19 votes
Accepted

Tisha b'Av and the First World War

The historian Ismar Elbogen in his "Century of Jewish Life", which he wrote before he passed away in 1943 and was published posthumously, places the beginning of the war on Tisha B'Av of 1914. But I ...
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11 votes
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Germaphobes washing on Tisha B'Av and Yom Kippur

Regarding washing on Yom Kippur, the Tur (OH 613) writes: ביה"כ...ואם היו ידיו מלוכלכות בטיט וצואה מותר לרוחצן שלא אסרו אלא רחיצה של תענוג ...וכן בכל היום אחר שעשה צרכיו וקנח או הטיל מים ושפשף ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Does a pregnant or nursing woman fast on a postponed Tish'ah B'Av?

The Tosefta (Taanit 2:12) cited in part in the Bavli (Pesachim 54b) says that pregnant and nursing women must fast on Tisha Bav (in contrast to other minor fast days). No distinction is made for a ...
  • 95.8k
11 votes
Accepted

What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Several events are listed in chapter 13 of Megilat Ta'anit: The Jews in the wilderness were decreed to die in the wilderness and not enter Israel. The First Temple was destroyed. The Second Temple ...
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10 votes

What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Here are additional events to the ones already noted in other answers Expulsion from England (1290): The Jews of England were expelled by King Edward I (chabad.org) French expulsion (1306): The Jews ...
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9 votes
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Can you learn portions of Avot D'Rav Nattan on Tish'a B'Av?

Tanna v'sheeyer - Anything fitting the mood of the day is acceptable (at least without iyun [in-depth analysis]; see also sources cited by @WFB in comments below which are lenient even with regard to ...
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8 votes
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What halachos are different on the day of Tisha B'Av in a year where the fast is pushed to Sunday?

The only difference mentioned in Rishonim that I'm aware of regards a circumcision on Sunday 10 Av. The Shulchan Arukh (OC 559:9) rules like the Mordechai that the members of a circumcision (father/...
  • 95.8k
8 votes
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Tisha b Av calendar confusion

This year the ninth day of the month of Av fell on Shabbat. Since fasting on Shabbat is forbidden, the holiday of Tisha b'av (which literally translates as "the Ninth of Av", hence the confusion) was ...
7 votes
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Was the fast of Tisha B'av in effect during the second temple era?

This is a matter of dispute between the Rishonim. The Rambam in his commentary to the Mishna (Rosh Hashana 1, 3) wrote that the people observed the fast of Tisha b'Av even during the period of the ...
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7 votes

Jerusalem Uninhabited?

Two thousand years beforehand, they may not have said this text. Rambam's text, for example, does not have it, nor do Seder Rav Amram Gaon (ed. Harpenes: Seder Tisha B'av), or Seder Rav Sa'adya Gaon, ...
  • 35k
7 votes

What sad/terrible events actually took place on the 9th of Av?

Heinrich Himmler received the formal command from the Nazi Party to initiate the Final Solution, an order which resulted in millions of Jewish deaths. This happened on Tisha B'Av in 5701, which ...
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6 votes
Accepted

May one learn Torah on Tisha B'Av if he enjoys learning anything?

See Taz Siman 524 sk 1(1) (I will not say exactly the same thing but reading the Taz I think an answer to the question). He describes a situation in which the pupils don't have pleasure with the study ...
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6 votes

May one learn Torah on Tisha B'Av if he enjoys learning anything?

Yalkut Yosef Ta'anit 554.52 brings down a very relevant qualification for learning even those subjects that are allowed to be learned on 9-Av. "Although it is permissible to read all the above (the ...
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6 votes
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How to sit on the floor comfortably

The Mishna Berurah in siman 559 writes: ועיין באחרונים דמותר להניח תחתיו שק או כר קטן. וגם יוכל לישב על ספסל נמוך למי שקשה לו לישב על הארץ: One may place a bag or a small pillow underneath ...
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6 votes

Why did Rebbe want to get rid of Tishah b’Av Nidcheh?

1 - The Or Sameach תענית ה/ו writes that according to the Avodraham that fasting on Shabbos is only forbidden mi'd'oraisa if it's for the full 24 hours, there is an answer to your question, about the ...
6 votes
Accepted

Is it permitted to play softball on Tisha b'Av?

