Shushan, Achashveirosh's capital, is identified with the modern Iranian archaeological site of Susa. A city, Shush, has been established nearby.

In modern-day Shush, (if any Jews lived there), what day would Purim be celebrated on?

Ancient Susa had a wall since before the time of Yehoshua (according to Wikipedia), so that's not a problem.

The real question is, i suppose, is the modern city close enough to the ancient one to be considered the same?
I do know that in T'verya, even though the ancient city had a wall, the modern city (for the most part) does not celebrate Shushan Purim, because it isn't really so close. As for those who do, Rabbi Daniel Sperber says that it is a minhag ta'ut, a mistaken custom.

  • 2
    if they do, they do it differently vimeo.com/89234381
    – rosends
    Commented Mar 6, 2015 at 13:44
  • There are still Jews in Iran, I expect that this is not unique to Tehran and Isfahan Commented Mar 6, 2015 at 14:28
  • @ShmuelBrin I don't recall the source ATM, but it is identified with a city mentioned in Sefer Yehoshua. Also, people there do celebrate both days of Purim, out of safek/minhag avoteinu b'yadeinu.
    – Scimonster
    Commented Mar 7, 2015 at 18:29
  • Possible dupe? judaism.stackexchange.com/q/14963/759
    – Double AA
    Commented Mar 8, 2015 at 4:13
  • In a deleted comment there^^^ a respected sefardi user of ours said he thought the custom in en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamadan was to keep the second day only for your reason
    – Double AA
    Commented Mar 8, 2015 at 4:14

1 Answer 1


Nitei Gavriel (53:4) writes that they would only read it on the 14th of Adar, since we don't know exactly where the [original] city is located.

(Credit: Menachem)

  • Does he mean we don't know where in Shush the old city was, or we don't know that Shush is the right city?
    – Double AA
    Commented Oct 24, 2017 at 1:19
  • How does he know that we don't know? It's no surprise that he has no family tradition on the matter, but perhaps Persian Jews do?
    – Double AA
    Commented Oct 24, 2017 at 1:21
  • @DoubleAA We don't know that Shush (or any other city) is the right city.
    – user9643
    Commented Oct 24, 2017 at 1:22
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    Ah. That doesn't seem accurate though. Shushan was a big famous city historically and there's no doubt about its identification today TTBOMK.
    – Double AA
    Commented Oct 24, 2017 at 1:30
  • @DoubleAA Fair point. btw can you identify the sefer he quotes "א"י"? I can't think of any sefer with those initials.
    – user9643
    Commented Oct 24, 2017 at 1:32

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