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Why no repetition of the Shema in shul?

The Gra writes (Shenot Eliyahu to Brachot 1:1) that you have to read Shema yourself and you cannot fulfill your obligation by listening to another. (This is not universally agreed to, but see the next ...
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13 votes
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Why does the Reform Siddur cut out most of Krias Shema?

Rabbi Richard Sarason, a faculty member at Hebrew Union College (the Reform seminary), talks about the history of these passages in an article about the newest siddur, Mishkan T'filah. He writes (...
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11 votes
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Berachot before/after Shema in Berachot 2a

Yotzer Or and Yotzer Hameorot are actually part of the same long bracha. It has both an opening an closing bracha. See Rambam, Hilchot Kriat Shma 1:5-7. Halacha 5 says: הקורא קריאת שמע מברך לפניה ...
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11 votes
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Reason for Sepharadi Qeri'at Shema' Custom

Covering One’s Eyes During the Recitation of Shema cites the following explanation as give by Rabbi Eli J Mansour According to Kabbalistic teaching, one should cover his eyes during Shema while ...
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11 votes
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Line break before למען ירבו ימיכם

The issue is discussed in detail by R' Hamburger in Volume 4 of his priceless series, Shorshei Minhag Ashkenaz, and a bit shorther, but in English in the kitzur edition. His main point is that in ...
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11 votes
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What constitutes the Shema?

Because the literature surrounding the Shema is quite vast, I will bring only general essentials below. Text of the Shema, referenced below: Deut. 6 שְׁמַע יִשרָאֵל יי אֱלהֵינוּ יי אֶחָד: ...
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10 votes
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Significance of "Shema Yisrael"

The Sefer Hachinuch interprets this verb as the source that the commandment stated here is to believe in God, and not merely to profess belief in God. His piece on Commandment 417 begins: מצות אחדות ...
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Fulfilling Kri'at Shema by reading it as a Torah reader

Mishna Berakhot 2:1 היה קורא בתורה, והגיע זמן המקרא--אם כיוון את ליבו, יצא; ואם לאו, לא יצא.‏ If he was reading in the Torah and it came time to read [Shema]: if he intended, he fulfilled his ...
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10 votes
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What is the Hebrew text for this prayer?

אֱלֹהֵינוּ שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם יַחֵד שִׁמְךָ וְקַיֵּם מַלְכוּתְךָ תָּמִיד וּמְלֹךְ עָלֵינוּ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד Eloheinu shebashamayim yached shim'cha v'kayem malchut'cha tamid um'loch aleinu l'olam va'ed. Our ...
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8 votes
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ORDER OF krias shma, benshing and the omer

The correct order to perform the Mitzvos would be: 1 - Krias Shema(which is most frequent) 2 - Birchas Hamazon 3 - Sefiras Haomer Many people are accustomed to recite Krias Shema ...
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8 votes
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"El melech ne'eman" not in Chabad siddurim

The First Chabad Rebbe, known as the Alter Rebbe (and also known as "The Rav (Ba'al HaTanya)", the author of Shulchan Aruch Harav) writes in his Siddur: יחיד המתפלל לעצמו יחזור תיבות אני ה' ...
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8 votes

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

No it cannot. In fact, one cannot even recite shema twice in the period between alot hashachar and hanetz hachamah to count for the evening and morning readings. Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 58:5: ...
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7 votes

Choosing between Brachos on Shma and Sof Zman Kriyas Shema

He should say Shema absolutely immediately as the printed time may not be completely exact. (See ShA OC 46:9 with commentaries. The assumption there is that one who can't say the blessings of Shema ...
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7 votes

Is reciting Shema a mitzva d'oraisa?

Shulchan Aruch Harav (OC 58:1) brings three opinions as to which parts of shema are d'oraisoh (all the opinions he brings agree that at least some part is d'oraisoh): R' Eliezer (Berachos 21a) ...
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7 votes

Why do the siddurim ask us to gather all 4 tzitzis before saying Shema?

