Questions tagged [megillat-esther]

Concerning Esther's rise to power as queen of Achashveirosh (Xerxes I) of Persia and her thwarting Haman's attempt to destroy the Jewish people during the era of exile after the Destruction of the First Beis Hamikdash

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Banging by Zeresh in the Megillah

In The Monsey Mevaser (page 100), a six-year-old child child asked the following: We have the custom to bang when we hear Haman's name in the Megillah. Why don’t bang the two times his evil wife ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Hashem's name missing in Shir Hashirim

Why is Hashem's name missing in Shir Hashirim? The haggadah is so specific in mentioning Hashem's name over and over and instead leaves out Moshe's name (except one time). I'm wondering why then ...
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How Many Angels involved in the Purim Story?

Does anyone know how many angels were involved in the story of the Megillah? For example, one came to say about the tree, and one turned back the pages on the book by Shimshi. Thank you!
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May we illuminate scrolls?

Since the Middle Ages, it has become more common to find illuminated megillot Esther: kosher scrolls of Esther with pictures around the text. Here is one example: link. I have seen such a megillat ...
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Which pasuk in megilas esther has all the letters in the aleiph beis [duplicate]

Which pasuk in megilas esther has all the letters in the aleiph beis?
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Does hearing the megillah over the internet fulfill the mitzvah?

Does hearing the megillah read over the internet fulfill the mitzvah? This is not the first year of Covid restrictions, surely it was considered in 2020 or 2021. I would imagine this is similar to ...
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Gezerah Shema Yaverenu Daaled Amos- no megillah, lulav, or shofar on shabbos as a gezerah

Why is the Gezerah that maybe he will carry a lulav, shofar, megillah on shabbos for 4 amos in the Rishus Harabim? How did it get there? It should be gezerah that maybe he will take it out of the ...
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Textual Criticism of Nach

I was recently learning Megillat Esther (as I prepare some shiurim on the topic), and was surprised to find the following comment by Rabbi Moshe Yitzchak Ashkenazi (Tedeschi), in his commentary to ...
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How did Achashverosh get to be king?

How did Achashverosh get to be king? He married Vashti who is a descendent of the Babylonian king, but it's Persia and Media who ruled then. Why wasn't the son of Cyrus the next king?
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Why can't R. Yehudah have his own opinion?

It says in Masechet Megillah אָמַר רַבָּה בַּר בַּר חָנָה א״ר יוֹחָנָן זוֹ דִּבְרֵי ר״ע סְתִימְתָאָה דְּדָרִישׁ זְמַן זְמַנָּם זמניהם אֲבָל חכ״א אֵין קוֹרִין אוֹתָהּ אֶלָּא בִּזְמַנָּהּ מֵיתִיבִי א״ר ...
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The earliest source that states the disappearance of the names of God in the Book of Ester

IIRC, Abraham Ibn Ezrah mentions in his interpretation of the Book of Ester that: "והנה אין במגילה הזאת זכר ה', והיא מספרי הקודש?" (How come that God's name is not mentioned in the Book and ...
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Who is the author of Targum Sheini on Megillas Esther?

Who is the author of Targum Sheini on Megillas Esther? When did he live? I've checked several Megillas that have Targum Sheini printed in it and none of them have any details. If anyone can find me ...
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How many days did Esther fast?

How many days did Esther fast? Avraham ibn Ezra said it was two days and two nights. And Maharal said it was 70 hours of fasting. How do you reconcile these arguments (opinions)? Is it possible to ...
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What does the comment say after the end of Esther?

I see that after the text, there is a short note at the end of each book, what do these notes say?
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Megilla: 2nd runners overtake first set that left 70 days earlier (Rashi). How?

In Esther 3:12 it records that Homon sent out his runners with the decree on 13th Nissan. Mordechai sent out his runners on 23rd Sivan to mitigate the decree. Rashi in 8:14 tells us that these second ...
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Looking for more information about this "Megillah"

My wife's grandmother passed away last year (and her grandfather many years ago) and my mother-in-law gave me this item she found while cleaning out their apartment: It appears to be printed (on an ...
6 votes
2 answers
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Why does Mordechai agree to put on the king's clothing?

