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8

According to Pirkei De'Rebbi Eliezer (Chapter 50), he got his wealth by looting all the treasure houses of the kings of Yehuda and the Kodshei Kedoshim (Holy of Holies): רבי פנחס אומר שני עשירים היו לפנים בעולם, קרח בישראל והמן בשושן . . שלקח כל אוצרות מלכי יהודה ואת כל אוצרות קדשי הקדשים


7

The מהרש"א on that Gemara explains that Moshe having died on the 7th of Adar is something which could be worked out from Scriptures, as the Gemara works it out on Kiddushin 38a (it says they wept for Moshe for 30 days, then Yehoshua told them they had three days before crossing the Yarden, and they came through the Yarden on the 10th day of the 1st month, so ...


6

So I found that MhrSh"A and Eyun Jacob each offer answers. MhrS"A says that David saw her thigh from 3 parasangs away. So she did not do it in front of him, rather it was a more incidental occurence. Abigail probably thought that she was sufficiently secluded. E"J says that Abigail, sensing the tension between her husband Nabel and David, uncovered herself ...


6

As mentioned in the comments, the Mishnah is just talking about one who reads the megillah. Someone who is falling asleep while listening will not be able to hear every word. The Shulchan Aruch is clear on this: קראה מתנמנם, הואיל ולא נרדם בשינה, יצא. אבל אם שמעה מתנמנם, לא יצא.‏ This still doesn't answer the question of how much focus you need to be ...


6

The context of that Mishna is discussing who is fit to lead the congregation in prayers, and in particular that line is part of a dispute if a blind person can lead the prayer of Shema and its blessings. (Note "leading" here means reciting the entire section aloud for the congregation to hear and fulfill their obligations by reciting Amen at the end of each ...


6

1 - The Or Sameach תענית ה/ו writes that according to the Avodraham that fasting on Shabbos is only forbidden mi'd'oraisa if it's for the full 24 hours, there is an answer to your question, about the difference between Tisha b'av and other fasts. All fast days are not pushed off from the Torah, only Tisha'h b'Av which is a 24 hour fast is pushed off min ...


5

No. For example, Abraham was not a Jew.


5

I discuss this a bit when considering whether Rivkah was a prophetess. The seven are: Sarah, Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, Huldah, Esther. Chazal are the ones who identify these seven; and Chazal also seem to be very reluctant to ascribe prophecy to women in general. See what they say in Bereishit Rabba about Sarah's prophecy: ויאמר ה' לה רבי יהודה בר ...


5

The Ran on Megillah 3b says that even though one should feast on Adar 1, there's no need for Mishloach Manot because it is similar to Matanot La'Evyonim, which is done only in Adar 2: וקרוב הדבר גם כן שראוי להרבות בסעודה בי"ד שבראשון אבל לענין לשלוח מנות כיון דדמו למתנות לאביונים דליתנהו אלא בשני משמע נמי דאף משלוח מנות אינו אלא בשני However the Ketav ...


5

The midrashim I found don't mention her name, but it seems that her name is mentioned in some old Aramaic translations of Esther. I couldn't find one of these versions, but her name is mentioned as either "שבחטנות" (under "מדרשים") or "שכחטנת" (page 3, comment 20) or "שלחטוות" (page 4, comment 147).


5

The following appears in Megillah 15b (translation from Sefaria) אמרה מדת הדין לפני הקב"ה רבונו של עולם מה נשתנו אלו מאלו אמר לה הקדוש ברוך הוא ישראל עסקו בתורה אומות העולם לא עסקו בתורה The Gemara continues with an episode associated with a verse in Isaiah. The Attribute of Justice said before the Holy One, Blessed be He: Master of the Universe, how ...


5

The Halocho is to be found in Sh O, O Ch 53 (12) who paskens like the gemoro אין ממנין מי שקור' לאלפי"ן עייני"ן ולעייני"ן אלפי"ן: One should not appoint a person [to be leader] who reads "aleph"s like "ayin"s and "ayin"s like "aleph"s. The Mishna Beruro (37) says {excerpt} ואם כולם מדברים כך מותר להיות ש"ץ [מ"א בשם הרדב"ז] And if ...


4

Targum Yonathan (Bereshit 27:5) states Rivqah received רוח הקודש Or HaḤayim (ibid) plainly states Rivqah was a prophetess RaSh"I (Bereshit 29:34) states that the foremothers prophesied that Ya'aqov was to father the Twelve Tribes ("האמהות נביאות היו ויודעות שי"ב שבטים יוצאים מיעקב") Sifte'i Ḥakhamim (ibid) makes peace between Megillah 14A and Targum Yonathan ...


4

The Targum on Mishlei 2:4 translates תחפשנה as sitzb'yah - desire, suggesting that the analogy in Mishlei emphasizes that you should be highly motivated and driven. By contrast, yaga'ti seems to by definition refer to the actual work that someone retrospectively put in to acquire Torah. Note, however, that the Malbim (Mishlei, 2:4) distinguishes between ...


