Questions tagged [army-military-war]

Questions about armed conflict and armed services.

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1answer
30 views

Why Me'arat Hamachpela was bought by Avraham and not conquered?

Don't get me wrong, I'm not an aggressor, but conquest and war are always in our set of tools (see Yaakov's preparations to meeting his brother). IIRC Hittim people were idolaters and doomed to be ...
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40 views

Can the definition of a “rodef” be applied to any member of a terrorist group?

One is permitted to kill a rodef - someone who is planning to kill you. What are the parameters of identifying someone as a rodef when he is a member of a terrorist or any other group? Examples If ...
3
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0answers
38 views

What is the halacha if a Jew injures another Jew during battle training?

I am not aware of any information in the written or oral Torah which discusses what was involved in preparing Jewish army troops for battle, but I assume that soldiers would spar with each other and ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Status of children born from a yefat toar who was converted to judaism after the 30 day period

In parshat Ki Teietze it talks about the yefat torah. If after the 30 days if he still wants to marry her, she is converted to judaism, then he can marry her. Question: Is this conversion a regular ...
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What age should be a Goy to be spared and how it is determined?

אִם־לֹא תַשְׁלִים עִמָּךְ וְעָשְׂתָה עִמְּךָ מִלְחָמָה וְצַרְתָּ עָלֶיהָּ׃ וּנְתָנָהּ ה"א בְּיָדֶךָ וְהִכִּיתָ אֶת־כָּל־זְכוּרָהּ לְפִי־חָרֶב׃ רַק הַנָּשִׁים וְהַטַּף וְהַבְּהֵמָה וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר ...
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2answers
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Why fight the Midianites with such a huge army?

G-d promises the Israeli Nation that (Lev 26,6): וְרָדְפוּ מִכֶּם חֲמִשָּׁה מֵאָה, וּמֵאָה מִכֶּם רְבָבָה יִרְדֹּפוּ וְנָפְלוּ אֹיְבֵיכֶם לִפְנֵיכֶם לֶחָרֶב׃ Five of you shall give chase to ...
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4answers
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Why G-d didn't reveal the Israelis a recipe for gunpowder?

I think that would change the balance of power dramatically and ensure fast and effortless conquer of the Promised Land. For those (interpreters and those of you) who hold that the conquest had to be ...
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37 views

Did the Israelites train for war in the desert?

During their forty-year trek in the desert, the Israelites knew they would have to fight their way into their promised land. Did they train for war during that time? Being former slaves, they had no ...
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24 views

Halachic ground for opening an voluntary war against other nations

Jews are Halachicly allowed to start a voluntary war to conquer and enslave other nations and to expand the Jewish kingdom (Rambam Melachim 5). As the Halachah forbids both killing and robbing non-...
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69 views

Does Milchemet Mitzvah (obligatory war) require a King?

אֵין הַמֶּלֶךְ נִלְחָם תְּחִלָּה אֶלָּא מִלְחֶמֶת מִצְוָה.‏ וְאֵי זוֹ הִיא מִלְחֶמֶת מִצְוָה?‏ זוֹ מִלְחֶמֶת שִׁבְעָה עֲמָמִים. וּמִלְחֶמֶת עֲמָלֵק.‏ וְעֶזְרַת יִשְׂרָאֵל מִיַּד צָר ...
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Rabbinic responsa on Remembering the fallen IDF soldiers

I know it is a heavy and very "politically" loaded question, but I'd try my best to formulate it in a most neutral way: 24 thousands of R' Akivah students allegedly died of their own sins some 2000 ...
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2answers
2k views

Historically, were women trained for obligatory wars? Or did they serve some other military function?

Sotah 8:7 says that for obligatory wars all go out to fight, "even a bridegroom from his chamber and a bride from her canopy". Historically, was this in fact our practice? Did women participate in ...
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1answer
41 views

Does any ongoing transgression exempt one from going to war?

We know from Devarim 20:8 that someone who is "fearful and faint-hearted" is sent home from battle (in optional wars) lest he demoralize others. In Sotah 8:5 Rabbi Yose the Galilean says this refers ...
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1answer
560 views

Were Kohanim forbidden from serving in King David's army?

The gemara in a couple places (Shabbos 56a, Kesuvos 9b) tells us that before leaving to battle, the soldiers in King David's army would give a conditional get to their wives in order to prevent a ...
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1answer
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Who did the Jews fight on Purim if nobody could oppose them?

נִקְהֲלוּ הַיְּהוּדִים בְּעָרֵיהֶם בְּכָל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ אֳחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ לִשְׁלֹחַ יָד בִּמְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתָם וְאִישׁ לֹא־עָמַד לִפְנֵיהֶם כִּי־נָפַל פַּחְדָּם עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃ (Ester 9.5 ...
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1answer
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Mordechay's decree: “kill women and children, AND/OR plunder their possessions”?

