Joshua 5:2 talks about the moment in which Yehoshua is commanded to circumcise the children of Israel a second time. The reason to do so is that all the people that came forth out of Egypt, that were males, all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came forth out of Egypt. For all the people that came out were circumcised; but all the people that were born in the wilderness by the way as they came forth out of Egypt, had not been circumcised. For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the nation, the men of war that came forth out of Egypt, were consumed, because they hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD; unto whom the LORD swore that He would not let them see the land which the LORD swore unto their fathers that He would give us, a land flowing with milk and honey. And He raised up their children in their stead; them did Joshua circumcise; for they were uncircumcised, because they had not been circumcised by the way.
I always assumed that because all the males had to be circumcised all these circumcised men that left Egypt died on their way, and all that were born during their trip were uncircumcised. But that's because my bible translation reads: 'even all the men of war'. But this word 'even' was added to verse 4 and 6 and is not shown in the literal Hebrew.
So without this it seems to be about all males who were men of war that died in the wilderness. Then I found Bamidbar 32:11, 13 confirming this teaching that the males within the age of 20 and above wouldn't see the land, for He made them wander to and fro in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the LORD, was consumed except for Kalev and Yehoshua (see also Bamidbar 26:64-65, Devarim 2:14).
But then again I looked at Bamidbar 14 were it all started: The spies came back and made the whole edat rebel and say that it would have been better to have died in Egypt or even on this way trough the wilderness. And so HaShem punishes them by letting them die exactly as they wanted in the wilderness.
So here are my questions:
1) Which group of males exactly needed to be circumcised here? and which group died?
2) Why did HaShem held only the males from the age of 20 and above responsible? (Bamidbar 14:29).
(Subquestions: Does this means that the group in the age under 20 which was circumcised at the moment of Bamidbar, didn't needed to be circumcised at the time of Yehoshua? And didn't their children needed to replace their parents? And does this command given to Yoshua only refered to the children of these men of war? or also to the children of other men within the congregation which were 20 or above at the moment of Bamidbar?).