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14

In his commentary to Rambam's codification of this law (Hilchot Melachim 7:5), R. David Ibn Zimra asks: ברייתא כלשון רבינו אלא דקשה וכי דרך הנשים לעשות מלחמה דקתני וכלה מחופתה והא כתיב כל כבודה בת מלך פנימה וי"ל דה"ק כיון דחתן יוצא מחדרו כלה יוצאה מחופתה שאינה נוהגת ימי חופה ואפשר דבמלחמת מצוה הנשים היו מספקות מים ומזון לבעליהן וכן המנהג היום בערביות Is ...


9

Yachin there: אשה לאו בת מלחמה. רק לספק מזון ולתקן הדרכים אף היא יוצאת. ‏ A woman is not able to combat, she did only provide food and repair roads.


7

The Tosfos Yom Tov explains that the very fact that woman wouldn't go out at night on their own out of fear, led them to form groups in order to provide safety in numbers, where they would be able to spin flax at night at times of the month when the moon was bright enough to use it's light. Inevitably once together, any rumors about local bad behavior would ...


4

Reflecting long enough to consider what it means to be the Founder of our faith, which is also called the Way of G-d, you will have your answer. The word Founder in English comes from the verb found which according to the New Oxford American Dictionary means: To establish or originate something especially by providing an endowment. This same dictionary ...


4

A little town hasn't Bet Din. See Sanhedrin Mishna 1.6 And how many [inhabitants] must a city have before it may have a Sanhedrin? One hundred and twenty. Rabbi Nechemiah says, two hundred and thirty, [each judge] corresponding to a chief of a group of ten. Bartenura מאה ועשרים - מפרש בגמרא, עשרים ושלשה, סנהדרי קטנה. twenty three for the ...


3

This question is asked and answered by the Malbim (ibid). He answers that once Yoash, King of Israel conquered Amazia, King of Judah, Judah (the land and the kingdom) was under Israeli reign, and thus Jeroboam restored Damascus and Hamath to Judah now under Israel reign. (Note that the original Hebrew - לִיהוּדָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל - can be translated as to ...


2

I know of a number of approaches to evolution vs creation in Jewish thought. As far as I can tell, it seems that an insistence on the Torah giving literal history with it being roughly 5,769 years since ex nihilo, became more popular after the scientific challenges of the past two centuries, not less. As though we dug in our heels in the face of so many ...


2

Before Matan Torah (children of Israel received G-ds Torah at mount sinai) and in the future after Moshiach comes the age of accountability was/will be at 100 yeas old as Rashi Bereishis 5,32 in the name of the Midrash Rabba quotes from Yishaya 65,20: אָמַר רַבִּי יוּדָן: מַה טַּעַם כָּל הַדּוֹרוֹת הוֹלִידוּ לְמֵאָה שָׁנָה וְזֶה לַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת? אָמַר ...


2

The Gemara on the Mishnah you quoted says that since the verse asks for "ziknei ha'eer" (elders of the city), it means members of a Court of 23 Judges. (See also Rambam, Hilchos Rotzeach 9:4, who says a Court of 23 Judges.) Therefore it won't suffice to have a Court of 3 Rabbis. The Sefer HaChinuch (Mitzvah 531) explains that the calf ceremony is for ...


1

You asked: At what point in Jewish history did waiting 6 hours between milk and meat become the uniform approach in most communities (or in some places 1 hour or 3 hours)? According to this article it was the Rif (Rabbi Yitzchak Alfasi 1013-1103) who instituted the fixed waiting time. Read the article for sources and background.


1

TL;DR: For certain types of scenarios (ie a murderer) Rabbinic courts would be able to carry out executions whenever the situation would arise... but they wouldn't kill via one of 4 methods of capital punihments, rather they'd kill via an "indirect" manner. While the mishnah in Makkos (1:10) that you cited does state that "a court that executes one person ...


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