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13 votes
Accepted

How could Rav be disproved?

I thought to answer as follows: When the Gemara answers that Rav is a tanna, that is when the question is on Rav alone. In this case the question is on a joint statement of Rav and Shmuel. (Whether ...
Alex's user avatar
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11 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

For more information, I would recommend reading "Paul and Gamliel", in Jacob Neusner and Bruce Chilton (eds.), In Quest of the Historical Pharisees (Baylor University Press, 2007), 175-223 - but ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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10 votes

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

I would argue that both stories are true, and that this is not even particularly surprising. The Roman historian, Suetonius, mentions the incident with Josephus fairly early in his biography of ...
LazerA's user avatar
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10 votes
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What are the specifics of the fake Yerushalmi story?

https://www.yerushalmionline.org/articles/yerushalmi_on_kodshim.pdf Rabbi Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer's terrific article about it. It was the Yerushalmi on all of Seder Kodshim. Rabbi Yosef Rosen of ...
Shalom's user avatar
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8 votes

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

Although Paul of Tarsus is not mentioned by name, the Talmud in Shabbat 30b has a student of Rabbi Gamliel* who scoffs at his teachings. Some scholars have suggested that this character might be Paul,...
ezra's user avatar
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7 votes

Why was שמאי holding a ruler?

in chovos halevavos gate 9 ch.5 Do so in your heart and mind if you are unable to free your body to matters of the next world due to being so fully engaged with providing for your livelihood ...
ray's user avatar
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6 votes

Were there any Tanaim in Bavel?

Yes. The last Mishna of Yebamot, as Rabbi Akiva testimonies, Nechemia Ish Bet Deli, a student of Rabban Gamliel Hazaken was in Bavel, in the city of Nehardea, there was a communication between Bavel ...
kouty's user avatar
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6 votes

How could Rav be disproved?

There is another gemara where Rav is refuted from a beraita, and the gemara does not answer that Rav is a tanna who can argue. Take a look at Menachot 5a (today's page in the Daf Yomi cycle!). Rav is ...
Joel K's user avatar
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6 votes

Was Rabban Yochanan Ben Zakkai a priest? And was he Nasi of a sanhedrin?

1) Rabban Yochanan ben Zakai was almost certainly Nasi for some time after the destruction of the Second Temple. Per the Iggeret of Rav Shrira Gaon (written 987CE): "ולא מצאנו אדם שנקרא "רבן" חוץ ...
Nic's user avatar
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6 votes

What is the implication of the question “לימא כתנאי"?

Halichos Olam 2:1:8 by the Rishon Rav Yeshua ben Yosef HaLevi explains לימא כתנאי as follows: Is it really true that tannaim are arguing in what an ammora said? It's untenable that an ammora would ...
robev's user avatar
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5 votes

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

The questioner's objection to both accounts being true is that Vespasian would not have been indebted to Rabbi Yochanan Ben Zakkai if Josephus had already predicted his rise to power. Of course, it ...
AKA's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Game theory in the Tanaim

The discussion is indeed Dr. Aumann's discussion on Kesuvos 93a regarding the man who dies with insufficient funds to pay for his three wives' Kesubos. He claims to be the first to come up with this ...
DonielF's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Hiding in an attic

This is kind of an open lead. The following is either a proof for the assumption, or a source for the conflating of circumstances. Sanhedrin 74a discussed the vote in an attic in Lod where it was ...
user6591's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

Does Amorayim read berayta in Gemara rather than recite it

The way that you translated it might seem to indicate that R. Chanina was reading the Beraita. However, we can challenge your translation. You appear to have rendered the word קרא as a verb meaning ...
Alex's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Rabban Yochanan Ben Zakkai a priest? And was he Nasi of a sanhedrin?

To answer the second question (Nic answered the first question in depth so see his great answer) Raban Yochanan Ben Zakai was the Nasi - head of the Sanhedrin according to Tosfos Avoda Zara 13a: ...
user15464's user avatar
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5 votes

Why didn't the Tana'im or Amoa'im write a commentary on Tanach?

They in fact did write commentaries, verse by verse, on Tanach, which are the Midrashim. They were very extensive and each midrash therefore only covered a small part of Tanach. Rabbi Akiva's school ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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4 votes

R' Yehoshua Ben Levi -- A Tanna or an Amorah?

