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Why was the second Beit HaMikdash destroyed?

The following is a list of Talmudic and Midrashic sources I've compiled, which address the destruction of the second Beit HaMikdash and suggested catalysts for this tragedy. I've included a brief ...
Chaim's user avatar
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11 votes
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What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Several events are listed in chapter 13 of Megilat Ta'anit: The Jews in the wilderness were decreed to die in the wilderness and not enter Israel. The First Temple was destroyed. The Second Temple ...
Alex's user avatar
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10 votes

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

I would argue that both stories are true, and that this is not even particularly surprising. The Roman historian, Suetonius, mentions the incident with Josephus fairly early in his biography of ...
LazerA's user avatar
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10 votes

What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Here are additional events to the ones already noted in other answers Expulsion from England (1290): The Jews of England were expelled by King Edward I (chabad.org) French expulsion (1306): The Jews ...
mbloch's user avatar
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8 votes
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When did the daily sacrifices cease being offered in temple?

The Mishnah in Taanit 4:6 reports that the Jews had five calamities on the 17th of Tammuz, the second was that the tamid offering was not brought anymore, and the Temple was eventually destroyed on ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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8 votes

Why didn't Titus consort with someone worse than a harlot?

While I don't think that the premise for the question is very strong, as Titus may or many not have known about the technical severity of different relationships, and may or may not have cared, as ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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7 votes
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What is the explanation for the discrepancy between Seder Olam's chronology and that of historical scholarship?

This excellent source sheet produced by R. Anthony Manning, lists a number of different approaches to resolving the discrepancy: 1. Seder Olam is correct and the conventional chronology is incorrect. ...
Joel K's user avatar
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7 votes

What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Heinrich Himmler received the formal command from the Nazi Party to initiate the Final Solution, an order which resulted in millions of Jewish deaths. This happened on Tisha B'Av in 5701, which ...
ezra's user avatar
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5 votes
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Who else says the Jews violate the Ten Commandments during the first Temple

Someone pointed out to me the source is Eicha Rabbah 1:1: אֵיכָה יָשְׁבָה. שָׁאֲלוּ אֶת בֶּן עַזַּאי אָמְרוּ לוֹ רַבֵּנוּ דְּרשׁ לָנוּ דָּבָר אֶחָד מִמְגִלַּת קִינוֹת, אָמַר לָהֶם לֹא גָּלוּ ...
robev's user avatar
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5 votes

Why was the second Beit HaMikdash destroyed?

The main reason that most people give for the destruction of the second Bais Hamikdash is sinas chinam (purposeless or free hate), however, this is not completely the case nor is it as simplistic as ...
sabbahillel's user avatar
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5 votes

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

The questioner's objection to both accounts being true is that Vespasian would not have been indebted to Rabbi Yochanan Ben Zakkai if Josephus had already predicted his rise to power. Of course, it ...
AKA's user avatar
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4 votes
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What are these objects?

They're Tabula Ansatas. After doing some research I found out they're actually Roman Tabula Ansatas, a favorite form of votive tablets in Imperial Rome. They were ornamental tablets used in sacred ...
Gabriel12's user avatar
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4 votes
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How do we have s'micha today if the Romans broke the chain?

Perhaps the reason you heard that rabbis began after the Second Temple, is that that is when the term 'rabbi' is introduced. For example, earlier Sages listed chronologically in Avot (1:2-12) are not ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is it true the book of Daniel says that the Messiah will arrive before the destruction of the second temple?

Many Christian attempts to read about their Messiah in the Jewish Bible are based on incorrect translations and misunderstandings of the Jewish way of reading the Bible (Tanakh) through its ...
mbloch's user avatar
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3 votes

Do we, today, cause the Churban?

The potential of rebuilding the Temple is constantly present: סנהדרין צח ע"א ר' יהושע בן לוי אשכח לאליהו ... אמר ליה אימת אתי משיח אמר ליה זיל שייליה לדידיה ... א"ל לאימת אתי מר א"ל היום אתא ...
Alaychem goes to Codidact's user avatar
3 votes

What does "Britain" have to do with "the destruction of the second Beis HaMikdosh"?

