The words אתה and עתה both have "minor" pausal forms אַ֔תָּה and עַ֔תָּה, that occur only at lesser disjunctives: tipḥa x5, zaqef qaton x23, pashta x2, and revi'a x2; and in the poetic books: etnaḥ x4 and revi'a gadol x1. The full pausal forms never appear at these disjunctives.
Why other words do not have a minor pausal form, that I can't tell you....
The Idea in Brief
The Masoretes from the 10th Century provided the codified system of system of vowel points and accent markings of the received Hebrew text. They assigned the vowels and accent marks according to oral tradition, since Hebrew manuscripts evident in the Dead Sea provide the tell-tale signs of accents and vowels.
The earliest ...
The answer is, yes and no.
A Torah scroll or scroll of the prophets or miegilaos or other writings (those do exist, there is a tehilim scroll in the back room of the kotel cave) is always written without vowel markings.
The pointing themselves are from about one thousand years ago, and are known as the Tevarian system of vocalization. There was a different ...
The kaf with a patach is a contraction of the preposition kaf (כ) with the hei haydiyah (ה הידיעה ). The tell-tale sign for that is the dagesh in the letter tet (ט). The hei haydiyah, which functions in a similar, but not identical, way to the definite article "the" in English typically takes a patach except when it precedes certain letters. In those few ...
In his book on Tiberian Hebrew (pp. 135ff), Geoffrey Khan suggests that in fact, the dot in the aleph is to be pronounced as a doubling of the consonant, not simply as a sign that the aleph should be read as a consonant. In other words, he suggests that the dot in the aleph is in fact a dagesh hazak, not a mappik.
His arguments are based on the following ...
There are nine instances where the prepositional phrase “כטוב” occurs in Scripture. In six instances the preposition occurs with the vowel patach, and in the other three instances the preposition occurs with the sh’wa.
Please click on the image below to enlarge.
What do we see? When the phrase “כטוב” occurs in Scripture with the patach under the kaph, the ...
I wrote a dvar Torah on this subject for this past Shavuot with some original chidushim, posted here:
It All Started With a Little Dot
By Alan A. Mazurek, MD
First a little grammar lesson (so please bear with me, and don’t fall asleep; it is after all Shavuot night!)
It was several years ago and I went to Larry Schiffman’s dikduk (grammar) class after ...
Rav Aharon Lopiansky, in his amazing siddur called Aliyos Eliyahu, has a section on the bottom called Mesores HaTefillah. There he explains the sources for the parts of the siddur, and variant readings.
On the word למנצח, he writes:
מ' בשווא נח עפ"י כתר ארם צובה וברוו"ה שווא נע
The Mem has a resting sheva, according to the Aleppo Codex. Rav Wolf ...
Yes your Rule 3. is incomplete..
There is some description here
that bachur/levita identified(or came up himself!) with 5 rules but for rule 3, there are ceratin exceptions which i've listed here
first letter of a word.
second of two shvas under consecutive letters.
after a tenua gedolah(long ...