17

In his commentary to Rambam's codification of this law (Hilchot Melachim 7:5), R. David Ibn Zimra asks: “Is it the way of women to wage war?” And he cites the verse (Psalms 45:14) "All glorious is the king's daughter within the palace" in support of this. He then suggests that the women were (not actively fighting, but) supplying food and water to ...


13

If she confesses she won't be put to death by Beis Din since you need 2 witnesses for that. And if there are 2 witnesses then she won't be tested by the sota water, hence there are not 2 witnesses. We don't execute a person based on his own testimony (Rambam, Hilkhot Sanhedrin 18:6; see also Yevamot 25b), and we don't include an admission with another ...


11

Yachin there: אשה לאו בת מלחמה. רק לספק מזון ולתקן הדרכים אף היא יוצאת. ‏ A woman is not able to combat, she did only provide food and repair roads.


9

It would seem from the Rambam (Hil. Geneivah 3:12) that she bears the debt until she can afford to pay it off: הָאִישׁ נִמְכָּר בִּגְנֵבָתוֹ אֲבָל לֹא הָאִשָּׁה. וְדָבָר זֶה מִפִּי הַקַּבָּלָה. וְאֵין הַגַּנָּב נִמְכָּר אֶלָּא בְּקֶרֶן אֲבָל בְּכֶפֶל אוֹ בְּתַשְׁלוּמֵי אַרְבָּעָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה אֵינוֹ נִמְכָּר אֶלָּא הֲרֵי זֶה עָלָיו חוֹב עַד שֶׁיַּעֲשִׁיר: ...


8

The Maharsha discusses the pig story in Chidushei Agadot at the end of Sotah, as advertised, but the comment is applied not to the portion of the Gemara on 49b where the story is told, but to the portion of the Mishna on 49a that that portion of Gemara comments on. Here is the text of the relevant comment in the Maharsha: בפולמוס של טיטוס כו' פרש"י שהביא ...


8

Tosfos HaRosh on the gemara in sotah: הא בזוג ראשון הא בזוג שני. פירוש שני לשניהם דאיזה מהם שהוא ראשון נגזר לו זוגו קודם יצירה If I have understood this correctly, he says that זוג שני in the gemara must refer to the second marriage for both man and woman. If it was first marriage for either, the marriage would have been from the decree pre-conception. ...


7

Talmud Yerushalmi 5,1 quoted by Tosfos Sotah Bavli 27b: בדקו אותה ולא בדקו אותו אני אומר הזכות תלה ליה If the water checks her but not him i say that his merit of Torah learning protected him The Mishne Lemlech http://hebrewbooks.org/rambam.aspx?mfid=102916&rid=3990 quotes this Yerushalmi as Halacha


7

There are many different opinions as to when to place the book of Job. The opinion that Elihu is Yitzhak is different from the opinion that he was an advisor to Pharaoh.


7

The Tosfos Yom Tov explains that the very fact that woman wouldn't go out at night on their own out of fear, led them to form groups in order to provide safety in numbers, where they would be able to spin flax at night at times of the month when the moon was bright enough to use it's light. Inevitably once together, any rumors about local bad behavior would ...


6

The Ramchal in Da'as Tevunos (Simanim 40 and 142) understands this to be a symptom of the hester panim, the hiding of Hashem's presence, that coincided (resulted?) from the destruction of the Beis HaMikdosh. It is an expression of the relationship between the general quality of life in the world and the expression of Hashem's presence in the world. When ...


6

For a long time there have been Jews who have indeed beseeched the dead. However, numerous sources state this is is prohibited Some state that it is permitted if the request is not directly from the dead, but just that the dead beseech God. Forbidden when the request is directly of the deceased Maharam Shikk writes in a responsum (OH 293) that such ...


6

With regards to your first question, there is an opinion quoted in Sefer Habatim (Mitzvah 224) that holds that poison was actually added to the water and the miracle was not regarding the guilty sotah, but rather a miracle for an innocent sotah. According to this opinion, the fact that the first sister drank and nothing happened was miraculous since she was ...


5

Rambam Hilchos Sotah 1,2 Paskens like Rabbi Akiva the time for seclusion is to fry an egg and swallow it. שהתה עמו כדי טומאה שהוא כדי לצלות ביצה ולגמעה הרי זו אסורה על בעלה עד שתשתה מי המרים ויבדק הדבר Kesef Mishna ומה שכתב שהוא כדי לצלות ביצה ולגמעה. ברייתא שם (דף ד') פלוגתא ופסק כר"ע: Rashi Sotah 4a explains that with Sotah who has a history of ...


5

The Maharsha asks your question. He answers that, although grandsons are like sons for some things (e.g. the mitzvah of pru urvu), a grandson doesn't count as a son with regard to honoring. This implies that there is no independent obligation to honor a grandfather.


5

Since the days of Hurkanus and Aristoblus, Rome ruled over Eretz Yisroel. The kings were completely answerable to the Romans. See Bava Basra 4 where Hurdus had to get Roman approval for renovating the Beis Hamikdash.


4

There is Gilgul Shevua (mishna 2.5) Amen is written twice. Amen from this man, Amen from another man. ב,ה ולמה היא אומרת "אמן אמן" (במדבר ה,כב): אמן לאלה, אמן לשבועה; אמן אם איש זה, אמן אם איש אחר; ואמן שלא נטמאתי, ואם נטמאתי יבואו בי; אמן שלא סטיתי ארוסה ונשואה, שומרת יבם וכנוסה. רבי מאיר אומר, אמן שלא נטמאתי, ואמן שלא איטמא. She will drink ...


