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Shushan, Achashveirosh's capital, is identified with the modern Iranian archaeological site of Susa. A city, Shush, has been established nearby.

In modern-day Shush, (if any Jews lived there), what day would Purim be celebrated on?

Ancient Susa had a wall since before the time of Yehoshua (according to Wikipedia), so that's not a problem.

The real question is, i suppose, is the modern city close enough to the ancient one to be considered the same?
I do know that in T'verya, even though the ancient city had a wall, the modern city (for the most part) does not celebrate Shushan Purim, because it isn't really so close. As for those who do, Rabbi Daniel Sperber says that it is a minhag ta'ut, a mistaken custom.

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Nitei Gavriel (53:4) writes that they would only read it on the 14th of Adar, since we don't know exactly where the [original] city is located.

(Credit: Menachem)

  • Does he mean we don't know where in Shush the old city was, or we don't know that Shush is the right city? – Double AA Oct 24 '17 at 1:19
  • How does he know that we don't know? It's no surprise that he has no family tradition on the matter, but perhaps Persian Jews do? – Double AA Oct 24 '17 at 1:21
  • @DoubleAA We don't know that Shush (or any other city) is the right city. – Ploni Oct 24 '17 at 1:22
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    Ah. That doesn't seem accurate though. Shushan was a big famous city historically and there's no doubt about its identification today TTBOMK. – Double AA Oct 24 '17 at 1:30
  • @DoubleAA Fair point. btw can you identify the sefer he quotes "א"י"? I can't think of any sefer with those initials. – Ploni Oct 24 '17 at 1:32

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