Questions tagged [megillat-esther]

Concerning Esther's rise to power as queen of Achashveirosh ( Xerxes I) of Persia and her thwarting Hamans attempt to destroy the Jewish people during the era of exile after the Destruction of the First Beis Hamikdash

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64 views

What is the explanation of spelling the same word with a Patach instead of a Sh'va in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, why is the word "maidens" spelled with a sh'va under the first letter (נְעָרוֹת) in verses 2:2, 2:8, 2:9, but with a patach (נַעֲרוֹת) in verse 4:4?
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What does the Dikduk Hataamim of Ben Asher (the A. Dotan edition) say in reguard to the 10 sons of Haman?

After the ensuing back and forth on this post regarding the authenticity of the small שׁ ,ת, and ז and the large ו by the ten sons of Haman, I would like to consult the A. Dotan edition of Ben Asher's ...
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Keter Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Crown) tanach on the ten sons of Haman

I'm currently writing a paper on the famed "purimfest 1946." In attempt to respond to all rebuttals that are brought up, I need to take a glance at the most authoritative tanach, the Aleppo Codex. ...
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What Beit Ester survived?

Mordechai warns Ester that if she does not partake in saving the Jews: כִּ֣י אִם־הַחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי֮ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַעֲמ֤וֹד לַיְּהוּדִים֙ מִמָּק֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וְאַ֥תְּ ...
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Why do we read the Megillah by night and by day?

Why do we read the Megillah by night and then again by day? Wouldn't it be enough to read it once!
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Why not keep Pesach to be saved on Purim?

וַיַּעֲבֹר מָרְדֳּכָי וַיַּעַשׂ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוְּתָה עָלָיו אֶסְתֵּר׃ So Mordecai passed and did just as Esther had commanded him. (Ester 4.17) Targum says (first): וּנְסֵס וּכְנֵס ...
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Who did the Jews fight on Purim if nobody could oppose them?

נִקְהֲלוּ הַיְּהוּדִים בְּעָרֵיהֶם בְּכָל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ אֳחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ לִשְׁלֹחַ יָד בִּמְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתָם וְאִישׁ לֹא־עָמַד לִפְנֵיהֶם כִּי־נָפַל פַּחְדָּם עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃ (Ester 9.5 ...
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Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
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Mordechay's decree: “kill women and children, AND/OR plunder their possessions”?

I'm a bit confused here, so maybe the title is not worded well. Achashverosh let Mordechay write the letters to his own wording: "ואתם כתבו על־היהודים כטוב בעיניכם בשם המלך" And you may ...
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Why the Megillah does not mention Ester marrying Achashverosh?

The Megillah (2.16) mentions taking Ester into the Palace, loving here [more than other girls] and crowning her as the queen but no mention of the marriage or being Achashverosh's wife: וַתִּלָּקַח ...
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Zeresh and Haman's children

In Megillas Esther it says that Haman told the ones who loved him, and zeresh, about his wealth and his many children. Why did he have to tell zeresh about his many children? Hadn’t she birthed them? ...
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Were Persian-Median kings illiterate?

In the Megillah, we read (6:1): בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא נָדְדָה שְׁנַת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר הַזִּכְרֹנוֹת דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים וַיִּהְיוּ נִקְרָאִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ On that night, ...
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She'asa Nissim Lavoseinu | שעשה נסים לאבותינו - what did they say back then?

What was the second blessing mentioned by the Jews right after the miracle of Purim took place? If the second blessing on reading the Megillah mentions: "בימים ההם בזמן הזה" "... in those days at ...
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Haman Hanged on Branch of Eitz HaDaas?

Rav Eytan Feiner mentioned in a shiur that the tree used to hang Haman was the Eitz HaDaas, based on a Midrash. Where is this Midrash located? (I found Esther Rabba 9:2 which discusses it, but can't ...
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Friends and experts of Haman

Haman had a wife and friends. When a misfortune happened to him, the Megila doesn't speak anymore about his friends but about "chachsmav", which we can perhaps translate as his experts. Are they the ...
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Jewish enemies or Mordechai enemy

In the Megila, it seems first that Jews have no specific enemies. But Haman is angry with Mordechai. Since he is angry with Mordechai, he decides the extermination of all Jews. It seems that he knows ...
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Megilat Ester linguistics - why inline translations?