From the Megillah, we read that Mordechai put on sack-cloth and ashes upon hearing of Haman's decree. Esther, alarmed to see her cousin in such a state, sends him fine clothes to put on, but he ...
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Why would Esther point at Achashveirosh?

With the plan to topple Haman seemingly coming to fruition, the Gemara Megillah (16a) says the Esther was going to point at Achashveirosh as the anonymous enemy of her people. ותאמר אסתר איש צר ואויב ...
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Why is Daniel called Memuchan?

There is a machlokes who Memuchan is. One opinion is that it is Haman. According to that opinion he is called Memuchan because he prepared [in hebrew: muchan] himself to be punished (Megillah 12b). ...
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Why did the Persian Empire bury Esther with Mordechai?

I find it hard to believe that as a royal queen, the Persian Empire buried Esther with Mordechai, instead of with the other monarchs. Yet there are 2 locations in Iran, both claiming that Mordechai ...
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Additions to Esther

Do any rabbinic sources ( Talmud, geonim, rishonim) talk about the “additions to Esther”found in the Septuagint, regarding its content or it’s authenticity?
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Does person reading Megillah silently from a scroll in private fulfill the mitzvah?

According to several online sources, at a public reading of Megillat Esther it is preferable that one should follow along silently from a kosher scroll, so that if you miss hearing a word you will ...
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Why curse Mordechai?

The Gemara Megilla 7b writes אָמַר רָבָא מִיחַיַּיב אִינִישׁ לְבַסּוֹמֵי בְּפוּרַיָּא עַד דְּלָא יָדַע בֵּין אָרוּר הָמָן לְבָרוּךְ מָרְדֳּכַי - Rava said: A person is obligated to become intoxicated ...
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Does Megillat Esther need to be read without interruption?

Suppose one wishes to read megillah but finds it physically difficult to do so without interruption. Is it permissible to read part of it, take a break, and then continue later? Or must the mitzvah ...
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May Megillat Esther be read from a seated position?

Is there any problem with reading Megillat Esther (or, for that matter, reading from a sefer torah) while sitting? Does this still fulfill the mitzvah? I have only ever seen it done standing, but ...
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Leniency in pronunciation while reading the Megillah (Iggeres)

I've heard that we are more lenient in regards to krias haMigglah than to krias haTorah (in regards to pronunciation), since the Migglah refers the itself as an Iggeres (letter). If this so, to what ...
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On Purim, is it permitted to read an English translation while listening to the Megillah reading?

On Purim, is it permitted to read an English translation while listening to the Megillah reading? I know it is a mitzvah to listen to every word of the Megillah reading. However, I don't understand ...
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Esther 8:17 - Is the phrase פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים synonymous with יִרְאַ֚ת יְהֹוָ֨ה?

When studying Esther 8:17, we read: And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's order and his edict reached, [there was] joy and gladness for the Jews, a banquet and a festive day, ...
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What was Esther’s reaction to Haman’s begging and ambush

In Megillas Esther it says Haman stood to beg for his life...........fell on the couch Esther was reclining on. Question is: What was her reaction, and her action in response? why is there no mention ...
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Was Haman rewarded for supporting Torah learners and building the Beis HaMikdash?

The Midrash Shochar Tov (22:25) writes לשלשה חלקים נחלק ממונו של המן. שליש למרדכי ואסתר. ושליש לעמלי תורה. ושליש לבנין בית המקדש - Haman's money was divided into thirds: 1/3 was given to Mordechai ...
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What is the connection between Haman and HaMelech?

Do any Meforshim explain a connection between the equivalent gemtriya of "Haman" and "HaMelech" (95) repeated throughout Megillas Esther?
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לָ vs. לַ vs. לְ and וָ vs. וַ vs. וְ

What are the differences in meaning between the prefix of the letter ל (lamed), when different vowels are used [i.e. לַ (patach), לָ (kumatz) and לְ (shva)]? What about variants of the usage of the ...
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What does the Targum have against Tattenai?

In Ezra 5-6 appears the governor of Ever Hanahar (the southern side of the Euphrates in this case), Tattenai. Tattenai, upon seeing that the Jews got back to building the Temple after several years of ...
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How was the non-Jewish city of Shushan "confounded"?