4

The Mishna Brura Orach Chaim 62,2 3 addresses these concerns: ועיין בספרי האחרונים דבימינו אף מצד הדין יש ליזהר שלא לקרותה בלשון אחר כ"א בלשון הקודש כי יש כמה וכמה תיבות שאין אנו יודעים איך להעתיקם היטב כגון תיבת ושננתם יש בו כמה ביאורים אחד לשון לימוד ואחד לשון חידוד כמו שאמרו חז"ל שיהו ד"ת מחודדין בפיך שאם ישאלך אדם דבר אל תגמגם ותאמר לו. וכן כמה וכמה ...


4

A little town hasn't Bet Din. See Sanhedrin Mishna 1.6 And how many [inhabitants] must a city have before it may have a Sanhedrin? One hundred and twenty. Rabbi Nechemiah says, two hundred and thirty, [each judge] corresponding to a chief of a group of ten. Bartenura מאה ועשרים - מפרש בגמרא, עשרים ושלשה, סנהדרי קטנה. twenty three for the ...


3

There are various parallel passages to this Talmudic passage scattered througout Midrashim. One such passage is found in Bereshis Rabbah Parshah 68. In this Midrash we read about a matron who asked R. Yose Bar Chalafta what God has been doing since creating the world. R. Yose told her that God spends His time making matches: מטרונה שאלה את ר' יוסי בר ...


3

It is clear from the Gemora 24b that a Yevama before Yibbum (consummation), the Yevama is not at all in her dead husband's brother's authority except: - She is forbidden to engage in relatonships with anyone else unless Chalitza is performed. - the brother in-law can warn her as a sotah (Thanks @Monica for mentioning this info) for the future when they are ...


3

The first time that Bet Din tries to lead her to stop the process is described in Mishna 1.4 היו מעלין אותה לבית דין הגדול שבירושלים, ומאיימין עליה כדרך שמאיימין על עדי נפשות. ואומרים לה: בתי! הרבה יין עושה, הרבה שחוק עושה, הרבה ילדות עושה, הרבה שכנים הרעים עושים. עשי לשמו הגדול שנכתב בקדושה, שלא ימחה על המים. ואומרים לפניה דברים שאינה כדאי לשמען, היא וכל ...


3

Your summary is based on the conclusion of the gemara there, as you state. But it is not based on the immediate context of the gemara: א"ר שמואל בר רב יצחק כי הוה פתח ריש לקיש בסוטה אמר הכי אין מזווגין לו לאדם אשה אלא לפי מעשיו שנא' (תהלים קכה, ג) כי לא ינוח שבט הרשע על גורל הצדיקים Rav Shmuel bar Rav Yitzḥak says: When Reish Lakish would introduce his ...


3

בראשית ל"ד, ה וְיַעֲקֹ֣ב שָׁמַ֗ע כִּ֤י טִמֵּא֙ אֶת־דִּינָ֣ה בִתּ֔וֹ וּבָנָ֛יו הָי֥וּ אֶת־מִקְנֵ֖הוּ בַּשָּׂדֶ֑ה וְהֶחֱרִ֥שׁ יַעֲקֹ֖ב עַד־בֹּאָֽם׃ Jacob heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah; but since his sons were in the field with his cattle, Jacob kept silent until they came home. יחזקא-ל י"ח, ו אֶל־הֶֽהָרִים֙ לֹ֣א אָכָ֔ל וְעֵינָיו֙ לֹ֣א ...


3

The "Agrippas" that Rashi refers to is King Herod Agrippa II, the great-grandson of Herod the Great. It is true that there were no more client Kings over Judea proper after Herod's son Archelaus was deposed for misruling in 6 CE, But Herod's other surviving sons still ruled the northern and eastern parts of the area(Galilee, Perea, etc). Judea was ruled by ...


3

The sages are bemoaning ostentatious charlatans. Bear in mind the term Pharisee did not necessarily refer to a fellow sage. It was a whole movement. The hebrew word for it does translate to ascetic. King Yannai said it best to his wife after the gloss on 22b: Fear not the Pharisees and the non-Pharisees but the hypocrites who ape the Pharisees; because ...


3

I really can't see how you got this from the Gemara. Read the words on the "intimidating" speech carefully, it's not intimidation. We just tell her the sometimes people do mistakes, even great people, so she will feel more comfortable to admit if guilty (among other actions we do, see Mishna 1:6, 3:3. ). We don't describe the horrible effect of the water on ...


2

To my surprise, it turns out that neither the Rif nor the Rosh ever penned commentaries to those two masekhtas. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia articles ("Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob" and "Asher ben Jehiel", respectively), the Rif's Sefer haHalakhot covers only Berakhot, Shabbat, Eruvin, Pesachim, Ta'anit, Beitzah, Rosh haShana, Yoma, Sukkah, Megillah, Mo'...


2

Note Rav Hirsch translates נֹפֶלֶת as "to waste" while Art Scroll translates it as to collapse. The chabad web site translates it as "rupture". This seems to be a sudden set of spasms that would cause the thigh muscles to collapse. The initial description seems to imply convulsions. Rambam Hilchos Sotah Chapter three seems to say that her belly swells (as ...


2

It seems that Rashi is likely following Hazal who do sometimes refer to women as צדקניות (e.g. Sotah 11b, 12a, Bava Batra 119b), but nevertheless frequently use the term צנועות "modest" to refer to righteous women, even when seemingly not discussing matters of modesty. See Nidda (2:1) and Nidda (12a) which describes "tsnuot" who do extra bedikot. See also ...


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