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4

It's actually not so much because of practicality, but because the prerequisites for Yovel are that all Jews are living in the land of Israel, and each tribe in their designated territory. (So even if all of the land were under Jewish control, there's still the fact that almost no one knows what tribe they're from. See the discussion in the comments here.) ...


4

The Talmud, in Arachin 12b, quotes a baraita saying that Yovel was observed seventeen times: שבעה עשר יובלות מנו ישראל משנכנסו לארץ ועד שיצאו Seventeen jubilee [cycles] did Israel count from the time they entered the Land [of Israel] until they left it. English translation from Soncino. Note that the context there seems to be back-determining how ...


3

Ma'aser Sheini 5:14 says clearly that converts do not get a portion in the land. מִכָּאן אָמְרוּ, יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמַמְזֵרִים מִתְוַדִּים, אֲבָל לֹא גֵרִים וְלֹא עֲבָדִים מְשֻׁחְרָרִים, שֶׁאֵין לָהֶם חֵלֶק בָּאָרֶץ. From here they said, Jews and Mamzers admit, but not converts, nor freed slaves, for they do not have a portion in the land. (Admission in ...


3

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those divisible by 7. Since 1900 these years have been: 5663, 5670, 5677, 5684, 5691, 5698, 5705, 5712, 5719, 5726, 5733, 5740, 5747, 5754, 5761, 5768, and 5775 (which began ...


3

Rambam Maaser Sheni 9:7 (based on Mishna Maaser Sheni 5:1): מי שהיה לו נטע רבעי בשנת השמיטה, שיד הכול שווה--צריך לציינו בקוזזות אדמה, כדי שיכירו בו, ולא יאכלו ממנו, עד שיפדו. ואם היה בתוך שני עורלה--מציינין אותו בחרסית, כדי שיפרשו ממנו: שאם ציינו בקוזזות אדמה שמא יתפרדו--שאיסור עורלה חמור הוא, שהיא אסורה בהניה. והצנועין היו מניחין את המעות בשנת השמיטה ...


3

Rashi actually addresses this issue. (Sources from Sefaria.org) ושבתם איש אל אחזתו. שֶׁהַשָּׂדוֹת חוֹזְרוֹת לְבַעְלֵיהֶן And you shall return each man to his inheritance: (meaning) that the fields return to their (original) owners (ואיש אל משפחתו תשבו. לְרַבּוֹת אֶת הַנִּרְצָע (קידושין ט"ו And each man to his family shall you return: to include in ...


3

This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the years of the current Shmita. So (as the Chinukh 330 explains it) it would be just like counting the Omer: "This year is 33 years which is 4 Shmittot and 5 ...


2

Rambam Hilchos shmitta Halacha 8 (below) says that Yovel is not in effect unless all twelve tribes are on their land. That is why we stopped the yovel once the tribes of Reuven, Gad, and the part of Menashe that lived on the eastern side of the Jorden were sent into exile. There are those that say that the Shmitta is rabbinic only as a result of this. That ...


2

A convert cannot be bought (Rambam, Avadim 1:2), so this question is invalid. A convert may not sell himself as a servant. This is derived from Leviticus 25:41: "And he shall return to his family" - i.e., it is speaking about someone who has a family within the Jewish faith.


1

In answer to your first question, the Torah had decreed a term of six years for anyone who became a slave. Thus if someone stole and became a slave or became that impoverished in the first fifty years after the conquest, then the first yovel would have freed those who had become slaves during the previous six years. However, the whole point is that someone ...


1

שלשה דברים מעכבין ביובל (there are 3 things that, if not done, prevent the Yovel from taking effect), and one of them is Beis Din blowing the shofar (Rambam, Hilchos Shmittah Veyovel 10:13, from Rosh Hashanah 9b). So conceivably it might be up in the air whether Beis Din will do so, and thus whether the slave is going to go free. In fact, Mishnas Yaakov to ...


1

They might be able to fully convert at the original time. Once they have entered into slavery, however, all the laws of עבד כנעני apply. They cannot escape that status voluntarily. In any case, no slave regains his freedom at Shmita. All slaves (except a Canaanite) regain their freedom at Yovel, but the only ones whose freedom is bound only to Yovel is (a) ...


1

(Edited) A non-Jew who converts normally (not a גרות לשם עבדות, a conversion for the sake of slavery) cannot be sold as an עבד עברי, as pointed out in this answer. He can neither be sold for theft, nor can he sell himself out of poverty. The question is thus moot. (The differences between a גר צדק and a born Jew are minute. The only other difference that ...


1

R Shlomo Riskin (the Chief Rabbi of Efrat in Israel) writes indeed that a ger toshav can own land in Eretz Israel According to Rambam [Avodat Kochavim 10:6], the very term ger toshav, stranger-resident, defines the fact that any gentile who accepts the seven Noahide laws of morality may be a resident in the land of Israel, may purchase or rent land ...


1

The Rambam's ruling is based on the Mishna in Rosh HaShana (26b): שוה היובל לר"ה לתקיעה ולברכות Yom Kippur of the Jubilee Year is the same as Rosh HaShana with regard to both the shofar blasts that are sounded and the additional blessings that are recited in the Amida prayer. The simple answer to your question is that the Anshei Knesseth HaGedolah ...


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