Questions tagged [megillat-esther]

Concerning Esther's rise to power as queen of Achashveirosh ( Xerxes I) of Persia and her thwarting Hamans attempt to destroy the Jewish people during the era of exile after the Destruction of the First Beis Hamikdash

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2answers
52 views

Was Mordechai the mashgiach at Achashverosh's party?

I have seen 2 sources (example) quote a Gemara on Megillah 12a saying that Mordechai was the Mashgiach or served at Achashverosh's mishteh (party). This was very shocking to me. I have tried searching ...
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Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
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85 views

Contradiction in Rashi regarding why the Jews did not take the spoils at Purim

On Esther 8:11, Rashi explains that וְהֵם בַּבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת יָדָם, שֶׁהֶרְאוּ לַכֹּל שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה לְשֵׁם מָמוֹן They "did not send forth their hand in the spoils," to show ...
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Is there a distinction between משתה and משתה יין?

Throughout the Megillah, the term משתה is consistently used to refer to feasts (ex. 1:3,5,9; 2:18). Rashi on Esther 5:4 writes: אֶל הַמִּשְׁתֶּה. כָּל סְעוּדָה נִקְרֵאת עַל שֵׁם הַיַּיִן שֶׁהוּא ...
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108 views

Online Megilla Reading and the name of Haman

As discussed in this question about Skype Megilla reading, this year due to the extraordinary extenuating circumstances many people found it necessary or preferable to attend an online Megilla reading....
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Who celebrated on the 15th originally?

In the text, Esther 9:15 reads (in part) the Jews in Shushan mustered again on the fourteenth day of Adar and slew three hundred men in Shushan... This puts them them, those in Shushan, as ...
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Were the Jews aware of their fate?

When Haman hatches his plot to kill the Jews, and get Achashverosh to sign on, a message is sent out to all people, (Esther 3:12) מְדִינָ֤ה וּמְדִינָה֙ כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ וְעַ֥ם וָעָ֖ם כִּלְשׁוֹנ֑וֹ In ...
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Who was Esther's “father's house”?

Esther is warned when she resists visiting Achashverosh that, if she demures, salvation would come from another source and וְאַ֥תְּ וּבֵית־אָבִ֖יךְ תֹּאבֵ֑דוּ "you and your father's house will perish."...
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217 views

Purim 2020 Skype megilla leining recommendation

Due to the 2020 Coronavirus epidemic, many are unable to go to shul this year to hear the Megilla. For those who are unable to find a private reading and are without their own Megilla, they have ...
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Reading Megillah when it's only Purim for the listener

Residents of a walled city and unwalled cities celebrate Purim on different days. May either of these people read the Megillah for the other on whatever day the listener needs to hear Megillah? Or ...
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Where is G-d's name in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, G-d’s Name is never explicitly mentioned, but what about implicitly? I was told that the Arizal (and perhaps the Vilna Gaon?) found many pesukim in which G-d’s Name is concealed. ...
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Repeating doubtful phrases: What order?

Current practice in many Ashkenazi synagogues includes the following: On shabbat zachor, repetition of (at least part of) Devarim 25:19, due to a doubt over whether the zayin of זכר is vowelized with ...
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Why is there no makaf between “Ben” and “Yair”?

Second chapter, fifth passuk of Megillat Esther reads: אִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדִ֔י הָיָ֖ה בְּשׁוּשַׁ֣ן הַבִּירָ֑ה וּשְׁמ֣וֹ מָרְדֳּכַ֗י בֶּ֣ן יָאִ֧יר בֶּן־שִׁמְעִ֛י בֶּן־קִ֖ישׁ אִ֥ישׁ יְמִינִֽי׃ In the fortress ...
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Megillah for someone in quarantine due to coronavirus [duplicate]

I've been hearing multiple opinions as to what someone in quarantine for Coronavirus should do for Megillas Esther. The RCA quotes Rav Hershel Schachter as saying: “In a situation in which it is ...
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What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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Why is the word Purim in plural?

Esther 9:26: עַל־כֵּ֡ן קָֽרְאוּ֩ לַיָּמִ֨ים הָאֵ֤לֶּה פוּרִים֙ עַל־שֵׁ֣ם הַפּ֔וּר Therefore, these days are called Purim (in plural) after the name of the Pur (lot - in singular). There seems to ...
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Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
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Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva and other times with a Patach?

Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva (as in Ester 1:10), and sometimes with a Patach (as in Ester 3:11)? Ester 1:10: בַּיּוֹם, הַשְּׁבִיעִי, כְּטוֹב לֵב-הַמֶּלֶךְ, בַּיָּיִן--אָמַר ...
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Which passages in Megillat Esther are read with a different trope? [duplicate]

It's common practice to chant certain passages of Megillat Esther with a different trope. For example, 8:6 is read to the trope of Eichah, as are several other passages; in addition, certain passages ...
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What is the explanation of spelling the same word with a Patach instead of a Sh'va in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, why is the word "maidens" spelled with a sh'va under the first letter (נְעָרוֹת) in verses 2:2, 2:8, 2:9, but with a patach (נַעֲרוֹת) in verse 4:4?
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What does the Dikduk Hataamim of Ben Asher (the A. Dotan edition) say in reguard to the 10 sons of Haman?

After the ensuing back and forth on this post regarding the authenticity of the small שׁ ,ת, and ז and the large ו by the ten sons of Haman, I would like to consult the A. Dotan edition of Ben Asher's ...
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Keter Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Crown) tanach on the ten sons of Haman

I'm currently writing a paper on the famed "purimfest 1946." In attempt to respond to all rebuttals that are brought up, I need to take a glance at the most authoritative tanach, the Aleppo Codex. ...
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What Beit Ester survived?

Mordechai warns Ester that if she does not partake in saving the Jews: כִּ֣י אִם־הַחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי֮ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַעֲמ֤וֹד לַיְּהוּדִים֙ מִמָּק֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וְאַ֥תְּ ...
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Why do we read the Megillah by night and by day?

Why do we read the Megillah by night and then again by day? Wouldn't it be enough to read it once!
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Why not keep Pesach to be saved on Purim?

וַיַּעֲבֹר מָרְדֳּכָי וַיַּעַשׂ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוְּתָה עָלָיו אֶסְתֵּר׃ So Mordecai passed and did just as Esther had commanded him. (Ester 4.17) Targum says (first): וּנְסֵס וּכְנֵס מָרְדְכַי ...
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Who did the Jews fight on Purim if nobody could oppose them?

נִקְהֲלוּ הַיְּהוּדִים בְּעָרֵיהֶם בְּכָל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ אֳחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ לִשְׁלֹחַ יָד בִּמְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתָם וְאִישׁ לֹא־עָמַד לִפְנֵיהֶם כִּי־נָפַל פַּחְדָּם עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃ (Ester 9.5 ...
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Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
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Mordechay's decree: “kill women and children, AND/OR plunder their possessions”?

I'm a bit confused here, so maybe the title is not worded well. Achashverosh let Mordechay write the letters to his own wording: "ואתם כתבו על־היהודים כטוב בעיניכם בשם המלך" And you may ...
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Why the Megillah does not mention Ester marrying Achashverosh?

The Megillah (2.16) mentions taking Ester into the Palace, loving here [more than other girls] and crowning her as the queen but no mention of the marriage or being Achashverosh's wife: וַתִּלָּקַח ...
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Zeresh and Haman's children

In Megillas Esther it says that Haman told the ones who loved him, and zeresh, about his wealth and his many children. Why did he have to tell zeresh about his many children? Hadn’t she birthed them? ...
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Were Persian-Median kings illiterate?

In the Megillah, we read (6:1): בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא נָדְדָה שְׁנַת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר הַזִּכְרֹנוֹת דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים וַיִּהְיוּ נִקְרָאִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ On that night, ...
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She'asa Nissim Lavoseinu | שעשה נסים לאבותינו - what did they say back then?

What was the second blessing mentioned by the Jews right after the miracle of Purim took place? If the second blessing on reading the Megillah mentions: "בימים ההם בזמן הזה" "... in those days at ...
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Haman Hanged on Branch of Eitz HaDaas?

