16 votes
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Bow during Hagba?

The Beis Yosef Simman 135 writes regarding the halacha of hagbah (Sefardim do it at the beginning of the Torah service, and Chazal call hagbah "gelilah") וכתוב עוד במ"ס פרק הנזכר (פי&...
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15 votes
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Who broke the parshiyot into aliyot and how?

In terms of the history of division of Aliyot, you should see Ilana Katzenellenbogen's survey article in Sinai 119 (1998), pp. 224-45. She looks at 33 different division customs from the last 1000 ...
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13 votes
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What's the reason of using Yad in reading Torah?

wikipedia: A yad (Hebrew: יד‎) (Yiddish: האַנט), literally, "hand," is a Jewish ritual pointer, popularly known as a Torah pointer, used by the reader to follow the text during the Torah ...
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12 votes
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Are there any communities in which the oleh still leins his own aliyah?

I have seen this practice in action in a Yemenite shul in Rosh Ha'ayin, Israel. I got called up for an 'aliya, and the gabbai leined on my behalf, but I was the ignorant exception. They also had a ...
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12 votes
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How long does it take to learn to layn Megillas Ester?

I've been a Torah reader for about 45 years, and have read Megilla for about 20 years. This is tough to give you an exact assessment, here, because there are several factors here. So, take what I ...
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11 votes
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Saying amen while practicing leining?

I don't know about whether such a practice technique is permissible, but I'd recommend against it for other reasons. Unfortunately, due to Torah-readers' habit of singing "Amen" as an introduction to ...
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  • 46.9k
11 votes
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Must one wait for a Cohen, Levi or Yisra'el during public Torah reading?

To answer question 1: Magen Avraham writes that they should not wait for the Kohen because of tirchah di'tzibbura (135:6) or because of the honor of the congregation (135:7). If you don't wait, ...
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  • 5,539
11 votes

Why do we leyn before mincha but after shacharis?

This question was asked on kipa.co.il. The answer given by R. Ronen Lebovitz was: וזאת משום שבשחרית יש לסמוך את קריאת שמע לעמידה, ולכן קריאת התורה באה רק לאחר העמידה. טעם נוסף הוא שהתפילות תוקנו ...
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  • 38.5k
11 votes
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Catching up the missing weeks of Krias Hatorah

The Rama to Orach Chayim 135:2 writes that if a whole tzibbur missed last weeks laining they should lain both this weeks parsha and last weeks. With regards to a tzibbur missing many shabbasim it is a ...
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10 votes

Sitting During Laining accd to R Abadi

Because the Halacha is that you can sit (and such was the custom in the majority of synagogues in the period of the Rishonim), and everyone in a given place should follow the same custom. (Or Yitzchak ...
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10 votes
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Why does the weekday Torah reading for Va'etchanan end in the middle of the Shabbat's 2nd aliyah?

I asked this question to one of my Rabbeim when I was a teenager. His response was "We do not want to finish an Aliya with the name of an Avoda Zara וַנֵּשֶׁב בַּגָּיְא מוּל בֵּית פְּעוֹר therefore ...
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10 votes
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Fulfilling Kri'at Shema by reading it as a Torah reader

Mishna Berakhot 2:1 היה קורא בתורה, והגיע זמן המקרא--אם כיוון את ליבו, יצא; ואם לאו, לא יצא.‏ If he was reading in the Torah and it came time to read [Shema]: if he intended, he fulfilled his ...
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9 votes
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Have any of you ever heard anyone pronouncing ayin as "ng"?

I believe that @YeZ is correct. When I lived in Washington Heights (upper Manhattan, NYC), I occasionally attended Cong. Sha'arei Hatikvah, which, I understand, still exists in the same location - ...
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9 votes
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Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the ...
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  • 38.5k
9 votes

Which woman false prophet is the Baal Haturim referring to?

The parsha deals with a false prophet and uses exclusively male verbs. This might lead one to think the relevant laws only apply to a male prophet. Therefore the Midrash Sifrei 83:3 says: בקרבך. ...
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9 votes
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Why is Az Yashir printed smaller in the tikun korim?

