The Jewish day starts at night, but V'sein Tal Umatar is based on solar calendar, so it can sometimes be a day later. Plus the date was established in Julian Calendar, so there's also the Julian->Gregorian shift to keep us busy...
The Gemara (Taanis 10a) says that in Bavel we start saying V'sein Tal Umatar on the 60th day ...
Is a rainbow a bad sign?
As was mentioned in the other answers, G-d tells Noach that he will never bring another flood to destroy the earth. The rainbow will be a sign, when G-d will see it he will remember the and refrain from destroying the earth (Bereshit 9:6-17).
In particular, verse 14-15 says:
"At a time when I bring clouds over the earth (i.e. ...
The Shulchan Aruch (OC in the 220's) lists a bunch of natural phenomenon that get special blessings including:
Strong rains after an extended drought
Blossoming fruit trees
Rivers (possibly only the four mentioned in Genesis 2)
Uniquely tall mountains
Uniquely tall cliffs
Per the Machtzis HaShekel Siman 640:9 it is preferable to eat in a
Sukkah with a Schlack, over eating in the house when it is raining
since there are Poskim that consider it a Kosher Succah.
The Bikurrei Yaakov Siman 626:12 says also that it is preferable to
eat in a Sukkah ...
It looks like a general Chassidic custom.
The Minchas Elazar writes that it is a tradition from the Ba'al Shem Tov. He explains the mishna that says that one stays is "comparable to a slave who mixes wine for his master and he spills it in his face." in a novel way.
He says that there are two ways to explain "he spills in his face", is it the master ...
As noted by Gershon, this is Mishnah Berurah citing the Chayei Adam. It seems that there might be room for manipulation according to other posekim. Thus:
Q. (252) Mr. Danny Persoff: Is there an Issur to look at a rainbow?
A. The Shulchan Aruch (229:1) writes that it is prohibited to look at a rainbow "B'yotair" for a prolonged period of time. The Gra (...
You are not supposed to gaze at it, however if you notice it you make a Bracha.
When one sees a rainbow a bracha should be made. However, one should be careful not to stare at a rainbow for too long (Orach Chaim 229:1).
The Be'er Hataiv 2 in Orach Chaim 229:1 says that looking at a rainbow weakens the eyes.
Nope. If the s'chach isn't valid, it's not a sukkah.
The practical advantage is, you can have all sorts of nice stuff in the sukkah; if it starts to rain, just put up the tarp; as soon as it stops raining you can pull off the tarp and get right back to your mitzva. Whereas if you didn't have the tarp, you have to rush everything out of your sukkah when it ...
Yerushalmi Terumot 11:2 states:
רבי יוחנן בשם ר"ש בן יוחאי אם יאמר לך אדם שמנה משקין הן אמור לו הרי טל ומים מין אחד הן ומנו אותן חכמים שנים:
Rabbi Yochanan [said] in the name of R Shimon ben Yochai: if someone tells you there are 8 liquids [which can cause fruit to be susceptible to impurity], tell him that dew and water which are one thing, yet ...
I found a German source in the Tur, Orach Chayyim 625:
"...in the seventh month, when it's rainy, and people generally leave their summer shade
huts and go into their houses, we leave our houses and sit in our huts so that everyone
will see that it's because of the commandment of The King to do so."
And a friend pointed me to a Mediterranean source in ...
R. Schneur Zalman of Liadi (in Shaar HaYichud VehaEmunah, ch. 2) says:
שהוליך ה׳ את הים ברוח קדים עזה כל הלילה ויבקעו המים, ונצבו כמו נד וכחומה. ואילו הפסיק ה׳ את הרוח, כרגע היו המים חוזרים ונגרים במורד כדרכם וטבעם, ולא קמו כחומה, בלי ספק
"For then, G‑d drove back the sea by a strong east wind all the night, and the waters were split and not merely ...
Bzir Aviezer - Rabbi Chaim Aviezer Morgenstern Zatzal explains as follows based on the Gemara in Taanis 10a which says that Hashem gives rain to Eretz Yisrael by himself and other locations through a messenger. Rabbi Yochanan who was in Eretz Yisrael said that rain comes directly from Hashem. Raba who was out of Eretz Yisrael saw the Malach Ridiya who is in ...
Rabbeinu Bahya Devarim 11:17:
לפעמים המטר יורד מן השמים כלומר ממים העליונים, ולפעמים ממי אוקיאנוס שהן מים תחתונים, ואותו שהוא ממי אוקיאנוס אינו נקרא מטר אלא גשם, מלשון גשמות ודבר גופני, ואותו שהוא ממים העליונים נקרא בשם שניהם בלשון מטר ובלשון גשם
[S]ometimes the rain waters originate in the oceans whereas on other occasions they are of celestial ...
