-ב דבר ה' הוא הנבואה, ותורה היא תורת משה Firstly he teaches defines the words: Dvar Hashem refers specifically to prophecy. Torah refers to the Torah, as ...
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4 votes
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Why is the name Yerushalayim in the reverse order?

The Peirush Yafeh Toar to Bereishis Rabbah 56:10 says that the reason is because Avraham Avinu was a greater Tzadik, so the name he gave (Yireh), takes precedence: ואף על פי ששם שלם קודם ליראה מכל ...
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4 votes

Does the metaphor of righteous men as Jerusalem's walls appear anywhere in the Torah?

Perhaps you were listening to the song "*Shomrei hafkid l'ircha kol hayom v'kol halaila" which in turn is inspired by the verse in Isaiah 62:6-7 "Upon your walls, O Jerusalem, I have set watchmen, Who ...
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  • 1,328
3 votes

Berachot for visiting Israel?

As mentioned in the comments above the bracha of "Barukh Ata Hashem Elokeinu Melekh Haolam Sheasa et Hayam Hagadol" when seeing the ocean for the first time in 30 days is relevant. In addition highly ...
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  • 43.3k
3 votes

Why is Rosh Hashana two days in Jerusalem?

It was actually the subject of a machlokes Rishonim if Rosh HaShana should be two days in Jerusalem/Beis HaVaad/Israel. The Baal Me'or (Beitza 3a) cites part of the discussion, and records that the ...
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3 votes

On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

I think you'd have to ask Isaiah, since it's a quote from Isaiah 2:3. If you read the rest of the chapter, it's a vision of how the world to come will be like. It seems to center on other nations ...
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3 votes

Why do Ashkenazim in Israel tend to use Nusach Sefard?

Some comments on the question have disputed whether you're right that an inordinate number of Ashkenazic synagogues in Israel use nusach "S'farad". I haven't seen statistics on point, but my limited ...
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  • 73.4k
3 votes

The holiness of Jerusalem

Wikipedia answers your question Jerusalem appears in the Hebrew Bible 669 times [...] For example, the book of Psalms, which has been frequently recited and memorized by Jews for centuries, ...
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  • 43.3k
3 votes
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Recommendation for Temple archeological tour

The Western Wall Heritage Foundation offers the very popular Western Wall Tunnels Tour, which takes tourists under Jerusalem's Muslim Quarter, along the length of the western retaining wall of Herod's ...
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  • 46.8k
3 votes

What Talmudic disputes took place in Jerusalem?

Presumably the argument between Rabbi Zechariah ben Avkulas and the other sages over what to do with Bar Kamtza's korban. It sounds like they were arguing right there in the Mikdash.
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2 votes
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Jerusalem was only destroyed because of these 8 things - how?

The eight statements are from eight different sages. Presumably, as in other places where the g'mara says "A says X, B says Y, etc", they are disagreeing with each other. Sometimes when there are ...
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2 votes
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Meaning of "the lame and the blind"

What you say is similar - somewhat - to what the Ralbag explains there. He says it refers to the covenant that Abraham made with Abimelech not to fight with each other: The blind refers to Isaac who- ...
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2 votes

On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

Shemaisrael.co.il writes on this subject: One of the most moving descriptions of the universal pilgrimage to the Temple is found in the following prophecy which describes the Temple as an educational ...
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2 votes

Eiruv in Jerusalem

The Badatz Eruv is quite smaller that the Rabbanut Eruv in the link provided by mbloch, primarly serving chareidi areas. VERY general boundries/areas in the Badatz eruv: (Counter-clockwise) Ramot, ...
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2 votes

If visiting the kosel before a joyous event, does one tear kriyah?

I think the answer is written in an actual verse: Psalms 137, 5-6 אם-אשכחך ירושלים-- תשכח ימיני. תדבק-לשוני, לחיכי-- אם-לא אזכרכי: אם-לא אעלה, את-ירושלים-- על, ראש שמחתי 137:5 If I ...
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  • 640
2 votes

Why does ולירושלים start with a Vav?

Partial answer: In a study including dozens of early manuscripts of Shemonah Esrei, which appeared in Hakirah, Heshy Zelcer noted that the first appearance of this extra Vav appeared in the Siddur R. ...
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