16

You don't need a special knife for shechitah, though it's recommended. The Simlah Chadasha (18:16) says that, in order to have a fallback option in case one's knife is lost before he could check it after (and didn't check it before), he can rely on the fact that his special knife (that was put away, and is never used for anything else) is probably free from ...


16

Humans are liable for damages caused while sleeping (Mishna Bava Kamma 2:6) unless they went to sleep far from things to be damaged and someone else placed something to be damaged near them (Yerushalmi ibid.). As the Rambam puts it (Mazik 1:11): אדם מועד לעולם בין שוגג בין מזיד בין ער בין ישן בין שכור אם חבל בחבירו או הזיק ממון חבירו משלם מן היפה שבנכסיו. ...


11

There are several reasons as pointed out by Rav Sorotzkin, Rav Hirsch and others. First of all, they could not have stored sufficient food to last for the entire flood. The flood lasted for an entire solar year. In fact, it was only by a miracle that Noach and the animals had sufficient food during the flood and while they were repopulating the Earth. As ...


11

According to Rabbi Feinstein in the Igros Moshe chelek Even HaEzer 4 siman 65 #3 it is an argument between the Chelkas Mechokek and the Beis Shmuel if yichud is an issue in a car. The source of contention is whether being in a situation of non-yichud which can very easily lead into yichud is assur to put ones self in. He said to be machmir exept when it is ...


10

Rabbi Yair Chayim Bachrach (Chavos Yair Responsum 115), while rabbi of Koblenz in the mid-17th Century, was asked about a certain wealthy individual who lived on the other side of the Rhine as the main Jewish community. This individual, whose name is given as "Berman", wanted to come to synagogue on Shabbat and Holidays. During the summer, there were large ...


10

A Driver’s Liability in Halacha and Civil Law deals with the issue of automobile liability in modern times. Over and above the concept of Adam Muad Leolam. This means that even if halacha were to say patur in a particular case, the fact that a person gets a drivers license and insurance, means that he is voluntarily subjecting himself to the secular law of ...


8

Harav Shneur Zalman Farkash, a Mashpia in the Chabad Yeshiva Gedola of Buenos Aires, wrote in Haoros.com there was no Halachic reason to stop the boat. The main reason was in order to say Kiddush Levana with Yishuv Hadaas.


8

Malbim explains that ספינה (related to ספון, "concealed") is the lowest room of a ship (whereas אניה is the entire ship). Verse 5 is stressing that Yona descended to the lowest room so that he drown there. Were he higher in the ship, he reasoned, he may be thrown overboard and tossed on the waves until he reached land and survive.


8

They are synonyms. The latter is used per the GR"A (R' Elijah ben Shlomo Zalman Kremer, also known as the Vilna Gaon) to be a hint (remez) to the ego (the אני) - according to his exegesis, the entire story is an allegory for the journey of the soul in this world, and the אניה represents the body.


8

To answer the questions, in order: שמירת שבת כהלכתה (Rabbi YY Neuwirth) in 32:13 writes that if someone has a "מחלה מידבקת," an infectious disease, and there is a concern that he will infect those around him (and besides for the hospital, he cannot otherwise be kept in a מקום מבודד, a quarantine), he may be driven by car to the hospital on Shabbos, out of ...


8

If you have a mechanism (such as Bluetooth) for safely talking on a cellphone in your car: There's a service I once heard of (in the United States) that is provided for precisely this purpose. In short, call 212-DRIVING (+1-212-374-8464) and a man will dictate the Tefillah. He even pauses after each phrase to let you repeat it as he's saying it. Similarly, ...


8

Shevet HaLevi 4:1 s.q. 2 by Rav Shmuel Wosner writes that "experience has taught him" that it is proper to completely forbid women driving because the activity of learning to drive leads to immodest behavior, and the driving itself violates the notion of "All glorious is the king's daughter within the palace" (Tehilim 45:14). He also points to the Talmud ...


7

The source is Megila 29. תניא ר"א הקפר אומר עתידין בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שבבבל שיקבעו בא"י שנאמר כי כתבור בהרים וככרמל בים יבוא, והלא דברים ק"ו ומה תבור וכרמל שלא באו אלא לפי שעה ללמוד תורה נקבעים בארץ ישראל, בתי כנסיות ובתי מדרשות שקורין ומרביצין בהן תורה עאכו"כ


7

Their own stubbornness. (As Monica said in a comment.) Note similarly in Exodus, Moses warns the Egyptians that anyone/anything left outside will be stricken by hailstones. Some Egyptians are willing to at least consider this possibility, and move their slaves and cattle inside. But a lot of the Egyptians are too proud to even openly acknowledge that they ...


7

In the Sheilos U'Teshuvos of the Maharsham (Rabbi Shalom Mordechai Shvadron) Chelek 4 Siman 146 he writes to a Rabbi in the city of Leipzig the following (my own translation with added clarifications): To answer your letter from the 2nd day of Chanuka, if it is permissible to light the Chanuka candles on the train - I did not find the matter to be so ...


