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8 votes

Has the Torah been changed over the ages?

There are differences between texts of Tanach now and in the past. In fact, there are several different so-called "textual witnesses" of Tanach that exist, each of which has their own strengths and ...
Argon's user avatar
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8 votes

Has the Torah been changed over the ages?

I didn't answer this question for a long while because I assumed that since there were so many answers already provided that at least one of them must have answered it truthfully with the best ...
Aaron's user avatar
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8 votes

Texts of Maharal’s Commentary on Shas

You can find it on HebrewBooks. (Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, Vol. 4) The work is known as Chiddushei Agados Maharal MiPrague.
Oliver's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

When were the tefillos formulated?

The men of the great assembly According to Berachot 33a, the Men of the Great Assembly (אנשי כנסת הגדולה) instituted blessings, prayers, kiddush, and havdala. (These translations are copied from the ...
b a's user avatar
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7 votes

Who composed the text for Tena'im?

I don't believe there is a single set one, but a few with minor variations. Some of the classic Tenaim texts were collected in Sefer Nachalas Shiv'a, and another version was drafted by Rav Moshe ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
7 votes

Gemara text with Nekudos

Depending on which tractate you're looking for, you could try Tuvia's who also makes his texts available online for free at e-daf.com. (It's one of the "size" options in the dropdown. Note: they don't ...
Loewian's user avatar
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7 votes

Which part of Hebrew or textual grammar tells the reader to add to the verb in question the word "habitually"?

Great question! It's not just the "from yesterday"; it's the conjugation on the word "goring", looking very, very carefully at the vowels: נַגָּח That's a patach (straight line) ...
Shalom's user avatar
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6 votes

Who is the voice of Tosafoth?

Following @Yahu's suggestion, I'll summarize Urbach's analysis of the editors of the tosfot of the different masechtot: Brachot - An unknown Ashkenazi (Germanic) scholar who personally knew Rabbi ...
Harel13's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

Original Arabic text of Isaac Alfasi in last 3 responsum of Menahem Azariah da Fano

Yes, it is. At least one manuscript has preserved it: MS Huntington 503, pp. 94r-117v. See Boaz Cohen's essay "Three Arabic Halakic Discussions of Alfasi" for a discussion of the responsa, ...
Harel13's user avatar
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5 votes

Aryeh Kaplan Text Identification

Your card with the footnoted source from Shem HaGadolim is to provide a source for the statement in chapter 81 on page 49 of Sefer HaDat v'HaChinuch cited and linked in your question. It is ...
Yaacov Deane's user avatar
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5 votes

Aryeh Kaplan Text Identification

This text can be viewed here, in Sefer Shem HaGadolim, in a footnote about the second Raavid. It in turn is quoting from Sefer HaEmunot.
josh waxman's user avatar
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5 votes

What does כסיה mean?

Rav Dovid Tzvi Hoffman on this Passuk suggests that the word כסיה would mean forever/ongoing: ואולי הפירוש של ״כסיה״ – לדעתם של אלה הסוברים כי תיבה אחת יש כאן – הוא: המכוסה, העטוף, כלומר הנצח, כמו ״...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
5 votes

Is there an online database of early manuscripts of the Tanakh?

Aleppo Codex: Archive.org pdf, flash version arranged by book Berlin Codex (Babylonian niqqud): Seforim Online pdf British Museum Or. 4445 (B): British Museum Cairo Codex: Wikipedia pdf, Seforim ...
Argon's user avatar
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4 votes

Has the Torah been changed over the ages?

Rabbi Lawrence Kelemen, an acclaimed lecturer and teacher, has a class proving the veracity of the Oral Torah tradition, as well as dealing with a number of the main questions on the transmission of ...
Chaim's user avatar
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4 votes

Tanach with trop as plain text

A few options depending on what you're looking for: The Leningrad codex is online including teamim. You can download a zip file of everything in plain text format. Note that the teamim correspond to ...
Popular Isn't Right's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

'Nishbaati' or 'Nishbawti'

For ולמדה: that doesn't mean "it's not a mapik hei". It means "this word doesn't appear anywhere else with a mapik hei". You'd be right in normal Hebrew, but mesorah language is it's own code. For ...
Heshy's user avatar
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4 votes

Who composed the text for Tena'im?