In a standard Torah scroll they are indeed the same height as the rest of the columns, but they are wider than the regular columns. To keep the proportions right and have it fit on one page, it looks ...
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9 votes
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What rule governs the varying nikkud in words מִשְׁתֶּה and מִשְׁתֵּה?

When משתה is in construct state it has a tzere instead of a segol and would mean "drinking-party of" instead of just "drinking-party".
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9 votes
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What did it use to mean for a kohen to get a second aliyah?

Tosfot (Gittin 59b) answers (based on a similar case in Tosefta Megilla 3:6) that to distinguish the two sections, the kohen would go sit down back in his seat and then stand up again and go up to the ...
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9 votes
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What would be a case where a shul would read from the Torah for five consecutive days?

If Rosh Hashanah falls on Thursday, then both days of Rosh Hashanah the Torah reading for R.H. would be read, the following day would be Shabbos so the Parsha would be read, and Tzom Gedaliah would be ...
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8 votes
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Berachah and Aliyah

There is a concern that the congregation might come to think that the Brachos said before Torah reading are written in the Torah, but closing the Torah and then opening it would take extra time (see ...
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8 votes
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Splitting the Double Parshiyot

To answer your question as briefly as I can, during a leap year where Rosh Hashannah begins on Tursday and the year is "Chaser" - "Deficient" meaning 383 days long, then Pesach begins on Sunday, and ...
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  • 69k
8 votes

Seeking online audio for "Mas'ei trope"

YUTorah.org has free, streaming Torah reading recordings by R' Jeremy Weider. He enunciates and intones extremely clearly. He performs the two features you're looking for: The masa'ot start at 06:00 ...
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8 votes
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Why are there varying vowels on proper nouns in Megillas Ester?

There are grammatical rules in general, but for your case: It's always שושַן הבירה, otherwise שושָן. It's always מרדכַי except on an esnachta, sof pasuk, or in exactly one case a zakeif katon ויגידו ...
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8 votes

Mil'al vs. Milra on "Lamah"

The word is spelled לָמָה (without a dagesh and stressed on the final syllable) when the following word begins with an א or ה or ע,* and spelled לָמָּה (with a dagesh and stressed on the penultimate ...
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  • 23.8k
8 votes

Parshas Zachor when one can't get a Minyan?

The Rama 685:7 writes that one should still read it with its correct tune. הגה: ואם אי אפשר להם לבוא, מכל מקום יזהרו לקרותם בנגינתם ובטעמם (מצא כתוב). The Kaf Hachaim 685:35 writes one should read ...
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  • 39.8k
8 votes

Final Pay ף ??? - Exists or Not?

It does exist and appears precisely once in Tanach, in Mishlei 30:6: אַל־תּ֥וֹסְףְּ עַל־דְּבָרָ֑יו פֶּן־יוֹכִ֖יחַ בְּךָ֣ וְנִכְזָֽבְתָּ׃
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  • 38.5k
7 votes

Reading zeicher, zecher, or both during the regular Torah reading

The Mishna Berura (685 sk 18) only recommended this practice for Parashat Zakhor, seemingly because it may be a biblical obligation (ShA OC 685:7). Betzel HaChokhma (6:50) said this applies to any ...
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7 votes
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Are there any leniencies for shortening the torah reading so the cycle takes more than a year?

I heard from R. Nota Greenblatt, the posek of the South that if the baal korei has trouble reading the whole thing you can further subdivide the parsha, as the original enactment of krias hatorah ...
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  • 34.9k
7 votes

Online Tikkun Makers?

Try https://www.tikkun.io. Full disclosure: I'm the creator of this site. As a software developer and avid Torah reader, I found nothing online that I enjoyed using and that was free. This one will ...
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7 votes
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Looking for a good tikkun kor'im

I decided to get the Simanim tikkun. It's really cool. It provides all of the requirements in the question, and more. This is an example of the beginning of parshat Shmot in the pocket-sized edition. ...
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