I'm a bit confused here, so maybe the title is not worded well. Achashverosh let Mordechay write the letters to his own wording: "ואתם כתבו על־היהודים כטוב בעיניכם בשם המלך" And you may ...
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1answer
66 views

Does the mitzvah of eradicating Amalek supersede Shabbos?

The Sefer Chinuch 604 tells us we have a mitzvah to wipe out Amalek. למחות זרעו מן העולם - שנצטוינו למחות זרעו של עמלק ולאבד זכרו מן העולם, זכר ונקבה, גדול וקטן, ועל זה נאמר (דברים כה יט) ''תמחה את ...
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39 views

Gedoley Israel's views on the army service in Israel

There are many Haredim who refuse to join the Army. What are the opinions of Contemporary Gedolei Israel on Bachurei Yeshivot to join the Israeli army?
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96 views

When did a Jew last marry a woman captured in war?

What is the last recorded case of a Jew marrying a woman captured in war, as allowed by the Torah [Deut. 21:10-14]? Anybody more recent than King David, as mentioned in Sanhedrin 21a and Kiddushin ...
4
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2answers
90 views

What is the Halacha on collateral damage in a time of war?

Hypothetically, if the IDF was a “halachically run” military force; what would be the Halacha against killing innocents? For example, there is a famous case of the ל"ה troops during the Israeli war ...
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3answers
167 views

Did any rabbis address the theological possibility/implications of nuclear extinction?

During the Cold War, plenty of people were aware (I think?) that detonating enough nuclear bombs could lead to human extinction. Did any rabbis address whether the belief that Moshiach will come mean ...
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1answer
129 views

Pretty woman - is it a test or a Mitzvah

The sources talk a lot about the procedure of "אשת יפת תואר" (like Rambam Melachim 8,2 and on). So for the soldiers, is the Pretty Woman allowed but "bad" (like "Patur but Ossur", see Rashi's ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Roles of the Cohen and Judges involved in speaking to the people prior to war

In Devarim 20:2-4, the Cohen speaks to the people and gives an general comment not to fear the enemy. Then, in verse 5, the judges speak to the people and exempt 4 groups of people from the army, and ...
4
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2answers
38 views

Apparent wrong arrangement of war instructions in Devarim 20:1-9

While reviewing the instructions that the Cohen tells people prior to going to war, as shown in Devarim 20:1-9, there seems to be an incorrect order of statements. In particular: Verse 3 - The Cohen ...
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5answers
155 views

What is the connection between “sword and … bow” (Genesis 48:22) with “prayer and … supplication” (as rendered by Onkelos)?

What is the connection between "sword and ... bow" (Genesis 48:22) with "prayer and ... supplication" (as rendered by Onkelos)? Verse: וַאֲנִי נָתַתִּי לְךָ שְׁכֶם אַחַד עַל אַחֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר ...
2
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0answers
68 views

Jew Vs Jew in non-Jewish war

We know that throughout recent history, Jews were conscripted into non-Jewish armies. Are Jews allowed to join those armies or at the very least are they allowed to fight in those armies battles - ...
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40 views

How did the Shofar announcements work?

In this week's Parsha - יִתְרוֹ - we have the first occurrence (AFAIK) of the Shofar blast announcing something. בִּמְשֹׁךְ הַיֹּבֵל הֵמָּה יַעֲלוּ בָהָר. When you hear the long shofar sound, you may ...
4
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1answer
63 views

Why were the Jews commanded to destroy fruit trees when attacking Moav?

In 2 Melachim 3:24-25 it says They entered the Israelite camp, and the Israelites arose and attacked the Moabites, who fled before them. They advanced, constantly attacking the Moabites, and they ...
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1answer
55 views

Explanation of Gemara on why the Jews were only commanded to attack Midian and not Moav

In Bamidbar 25:16-18, Hashem commands Moshe to take revenge on Midian for having caused the Jews to sin at Shittim, discussed at the beginning of the chapter. Yet v. 1 seems to indicate that the Jews ...
0
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1answer
52 views

Explanation of Kli Yakar on why the Jews were only commanded to attack Midian and not Moav

In Bamidbar 25:16-18, Hashem commands Moshe to take revenge on Midian for having caused the Jews to sin at Shittim, discussed at the beginning of the chapter. Yet v. 1 seems to indicate that the Jews ...
9
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1answer
368 views

The Halachic Reasoning Behind the Neturei Karta

The Neturei Karta is a group of Haredim who believe that the creation of the State of Israel is against Torah, claiming that Jews are forbidden to have their own country until Moshiach comes. They ...
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4answers
166 views

Was there ever a prophet that was also a military commander

Was there ever a prophet in Tanach that made a known prophecy and was also referred to as a military commander?
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86 views

How is yefas to'ar fair to the woman?

