19

The historian Ismar Elbogen in his "Century of Jewish Life", which he wrote before he passed away in 1943 and was published posthumously, places the beginning of the war on Tisha B'Av of 1914. But I think that Jewish people thought of the war as having begun on Tisha B'Av even from the start of the war itself. We can see this from their memoirs. Let me cite ...


11

Regarding washing on Yom Kippur, the Tur (OH 613) writes: ביה"כ...ואם היו ידיו מלוכלכות בטיט וצואה מותר לרוחצן שלא אסרו אלא רחיצה של תענוג ...וכן בכל היום אחר שעשה צרכיו וקנח או הטיל מים ושפשף בידיו וכתב גאון מי שהוא איסטניס וצריך לקנח פניו במים ואין דעתו מיושבת עליו כל היום עד שיקנח יכול לקנח בי"ה וכ"כ רי"ץ גיאת אם יש ליכלוך על פניו או על גבי עיניו יכול ...


11

The Tosefta (Taanit 2:12) cited in part in the Bavli (Pesachim 54b) says that pregnant and nursing women must fast on Tisha Bav (in contrast to other minor fast days). No distinction is made for a postponed fast. Such a ruling is uniformly accepted and documented in all the classical codes, including the Mishneh Torah (Taaniyot 5:10) and the Shulchan Arukh (...


11

Several events are listed in chapter 13 of Megilat Ta'anit: The Jews in the wilderness were decreed to die in the wilderness and not enter Israel. The First Temple was destroyed. The Second Temple was destroyed. The city of Beitar was conquered. The City was razed. בתשעה באב נגזר על אבותינו שלא יכנסו לארץ וחרב הבית בראשונה ובשניה נלכדה ביתר ונחרשה העיר ...


10

Here are additional events to the ones already noted in other answers Expulsion from England (1290): The Jews of England were expelled by King Edward I (chabad.org) French expulsion (1306): The Jews were expelled from France (from here) Spanish Expulsion (1492): The Jews of Spain were expelled by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella on the 9th of Av of 1492, ...


9

Tanna v'sheeyer - Anything fitting the mood of the day is acceptable (at least without iyun [in-depth analysis]; see also sources cited by @WFB in comments below which are lenient even with regard to iyun). It would be impossible to have a comprehensive list since Torah SheBaal Peh (the oral Torah) is constantly expanding. (My assumption is that these ...


8

There are a variety of things that people do on Tisha B'Av. Many people spend most of the morning reading and discussing the Kinnos. It is also permitted and widespread to learn certain bits of Torah that are relevant to Tisha B'Av. These include Eicha, Iyov, the story of the destruction of the Temple which is related in Gittin 56b-58a and Sanhedrin 104, the ...


8

The only difference mentioned in Rishonim that I'm aware of regards a circumcision on Sunday 10 Av. The Shulchan Arukh (OC 559:9) rules like the Mordechai that the members of a circumcision (father/self, Mohel, Sandek) can break their fast in the afternoon after Mincha. Most Rishonim though don't mention this and indeed many communities do not practice it (...


8

This year the ninth day of the month of Av fell on Shabbat. Since fasting on Shabbat is forbidden, the holiday of Tisha b'av (which literally translates as "the Ninth of Av", hence the confusion) was pushed back to the following day, and is observed on the Tenth of Av on the calendar, as required by the relevant halacha. This excerpt from Halachipedia ...


7

Today's HalachaText said that clothing should be worn for at least 30 minutes. I asked them for a source and they said this number came from Rav Elyashiv Ztl. שוב מצאתי I was looking for something else in Rabbi Simcha Bunim Cohen's Laws of the Three Weeks, and found that he quotes Rav YS Elyashiv there as saying a half an hour (page 85); in a footnote he ...


7

It's brought down in some Sichos from the Lubavitcher Rebbe that there's a question: How can Hashem destroy the Beis Hamikdosh? There is halochos against destroying even a Shul. The answer is that it was destroyed in order to build a nicer and better one. So the destruction -tisha b'av- is connected with the rebuilding -moshiach-.


7

This is a matter of dispute between the Rishonim. The Rambam in his commentary to the Mishna (Rosh Hashana 1, 3) wrote that the people observed the fast of Tisha b'Av even during the period of the second temple. http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=37942&st=&pgnum=202 However Rabbi Shimon ben Tzemach Duran (Shut Tashbetz 2, 271) wrote that ...


7

Two thousand years beforehand, they may not have said this text. Rambam's text, for example, does not have it, nor do Seder Rav Amram Gaon (ed. Harpenes: Seder Tisha B'av), or Seder Rav Sa'adya Gaon, which just has השוממה. Nevertheless, it is present in the Siddur of R. Eleazar Rokeah (ch. 123 p. 637). His Siddur makes clear that the references to being ...


7

Heinrich Himmler received the formal command from the Nazi Party to initiate the Final Solution, an order which resulted in millions of Jewish deaths. This happened on Tisha B'Av in 5701, which corresponds to August 2, 1941 on the Gregorian calendar. (Source)


6

See Taz Siman 524 sk 1(1) (I will not say exactly the same thing but reading the Taz I think an answer to the question). He describes a situation in which the pupils don't have pleasure with the study but the teacher has, and prohibit because the pleasure of the teacher. the teacher is adult and the pupils are children, the teacher is accustomed with the ...


