If one is neither part of a certain Minyan nor Davening at all rather in a different room, but can hear the Chazzan, may he answer to Amen,Kaddish,etc. ?

  • Hi. Why might one think he can't answer such that you have this question? He heard it. Please edit to clarify and add motivation to your question so others will become more interested.
    – Double AA
    Feb 9, 2016 at 21:22
  • When I was in Ge'ula (in Yerushalayim) I went to a bookstore right next to a minyan factory. The bookstore stood and responded for Kedushah, so I followed suit. Feb 9, 2016 at 21:34
  • 1
    @NoachmiFrankfurt I think you mean, the people in the bookstore. I can't recall the last time I saw a bookstore say Kedusha :-)
    – DanF
    Feb 9, 2016 at 22:34
  • Very similar: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/3974 and judaism.stackexchange.com/q/12956
    – msh210
    Feb 9, 2016 at 22:54
  • @DanF, whoops, typo! Feb 9, 2016 at 23:32

1 Answer 1


Explicit Kitzur Shulchan Aruch in 15:4 - סימן טו - דיני קדיש וברכו וצרוף עשרה ואם יצאו מקצתן ודין השליח צבור

צְרִיכִין שֶׁיִּהְיוּ כָּל הָעֲשָׂרָה בְּמָקוֹם אֶחָד, וְהַשְּׁלִיחַ צִבּוּר עִמָּהֶם, אֲבָל אִם מִקְּצָתָם בְּחֶדֶר זֶה וּמִקְּצָתָם בְּחֶדֶר אַחֵר, אֵינָם מִצְטָרְפִין, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהַפֶּתַח פָּתוּחַ בֵּינֵיהֶם, וַאֲפִלּוּ אִם הָרֹב הֵמָּה בְּבֵית הַכְּנֶסֶת, וְהַמִּעוּט בַּעֲזָרָה שֶׁלִּפְנֵי בֵּית הַכְּנֶסֶת, אֵינָם נִגְרָרִים אַחַר הָרֹב לְהִצְטָרֵף עִמָּהֶם וַאֲפִלּוּ הָעוֹמְדִים עַל הָאַסְקֻפָּה בְּתוֹךְ הַפֶּתַח מִן הָאֲגַף וְלַחוּץ. דְּהַיְנוּ, כְּשֶׁסּוֹגְרִין אֵת הַדֶּלֶת, נִמְצָא מָקוֹם זֶה לַחוּץ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁעַתָּה הַפֶּתַח פָּתוּחַ, מִכָּל מָקוֹם נִדּוֹן כְּלַחוּץ, וְכָל זֹאת לְעִנְיַן צֵרוּף לַעֲשָׂרָה אֲבָל אִם הָיוּ כָּאן עֲשָׂרָה, וְאוֹמְרִים קַדִּישׁ אוֹ בָּרְכוּ אוֹ קְדֻשָּׁה, אֲזַי כָּל הַשּׁוֹמֵעַ קוֹלָם, יָכוֹל לַעֲנֹת עִמָּהֶם, אֲפִלּוּ כַּמָּה בָּתִּים מַפְסִיקִים בֵּינֵיהֶם, כִּי אֲפִלּוּ מְחִיצָה שֶׁל בַּרְזֶל, אֵינָהּ מַפְסֶקֶת בֵּין יִשְֹרָאֵל לַאֲבִיהֶם שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם, וּבִלְבַד שֶׁלֹּא תְּהֵא שָׁם צוֹאָה אוֹ עֲבוֹדַת גְּלִילִים. (נ"ה) ‏

If one can hear the Chazzan, one may answer Amen, Kaddish, Borch or Kedusha - no matter how far away one is - on condition that there's no excrement or idols (churches?) between oneself and the Chazzan.

  • This became an interesting question at the Daf Yomi siyum IIRC, since the majority of individuals were hearing a havarah/reproduction of the mevarech and not the mevarech himself. I don't recall the resolution of the shailah, but it had interesting ramifications regarding recorded music... Feb 10, 2016 at 14:41
  • @IsaacKotlicky Are you referring to the last Daf Yomi gathering in NJ?
    – DanF
    Feb 10, 2016 at 17:21
  • @DanF Actually, even before that - en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siyum_HaShas#11th_Siyum_HaShas The 11th was held in Madison Square Garden when I was in college. Feb 10, 2016 at 17:23

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