In Israel, we shift to Tal UMatar on the 7th of Cheshvan, because that is generally when the rainy season starts in Israel.
In Bavel, the rainy season started 60 days after the equinox, so that is the date used by Bavel.
Likely your confusion comes from the fact that general Jewish practice is to follow the dates of Bavel even though the country they ...
There is a ma'ala in sitting outside, even if the succah is covered. This is in accordance with the shita of the Rabbeinu Tam on maseches succah 10a SV 'piress'. The Shulchan Aruch (OC 629:19) only brings this down as a yesh omrim, but the MB says to be machmir to sit in the succah (without a brocha), b'shaas ha'd'chak, in other words, if you live in the UK ...
The קרובות for Musaph of Shemini Atzeres is known as a שבעתא and, although many consider the main part to זכור אב (in מנהג פולין) or איום זכור נא (in מנהג אשכנז), the main part was once אף-ברי. This פיוט, written by רבי אלעזר הקליר, was originally split into seven parts (hence, why it is known as a שבעתא). Each part was for a different ברכה in חזרת הש''ץ. ...
Extremes in temperature, both heat and cold, commonly cause several
different types of damage to tefillin:
The batim can crack. The paint of the batim and the retzuot, straps,
can shatter. Even the ink of the writing can crack or split away from
the parchment inside the batim when you're not wearing them, store
your tefillin ...
I made a sukkah with hard wooden covers like the top of a cardboard box:
Either the schach must be wholly within the walls, or the shlak has be affixed to protrusions at each upper corner (yellow) so it covers the entire sukkah.
The hinges (yellow) have to be able to rotate 270°.
The shlak can be covered with tarp (blue) to improve its water resistance.
וַיְהִי בָרָד וְאֵשׁ מִתְלַקַּחַת בְּתוֹךְ הַבָּרָד
The word בתוך can either mean "inside of", or "among".
An example of the former is Genesis (9:21):
"And he uncovered himself inside his tent"
וַיִּתְגַּל בְּתוֹךְ אָהֳלֹה
An example of the latter usage is Genesis (23:10):
And Efron sat "inside" (i.e. among) the sons of Ches.
וְעֶפְרוֹן יֹשֵׁב ...
The Talmud records the following statement in Taanit 2a:
אמר ר' יוחנן ג' מפתחות בידו של הקב"ה שלא נמסרו ביד שליח ואלו הן מפתח של גשמים ומפתח של חיה ומפתח של תחיית המתים
R. Johanan said: Three keys the Holy One blessed be He has retained in His own hands and not
entrusted to the hand of any messenger, namely, the Key of Rain, the Key of Childbirth, ...
Does snow invalidate the shach of the sukkah? The Aruch Hashulchan says probably: http://he.wikisource.org/wiki/%D7%A2%D7%A8%D7%95%D7%9A_%D7%94%D7%A9%D7%95%D7%9C%D7%97%D7%9F_%D7%90%D7%95%D7%A8%D7%97_%D7%97%D7%99%D7%99%D7%9D_%D7%AA%D7%A8%D7%9B%D7%98
And from the same section of the Aruch Hashulchan:
Is snow considered to be a roof for the laws of tum'ah?
Tzlosa D'Avraham (by R. Avraham of Chechanov) suggests the following:
The Ashkenazic minhag, to not mention dew at all, is based on an analysis of Taanis 3b, where it is implied that only after the fact do we not make a person repeat Shemoneh Esreh if he said it during the summer, but that ideally one should not do so. The reason behind this is that, as the ...
Shu"t Tzitz Eliezer (vol 12 siman 21) writes:
אבל גבי ברכת הברק מצינו היפוכו של דבר, דבשום מקום בתלמודין וברמב"ם וטור ושו"ע לא כתוב על זה בלשון הרואה, ומכיון שכן ברור הדבר שלא בעינן בזה שיראה גוף הברק בשמים, וצריך לברך גם כשרואה על הארץ קרני האור של הברק
It would appear from this that even if he only saw it in his room he would say the beracha, and not ...
There is no Bracha on snow since it is only waters that have frozen. (Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky Shlita)
[ובס' 'הנותן שלג' (עמ' 194), נשאל הגר"ח קניבסקי: אמאי לא תיקנו ברכת
הראיה או ברכת השבח על שלג, כשם שתיקנו על ברקים ורעמים, קשת וכיוצ"ב?
והשיב: כי אינו אלא מים שנקרשו.]
I have never heard of a blessing on either hail or snow. Neither are listed by the Shulchan Aruch OC in the 220's, and according to this answer, absence from that list may well preclude a phenomenon's having its own blessing. In any case, absence from that list is strongly indicative that these phenomena at least don't already have their own traditional ...