15 votes

How long was the period of Oppression

Brief Summary: The commentators almost all agree that the four hundred years was not the time spent in Egypt. Rather, the four hundred years is from an earlier time (with some disagreements as to ...
Alex's user avatar
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12 votes
Accepted

Is there a source that says only 1/5th of the Jews will make it past the messiah?

Sanhedrin 111a תניא רבי סימאי אומר נאמר ולקחתי אתכם לי לעם ונאמר והבאתי אתכם מקיש יציאתן ממצרים לביאתן לארץ מה ביאתן לארץ שנים מס' ריבוא אף יציאתן ממצרים שנים מס' ריבוא אמר רבא וכן לימות המשיח שנא' ...
Alex's user avatar
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11 votes

Question about Shemot, locusts

Rabbi Yosef Deutsch in Let My Nation Go, page 259, writes: The wind carried every single locust east to the sea so that not one locust remained in Egypt. The locusts would await the Egyptians by ...
DonielF's user avatar
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10 votes

Why are the 10 plagues in this specific order?

Tanchuma Parshas Bo 4 explains the sequence (from Sefaria.org) by comparing the plagues to a siege upon an enemy City: נטה (את) ידך על השמים (שמות י כא). בטכסיס [מלך] בשר ודם הביא הקדוש ב"ה עליהם ...
user15464's user avatar
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9 votes
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How is Rosh Hashanah a remembrance of leaving Mitzraim?

The Shibbolei HaLeket (286) quotes his brother R. Binyamin as asking this question about Rosh HaShana and Yom HaKippurim. He quotes his brother's answer that the Talmud (Rosh Hashanah 11a) states that ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

What day of the week was Yeziyat Mizrayim?

According to Seder Olam Rabbah 5, it was on a Friday: ממחרת הפסח, ערב שבת היה, נסעו מרעמסס, שנאמר ויסעו בני ישראל מרעמסס סכתה, וכתיב ויסעו מרעמסס בחדש הראשון בחמשה עשר יום לחדש The day after [...
Joel K's user avatar
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8 votes

What did the Jews do all day in the desert for 40 years?

They were learning Torah. As it says in Shemot 34:32 Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he instructed them concerning all that the Lord had imparted to him on Mount Sinai. Rashi ...
mbloch's user avatar
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8 votes
Accepted

Why did the last plague target only the firstborn?

A few answers: 1) Shemos Rabbah 15:27 - It underscored the value of firstborns The Torah writes (Shemos 4:22): וְאָמַרְתָּ֖ אֶל־פַּרְעֹ֑ה כֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר ה' בְּנִ֥י בְכֹרִ֖י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל Then you shall ...
Dov's user avatar
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7 votes

Jews were on 49th level of Tumah. Says who?

Here is a picture of the Zohar with the perush masok midvash on bottom. It is zohar charash yisro on daf lamed tes amud aleph in the original Zohar print.
RabbiS's user avatar
  • 71
7 votes

Did Israelites who stayed in Egypt become halachically Jewish?

Rashi on Shemot 10:22 writes regarding the plague of darkness And why did He bring darkness upon them? Because there were wicked people amongst the Israelites of that generation who had no desire ...
mbloch's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Did the people of Israel know they would get the Torah?

Yes there is evidence that the people of Israel knew they were going to get the Torah prior to Kabalat HaTorah. Ray's answer cites Shemot 6:7. Even before that, in Shemot 3:12, God says to Moshe ...
mbloch's user avatar
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6 votes

How long was the period of Oppression

Before I actually answer your question, I'd just like to make one note. Jochebed, our Sages tell us, was 130 years old when Moses was born (Numbers Rabbah 13:21). She was born as the Israelites ...
DonielF's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Children of the Exodus (families, names, ages)

Jochebed: I don't remember ever seeing a source whether she was alive or not. Based on the Midrash she would have been 210; even following the Ibn Ezra and others she had to be at least 100. But ...
Heshy's user avatar
  • 9,176
6 votes

How many Jews were in Egypt before the Exodus?

R. Judah Loewe explains in his commentary to this passage that the Talmud is referring to all the people who died in Egypt over the entire course of time the Israelites were there: והם כל הדורות ...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

How did the Bnai Efraim manage to get out of Egypt

The Shach on the Torah says that since they were the sons of royalty, the Eframites lived in peace and security in Egypt, and were not enslaved. One of Efrayim's descendants (Gozan? - not sure who ...
Menachem's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Uses of the word Etzem

The intuitive etymological connection is made by Radak. I'm sure that there are others who make the same point as well... I did manage to find a source for this connection here, although it still ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
5 votes

If only 1/5th of the Jews left Mitzrayim, how could they be happy?