6

Yalkut Yosef Ta'anit 554.52 brings down a very relevant qualification for learning even those subjects that are allowed to be learned on 9-Av. "Although it is permissible to read all the above (the permitted subject for torah study 554.51,) this is only to read them in a superficial manner. It is forbidden to delve into these subjects and study them ...


6

The Mishna Berurah in siman 559 writes: ועיין באחרונים דמותר להניח תחתיו שק או כר קטן. וגם יוכל לישב על ספסל נמוך למי שקשה לו לישב על הארץ: One may place a bag or a small pillow underneath themselves. Also if one finds it hard to sit on the floor, one may use a low chair. This is basically the ruling presented in the Pri Migadim who found a middle ...


6

1 - The Or Sameach תענית ה/ו writes that according to the Avodraham that fasting on Shabbos is only forbidden mi'd'oraisa if it's for the full 24 hours, there is an answer to your question, about the difference between Tisha b'av and other fasts. All fast days are not pushed off from the Torah, only Tisha'h b'Av which is a 24 hour fast is pushed off min ...


6

The Three Weeks by Rabbi Cohen pg 145-146 "One should try not to divert one's mind from mourning on Tishah B'Av. Therefore it is proper to refrain from all pleasurable activities, such as taking a stroll, reading the newspaper, listening to the radio, playing games."


5

If you see the Mishna Brurah in Siman 552 he writes that's from the din of gemara,but regarding minhag its assur from Rosh Chodesh


5

This statement is inaccurate: On Tisha b'Av and Yom Kippur, we are not supposed to lave our hands. As we learn in the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in סימן קכד - הלכות תשעה באב laving hands and getting wet in general is not a problem, if not done for pleasure: וְאֵינָהּ אֲסוּרָה רַק רְחִיצָה שֶׁל תַּעֲנוּג. אֲבָל שֶׁלֹּא לְתַעֲנוּג, מֻתָּר. וְלָכֵן רוֹחֵץ יָדָיו ...


5

The Shaarei Teshuva (OC 556) quotes those who require the ill person to recite Havadala "right away after Shabbat", though as Rav Ovadia Yosef (Yechavveh Daat 3:40) explains while citing many sources, this means as soon as they need to eat NOT right away on Saturday night if they can last until later in the day. This is indeed how Rav Yosef rules.


5

The criterion for beverages for havdalah (and kiddush, and the four cups at Pesach) is that they be chamer medina, a "national drink" or something you would serve guests. According to the OU: In a place where wine is not available, one may make havdalah on beer, mead, or any other beverage that is considered a local drink, excluding water. (source) See ...


5

The Shulhan Arukh (OH 551:4) writes that one may cut hair and launder immediately following the fast, but it is a good custom to avoid meat and wine on the 10th (558:1). R. Yitshak Yosef writes in Yalkut Yosef (OH: Od M'minhagei Yom Tish'a B'av 4-5) that it is a proper custom to refrain from meat and wine the night of the 10th of Av (i.e. the night ...


5

The Beit Yosef doesn't say to say it only at מנחה. He brings opinions on both sides and doesn't state his own opinion. I think this might have caused the confusion: When he says ושפשט המנהג כדברי רבינו סעדיה, he is quoting from the רד"א, and not saying that his own opinion is to say נחם only at מנחה. You can see the language here (highlighting the part where ...


5

Nishmat writes Whether a pregnant woman is exempt from fasting on a delayed Tisha B'Av is a matter of halachic debate. There is further debate regarding the halachic status of the first three months of pregnancy. In general, when a pregnant woman does not feel well, there are grounds for her to break the fast of Tisha B'Av in consultation with ...


5

There's little reason to expect them to have the same rule. When the day after the fast of Tisha Bav is on 10 Av there is the reason you stated to adopt the restrictive custom: the Temple started burning on 9 Av but continued burning on 10 Av. (Considering that it's actually amazing how lenient we are on 10 Av!) But that doesn't apply when the day after the ...


5

Not only is it permissible, but it is correct to do so according to the Meiri (Moed Katan 21a- Aveilus) . The Meiri explains that learning things that arouses one to do teshuva is a good thing. See Piskei Teshuvos 554:2 for more sources. Rav Eliyashiv in Ashrei HaIsh page. 485 is quoted as holding that one may learn divrei mussar even though it contains ...


4

There are several. Some of them are brought here by the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Kabbalistically Kiddush Levana is said after Tisha B'Av because the afternoon is the time of the birth of Moshiach. Similarly, Rabbi Chaim Vital (the main student of the Arizal) says we can say Pesukei Nechama - verses of comfort, which are normally skipped on Tisha B'Av, at Mincha ...


4

I got this in an email from a "dailyhalacha" service: During the Nine days (beginning Rosh Chodesh Av) the custom is that one does not wear freshly laundered clothing. Therefore, one should wear all the clothing one will need during the Nine days for a short while (according to many Poskim - 20 minutes), sometime before the start of the Nine days. ...


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