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The question of whether tza'ar ba'alei chaim (the prohibition of causing undue pain to animals) is biblical (mideoraita) or rabbinic (miderabbanan) is the subject of significant debate in Bava Metzia 32b-33a. According to those who hold that it is bibical, this article on wikiyeshiva (Hebrew), lists six possible sources: Rashi (Shabbat 128b) holds we learn ...


6

Castration of an animal is forbidden to Gentiles (according to most opinions) so a Jew cannot tell him to do so. If he does he is forbidden to eat that animal. But if the gentile has already castrated the animal it is permitted for a Jew to eat that animal. The Shulchan Aruch (Rabbinic Authority) Even Haezer 5,14 says: אסור לומר לכותי לסרס בהמה שלנו. ואם ...


4

As explained by Maimonides in Guide for the Perplexed 3:48, the Torah does recognize animals' physical and emotional feelings, and several commandments reflect this: The commandment concerning the killing of animals is necessary, because the natural food of man consists of vegetables and of the flesh of animals: the best meat is that of animals permitted ...


3

It seems that if the only profitable way of raising the animals/chickens is by making smaller enclosures for them, while we should encourage the animal owners to try and treat the animals the best they can, they are not transgressing Tzaar Baalei Chaim as the animals were meant to serve humans (i.e we don't want humans in poorer countries to lack poultry due ...


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