Im learning with a new te'amim teacher. He mentioned that one cant rely on the atnah / etnahta symbol to show syllabic emphasis. He also said that the symbol never shows up on the end of a word. Can anyone confirm or deny this?
Among the te'amim used in the majority of Tanakh, the only te'amim that can be written not on an accented syllable are pashṭa, telisha, segol, and zarqa (additionally, yetiv is pre-posed, although it only falls on words with initial stress), as noted in Wickes' list of te'amim, and in R' Breuer's ta'amei hamiqra, א-25 and א-38.
Among the te'amim used in Psalms, Proverbs, and Job, the only te'mim that can be written not on an accented syllable are tsinnor and deḥi (and the "secondary" sign in te'amim with two signs: 'ole veyored and revi'a mugrash), as noted in Wickes' list of te'amim.
The etnaḥta can fall on the last syllable of a word, as in Gen 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, and 1:4. It can even fall on the last letter of a word, as in Gen 24:57 (although this is in some ways a cheat, as נער pronounced as נערה is a qere perpetuum).