Rav Eytan Feiner mentioned in a shiur that the tree used to hang Haman was the Eitz HaDaas, based on a Midrash. Where is this Midrash located? (I found Esther Rabba 9:2 which discusses it, but can't ...
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Friends and experts of Haman

Haman had a wife and friends. When a misfortune happened to him, the Megila doesn't speak anymore about his friends but about "chachsmav", which we can perhaps translate as his experts. Are they the ...
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Jewish enemies or Mordechai enemy

In the Megila, it seems first that Jews have no specific enemies. But Haman is angry with Mordechai. Since he is angry with Mordechai, he decides the extermination of all Jews. It seems that he knows ...
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Megilat Ester linguistics - why inline translations?

M"E is full with "inline" translations or clarifications from Hebrew to Parsi and vice verse, for example: פור הוא הגורל הֲדַסָּה הִיא אֶסְתֵּר בחודש השנים עשר הוא חודש אדר This is pretty unusual I ...
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Why was Ta'anis Esther established? The story has a happy ending!

I understand why we fast the other public fast days (Tisha B'av, 17 Tammuz, Tzom Gedaliah). All of these fasts commemorate events which we are still affected by (primarily lack of a Beis Hamikdash). ...
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Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai?

Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai? Assuming he was a high official, didn't he have the authority to kill someone that disrespected him? In other words, since Mordechai violated the King's decree ...
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Why is “hanging people” such a central theme in the Megillah?

(inspired by this tweet) There's so much hanging being spoken about in Megillas Esther. Any idea as to why this is such a common theme in the Megillah? 2:23 "וַיִּתָּל֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־עֵ֑ץ" 5:...
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61 views

How old was Vashti in the Megillah?

We’ve previously discussed how old Esther, Mordechai, Haman, and Achashveirosh were at the time of the Megillah. How old was Vashti when she was summoned to Achashveirosh?
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Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

The Kesser Shem Tov 2:pg.536 writes that the minhag of London and Amsterdam is to read the Megillah without the taamim (cantillation). This minhag is also found in Alger and Ashkanaz. The reason that ...
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60 views

Did Achashverosh know about Haman's hatred for Mordechai?

On the one level, I might think he didn't since why would the king keep track of Haman's personal vendettas. However, when he tells Haman to go honor Mordechai, he tells him exactly where to find him -...
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60 views

Did Mordechai bow to Achashverosh?

The Megilla makes a big deal about Mordechai not bowing to Haman. However, we don't see any reference to him bowing or not before the actual king. Did he?
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Does anyone draw a parallel between Haman selling himself to Mordechai and Esav selling the birthright to Yaakov?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
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Esther’s and Mordechai’s relationship? [duplicate]

I have heard many times over the years that Mordechai was esther’s Uncle. Yet it says in the Megillah itself that Mordechai was esther’s cousin! (Esther 2:7) Does anyone know of any sources that say ...
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778 views

Haman going to the second feast dirty

In all story tapes/videos I've seen it always portrays that Haman was taken to Esther's second feast dirty while in the Megillah all it says is just that they took him while "he was still talking" "...
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Why does this passage appear in both Megillat Esther and Havdalah? [duplicate]

This passage טו וּמָרְדֳּכַי יָצָא מִלִּפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ, בִּלְבוּשׁ מַלְכוּת תְּכֵלֶת וָחוּר, וַעֲטֶרֶת זָהָב גְּדוֹלָה, וְתַכְרִיךְ בּוּץ וְאַרְגָּמָן; וְהָעִיר שׁוּשָׁן, צָהֲלָה וְשָׂמֵחָה. טז ...
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Do any sources discuss reading Megillas Ester too fast?

I remember seeing a source explaining that ideally Megilla should be read somewhat fast because it is called "iggeret" (a letter), and letters are read at fast speed out loud. I've also heard the ...
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Is the Bnei Brak of the Hagada and Megila the same as modern-day Bnei Brak?

The Pesach Hagada mentions the story of five rabbis in Bnei Brak It happened once [on Pesach] that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were ...
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Shva na and shva nach on almost the same word in מגילת אסתר?

Esther 2:3 ends with the word תמרקיהן. Esther 2:9 contains the word תמרוקיה. The question is about the sh'va under the mem. My source, via Kinnor software, says that this sh'va is na in the first ...

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