Questions tagged [megillat-esther]

Concerning Esther's rise to power as queen of Achashveirosh (Xerxes I) of Persia and her thwarting Haman's attempt to destroy the Jewish people during the era of exile after the Destruction of the First Beis Hamikdash

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4
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1answer
257 views

What does the comment say after the end of Esther?

I see that after the text, there is a short note at the end of each book, what do these notes say?
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38 views

Megilla: 2nd runners overtake first set that left 70 days earlier (Rashi). How?

In Esther 3:12 it records that Homon sent out his runners with the decree on 13th Nissan. Mordechai sent out his runners on 23rd Sivan to mitigate the decree. Rashi in 8:14 tells us that these second ...
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102 views

Looking for more information about this “Megillah”

My wife's grandmother passed away last year (and her grandfather many years ago) and my mother-in-law gave me this item she found while cleaning out their apartment: It appears to be printed (on an ...
6
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2answers
218 views

Why does Mordechai agree to put on the king's clothing?

From the Megillah, we read that Mordechai put on sack-cloth and ashes upon hearing of Haman's decree. Esther, alarmed to see her cousin in such a state, sends him fine clothes to put on, but he ...
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2answers
102 views

Why would Esther point at Achashveirosh?

With the plan to topple Haman seemingly coming to fruition, the Gemara Megillah (16a) says the Esther was going to point at Achashveirosh as the anonymous enemy of her people. ותאמר אסתר איש צר ואויב ...
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1answer
250 views

Why is Daniel called Memuchan?

There is a machlokes who Memuchan is. One opinion is that it is Haman. According to that opinion he is called Memuchan because he prepared [in hebrew: muchan] himself to be punished (Megillah 12b). ...
6
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1answer
134 views

Why did the Persian Empire bury Esther with Mordechai?

I find it hard to believe that as a royal queen, the Persian Empire buried Esther with Mordechai, instead of with the other monarchs. Yet there are 2 locations in Iran, both claiming that Mordechai ...
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54 views

Additions to Esther

Do any rabbinic sources ( Talmud, geonim, rishonim) talk about the “additions to Esther”found in the Septuagint, regarding its content or it’s authenticity?
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64 views

Does person reading Megillah silently from a scroll in private fulfill the mitzvah?

According to several online sources, at a public reading of Megillat Esther it is preferable that one should follow along silently from a kosher scroll, so that if you miss hearing a word you will ...
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1answer
105 views

Why curse Mordechai?

The Gemara Megilla 7b writes אָמַר רָבָא מִיחַיַּיב אִינִישׁ לְבַסּוֹמֵי בְּפוּרַיָּא עַד דְּלָא יָדַע בֵּין אָרוּר הָמָן לְבָרוּךְ מָרְדֳּכַי - Rava said: A person is obligated to become intoxicated ...
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3answers
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Does Megillat Esther need to be read without interruption?

Suppose one wishes to read megillah but finds it physically difficult to do so without interruption. Is it permissible to read part of it, take a break, and then continue later? Or must the mitzvah ...
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1answer
348 views

May Megillat Esther be read from a seated position?

Is there any problem with reading Megillat Esther (or, for that matter, reading from a sefer torah) while sitting? Does this still fulfill the mitzvah? I have only ever seen it done standing, but ...
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1answer
77 views

Leniency in pronunciation while reading the Megillah (Iggeres)

I've heard that we are more lenient in regards to krias haMigglah than to krias haTorah (in regards to pronunciation), since the Migglah refers the itself as an Iggeres (letter). If this so, to what ...
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162 views

On Purim, is it permitted to read an English translation while listening to the Megillah reading?

On Purim, is it permitted to read an English translation while listening to the Megillah reading? I know it is a mitzvah to listen to every word of the Megillah reading. However, I don't understand ...
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2answers
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Esther 8:17 - Is the phrase פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים synonymous with יִרְאַ֚ת יְהֹוָ֨ה?

When studying Esther 8:17, we read: And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's order and his edict reached, [there was] joy and gladness for the Jews, a banquet and a festive day, ...
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1answer
72 views

What was Esther’s reaction to Haman’s begging and ambush

In Megillas Esther it says Haman stood to beg for his life...........fell on the couch Esther was reclining on. Question is: What was her reaction, and her action in response? why is there no mention ...
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Was King Achashverush rewarded for enriching Mordechai and Esther

We know that all the riches of Haman belonged to the king after he was hung. The king gave it to Mordechai and Esther. Also in targum it says that Haman promised to give 10000 silvers and a town ...
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5answers
91 views

Was Haman rewarded for supporting Torah learners and building the Beis HaMikdash?

