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11 votes
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How does one handle ברכות התורה when learning through sunrise?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 47:13 rules that one who wakes up early to learn should make birchot hatorah before he starts learning, even if that is before the start of daylight. One does not repeat the ...
Joel K's user avatar
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11 votes
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Is there a source for davening minchah and maariv of kabalas shabbos after plag and before shkiya?

This is a very old practice with many suggested answers. Here are some: Lechem Mishne (Tefilla 3:2) understands Rambam as holding that since Arvit is a somewhat lower level obligation prayer there's ...
Double AA's user avatar
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8 votes

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

No it cannot. In fact, one cannot even recite shema twice in the period between alot hashachar and hanetz hachamah to count for the evening and morning readings. Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 58:5: ...
Joel K's user avatar
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7 votes

Halachic Justifications for the Amshinover Rebbe

Regarding Havdalah during the week, I believe the reason why you find the Rebbe doing is so is because he actually keeps Shabbas until Tuesday. I heard this from a well-known story that the Gedolim ...
DoreshEmet's user avatar
7 votes

How many ‘Watches’ were there in an ancient Hebrew day?

Tractate Brachos of Talmud of Babylon 3b says this is a dispute between 2 tanaim (Rabbis in the period of the Mishna just under 2 millenia ago) whether there are 3 or 4 watches in the night: תנו ...
user15464's user avatar
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6 votes
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12 halachic hours – why no more halachic consequences?

The argument does indeed apply across the board. Perhaps you see it discussed most about the last time for reciting Shema since that's the only time during the day with potential biblical ...
Double AA's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why is the wait between meat and milk not halachically calculated?

Interestingly the Pitchei Tshuva on SA YD 89:1, in the context of eating meat after milk, brings an opinion from Beer Heitev shel Maharit that these could be shaot zemaniot. He quickly writes the Pri ...
mbloch's user avatar
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6 votes
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What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

What is called the time of mincha is actually the time of the afternoon tamid (for explanations of the name, see Tosafot Pesachim 107a). The afternoon tamid was generally slaughtered at eight and a ...
b a's user avatar
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6 votes
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Does one fulfill the mitzvah of tefillin if he wears it at night time?

SA OC 30:2 rules that One is prohibited to put Tefillin on at night since he may forget [that he has them on] and sleep in them. But if he puts them on before the sun sets and it happens to get dark, ...
mbloch's user avatar
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6 votes
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Mincha ketana vs just before shekia

Aruch HaShulchan Orach Chaim 233:7 writes that ideally, one ought to pray mincha between mincha ketana (9:30) and plag hamincha (10:45). This is based on Rambam Hilchot Tefilla 3:4. Aruch HaShulchan ...
Joel K's user avatar
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6 votes
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Sh’ma time on a long travel

As the OU writes "always say the prayer service based on the day and time where you are at the moment you are ready to pray" To calculate the right times, you can use tools such as The Chai ...
mbloch's user avatar
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5 votes

What time should Chanuka candles be lit in the Southern Hemisphere?

A blog in The Times of Israel makes it clear that the normal time of lighting (“as soon as possible after nightfall”) is observed in Melbourne Australia: For starters, it only gets dark well after ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
5 votes

Yahrtzeit Bein HaShemashos

Nitei Gavriel Aveilus 2 - 77:1 says that there are those that say it is best to hold the Yahrzheit the earlier day, those that say it is best to hold the Yahrzheit the later day, and those that say to ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
5 votes

Is there any opinion that permits davening Maariv before plag

As noted in a number of comments to the question, T'rumat HaDeshen in Responsum #1 struggles with the common (in his day) practice to pray arvit three or four hours before tzeit hakochavim (long ...
Joel K's user avatar
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5 votes

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

The Aruch Hashulchan in 58:8 quotes the Bet Yosef (Seif 8) that if you read Sh'ma after dawn to fulfill your nighttime obligation, you may not read it again until after sunrise to fulfill your daytime ...
Danny Schoemann's user avatar
5 votes

How do I resist the urge to use my phone on Shabbat, and have fun?