4

While it is true that one of the necessary components to a proper conversion is a rejection of idols, the talmudic quote presented is not saying that this is the sole method of becoming a Jew. The text on Megilla 13 is arguing about the particular tribal lineage of Mordechai -- he called a Yehudi though he is traced to Benjamin's tribe. So the text attempts ...


4

If you have laboured in תורה, that itself is success, you have had a successful life (day, week whatever). merriam-webster.com defines success as a "favorable or desired outcome".The mitzvah is לימוד התורה not ידיעת התורה. Furthermore חז"ל tell us לפום צערא אגרא. If you have toiled you have been successful.


3

A similar question is also discussed in the context of the night time kiddush where many people have the custom to begin with the word "yom hashishi", which is also the last two words of a pasuk, without quoting the entire pasuk. The Chosam Sofer (Orach Chayim 10, 4th paragraph here) discussed this particular example, mentioning that some forbid this ...


3

Megila 30a - 9 lines from the bottom has a dispute as to what is the third Shabbos. The Tanna Kama says the Shabbos immediately after Purim, and Rabbi Chama B'Rab Chanina says it is the Shabbos that is closer to Nissan. The Gemara says there is no dispute, it depends when Rosh Chodesh Nisaan occurs. If it occurs on Shabbos then Parshas Para will be read on ...


3

The Rabbonim treated the empires of the world in reference to how they were relative to the Jews. Thus, even though the Greeks never ruled Italy (which was to the west of Greece), the chachamim considered that everything to the west was under the Greek influence. "Italia of Yavan" would mean that Italy was (since it was to the west of Greece) still part of "...


3

שתלי זיתים: Even light words of Chazal should be taken seriously, but especially when they are chosen purposefully. This is hinting at the incident of the golden calf, and how the the firstborns were sent away from God's service and the Levim were chosen. He led an ox - משך תורא When the Jews were drawn after the golden calf which took them away from the ...


3

No. The example of the daughter of Phara'oh is a confusing one. I'm not at all an expert in Divrei HaYamim, but it is not nearly as clear as one would expect it to be as a chronicle of the Biblical narrative. However, I'm not sure that is the correct interpretation of the verse. If I'm not mistaken, the Yehudiyah in the verse is not the daughter of Phara'...


3

It is most likely referring to the major Greek city-state of Syracuse which was established by the Corinthians and is located in southern Italy on the island of Sicily. It was the Capital city of the province under the same name. It was described by Cicero as the greatest Greek city and the most beautiful of them all. It was renowned for its arts and ...


3

Maharsha points this out. He says even though the pasuk which mentions sitting is by the first luchos and the pasuk which mentions standing is by the second ones, even still the implications are to apply what is written by one to the other being that it is written by the second 'like the days of the first'. מ׳מ משמע להו ליתן את האמור בזה לזה מדכתיב ...


3

Maharsha on that Tosfos asks this same problem. בספרים שלנו אינו כן דויחל הוא אחר ד׳ פסוקים והקרבתם אחר ג׳. ועיין בתשובת מהרי״ל סימן קמט וקשה לי. In our scrolls this is not so, for Vayichal is after four pesukim, and Vehikravtem is after three. See in the Teshuvah Maharil §149, but it’s a problem to me. Well, let’s take a look in the Maharil, ...


3

My understanding of this is as follows: The Talmud here is citing a Mishnah in Ta'anit (12b) which discusses the progression of fasts when there is a lack of rain: עברו אלו ולא נענו ממעטין במשא ומתן בבנין ובנטיעה באירוסין ובנישואין ובשאילת שלום בין אדם לחבירו כבני אדם הנזופין למקום IF THESE PASSED AND THERE WAS [STILL] NO ANSWER TO THEIR PRAYERS ...


2

Perhaps the גמרא is providing two separate answers to one question. The question is what prevented Vashti from following Achashveirosh’s request to attend the party. The first answer to this question appears straight forward. Vashti had some skin problem that made her feel unable to go before Achashveirosh. Perhaps her she felt unattractive, like some ...


2

1) Indeed, if you have one midrash, you don't need the other. This is likely a disagreement, rather than an assertion that both happened. Rabbi Yossi ben Hanina, the one who stated that it was tzaraat, is an Amora of Eretz Yisrael. As Tosafot notes on the daf, in the parallel Yerushalmi, we find out that this is a derasha on the word nigzar in Esther 2:1: ...


2

Rashi Breishis 45:18 says that Paroh - "Niba V'Aino Yodeya Ma Niba ניבא ואינו יודע מה ניבא" - said something which was prophetic yet he did not know what he said. Most likely the same holds true regarding Achashveirosh, and he had no Ruach HaKodesh. Regarding Lashon HaKodesh Chasam Sofer Derush L'Zayin Adar 5568 clearly says that he only spoke Persian to ...


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