The Midrash Shochar Tov (22:25) writes לשלשה חלקים נחלק ממונו של המן. שליש למרדכי ואסתר. ושליש לעמלי תורה. ושליש לבנין בית המקדש - Haman's money was divided into thirds: 1/3 was given to Mordechai ...
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1answer
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What is the connection between Haman and HaMelech?

Do any Meforshim explain a connection between the equivalent gemtriya of "Haman" and "HaMelech" (95) repeated throughout Megillas Esther?
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לָ vs. לַ vs. לְ and וָ vs. וַ vs. וְ

What are the differences in meaning between the prefix of the letter ל (lamed), when different vowels are used [i.e. לַ (patach), לָ (kumatz) and לְ (shva)]? What about variants of the usage of the ...
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1answer
141 views

What does the Targum have against Tattenai?

In Ezra 5-6 appears the governor of Ever Hanahar (the southern side of the Euphrates in this case), Tattenai. Tattenai, upon seeing that the Jews got back to building the Temple after several years of ...
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1answer
113 views

How was the non-Jewish city of Shushan “confounded”?

In Megillat Esther, 3:15, after the king sends out his edict, the text says וְהָעִ֥יר שׁוּשָׁ֖ן נָבֽוֹכָה, and the city of Shushan was confounded (or perturbed). Clearly, the Jews were, but the non-...
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2answers
84 views

Was Mordechai the mashgiach at Achashverosh's party?

I have seen 2 sources (example) quote a Gemara on Megillah 12a saying that Mordechai was the Mashgiach or served at Achashverosh's mishteh (party). This was very shocking to me. I have tried searching ...
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1answer
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Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
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1answer
100 views

Contradiction in Rashi regarding why the Jews did not take the spoils at Purim

On Esther 8:11, Rashi explains that וְהֵם בַּבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת יָדָם, שֶׁהֶרְאוּ לַכֹּל שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה לְשֵׁם מָמוֹן They "did not send forth their hand in the spoils," to show ...
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Is there a distinction between משתה and משתה יין?

Throughout the Megillah, the term משתה is consistently used to refer to feasts (ex. 1:3,5,9; 2:18). Rashi on Esther 5:4 writes: אֶל הַמִּשְׁתֶּה. כָּל סְעוּדָה נִקְרֵאת עַל שֵׁם הַיַּיִן שֶׁהוּא ...
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1answer
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Online Megilla Reading and the name of Haman

As discussed in this question about Skype Megilla reading, this year due to the extraordinary extenuating circumstances many people found it necessary or preferable to attend an online Megilla reading....
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Who celebrated on the 15th originally?

In the text, Esther 9:15 reads (in part) the Jews in Shushan mustered again on the fourteenth day of Adar and slew three hundred men in Shushan... This puts them them, those in Shushan, as ...
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2answers
149 views

Were the Jews aware of their fate?

When Haman hatches his plot to kill the Jews, and get Achashverosh to sign on, a message is sent out to all people, (Esther 3:12) מְדִינָ֤ה וּמְדִינָה֙ כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ וְעַ֥ם וָעָ֖ם כִּלְשׁוֹנ֑וֹ In ...
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1answer
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Who was Esther's “father's house”?

Esther is warned when she resists visiting Achashverosh that, if she demures, salvation would come from another source and וְאַ֥תְּ וּבֵית־אָבִ֖יךְ תֹּאבֵ֑דוּ "you and your father's house will perish."...
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232 views

Purim 2020 Skype megilla leining recommendation

Due to the 2020 Coronavirus epidemic, many are unable to go to shul this year to hear the Megilla. For those who are unable to find a private reading and are without their own Megilla, they have ...
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1answer
83 views

Reading Megillah when it's only Purim for the listener

Residents of a walled city and unwalled cities celebrate Purim on different days. May either of these people read the Megillah for the other on whatever day the listener needs to hear Megillah? Or ...
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6answers
999 views

Where is G-d's name in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, G-d’s Name is never explicitly mentioned, but what about implicitly? I was told that the Arizal (and perhaps the Vilna Gaon?) found many pesukim in which G-d’s Name is concealed. ...
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Repeating doubtful phrases: What order?

