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The reason Purim is celebrated for two days in a "walled city" is that the Megilat Esther says the Jews of the city of Shushan (the capital) needed/took an extra day to fight for their survival. My question is: Why did it take longer in Shushan than any other place? Were the citizens of Shushan less ethical/moral or more hateful? How do we know? Is that true for larger cities in general, then or today?

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    Well, for one, it was the seat of the "let's kill the Jews" movement that Haman started. You'd expect it to take longer to root it out there. – Isaac Kotlicky Feb 27 '15 at 14:17
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    @isaac-kotlicky Is there reason to think Haman had many followers at any point, and particularly after he and his sons were hanged by the King in a public setting? – Yehuda W Feb 27 '15 at 14:27
  • He had enough followers that it was an existential threat to the entire Jewish people, even those living far away from Shushan. I think that's proof that there was a sizable contingent of people who were willing to follow Haman. And hanging him and his sons? Congratulations - they are now martyrs for their cause. Apparently a second day of fighting was needed to root out the hatred/haters. – Isaac Kotlicky Feb 27 '15 at 14:30
  • @isaac-kotlicky The last sentence of Chapter 3 of the Megila may be relevant. Why was the city of Shushan confused, bewildered, or in turmoil? Persumably it was due to the decree about the Jews. (Do you have a different translation?) – Yehuda W Feb 27 '15 at 15:31
  • Metonymy - It's not the entire city, but rather the Jewish community within the city (and possible some adjunct non-Jews confused by the sudden policy change). I suggest you consider what happened in Germany right around the start of the rise of the Nazi party - plenty of people were confused by the sudden political surge of hatred but there were plenty of people who were "in" on it. The general public was cowed by the relative minority of extremists at the start. – Isaac Kotlicky Feb 27 '15 at 15:41
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I don't agree with the premise of the question: "...the Megilat Esther says the Jews of the city of Shushan (the capital) needed/took an extra day to fight for their survival. "

Initially, after Haman was killed, permission was granted for the Jews to defend themselves on the 13th Adar - and to kill their enemies.

For some reason, Esther asked for permission - (late on the 13th) - for the Jews to continue killing their enemies also on the 14th.

Due to lack of fast-inter-city communication it was pointless for her to ask permission for areas beyond Shushan.

It doesn't say it was to "fight for their survival". It says (Esther 9:13):

יג: וַתֹּאמֶר אֶסְתֵּר אִם עַל הַמֶּלֶךְ טוֹב יִנָּתֵן גַּם מָחָר לַיְּהוּדִים אֲשֶׁר בְּשׁוּשָׁן לַעֲשׂוֹת כְּדָת הַיּוֹם וְאֵת עֲשֶׂרֶת בְּנֵי הָמָן יִתְלוּ עַל הָעֵץ: ‏

She asked for permission to continue doing on the morrow what they had done that day, and to hang the 10 sons of Haman (that were killed that day).

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It seems to me that the issue was to uproot any supporters of Haman left in Shushan, especially within the government\palace. This is why she had Haman's son's hanged, and the people killed were probably affiliated with Haman's family. The purpose was to solidify Mordechai's position and to make sure the Jews would be secure for years to come.

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