15 votes

Giving up ones life על קידוש ה׳ not to transgress גילוי עריות

Probably the most famous story about a group that gave up their lives instead of doing Gilui Arayot is the story about 400 boys and girls that gave up their lives, as brought down in the Talmud Gittin ...
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  • 3,809
14 votes
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Any known translations of the Talmudim et al into classical languages, prior to the 19th century?

Most if not all of the translations below include detailed notes that cite many other Rabbinical works. (It must be noted that the purposes of the translations and commentaries listed below varied ...
14 votes

Does the Talmud say that Jesus writhes in excrement and Mary was a prostitute?

I would say "maybe" or "it depends" to both. In Gittin 56b-57a there's a story in which Onkelos bar Kalonikos, the nephew of Titus, wishes to convert to Judaism, but before that, ...
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13 votes

Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

In their introduction to Yerushalmi Brachot, artscroll adress this question and write that Bavli is better edited, more complete, better commented, easier to understand and less prone to alternative ...
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10 votes
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Are there references to Jesus in the Jerusalem Talmud?

Firstly, Mr. J. wasn't only referred to by his name, he had other names that referenced him (see Jastrow, Wiki, Jewish Wiki). Thus, only searching his name will not always yield results. Secondly, the ...
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10 votes
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What are the specifics of the fake Yerushalmi story?

https://www.yerushalmionline.org/articles/yerushalmi_on_kodshim.pdf Rabbi Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer's terrific article about it. It was the Yerushalmi on all of Seder Kodshim. Rabbi Yosef Rosen of ...
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10 votes

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

Yes, there are several mishna traditions. The Wikipedia article has the gist: there are the Mishnah-only manuscripts, Talmud Yerushalmi manuscripts, and Talmud Bavli manuscripts. The first two are ...
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8 votes
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Responses to the Chacham and Tam

Menachem Ben Yashar provides a fascinating answer here, very summarized as follows: The Yerushalmi's version was written during the time of the Beis Hamikdash, and thus, there was a real Halachic ...
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8 votes

Rashi quoting Yerushalmi on Kodshim

Artscroll [Teumrah 6b footnote 12 the last paragraph] quotes a Doros HaRishonim who conjectures, that .. "in the case of Temurah, there existed two types of manuscripts, those that originated ...
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7 votes

Quadrant based layout for the Yerushalmi

The reference is to the pages of the Venice printing of the Talmud Yerushalmi (5283/1523). Each folio is divided into four columns, two on each side of the page, and these are the numbers of the amud (...
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7 votes

Elihu (who helped Job) is Yitzhak?

There are many different opinions as to when to place the book of Job. The opinion that Elihu is Yitzhak is different from the opinion that he was an advisor to Pharaoh.
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7 votes

Are women inherently lazy, or was it a temporary state?

The Aruch Hashulchan in siman 437 siff 7 writes that nowadays women are bodek even better than men and dig after a miniscule amount of chametz and wash and clean every place. Another point is to ...
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6 votes
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Were all future Torah innovations taught to Moshe at Har Sinai?

This is addressed by R. David Luria in his commentary to the statement in Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer. He notes that it appears to be contradictory to the statement about all future Torah being already ...
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6 votes
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Longest to Shortest tractates of Yerushalmi by daf

Here's the list of the longest to shortest Masechtot in the Talmud Yerushalmi based off the amount of daf per Masechta. (Source: Sefaria, which uses the text of Mechon Mamre, which is based on the ...
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  • 11.8k
6 votes
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Source of opinion that Talmud Yerushalmi was corrupted by Karaites

B"H, I believe I've discovered who is being referred to here. First of all, as I mentioned in the comments, this quote is not from the Chida but from R' Menachem Mendel Krengel, who published a ...
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  • 20.8k
5 votes
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Marriage: get out of jail free card?

Apirion L'Shlomo brings the following in the name of the Imrei Emes. Rashi in Parshas Tazriah says that a Chasan that sees Tzora'as we wait until after the seven days of Simcha end before going to ...
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5 votes

Responses to the Chacham and Tam

Rabbi Joshua ben Levi said, “Whoever teaches his grandson Torah is regarded as if he had received the Torah from Mount Sinai as it is said, ‘Teach your children and children’s children,’ and then it ...
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  • 10.4k
5 votes

Zohar vs. Yerushalmi

In the discussion of the correct procedure for cutting the bread at the Shabbat meal, R. Joel Sirkes writes (Bayit Chadash O.C. siman 274) the following: דאין עוברין על דין התלמוד מפני שהוא כך על ...
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5 votes
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How did kinyan ketzatzah work?

The parallel Chazzal to this is found in Rus Rabba 7 11. There the Eitz Yosef explains that the function of this kinyan was actually a ruse to ensure witnesses. He says the barrel of treats was ...
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5 votes
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Why Did Talmud Bavli decide to differ from Talmud Yerushalmi by starting on page 2?

There were no standards of printing. They were developed by different printers in different countries, etc. I wouldn’t be surprised if there were no numbers at all on original manuscripts. The Torah ...
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5 votes

What happened in R' Chananya's penthouse (18 Dvarim)?

According to this article: The Korban HaEida explains that the students of Shamai stood outside the house and prevented most of the students of Hillel from entering in order to sway the halacha. ...
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5 votes

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Major caveat: mechon-mamre's edition of Yerushalmi on Nezikin and on doesn't include the parentheses to indicate a biblical citation. So my scripts didn't "see" any citations there. (Fun fact: as it ...
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5 votes

Why is there no tayku in the Jerusalem Talmud?

Rashi in Bava Metzia 85a explains why Rabbi Zeira fasted for 100 days in order to forget the Babylonian method of learning so that he could be a receptacle for the Talmud Yerushalmi with a clear mind: ...
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  • 11.2k
4 votes

Why is talmud Yerushalmi in Aramaic

Actually, it seems that the spoken language of the time was Aramaic. Even in the Mishna, written while the Jewish people were still in Israel, often when document are quoted, it is usually in Aramaic....
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4 votes

Are women inherently lazy, or was it a temporary state?

The ר״ן in פסחים on 30b says that we only say that women are lazy if there is no definite איסור, but if there is definitely an איסור (for instance, the removal of גיד הנשה) they are believed.
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4 votes

Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

The simple reason is because the halacha often follows the Bavli! It seems more practical to have a student in yeshiva to study something more applicable than something that doesn't apply. (Of ...
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  • 17.7k
4 votes

Why no Yerushalmi on the end of Shabbat?

It seems over the years the Yerushalmi wasn’t learned too much. So some stuff got lost, and when it came time to print they literally just didn’t have the material. (That’s my own take on it) Most of ...
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4 votes

Why the Jerusalem Talmud is not mentioned in the Bavli?

The premise of your question may be inaccurate. The Mishnah was also a ‘book’, however, it is basically just quoted as teachings. So too the Yerushalmi, there are countless examples of parallel ...
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4 votes
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Why is it that when rishonim quote Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?

Nowadays, the Talmud Bavli normally uses the printed edition of the Vilna Shas. Those who write translations or extra commentaries, will use the Vilna Shas pagination in order to keep the references ...
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4 votes
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Source of a quote about the value of mitzvot involving pain

It's an Avos D'Reb Nosson 3:6: ישמעאל ברבי יוסי אומר, אם למדת תורה בילדותך, אל תאמר איני לומד בזקנותי. אלא למוד תורה, כי אינך יודע איזה יכשר. אם למדת תורה בשעת העושר, אל תשוב לך בשעת העוני. אם למדת ...
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