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14 votes

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

Some Mishnah manuscripts have sporadic taamim. For example, MS Parma B (containing order Tahorot) has conjuctive accents connecting words and disjunctive accents marking pauses. Here is the beginning ...
Argon's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the ...
Joel K's user avatar
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9 votes

Is there any Haftarah that has all the te'amim/trope symbols?

The minimum number of verses that you'd need is at most three. Yirmeyahu 32:8 (Haftara for Behar) to get Munach, Telisha-Gedola, Kadma, Azla, Zarka, Segol, Pazeir, Munach-Legarmeih, Revi'i, Gershayim,...
Double AA's user avatar
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9 votes

How does one know the tune when praying in Hebrew?

Just like the trope, the tunes are traditional, and yes, each community has its own tunes and even its own system of chanting. A chazan (cantor) also has significant leeway in choosing tunes. Since ...
Mauro Braunstein's user avatar
9 votes

Is there a Targum Onkelos with Te'amim?

I found an old version on HebrewBooks. The print isn't very clear, though. Here's a sample page. (Note: One side of the book has the actual Mikra, and the other side has the Targum.)
ezra's user avatar
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9 votes
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Determining Accented Syllable from Ta'amei Emet

As with the 21 books, most of the time the accent is on the letter marked and there are a handful that are always at the beginning or end of a word where you have to just know the grammar unless you ...
Double AA's user avatar
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9 votes

How many pesukim are there that have two (or more) etnachta clauses?

There are no verses with more than one Etnachta. Even your example is not one. There are two "traditions" for how to read that section. One version has all of what we call 35:22 as one verse,...
Double AA's user avatar
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8 votes

Search Database with Ta'amei Hamikra

Quantified Cantillation is what you need. It is designed to search the Torah for specific sequences of trop. I can tell using it that there is one zarka-munach-zarka in Breishit 42:21 and one in ...
Scimonster's user avatar
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8 votes

Mil'al vs. Milra on "Lamah"

The word is spelled לָמָה (without a dagesh and stressed on the final syllable) when the following word begins with an א or ה or ע,* and spelled לָמָּה (with a dagesh and stressed on the penultimate ...
b a's user avatar
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7 votes

Is the rule of "Nasog Achor" specific to the Bible?

Koren Publishers, for one, is unsure whether Nasog Achor applies outside the Biblical context, particularly to prayers. Consequently, in their publications, they default to not applying Nasog Achor ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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7 votes
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Determining trup, without trup

To expand on Joel's answer, you would be able to determine the correct cantillation by determining where to place the divisions and subdivisions within the verse, and once you have the divisions, ...
b a's user avatar
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6 votes

Was it a non-Jew who first discovered the principles governing the ta'ame ha-miqra?

No, he didn't discover it. Wickes lived 1817-1903 with his seminal works on cantillation being published in the 1880s. Plenty of Jewish works on cantillation exist before that, such as Mishpetei ...
Double AA's user avatar
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6 votes

Explain the usage of the double zarka trope

In a clause ending in segolta, the dichotomy is marked by a zarka, if in the first, second, or third word away from segolta. If the dichotomy occurs further away, then it is marked by revia or pashta, ...
josh waxman's user avatar
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6 votes

English Book on Trop

There are two books written on this by William Wickes. Here’s the Tamei emet version and it is even available online (or here). And here’s the the rest of tanach version, also online.
Dr. Shmuel's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

Yes. The Esther chant of the Spanish-Portuguese community, for instance, is not reflective of the cantillation. If you want to hear recordings of the Amsterdam and London communities reciting it per ...
Isaac Mayer's user avatar
6 votes

ולא תתורו: kadma veazla or azla-geresh?

All the Tiberian manuscripts (and here, here, here, and here) and the majority of the other (Ashkenazi/Sephardi) old manuscripts* have a maqef, followed by the Venice Mikraot Gedolot and other ...
magicker72's user avatar
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6 votes

Re-articulate a sound repeated after a maqaf?

There is some discussion about the matter in Berakhot 15b, relating to the precise reading of the Shema and it's subsequent sections. The phrase בְּכׇל־לְבָבְךָ֥ is cited as an example of where one is ...
Argon's user avatar
  • 3,817
5 votes

Italian cantillation

This website demonstrates the Italian Torah trope.
T.W.'s user avatar
  • 49
5 votes

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Its brought down in Siddur Arizal to say Shiras Hayam with the trop.
sam's user avatar
  • 42.1k
5 votes

Bemidbar 9:2 - Why is the word pronounced "Posach", with a kamatz?

Pausal forms don't always come on Etnachta or Silluk, though those are good examples of where a strong pause might be. Sometimes they come on second order disjunctives, like Zakef (Genesis 11:3, Ruth ...
Double AA's user avatar
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5 votes

How does one know the tune when praying in Hebrew?

This is a great "beginner's" question! (though, it's for all levels.) You are correct that the Bible has trope (cantillation) notes. Their main purpose, actually, is for grammar. However, it does ...
DanF's user avatar
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5 votes

Determining trup, without trup

There is, apparently, a system or 'science' to the trup. To quote from William Wickes's A treatise on the accentuation of the twenty-one so-called prose books of the Old Testament (p.29): Every ...
Joel K's user avatar
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5 votes

Neḥemia 8:7 - Six pazers?

The pazer is a weaker divider than the pashta, so all of the pazer notes are part of a longer phrase that ends at the word פְּלָאיָה֙, which is marked with a pashta. (In this case there is also a ...
b a's user avatar
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5 votes
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Penultimate stress of אתה

The words אתה and עתה both have "minor" pausal forms אַ֔תָּה and עַ֔תָּה, that occur only at lesser disjunctives: tipḥa x5, zaqef qaton x23, pashta x2, and revi'a x2; and in the poetic books:...
magicker72's user avatar
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5 votes
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Learning How to Lein, Chabad-style

To the already excellent answers I'd like to add my own take. Mainly out of personal experience, but also out of experiences shared with me. It is not clear to me from your question how you have ...
RonP's user avatar
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5 votes

Is cantillation with Kriyat Shema required?

The Mishnah Berura 61:38 says clearly that one shouldn’t say with the cantillations if it will take away from his concentration בכך - ובלבד שיכוין כי הנגינה למי שלא הורגל בה מפסיד הכונה: https://www....
Chatzkel's user avatar
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4 votes

Origin, need, and purpose of "Upper" trope for reading 10 Commandments

This short article (Hebrew) by Prof Yosef Ofer explains that the two sets of trope are essentially the products of two different mesorot: The set known as ta'am tachton, which breaks the Decalogue ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes

unsual haftarah trope in bechalotecha/hannukkah

Adapting and extending a comment by DoubleAA: It's called, by different communities, "mercha kefula" or "trei taamei". You can hear it chanted, in the Haftara context you found it in, by Yeshiva ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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4 votes

Where to find online/digital Torah Reading Resources for All Traditions?

If you're willing to trade voice quality for a larger set of trop systems, take a look at Trope Trainer. It has a mechanical voice (not a recorded human voice) that you can use to hear any portion in ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar

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