Current practice in many Ashkenazi synagogues includes the following: On shabbat zachor, repetition of (at least part of) Devarim 25:19, due to a doubt over whether the zayin of זכר is vowelized with ...
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Why is there no makaf between “Ben” and “Yair”?

Second chapter, fifth passuk of Megillat Esther reads: אִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדִ֔י הָיָ֖ה בְּשׁוּשַׁ֣ן הַבִּירָ֑ה וּשְׁמ֣וֹ מָרְדֳּכַ֗י בֶּ֣ן יָאִ֧יר בֶּן־שִׁמְעִ֛י בֶּן־קִ֖ישׁ אִ֥ישׁ יְמִינִֽי׃ In the fortress ...
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1answer
242 views

Megillah for someone in quarantine due to coronavirus [duplicate]

I've been hearing multiple opinions as to what someone in quarantine for Coronavirus should do for Megillas Esther. The RCA quotes Rav Hershel Schachter as saying: “In a situation in which it is ...
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1answer
127 views

What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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2answers
119 views

Why is the word Purim in plural?

Esther 9:26: עַל־כֵּ֡ן קָֽרְאוּ֩ לַיָּמִ֨ים הָאֵ֤לֶּה פוּרִים֙ עַל־שֵׁ֣ם הַפּ֔וּר Therefore, these days are called Purim (in plural) after the name of the Pur (lot - in singular). There seems to ...
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1answer
112 views

Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
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110 views

Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva and other times with a Patach?

Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva (as in Ester 1:10), and sometimes with a Patach (as in Ester 3:11)? Ester 1:10: בַּיּוֹם, הַשְּׁבִיעִי, כְּטוֹב לֵב-הַמֶּלֶךְ, בַּיָּיִן--אָמַר ...
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1answer
370 views

Which passages in Megillat Esther are read with a different trope? [duplicate]

It's common practice to chant certain passages of Megillat Esther with a different trope. For example, 8:6 is read to the trope of Eichah, as are several other passages; in addition, certain passages ...
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86 views

What is the explanation of spelling the same word with a Patach instead of a Sh'va in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, why is the word "maidens" spelled with a sh'va under the first letter (נְעָרוֹת) in verses 2:2, 2:8, 2:9, but with a patach (נַעֲרוֹת) in verse 4:4?
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100 views

What does the Dikduk Hataamim of Ben Asher (the A. Dotan edition) say in reguard to the 10 sons of Haman?

After the ensuing back and forth on this post regarding the authenticity of the small שׁ ,ת, and ז and the large ו by the ten sons of Haman, I would like to consult the A. Dotan edition of Ben Asher's ...
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2answers
332 views

Keter Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Crown) tanach on the ten sons of Haman

I'm currently writing a paper on the famed "purimfest 1946." In attempt to respond to all rebuttals that are brought up, I need to take a glance at the most authoritative tanach, the Aleppo Codex. ...
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2answers
94 views

What Beit Ester survived?

Mordechai warns Ester that if she does not partake in saving the Jews: כִּ֣י אִם־הַחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי֮ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַעֲמ֤וֹד לַיְּהוּדִים֙ מִמָּק֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וְאַ֥תְּ ...
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2answers
361 views

Why do we read the Megillah by night and by day?

Why do we read the Megillah by night and then again by day? Wouldn't it be enough to read it once!
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117 views

Why not keep Pesach to be saved on Purim?

וַיַּעֲבֹר מָרְדֳּכָי וַיַּעַשׂ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוְּתָה עָלָיו אֶסְתֵּר׃ So Mordecai passed and did just as Esther had commanded him. (Ester 4.17) Targum says (first): וּנְסֵס וּכְנֵס מָרְדְכַי ...
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2answers
138 views

Who did the Jews fight on Purim if nobody could oppose them?

נִקְהֲלוּ הַיְּהוּדִים בְּעָרֵיהֶם בְּכָל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ אֳחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ לִשְׁלֹחַ יָד בִּמְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתָם וְאִישׁ לֹא־עָמַד לִפְנֵיהֶם כִּי־נָפַל פַּחְדָּם עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃ (Ester 9.5 ...
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0answers
115 views

Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
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1answer
43 views

Mordechay's decree: “kill women and children, AND/OR plunder their possessions”?

I'm a bit confused here, so maybe the title is not worded well. Achashverosh let Mordechay write the letters to his own wording: "ואתם כתבו על־היהודים כטוב בעיניכם בשם המלך" And you may ...

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