Someone pointed out to me the commentary of Ibn Ezra to Daniel 2:39. In that verse Daniel is understood to be describing the ארבע מלכיות or the four kingdoms. I always understood these four kingdoms to be those which took the dominion of the Jewish people away, and they are Babylon, Persia/Media, Greece and Rome (see beginning of Ner Mitzvah by the Maharal). The Ibn Ezra says this verse references Babylon, Persia/Media and Greece. Part of my problem is I don't understand the rest of what he's saying.
He brings Rav Saadiah Gaon who says the fourth kingdom is Aram. I thought they only existed in the times of Tanach? How could they come after Greece? He then also mentions Yishmael being one of the kingdoms, I think.
The Ibn Ezra sounds like he disagrees, and says Alexander the Great was the ruler of Greece and Aram? Is that so? Then he says Yishmael is the fourth kingdom? What about Rome? Didn't they destroy the Temple?
I'd appreciate some clarification on what the Ibn Ezra/Rav Saadiah Gaon are saying, and if anyone agrees.