This is taken from Aryeh Kaplan's Made in Heavean, note 21. Giving a synopsis of the tenaim text history. Various forms are found in Nachalath Shiva 8-11; Rabbi Asher Anshil Greenwald, Kitzur ...
Dr. Shmuel's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What do these different formatting elements of Hebrew texts mean in Sefaria?

Trying to parse texts whose format you don't understand sounds like a recipe for disaster. Complicating the matter, Sefaria's library includes texts from many different eras, with different formatting ...
magicker72's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Seeking details on "teliyah", dangling missing words in a Sefer Torah

a) It was probably considered obvious, but you occasionally (eg. YD 273:6, 276:12) find incidental references to "למעלה above" which clarify that the intention is to hang the missing text ...
Double AA's user avatar
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4 votes

Do different branches of Judaism authorize the same Hebrew text edition of the Tanach?

The Masoretic Text is the basis for all Jewish translations of the Tanakh. (Incidentally it is also the basis for most Protestant translations of the Christian Old Testament, although the Septuagint ...
ezra's user avatar
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3 votes

Gemara text with Nekudos

You can get 7 daf a week with nekudot on the dvar malchus from lubavitch as a PDF http://dvarmalchus.org/Download.aspx?History=True Online. The entire 7 year cycle. Scroll down towards the end of the ...
yosefkorn's user avatar
  • 1,410
3 votes

Did The Rebbe R' Heshel of Krokow have a different version of the Chumash?

Various suggestions have been put forward in a number of forum pages, see here, here, here here and here. In short: Yeshevav Hasofer notes that not everything in the Sefer is from Rav Heschel ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
3 votes

Why are there 7 inverted letter nuns in Tehillim 107?

The inverted nunim derive from the Greek scribal signs antisigma (ἀντίσιγμα) and diple (διπλῆ) which appear in Alexandrian papyri and in Qumran manuscripts. Here they are often used to indicate a ...
Argon's user avatar
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3 votes

Did father buy or sell that goat for two zuzim?

The ArtScroll interlinear translation follows the narrative that the father bought, not sold, the kid. Rav Yaakov Emden writes that the kid represents the Beis Hamikdash, and the cat (which comes next)...
Rafael's user avatar
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3 votes

Divrei torah written by a heretic

The Gemara in Avoda Zara 17a relates how Rebbe Eliezer was mistaken for a Christian and he attributed this denigration to the fact that he once accepted a Torah idea from an heretic. The Gemara in ...
HaLeiVi's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

In describing a shocking/earth-shattering novel idea, is there a phrase that resembles "Breaks the roof"?

מרפסין אגרי is the phrase, from Kid. 63b. This list from Sefaria's search might help you.
פרי זהב's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Example Images/References of Torah Texts/Scrolls/Books that demonstrate how they are Formatted in Today's Rabbi/Jewish Scripture System

There is what's usually called a "Torah scroll" in English, which is what we read from during official public Torah-reading ceremonies a few times a week, and then there's everything else. The Torah ...
msh210's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Slicing up a cake with a verse written on it

Possibly the oldest source we have for this custom is from the Rokeach, siman 196: "It is our forefathers' custom to sit the children to study during Shavuot...and afterwards they bring a cake ...
Harel13's user avatar
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2 votes

Where can I get the free Hebrew text of the Siddur or Benching?

I would recommend Open Siddur. They have directions how to create your own siddur, as well as some already created siddurim, with full attribution info (allowing one to contact the original authors). ...
ssvarc's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes

Gezeira of Rabbeinu Gershom History

The late professor Louis Finkelstein writes extensively on this topic in his work Jewish self-government in the middle ages (pdf), see especially starting on page 111. His answer is that it is ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar

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