The Three Weeks by Rabbi Cohen pg 145-146 "One should try not to divert one's mind from mourning on Tishah B'Av. Therefore it is proper to refrain from all pleasurable activities, such as taking a ...
6 votes
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Tallit on Shabbat which is 9 av

One does not perform any outer acts of mourning during Shabbos, even if it's the ninth of Av (see Mishnah Berurah 552:23 and 553:6). The custom is those who normally wear a Tallis at Shacharis to ...
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5 votes
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Havdalah if you have to eat or drink on Tisha B'Av that comes out on Sunday

The Shaarei Teshuva (OC 556) quotes those who require the ill person to recite Havadala "right away after Shabbat", though as Rav Ovadia Yosef (Yechavveh Daat 3:40) explains while citing many sources, ...
  • 95.8k
5 votes

What to do regarding postponed havdalah on a plane?

The criterion for beverages for havdalah (and kiddush, and the four cups at Pesach) is that they be chamer medina, a "national drink" or something you would serve guests. According to the OU: In a ...
5 votes
Accepted

10 of Av for Sefardim

The Shulhan Arukh (OH 551:4) writes that one may cut hair and launder immediately following the fast, but it is a good custom to avoid meat and wine on the 10th (558:1). R. Yitshak Yosef writes in ...
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5 votes

Contradiction between Beit Yosef and the Shulchan Aruch in O.C. תקנז

The Beit Yosef doesn't say to say it only at מנחה. He brings opinions on both sides and doesn't state his own opinion. I think this might have caused the confusion: When he says ושפשט המנהג כדברי ...
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5 votes

Does a pregnant or nursing woman fast on a postponed Tish'ah B'Av?

Nishmat writes Whether a pregnant woman is exempt from fasting on a delayed Tisha B'Av is a matter of halachic debate. There is further debate regarding the halachic status of the first three ...
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5 votes
Accepted

Why is there a difference between meat/wine and other restrictions after delayed Tisha B'av

There's little reason to expect them to have the same rule. When the day after the fast of Tisha Bav is on 10 Av there is the reason you stated to adopt the restrictive custom: the Temple started ...
  • 95.8k
5 votes
Accepted

Is it permissible to learn Hilchot Teshuva on Tisha Beav?

Not only is it permissible, but it is correct to do so according to the Meiri (Moed Katan 21a- Aveilus) . The Meiri explains that learning things that arouses one to do teshuva is a good thing. See ...
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4 votes

How do hats contrast with sounds?

Peirush Lev Aharon (Kinnah 31, this Kinnah) asks the very same question and notes that the hats were worn "לכבוד ולתפארת", as an honor and beauty (Exodus 28:40), as emphasized by the author of this ...
4 votes
Accepted

Surgery During the "The Three Weeks" and Tisha b'Av

All surgery that can safely be postponed until after Tisha B'Av should be postponed. See R. Simcha Bunim Cohen's Halachos for Daily Living, volume on the Three Weeks and Fast Days. Published by ...
4 votes

Why don't we say Ein KeLokeinu on Tisha BeAv?

Nit'ei Gavriel, Hilchot Bein HaMetzarim 62 fn 7 quotes an explanation from Responsa Zera Emet as to the common custom to omit shir shel yom and ein kelokeinu from shacharit and instead to recite them ...
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4 votes

Showering after chatzos on Friday the 8th of Av

What you are referring to is found in Simman 551:16. The Rema writes .ואפילו בערב-שתב של 'חזון' אסור לרחוץ כי אם ראשו ופניו ידיו ורגליו בצונן .ויש מקלים בחפיפת הראש בחמין למי שרגיל בכך כל שבת On ...
  • 18.7k
4 votes
Accepted

Shouldn't we laugh as Rabbi Akiva?

Interesting question. However I think before asking that we must ask ouselves if we cry that there is a question whether we should laugh instead? We are so deep into this galus that the few things we ...
4 votes
Accepted

Nachem at maariv/shacharit

The question and the answer are in Magen Avraham OC 557. Shulchan Aruch: בְּתִשְׁעָה בְּאָב אוֹמֵר בְּבוֹנֵה יְרוּשָׁלַיִם: נַחֵם ה' אֱלֹהֵינוּ אֶת אֲבֵלֵי צִיּוֹן וְכו', וַעֲנֵנוּ בְּשׁוֹמֵעַ ...
  • 22.4k

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