This question is more a psychological one and it really depends on your personal situation. I will try to answer a bit more generally. 1. Keep the phone away The easiest first step, regardless of ...
RonP's user avatar
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5 votes

Early maariv prayer and Kiddush on the night of Shavuot - what are the halachic considerations?

R David Brofsky (in his book Hilkhot Mo'adim, p. 573 and here online) brings sources on all sides of the debate. I have somewhat restructured the text to group opinions and added the sub-titles in ...
mbloch's user avatar
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5 votes
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Can one rely on Rabeinu Tam's shkia for Rabeinu Tam's Tefillin?

Per Machon Aliya Rabbi Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg Zatzal would put on Tefilin Rabbeinu Tam between Shekiya and the Zeman of Rabbeinu Tam. הגרח"פ שיינברג זצ"ל שנהג להניח תפילין במשך כל היום, ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
4 votes
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Late sunset times and Jewish observance

We did a spend a Shabbat in Alaska last summer so I had looked into this. It appears that, when the sun actually sets at night (even late), there is no real dispensation to change things but one needs ...
mbloch's user avatar
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4 votes

Accepting Shabbas before plag hamincha

This is exactly the question the T'rumas Hadeshen was addressing. ברוב הקהילות נוהגין בימים ארוכים בימי הקיץ לקרות קריאת שמע של ערבית, ולהתפלל תפילת ערבית, ג' או ד' שעות לפני צאת הכוכבים. אם יש שום ...
WAF's user avatar
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4 votes

Halakhic International Date Line issues

Halachic authorities (e.g., the Chazon Ish and Rav Yechiel Michel Tukatzinsky) dispute where the halachic dateline resides. As such, there is a halachic uncertainty with regards to when Shabbat falls ...
Loewian's user avatar
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4 votes

Which Rishonim held of shkia/tzeis according to the zman of Rabbeinu Tam?

Rabbi Moshe Meiselman in his book Torah Chazal & Science, pg. 345, footnote 143 writes: ... Rabbeinu Tam's view was endorsed by the Ramban (Toras HaAdam in Kisvei HaRamban, Jerusalem: Mossad ...
Aaron Reese's user avatar
4 votes

Bein hashmashot and bris

The halacha is that bein hashmashot is safeik yom safeik lailah - doubtfully day or night. In your example, bein hashmashot of Sunday evening is either Sunday day - in which case the brit is the ...
Joel K's user avatar
  • 43.8k
4 votes

Is Misheyakir affected by clouds?

According to at least one opinion, yes it is though I don't know exactly how seriously to take this source. What is the earliest time you can make a bracha on your talis/tzitzis? Of course, the ...
rosends's user avatar
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4 votes

What is the minimal requirement to fulfill the mitzvah of reading Shema?

From the language of the Rambam (MT Kriat Shema 1:2) one sees he held the mitzva is to recite the three paragraphs. In a long list of "what if you made this mistake" in chapter 2, at no point does the ...
mbloch's user avatar
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4 votes

Can a woman daven shacharit after chatzot (midday) has passed?

Common sense says no... being exempt of time-bound mitzva does not mean that they can ignore time altogether, otherwise we would see women take lulav at chanuka...
Alaychem goes to Codidact's user avatar
4 votes

Is it better to daven a"tartei desasrei" mincha/maariv with a minyan or in the correct time without a minyan?

In 233 he is talking about those communities which always pray mincha and ma’ariv together after plag, because they cannot gather a minyan otherwise. In 267 he’s talking about a community which ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
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What is Earliest time a Jew can accept Shabbat

See this Shulchan Aruch (and also this Mishna Brura) which imply that one can accept Shabbos no earlier than פלג המנחה on Friday afternoon (commonly interpreted as 1.25 שעות זמניות before sundown). ...
EraserX's user avatar
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3 votes

What time does a bar mitzvah come into effect?

This is a matter of dispute among the acharonim. For example, in Shulchan Aruch O.C. 53:10, R. Moses Isserles writes that someone who will turn 13 on Shabbat should not lead the Friday night services ...
Alex's user avatar
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3 votes

Halachic Justifications for the Amshinover Rebbe

There is a statement from the Ruzhiner on the justification for this practice by tzaddikim in spiritual terms here.
Eliyahu770's user avatar

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