16 votes

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

סידור אוצר התפילות writes: וכן כתב של"ה שירת הים צריך לאמרה מעומד ובשמחה רבה כאלו אותה שעה יצא ממצרים, ובכוונה ובנגון הטעמים And so writes the Shaloh, Shiras Hayam must be said standing, and ...
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12 votes

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

Some Mishnah manuscripts have sporadic taamim. For example, MS Parma B (containing order Tahorot) has conjuctive accents connecting words and disjunctive accents marking pauses. Here is the beginning ...
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10 votes
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What does the munach say?

The only time the munnaḥ gets the shaky trope is when it's a munnaḥ-legarmeh, which visually looks like a munnaḥ followed by a p'siq. The munnaḥ-legarmeh is a "טעם מפסיק" (a disjunctive accent), ...
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9 votes
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Etymology of the word "trope"

From Webster Dictionary Latin tropus, from Greek tropos turn, way, manner, style, trope, from trepein to turn First Known Use: 1533 The most common Hebrew term I have heard for this is טעמי ...
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9 votes
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Which groups of people read the 10 Commandments using the "lower" trope?

It would seem that original Minhag Ashkenaz was to use ta'am elyon only on Shavu'ot, but on shabbat parashat yitro and shabbat parashat va'etchanan to use ta'am tachton. This can be seen in the ...
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9 votes

How does one know the tune when praying in Hebrew?

Just like the trope, the tunes are traditional, and yes, each community has its own tunes and even its own system of chanting. A chazan (cantor) also has significant leeway in choosing tunes. Since ...
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9 votes

Is there a Targum Onkelos with Te'amim?

I found an old version on HebrewBooks. The print isn't very clear, though. Here's a sample page. (Note: One side of the book has the actual Mikra, and the other side has the Targum.)
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9 votes
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Determining Accented Syllable from Ta'amei Emet

As with the 21 books, most of the time the accent is on the letter marked and there are a handful that are always at the beginning or end of a word where you have to just know the grammar unless you ...
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8 votes
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Four Zakef-groups in one half-verse

I had a script run through mechon-mamre's text. There are four verses with four, and none with more than that. (Actually, two of the verses are essentially a statement and its echo.) They are: II ...
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8 votes
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Question on trope position in Breishit (Gen.) 47:4

Trop marks are traditionally always placed on the accented syllable EXCEPT Yetiv and Telisha Gedola which are always on the first letter, and Telisha Ketana, Pashta, Zarka, and Segol which are always ...
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8 votes
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Is there an online source for trope occurrences?

I don't have enough rep to comment above, but I'm the creator of quantifiedcantillation.nl, and since I saw a few referrals from this question I thought I'd stop by. It looks like my site should be ...
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  • 266
8 votes

Is there any Haftarah that has all the te'amim/trope symbols?

The minimum number of verses that you'd need is at most three. Yirmeyahu 32:8 (Haftara for Behar) to get Munach, Telisha-Gedola, Kadma, Azla, Zarka, Segol, Pazeir, Munach-Legarmeih, Revi'i, Gershayim,...
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8 votes

Search Database with Ta'amei Hamikra

Quantified Cantillation is what you need. It is designed to search the Torah for specific sequences of trop. I can tell using it that there is one zarka-munach-zarka in Breishit 42:21 and one in ...
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  • 22.8k
8 votes

Mil'al vs. Milra on "Lamah"

The word is spelled לָמָה (without a dagesh and stressed on the final syllable) when the following word begins with an א or ה or ע,* and spelled לָמָּה (with a dagesh and stressed on the penultimate ...
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  • 23.8k
7 votes

Is the rule of "Nasog Achor" specific to the Bible?

Koren Publishers, for one, is unsure whether Nasog Achor applies outside the Biblical context, particularly to prayers. Consequently, in their publications, they default to not applying Nasog Achor ...
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7 votes
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Questions regarding unusual trope combination

Here is a partial answer. Shaarei Zimra says that there are 5 locations total in Tanach with these two combinations. The first two you mentioned. 1 - Bereishis 5:29 זֶ֠֞ה יְנַֽחֲמֵ֤נוּ ...
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7 votes

Where can one learn the grammatical functions of the te'amim

I have used and found excellent the book Chanting the Hebrew Bible by Joshua Jacobson. It comprises a background/history of the subject, a detailed grammatical treatment (one-by-one introducing the ...
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7 votes

How many pesukim are there that have two (or more) etnachta clauses?

There are no verses with more than one Etnachta. Even your example is not one. There are two "traditions" for how to read that section. One version has all of what we call 35:22 as one verse,...
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6 votes

Is there a Sof Haftarah?

In Ashkenazi cantillation, the demarcation of the end of a recitation unit is technically no different than the end of any other verse vis a vis the cantillation marks themselves. There is therefore ...
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6 votes

Was it a non-Jew who first discovered the principles governing the ta'ame ha-miqra?

No, he didn't discover it. Wickes lived 1817-1903 with his seminal works on cantillation being published in the 1880s. Plenty of Jewish works on cantillation exist before that, such as Mishpetei ...
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6 votes

Explain the usage of the double zarka trope

In a clause ending in segolta, the dichotomy is marked by a zarka, if in the first, second, or third word away from segolta. If the dichotomy occurs further away, then it is marked by revia or pashta, ...
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6 votes

English Book on Trop

There are two books written on this by William Wickes. Here’s the Tamei emet version and it is even available online (or here). And here’s the the rest of tanach version, also online.
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6 votes
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Determining trup, without trup

To expand on Joel's answer, you would be able to determine the correct cantillation by determining where to place the divisions and subdivisions within the verse, and once you have the divisions, ...
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6 votes
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Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

Yes. The Esther chant of the Spanish-Portuguese community, for instance, is not reflective of the cantillation. If you want to hear recordings of the Amsterdam and London communities reciting it per ...
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6 votes

ולא תתורו: kadma veazla or azla-geresh?

All the Tiberian manuscripts (and here, here, here, and here) and the majority of the other (Ashkenazi/Sephardi) old manuscripts* have a maqef, followed by the Venice Mikraot Gedolot and other ...
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5 votes
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How to read a mahpach psik?

Let me explain a bit about the Yetiv. A Yetiv is grammatically equivalent to a Pashta (3rd order disjunctive like Revi'i). It replaces Pashta on words with the accent on the opening syllable which do ...
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5 votes

Italian cantillation

This website demonstrates the Italian Torah trope.
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5 votes
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Is having a Bat Mitzvah girl recite a section from Ketuvim in a shul a problem of Kol Isha?

As always, please consult your rabbi for a practical ruling. There are several issues here. Does "Leining" count as "singing?" Is the fact that she's reciting Tanach make a ...
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5 votes

Should one lain the trop while reciting Shiras Hayam during Pesukei D'zimra?

Its brought down in Siddur Arizal to say Shiras Hayam with the trop.
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  • 39.5k
5 votes
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When and how were trop melodies first written down?

There is no one answer for this question. Because there seems to have been three distinct developments for the Cantillation: Ashkenazi, Old Mizrahi, and Modern Sepharadi. The Ashkenazim are noted as ...
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