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Evidence that Yovel was ever observed?

The Talmud, in Arachin 12b, quotes a baraita saying that Yovel was observed seventeen times: שבעה עשר יובלות מנו ישראל משנכנסו לארץ ועד שיצאו Seventeen jubilee [cycles] did Israel count from the time ...
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Did converts (ger tzedek) in ancient Israel own land?

Ma'aser Sheini 5:14 says clearly that converts do not get a portion in the land. מִכָּאן אָמְרוּ, יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמַמְזֵרִים מִתְוַדִּים, אֲבָל לֹא גֵרִים וְלֹא עֲבָדִים מְשֻׁחְרָרִים, שֶׁאֵין לָהֶם ...
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3 votes

Why does the Torah write Vayikra 25:51 & 25:52?

The answer given by the Gemara and brought by the Torah Temimah is that the verse is teaching that if the value of the slave changed, we use the more lenient measurement of how much he must pay. So if ...
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Questions regarding counting for Shemitta and Yovel

This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the ...
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Why is the Jubilee year not being kept anymore?

Rambam Hilchos shmitta Halacha 8 (below) says that Yovel is not in effect unless all twelve tribes are on their land. That is why we stopped the yovel once the tribes of Reuven, Gad, and the part of ...
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What are the exact Shmita dates (in Gregorian) since 1900 or a general formula for determining the dates?

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those ...
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What happens to the obligation of rivai when a new fruit tree reaches its third or fourth year during Shmitah?

Rambam Maaser Sheni 9:7 (based on Mishna Maaser Sheni 5:1): מי שהיה לו נטע רבעי בשנת השמיטה, שיד הכול שווה--צריך לציינו בקוזזות אדמה, כדי שיכירו בו, ולא יאכלו ממנו, עד שיפדו. ואם היה בתוך שני ...
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Is there a reason for the change in word order in Vayikra 25:10?

Rashi actually addresses this issue. (Sources from Sefaria.org) ושבתם איש אל אחזתו. שֶׁהַשָּׂדוֹת חוֹזְרוֹת לְבַעְלֵיהֶן And you shall return each man to his inheritance: (meaning) that the fields return ...
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2 votes

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

A convert cannot be bought (Rambam, Avadim 1:2), so this question is invalid. A convert may not sell himself as a servant. This is derived from Leviticus 25:41: "And he shall return to his ...
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2 votes

Evidence that Yovel was ever observed?

Ezekiel (7:13), speaking of the impending exile of the Jewish people, says: כִּי הַמּוֹכֵר אֶל הַמִּמְכָּר לֹא יָשׁוּב For the seller shall not return to what he sold... The Talmud (Megillah 14b / ...
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1 vote

Redeeming s'dei achuzah

Erkekha on Sede-achuza is not an action that has something to do with real-estate business. Sede-achuza gets a fixed value, that has nothing to do with it's market value: ואם משדה אחזתו יקדיש איש ...
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1 vote

Hebrew slaves and Yovel - how does it starts and ends?

In answer to your first question, the Torah had decreed a term of six years for anyone who became a slave. Thus if someone stole and became a slave or became that impoverished in the first fifty years ...
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1 vote

Unexpected Yovel (50th year) to free slaves?

שלשה דברים מעכבין ביובל (there are 3 things that, if not done, prevent the Yovel from taking effect), and one of them is Beis Din blowing the shofar (Rambam, Hilchos Shmittah Veyovel 10:13, from Rosh ...
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1 vote

Can a non-Jewish slave convert and exit slavery this way?

They might be able to fully convert at the original time. Once they have entered into slavery, however, all the laws of עבד כנעני apply. They cannot escape that status voluntarily. In any case, no ...
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1 vote

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

(Edited) A non-Jew who converts normally (not a גרות לשם עבדות, a conversion for the sake of slavery) cannot be sold as an עבד עברי, as pointed out in this answer. He can neither be sold for theft, ...
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1 vote
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Can a Ger Toshav own land in Eretz Yisrael?

R Shlomo Riskin (the Chief Rabbi of Efrat in Israel) writes indeed that a ger toshav can own land in Eretz Israel According to Rambam [Avodat Kochavim 10:6], the very term ger toshav, stranger-...
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1 vote

Why did the Rabbis make a decree for Yovel?

The Rambam's ruling is based on the Mishna in Rosh HaShana (26b): שוה היובל לר"ה לתקיעה ולברכות Yom Kippur of the Jubilee Year is the same as Rosh HaShana with regard to both the shofar blasts ...
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