The "he" refers to the speaker, in this case Moses. Abarbanel quotes the book of Yosiphon as saying that some of the troops used by Rome in the destruction of the second Temple came from ...
N.T.'s user avatar
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3 votes
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The destruction of the Second Temple in the Mishnah?

A Sefaria search shows that the phrase "משחרב בית המקדש" - "From when the Temple was destroyed..." appears in seven Mishnayot: Mishnah Maaser Sheni 5:2 רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, ...
Loewian's user avatar
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3 votes
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"The markets of Jerusalem were destroyed three years prior" - people justified their evil actions with Halacha

The relevant piece of Talmud is from Bava Metzia 88a: מִפְּנֵי מָה חָרְבוּ חֲנוּיוֹת שֶׁל בֵּית הִינוֹ שָׁלֹשׁ שָׁנִים קוֹדֶם יְרוּשָׁלַיִם – מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֶעֱמִידוּ דִּבְרֵיהֶם עַל דִּבְרֵי תוֹרָה. ...
Joel K's user avatar
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2 votes

Why was the second Beit HaMikdash destroyed?

The Talmud says in Yoma 9b that the Second Temple was destroyed because of baseless hatred.
ezra's user avatar
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2 votes

How do we have s'micha today if the Romans broke the chain?

The correct record of how the Romans attempted to break the chain of rabbinic ordination and how the rabbis had it reinstituted is brought in BT (A.Z. 8b). Soncino trans.: Forty years before the ...
Oliver's user avatar
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2 votes

Who would convert Nebuzardan?

Even if someone has a bad past, the Torah almost always allowed the, to convert. (Unless you”re an amelakei). Anyways, this just comes to show Hashem’s infinite kindness and pity for sincere teshuvah
Yosef's user avatar
  • 47
2 votes

"The markets of Jerusalem were destroyed three years prior" - people justified their evil actions with Halacha

I haven't learned your sources inside, but from the eloquent way you've explained the question, I can take an educated guess at what the Rebbe means, if I may: Ramban brings a concept called נבל ברשות ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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1 vote

Prophecy about the destruction of the second temple?

Daniel 9 describes a prophecy of 70 sevens. This is a period of 490 years. The first 70 years of this prophecy are the 70 years of exile starting after the destruction of the First Temple by the ...
Yaakov Tzir's user avatar
1 vote

What is the explanation for the discrepancy between Seder Olam's chronology and that of historical scholarship?

A full discussion of this complex historical problem is found in the article 'Missing Years' in Religion-wiki: religion.wikia.com/wiki/Missing_years. It mentions that the following sources have been ...
Clifford Durousseau's user avatar
1 vote
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What is the difference between Hashlucha and Shenishtalcha?

As mentioned in the comments, shenishtalcha is in the past tense -- "it was sent a long time ago"; hashlucha is in the present -- "sent." In Hebrew today, if you walk into a room and smell smoke, you ...
Shalom's user avatar
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1 vote
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What prompted the absent-Sanhedrin-head decree in Rosh Hashana 4:4?

Doros Harishonim (vol. 3, pp. 62ff) explains that R' Yochanan ben Zakkai moved to a town called Bror Chail (mentioned in Sanhedrin 32b and other places) so as not to overshadow R' Gamliel's nesius. So ...
Meir's user avatar
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1 vote

Movie picturing the destruction of the holy temple?

Although this video doesn't show the destruction of the mikdash, it would probably give your child more of an appreciation of what we lost on Tisha B'Av. Similar videos can be seen here, here, and ...
NJM's user avatar
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1 vote

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

This is entirely opinion, but perhaps Josephus bent the truth in order to protect the identity of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai so people would not know that he escaped Jerusalem.
ezra's user avatar
  • 18.8k
1 vote

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

Versions of Ben Zakkai stories appear in Avot d'Rabbi Natan (in both the A and B versions), BT Gittin 56a and Lamentations Rabbah 1:5. The stories recount inter alia Vespasian's siege of Jerusalem, ...
Argon's user avatar
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1 vote

Why did R' Yochanan ben Zakkai ask for multiple things?

Just to elaborate and add on to the above answers: we see in the gemara (gittin 56b) that some chachamim said said about this "Who turns wise men backward and makes their knowledge foolish" as he ...
levi cohen's user avatar

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