Rav Yitzchak Yosef (Ein Yitzchak vol. 1 page 274) lists it as a Machaloket Rashi and the Rambam if he was an Amora who could argue on Tannaim (like Rav and Rav Chiya) or an actual Tanna, respectively.
MDjava's user avatar
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4 votes

R' Yehoshua Ben Levi -- A Tanna or an Amorah?

The last Mishnah in Uktzin - perek 3 mishnah 12 - starts with a quotation from R' Yehoshua Ben Levi. Tosafos Yom Tov there says that according to the Rambam he is a Tanna. However, at the end of the ...
Jonathan Greenwood's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What Brachah did the Tannaim Make on Pretzels?

Rav and Shmuel did not institute the blessing "mezonot". Rav and Shmuel taught two laws, each of which contains new information: The novelty of the one is that only the 5 species needs ...
kouty's user avatar
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4 votes

Why did the R' Akiva marry the wife of Tyrannus Rufus?

R' Yonasan Eibeschutz (Yaaros Devash) cites the Arizal as saying that R. Akiva was a gilgul of Zimri, and Mrs. Rufus of Kozbi. So he married her after she converted, thereby correcting the mistake ...
Meir's user avatar
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4 votes

Seeking works by tanaim or amoraim

Not sure if this qualifies as a book per say; Megillat Taanit which was written by Channiah ben Chezkia (Shabbat 13b)
rikitikitembo's user avatar
4 votes

Seeking works by tanaim or amoraim

Sifra Sifra (Aramaic: סִפְרָא) is the Halakhic midrash to Leviticus. It is frequently quoted in the Talmud, and the study of it followed that of the Mishnah. Like Leviticus itself, the midrash is ...
IsraelReader's user avatar
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4 votes
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Did Beruriah add to, "Women are light-headed," to say, "...except Beruriah"?

A partial answer: The earliest source I know of which contains the emendation by Beruriah is R. Avraham Saba in his Zeror HaMor (end of Bihalotecha; pub. 1522-23). One can assume either he had a ...
Oliver's user avatar
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4 votes

Where in Shas was the psak din of Rabbi Meir vs. Rabbi Yehuda accepted?

Ordinarily the halachah is not in accordance with R. Meir since, as explained in BT (Eru. 13b), “his colleagues were unable to ascertain the profundity of his opinion” (Trans., and others hereon, from ...
Oliver's user avatar
  • 12k
4 votes

Why is the Tanna - בן בג בג called בן בג בג?

Tosfos Chagiga 9B explains that he was a convert, and the gematria of bag bag is 5 and 5 representing the Heh added to Avraham and Sarah, the parents of all converts: בר הי הי להלל. יש מפרשים שגר היה ...
Chatzkel's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Which Raban Gamliel was in the first mishnah of masechet berakhot?

We can found in Sefer Seder Hadorot, Tanayim VeAmorayim that it was Raban Gamliel DeYavne, the second Raban Gamliel: I will copy here one statement from the book: רבן גמליאל דיבנה בן ר"ש הנהרג בן ר"...
kouty's user avatar
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3 votes

What is known about the Sage מונבז?

Munbaz is also mentioned in Sifra Metzorah 1:3, Tosefta Shabbat 9:4 and Shevuot 26b. According to Rabbi Reuven Margaliyot in "Lecheker Shemot V'Kinuyim BaTalmud", pg. 12, "Munbaz" ...
Harel13's user avatar
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3 votes

Looking for Toldos Yeshu (1705 version). Does anyone have?

Here is Huldreich's 1705 edition, with the Latin translation. It can be downloaded for free. The standard critical edition used for many years Das Leben Jesu nach Jüdischen Quellen. The 1705 ...
Argon's user avatar
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3 votes

Who is Queen Cleopatra in Sanhedrin 90b?

From Soncino Talmud, Sanhedrin 90b, footnote 33: [Not of 'Anthony and Cleopatra' fame. Bacher, Agada der Tanaiten, I, 68, n. 2, regards [H] (Cleopatra, the Queen) as a corruption of [H] the ...
Joel K's user avatar
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3 votes

Who is Queen Cleopatra in Sanhedrin 90b?

Shalshelet Hakabbalah noticed the anachronism and explained that though this was the famous Cleopatra, this was not the same Rabbi Meir who lived after the destruction of the Temple. The Ramah (רמ&...
Harel13's user avatar
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