For basic Psak the simplest place is to use the well respected Halakhic work Shulchan Arukh, Orach Chayim by R Yosef Karo about the laws of prayer for women, particularly sections 46-57 and 89-127 and 130-132 about Shacharit, 232-234 about Mincha, 237 about Maariv, and 286 about Musaf. (The material about holidays is a bit scattered in the laws of the holidays, also worth the read.) Commentaries to it are just overflowing with useful information on the subject.
For a summary of all the possible leniencies considered in the last couple hundred years to justify illiterate women of past eras not praying in accordance with the above laws, consider R Eliezer Melamed's Peninei Halakha volume entitled "Laws of Women's Prayer", available in English translation. I don't recommend most women read it cover to cover for general Halakha since while everyone should always be asking their rabbi questions and not deciding things based on books, practically it can be dangerous to have a book full of all the possible leniencies, even the extreme ones, in English on your shelf. It's certainly still Torah and has its uses, but be careful with it, using it to supplement your standard rulings in times of need.