At the beginning of Ki Seitzei (Devarim 21:10-14), the Torah permits a soldier at war to take a woman from the captives as a wife, but only after he shaves her head, grows out her nails, removes her ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Why do we fast on Taanis Esther in particular?

I am aware that according to the Avudraham, the fast commemorates the war in the Purim story. According to this answer, why is Taanis Esther unique that we fast in memory of the war, when there are ...
1
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1answer
78 views

The Great War in Contemporary Acharonic Thought

I've recently acquired a book (rather a large pamphlet) about the Great War (1914-18) entitled "The War and the Bible" by HG. Enelow (then head of the Reform Temple Emanu-el in NYC). However, this ...
16
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1answer
322 views

Tisha b'Av and the First World War

There is a curious idea floating around, that World War One commenced on the 9th day of the month of Av. (For example, here, and here, and here.) I call it curious, since it takes a fairly creative ...
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51 views

If don't aspire to be a general cannot be a simple soldier

I believe I read this saying (originally said by Napoleon) by one of the Gedolim (torah leaders) with respect to one's religious service. Could be it was the Chafetz Chaim. Looking for a source. the ...
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2answers
107 views

Did the Jewish soldiers fast before war?

The Mishna Berura in תרפו, ב talks about how in the days of Mordechai and Esther the Jews must have fasted because it was a time when they needed mercy just like when the Jews went to war against ...
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84 views

Why will Moshiach fight in wars?

According to Prophet Isaiah of blessed memory when Moshiach comes there will be no more wars but according to the Rambam of blessed memory one of the ways to know if somebody is Moshiach is if he ...
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1answer
148 views

Question on Magog son of Yefes and Gog uMagog

Is the nation of Magog the same Magog as the Magog in Gog uMagog?
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0answers
36 views

David's Amalekites [duplicate]

In I Samuel 15, it records that King Saul wiped out all of Amalek, besides the king who was killed after a short period of time. Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and ...
1
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1answer
802 views

Nebuchadnezzar II failure to conquer Egypt

Ezekiel 29:19 states the G-d will give Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar II. Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am going to give Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he will carry off ...
2
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1answer
137 views

Shaved or Trimmed

וַהֲבֵאתָהּ, אֶל-תּוֹךְ בֵּיתֶךָ; וְגִלְּחָה, אֶת-רֹאשָׁהּ, וְעָשְׂתָה, אֶת-צִפָּרְנֶיהָ. In Deuteronmy 21:12, the JPS translates גלחה as “she shall trim her hair”. The entire verse translated in the JPS ...
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0answers
82 views

Why is there a Sephardic belief that eating seuda shelishit would in part protect you from the goings on at Gog and Magog?

I read this in a siddur at a Sephardic Shul yesterday. The women around me agreed wholeheartedly with the statement, stating that it's Halacha. I don't see the connection, other than the idea that ...
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1answer
44 views

where do we learn about the importance of Ahavat Yisrael?

I'm looking for two specific sources related to this topic. where is it written that when the Jews were all "keeping TORAH" but didn't have Ahavat Yisrael, they lost all battles. where is it ...
2
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2answers
145 views

אשה יפת תואר- BiZman HaZeh?

In the beginning of Parshas Ki Seitzei we learn about the topic of אשה יפת תואר (Deutoronomy 21:10-15). My question is: does this passage apply (in any way) to us nowadays ?
5
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1answer
123 views

Source for story about the Maskilim's play mocking what the “orchei hamilchama” would look like according to chazal

Does anyone know of a reliable source for the story about how the Maskilim made a play to mock what a milchama would look like according to the torah/chazal, in which they depicted only the Chofetz ...
4
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2answers
173 views

Does the book of Daniel accurately date the war with Babylon?

According to Wikipedia: The introductory verses tell how, in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim (606 BCE), Daniel and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were among the young Jewish ...
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0answers
37 views

Why does Avraham's Torah protect before battle reaches him more than Yaakov's g'milas chasadim?

In the Haamek Davar on Lech L'cha 12:17, the author tells us a rule you should understand for all the subsequent sections of Genesis, the "book of the upright", Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: that it ...
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1answer
385 views

What do our Rabbis say about wearing a poppy in the button-hole on Armistice Day?

The British Legion appeals for funds (called the Poppy Appeal) around Armistice Day (11 November) each year. People donate to the activities of the Legion and are given a paper/plastic poppy to wear. ...