In Megillat Esther, 3:15, after the king sends out his edict, the text says וְהָעִ֥יר שׁוּשָׁ֖ן נָבֽוֹכָה, and the city of Shushan was confounded (or perturbed). Clearly, the Jews were, but the non-...
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Was Mordechai the mashgiach at Achashverosh's party?

I have seen 2 sources (example) quote a Gemara on Megillah 12a saying that Mordechai was the Mashgiach or served at Achashverosh's mishteh (party). This was very shocking to me. I have tried searching ...
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Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
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Contradiction in Rashi regarding why the Jews did not take the spoils at Purim

On Esther 8:11, Rashi explains that וְהֵם בַּבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת יָדָם, שֶׁהֶרְאוּ לַכֹּל שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה לְשֵׁם מָמוֹן They "did not send forth their hand in the spoils," to show ...
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Is there a distinction between משתה and משתה יין?

Throughout the Megillah, the term משתה is consistently used to refer to feasts (ex. 1:3,5,9; 2:18). Rashi on Esther 5:4 writes: אֶל הַמִּשְׁתֶּה. כָּל סְעוּדָה נִקְרֵאת עַל שֵׁם הַיַּיִן שֶׁהוּא ...
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Online Megilla Reading and the name of Haman

As discussed in this question about Skype Megilla reading, this year due to the extraordinary extenuating circumstances many people found it necessary or preferable to attend an online Megilla reading....
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Who celebrated on the 15th originally?

In the text, Esther 9:15 reads (in part) the Jews in Shushan mustered again on the fourteenth day of Adar and slew three hundred men in Shushan... This puts them them, those in Shushan, as ...
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Were the Jews aware of their fate?

When Haman hatches his plot to kill the Jews, and get Achashverosh to sign on, a message is sent out to all people, (Esther 3:12) מְדִינָ֤ה וּמְדִינָה֙ כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ וְעַ֥ם וָעָ֖ם כִּלְשׁוֹנ֑וֹ In ...
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Who was Esther's "father's house"?

Esther is warned when she resists visiting Achashverosh that, if she demures, salvation would come from another source and וְאַ֥תְּ וּבֵית־אָבִ֖יךְ תֹּאבֵ֑דוּ "you and your father's house will perish."...
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Purim 2020 Skype megilla leining recommendation

Due to the 2020 Coronavirus epidemic, many are unable to go to shul this year to hear the Megilla. For those who are unable to find a private reading and are without their own Megilla, they have ...
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Reading Megillah when it's only Purim for the listener

Residents of a walled city and unwalled cities celebrate Purim on different days. May either of these people read the Megillah for the other on whatever day the listener needs to hear Megillah? Or ...
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Where is G-d's name in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, G-d’s Name is never explicitly mentioned, but what about implicitly? I was told that the Arizal (and perhaps the Vilna Gaon?) found many pesukim in which G-d’s Name is concealed. ...
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Repeating doubtful phrases: What order?

Current practice in many Ashkenazi synagogues includes the following: On shabbat zachor, repetition of (at least part of) Devarim 25:19, due to a doubt over whether the zayin of זכר is vowelized with ...
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Why is there no makaf between “Ben” and “Yair”?

Second chapter, fifth passuk of Megillat Esther reads: אִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדִ֔י הָיָ֖ה בְּשׁוּשַׁ֣ן הַבִּירָ֑ה וּשְׁמ֣וֹ מָרְדֳּכַ֗י בֶּ֣ן יָאִ֧יר בֶּן־שִׁמְעִ֛י בֶּן־קִ֖ישׁ אִ֥ישׁ יְמִינִֽי׃ In the fortress ...
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Megillah for someone in quarantine due to coronavirus [duplicate]

I've been hearing multiple opinions as to what someone in quarantine for Coronavirus should do for Megillas Esther. The RCA quotes Rav Hershel Schachter as saying: “In a situation in which it is ...
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What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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3 votes
2 answers
162 views

Why is the word Purim in plural?

Esther 9:26: עַל־כֵּ֡ן קָֽרְאוּ֩ לַיָּמִ֨ים הָאֵ֤לֶּה פוּרִים֙ עַל־שֵׁ֣ם הַפּ֔וּר Therefore, these days are called Purim (in plural) after the name of the Pur (lot - in singular). There seems to ...
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