7

No because it is unfit for canine consumption pesachim 15b Shall we say that this supports him: If a loaf goes mouldy and is unfit for human consumption, yet a dog can eat it, it can be defiled with the uncleanness of eatables, if the size of an egg45b With whom agrees the following which we learned: A general principle was stated in respect to the laws ...


6

Rabbi Kaganoff says that the point is not that it is mobile but how it is used. That is, it appears that even if he drives around in it, if he lives in it permanently he should put up a mezuzah (though possibly without a bracha). It appears that the reason is that its purpose is to provide a dwelling. On the other hand, a car, whose purpose is transportation,...


6

Based on our experience on three such cruises in the US and Europe (and many religious friends doing the same), there are two options. Sometimes both are on the same boat at the same time. Airline-style (somewhat improved) meals which you can choose from a large selection. They come double wrapped and under supervision of a national kosher agency (e.g., ...


5

Rabbi Benjamin Yasgur quotes Nechama Leibowitz, who said that Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach ruled that yes, you are allowed to give him directions, for two reasons: If you don't answer, the driver might commit additional violations if they choose the wrong way. Not answering might create animosity (איבה) between Jews. Source: TorahMusings.com


5

I don't know about Boston, but I know that at one time Jews on the mainland in Hong Kong would take a ferry to the island where the synagogue was located. Instead of paying for the ferry as usual, they purchased tickets in advance. I have myself seen such a ticket and printed on it the words "only to be used by Jews on the Sabbath".


5

The best thing to do, by far, is to work with your boss to rearrange your schedule so you're not cutting it anywhere near that tight. But for theory's sake, if you somehow find yourself stuck: the most-common practice in North America is to publish candle-lighting times that are 18 minutes prior to sunset. (Among other things, this is to accommodate one ...


5

The Gemara in Eruvin 43b discusses how R. Gamliel was able to measure the distance. The Gemara says that R. Gamliel had a hollow tube with which he was able to look and sight a distance of 2000 Amos. Per Rashi a long hollow tube narrows and shortens the viewer's range. The length of the tube can be calibrated to yield a maximum sighting distance of 2000 Amos....


5

R. Yosef Kara there writes (there) that this was a particular punishment since it included those unable to walk: אינה דומה שבייה שהשבויים מוליכים ברגל למוליכים אותה באניות, שהשבייה שמוליכים ברגל מניחין הזקן והחולה והטף והרה ויולדת יחדיו, שאינן יכולין ללכת ברגל, ומוליכין השבייה שיש בהן כח ללכת. אבל השבייה שמכניסין אותן בספינה טף ונשים בחור ובתולה הרה ויולדת ...


5

I personally heard Rabbi Belsky sometime around 2004-2006(?) giving the following advice. The situation was that people were having a lot of guests for Shabbos and wanted to leave beverages in their car to keep cold. He said it was fine as long as this procedure is followed correctly. Of course the light must be disabled. The door itself is part of a kli ...


5

I googled and found this exact application of these rules in the Business Halacha Institute's newsletter for Shoftim 5773. First, they indicate that the first principle you quote from 412:1, which they cite the Gemara in Bava Kama 27b for, does not apply here, since: The rationale is that people are not expected to be extra careful while they are in ...


5

Rambam ends his Laws of the Murderer and Preservation of Life actually saying it's not about the donkey -- it's about this guy might get stuck on the road at night and it would be dangerous for him. As someone being stuck on the highway could also be in danger, I would think it's very much within the spirit of the law: ואף על פי שעדיין לא עשה תשובה--אם מצאו ...


5

It’s proper to check one’s car(s) for Chametz on the night of the 14th using a flashlight. Otherwise, one should check it during the day. No Bracha is required for performing Bedika in a car¹.  This is true even of a car that will not be used on Pesach itself.  (Source: Halachipedia) The following was asked by someone who had a similar question. They ...


4

When this happened to me and some of my friends in yeshiva, we asked the Rosh Yeshiva....he said that when you buy a ticket, you're not buying a ticket but a ride, and the ticket is proof of the fact that you bought a ride. Hence, if the ticket is not collected, it may not be reused because you really only paid for one ride. That said, the train company ...


4

There are a number of issues: A flying object/tent is not considered a tent to separate. Something that is Mekabel Tum'ah cannot separate. A Kohen may not put himself in a circumstance of Tum'ah upon which a Nazir would have to shave and start over Nezirus. The fact that the airplane MAY fly over Jewish Graves would probably be because it's like flying ...


4

I could see parralels between this and the shabbat elevator, going on a boat ride from before shabbos untill after shabbos, and riding a bicycle on shabbas. Elevator According to the Tzomet Institute, the following criteria are required to make an elevator "kosher" for shabbat usage. What is needed for an elevator to operate as a "Shabbat ...


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