Beautiful question! The Belzer Rebbe asks it as well and says, "As lofty and climactic a moment as Shiras HaYam (Song of the Sea) may have appeared to the naked eye, for those who were actually ...
NJM's user avatar
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5 votes
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Why do we quote the story of Rav Elazar Ben Azaryah in the Haggadah?

In the Rambam's version of the Haggadah (found at the end of his הלכות חמץ ומצה) this passage begins אמר להם רבי אלעזר בן עזריה, R' Elazar ben Azariah said to them. According to this version this ...
Dov F's user avatar
  • 6,413
5 votes

The Orchos Tzaddikim in Shaar HaSimcha: What does Purim have to do with remembering the Exodus?

In the commentary of Alei Orach on Orchos Tzadikim, he suggests: 1 - "כולם" is referring to all but Purim. 2 - On Purim we accepted the Torah voluntarily, "קימו וקיבלו היהודים" which was the ultimate ...
פרי זהב's user avatar
5 votes

Why did Batya get tzaraat?

The original text is in Pirkei d'Rebbi Eliezer 48: והחביאוהו בבית שלשה חדשים, ולאחר שלשה נתנו אותו בתיבת גומא והשליכוהו על שפת היאור, והכל צפוי לפני הב"ה, והיתה בת פרעה מונגעת בנגעים קשים ולא היתה ...
DonielF's user avatar
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5 votes

Does Torah mention actual living in Sukkot?

No, the Torah does not mention explicitly that the Jews built actual Succot. (If it had, there wouldn’t be an argument as to whether the Jews had real Sukkot or Sukkot made from the Ananei Hakavod). ...
Lo ani's user avatar
  • 4,538
5 votes

טט בכתפי שתים - is Katfi Coptic?

Jastrow does, with a question mark: כַּתְּפִי m. (sub לשון) Coptic language (?). Snh. 4ᵇ; Zeb. 37ᵇ; Men. 34ᵇ (Ar. s. v. טט, some ed. גדפי, cmp. גִּיפְטִי). No word resembling either טט or פת meaning ...
b a's user avatar
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5 votes

Who was first to show that the first nine of the ten plagues could be grouped into three groups of three?

According to many commentators (esp. Maharal), this was the intent of Rabbi Yehudah when he broke the plagues into three groups in his mnemonic: רַבִּי יְהוּדָה הָיָה נוֹתֵן בָּהֶם סִמָּנִים: דְּצַ&...
N.T.'s user avatar
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5 votes

Did Pharaoh do teshuvah?

Yes. Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 43: ר' נחוניא בן הקנה אומר, תדע לך כח התשובה בא וראה מפרעה מלך מצרים שמרד בצור עליון Rabbi Nehunia ben HaKana says: Know the power of teshuva! Come and see it from Pharaoh,...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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4 votes

Midrashic sources regarding the Sea splitting into twelve paths

See Avot Derav Nattan 33:2 that cites the verse that you did. It also mentions other miracles that occurred at the sea.
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.5k
4 votes

How old was Moshe at the splitting of the sea?

Moshe Rabbeinu turned 80 on 7 Adar before the Exodus and the splitting of the Sea was 22 Nisan (The next month) Shmos Va'eira 7:7 וּמשֶׁה בֶּן שְׁמֹנִים שָׁנָה וְאַהֲרֹן בֶּן שָׁלשׁ וּשְׁמֹנִים ...
sabbahillel's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Why would Pharaoh's heart be made כבד by G-D?

Rav Ovadiah Seforno (on Shemos 9:35) suggests that Hashem "made his heart heavy" (heavy objects are hard to move) and "made his heart strong" (more literal translations of "הכבדתי" and "חזקתי" then "...
Micha Berger's user avatar
  • 9,658
4 votes

Watching the movie "The Ten Commandments"

Wikipedia states many of the supposed inaccuracies were actually adopted by DeMille from extra-biblical ancient sources, such as Josephus, the Sepher ha-Yashar, and the Chronicle of Moses. ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.5k
4 votes

What were the scrolls that the Jews had in Egypt fortelling of the forthcoming redemption?

Rav Yaakov Kaminetzky in “Emes LeYaakov” on Shemos 8 (9) quotes the medrash and suggests that Tehillim 92 (מִזְמ֥וֹר שִׁ֜֗יר לְי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּֽת) was one of the megillos. He quotes from Bovo Basro 14b ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
4 votes

Phinehas' Birth: When could Eleazar have met one of Jetro's daughters?

First of all The Gemora Bava Bathra 110a says that Pinchas' grandmother who married a man from the Tribe of Yosef was Yisro's daughter, they had a daughter who married Elazar who had a Son Pinchas. ...
user15464's user avatar
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