As already source by Noach miFrankfurt in his answer, the German Minhag and likely original minhag Ashkenaz, was only to hold the front corners. This is also the practice of the Vilna Gaon (as ...
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7 votes
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Reciting Shema in English

Berachot 13a ת"ר ק"ש ככתבה דברי רבי וחכ"א בכל לשון מ"ט דרבי אמר קרא והיו בהוייתן יהו ורבנן מאי טעמייהו אמר קרא שמע בכל לשון שאתה שומע ולרבי נמי הא כתיב שמע ההוא מבעי ליה השמע לאזניך מה שאתה ...
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7 votes

Are there five or six reasons why Parshas Tzitzis was added to Shema?

This passage also appears in Yalkut Shimoni, and in that version there are indeed only five things. Number 4, "opinions of heretics" in your translation, does not appear. The supporting verse cited in ...
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6 votes
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Is saying "Hareini mekabel alai mitzvat asei shel Ve-ahavta..." before Shema a Lubavitch tradition?

The Lubavitcher Rebbe started a campaign (in 1983 - the beginning of 5744) that everyone should say the Hareini Mekabel before davening and אך צדיקים afterwards. Rabbi Palteil speaks about the history ...
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6 votes
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If kings get up at 3 hours past sunrise, wouldn't they need some extra time to say Shma?

NOTE: both of these are only partial answers; the 1st may be against the Rashba and the 2nd is disputed First Answer The simplest answer might be that the times of getting up and going to sleep are ...
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6 votes

Significance of "Shema Yisrael"

The words Shema Yisrael are usually translated as "Hear, Israel" or "Listen, Israel." However, the word appears with a different meaning elsewhere in Tanach: Shmuel 1 15:4: ...
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6 votes
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When saying Shema Yisroel as your last words, should you say "בָּרוּךְ שֵׁם כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד"?

Not to disagree with anyone, but if we look to the example of Rabbi Akiva as stated explicitly in Brachot 61b, it says that he fulfilled the mitzvah of Kriat Shema by ending on the word "Echod" at the ...
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Why do the siddurim ask us to gather all 4 tzitzis before saying Shema?

According to Tefilloh Sefas Yisroel (p. 33), while the halacha (or more accurately, minhag) as brought in Shulchan Aruch and numerous other sources is to hold the two front tzitzit, it is brought in ...
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Megillah 4.6 -- Why can't the blind recite the Shema with their benedictions (according to R. Judah)?

The context of that Mishna is discussing who is fit to lead the congregation in prayers, and in particular that line is part of a dispute if a blind person can lead the prayer of Shema and its ...
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6 votes
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12 halachic hours – why no more halachic consequences?

The argument does indeed apply across the board. Perhaps you see it discussed most about the last time for reciting Shema since that's the only time during the day with potential biblical ...
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If one is in doubt whether they had already recited maariv should they say the blessings of shema with the shema or not?

If he is unsure if he recited Shema, he should recite it with its blessings (OC 67). If one is unsure if one had recited the Amida, one should recite it and intend that it should be a voluntary ...
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6 votes
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Women and the 248 words in Shema

In his book Shorashe Minhag Ashkenaz (vol. 2 pg. 58), R. Hamburger brings that the Minhat Elazar was asked this question and he replied (ME vol. 2 §28) that since the idea is Zoharic it follows that ...
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6 votes

Why does Rashi explain where yoke of Mitzvos is discussed in Parshas Tzitzis?

In the parallel passage in Yalkut Shimoni (which I cited here), no verses are given for the three that are obvious. In fact, R. Refael Nota Nosson Rabinowitz (Dikdukei Sofrim) presents this comment of ...
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6 votes

Should you recite amen after Ahava Rabbah?

The Shulchan Aruch 59:4 says not to answer amen after Ahava Rabbah/Olam. The Rema to 61:3 says that the custom is people finish Ahava Rabbah before the Shatz, so they can answer Amen. The Mishnah ...
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6 votes

ולא תתורו: kadma veazla or azla-geresh?

All the Tiberian manuscripts (and here, here, here, and here) and the majority of the other (Ashkenazi/Sephardi) old manuscripts* have a maqef, followed by the Venice Mikraot Gedolot and other ...
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6 votes
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Being יוצא with the chazzan saying - ה' אלוקיכם אמת, if I am not up to Kerias Shema yet

It would seem that both questions can be answered at once. The Shaare Teshuva on that Halacha that listening to the 3 words from the Chazzan may be done even if you are in middle of krias shema ...
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