M"E is full with "inline" translations or clarifications from Hebrew to Parsi and vice verse, for example: פור הוא הגורל הֲדַסָּה הִיא אֶסְתֵּר בחודש השנים עשר הוא חודש אדר This is pretty unusual I ...
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Why was Ta'anis Esther established? The story has a happy ending!

I understand why we fast the other public fast days (Tisha B'av, 17 Tammuz, Tzom Gedaliah). All of these fasts commemorate events which we are still affected by (primarily lack of a Beis Hamikdash). ...
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Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai?

Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai? Assuming he was a high official, didn't he have the authority to kill someone that disrespected him? In other words, since Mordechai violated the King's decree ...
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Why is “hanging people” such a central theme in the Megillah?

(inspired by this tweet) There's so much hanging being spoken about in Megillas Esther. Any idea as to why this is such a common theme in the Megillah? 2:23 "וַיִּתָּל֥וּ שְׁנֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־עֵ֑ץ" 5:...
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How old was Vashti in the Megillah?

We’ve previously discussed how old Esther, Mordechai, Haman, and Achashveirosh were at the time of the Megillah. How old was Vashti when she was summoned to Achashveirosh?
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Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

The Kesser Shem Tov 2:pg.536 writes that the minhag of London and Amsterdam is to read the Megillah without the taamim (cantillation). This minhag is also found in Alger and Ashkanaz. The reason that ...
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Did Achashverosh know about Haman's hatred for Mordechai?

On the one level, I might think he didn't since why would the king keep track of Haman's personal vendettas. However, when he tells Haman to go honor Mordechai, he tells him exactly where to find him -...
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Did Mordechai bow to Achashverosh?

The Megilla makes a big deal about Mordechai not bowing to Haman. However, we don't see any reference to him bowing or not before the actual king. Did he?
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Does anyone draw a parallel between Haman selling himself to Mordechai and Esav selling the birthright to Yaakov?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
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Esther’s and Mordechai’s relationship? [duplicate]

I have heard many times over the years that Mordechai was esther’s Uncle. Yet it says in the Megillah itself that Mordechai was esther’s cousin! (Esther 2:7) Does anyone know of any sources that say ...
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Haman going to the second feast dirty

In all story tapes/videos I've seen it always portrays that Haman was taken to Esther's second feast dirty while in the Megillah all it says is just that they took him while "he was still talking" "...
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Why does this passage appear in both Megillat Esther and Havdalah? [duplicate]

This passage טו וּמָרְדֳּכַי יָצָא מִלִּפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ, בִּלְבוּשׁ מַלְכוּת תְּכֵלֶת וָחוּר, וַעֲטֶרֶת זָהָב גְּדוֹלָה, וְתַכְרִיךְ בּוּץ וְאַרְגָּמָן; וְהָעִיר שׁוּשָׁן, צָהֲלָה וְשָׂמֵחָה. טז ...
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Do any sources discuss reading Megillas Ester too fast?

I remember seeing a source explaining that ideally Megilla should be read somewhat fast because it is called "iggeret" (a letter), and letters are read at fast speed out loud. I've also heard the ...
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Is the Bnei Brak of the Hagada and Megila the same as modern-day Bnei Brak?

The Pesach Hagada mentions the story of five rabbis in Bnei Brak It happened once [on Pesach] that Rabbi Eliezer, Rabbi Yehoshua, Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah, Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Tarfon were ...
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Shva na and shva nach on almost the same word in מגילת אסתר?

Esther 2:3 ends with the word תמרקיהן. Esther 2:9 contains the word תמרוקיה. The question is about the sh'va under the mem. My source, via Kinnor software, says that this sh'va is na in the first ...
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Do any Rishonim or Achronim view Rava’s opinion of Mordechai as a negative one?

Recently I was browsing some source sheets on Sefaria regarding Purim, and I stumbled upon this sheet, which, based on various comments of Rava’s throughout Shas, argues that, in Rava’s opinion, ...
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Why was Mordechai wearing royal clothing a second time?

In Esther 8:15 Mordechai goes out wearing royal clothing again. This seems to be a singular reward; what precipitated this?
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Money spent on Achasverous Party

Many midrashim speaks on the greatness of the money spent by King achasverous in holding the 180 days party. Is there any midrash that speaks on how much exactly did Achasverous spent on the party?
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Talents during the time of Achasverous

The Megillah states that Haman gave 10,000 Talents of silver to King Achasverous. What is the value of a talent of silver in their age and the value now?
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Painting faces on Purim

I used to see people in a few places have a custom to paint (decorate) their faces on Purim. They explain it as because Hashem hid himself in the whole occasion of the story of purim and the meggilah ...
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Why mention Achashverosh's pillars?

The Bavli spends several pages (M'gila 10–16) going through parts of the book of Esther with aggadic commentary. Esther 1:6 describes a party: חוּר כַּרְפַּס וּתְכֵלֶת אָחוּז בְּחַבְלֵי בוּץ ...
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Does ישב בשער־המלך imply some sort of royal position

In Esther 2:19 Mordechai is described as ישב בשער־המלך sitting at the gate of the king. I recall learning that this implied that Mordechai held some sort of royal/official government position. I ...
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Did Esther have the halachic status of a captive?

Esther was taken (Esther 2:8), ostensibly against her will, by king Achashveirosh. I would like to know if she had the halachic status of a captive such that, for example, the mitzvah of redeeming a ...
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Where does the Chasam Sofer z”l state that the Megillah is holier than the Torah?

I once heard a lecture from Rav Moshe Wolfson shlita, where he said in the name of the Chasam Sofer that the Megillah has more kedushah (holiness) than Toras Moshe. Does anyone know the source for ...
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Would a printed copy of Meguillat Esther require genizah?

Meguillat Esther is, famously, the one Tanakh text in which the name of G-d is never mentioned. Suppose you had a worn-out printed copy. Could you dispose of it as you would any old book, given the ...
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Why does the number of letters Vav in name Achashverosh vary?

Why does Megillas Esther spell Achashverosh's name varyingly with one (as in 2:21), two (as in 1:1), and zero (as in 10:1) letters Vav?
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What rule governs the varying nikkud in words מִשְׁתֶּה and מִשְׁתֵּה?

What rule governs the varying nikkud in words מִשְׁתֶּה and מִשְׁתֵּה in Megillas Ester? In Ashkenazi pronunciation this makes a difference because the first is read as "Mishte" and the second is read ...
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Did Mordechei ever tell Esther she was allowed to reveal her nationality?

Mordechai had told Esther that she can't reveal her nationality and Esther took that very seriously. Did he tell her that she was suddently allowed to reveal her nationality at the second party or did ...
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How do we learn that Esther was a prophet?

I know that tradition lists 7 women prophets, and I think Esther is listed as one of them. It is easy to see that Sarah was a prophet (for example, in Vayeira during the telling of the expulsion of ...
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Is Baal Kore allowed to drink water in the middle of reading Megillas Esther?

If the reader drinks water to lubricate his vocal cords in the middle of a megilla reading, is it considered an interruption that would require him to re-start at the beginning or is there no need to ...
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Would somebody be yotze the Megillah reading by watching it LIVE STREAMING while following from a Kosher Megillah?

On motzei shabbat, I usually watch the megillah being read from The Shul of the Seven Beggars on my computer, which, for the record had been turned on, and set up, before Shabbat following their ...
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What rule governs the nekuda under the words אֶת and אֵת? [duplicate]

What rule governs the nekuda under the words אֶת and אֵת in Megillas Ester? In Ashkenazi pronunciation this makes a difference because the first is read as "Es" and the second is read as "Eys."
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What language is called by the Gemara עברית / Ivrit and who were the עברים / Ivrim?

גמרא מגילה יח עמוד א ____________ Gemara Megilla 18a מיתיבי קראה גיפטית עברית עילמית מדית יוונית לא יצא [The Gemara is discussing languages for reading the Megilla... It is taught in a baraita: If ...
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Why are there varying vowels on proper nouns in Megillas Ester?

In Megillas Ester, several proper nouns (such as Mordechai, and Shushan) use komatz and patach interchangeably. In sefardi pronunciation this does not make much of a difference, but in ashkenazi ...