To expound on Loewain's great answer. You see Aramaic in each Corpus of Tanach (TaNaCh). In Torah as Loewain pointed out the Torah (Book of Genesis) says when Lavan and sons were chasing after Yakov and family, the Pasuk says the 2 made a "Peace Treaty Memorial" by gathering a "Heap of stones" and Yackov called it "Gal Eid" (...
The story is brought to bring out the concept of 'ein sofek motzi midei vadai' - i.e. that an uncertainty/doubt (sofek) is not enough to remove something from being a definitive/certain.
Therefore, the Gemara brings the case of a maidservant belonging to an owner who was deemed a 'metzik' (an oppressor) who flung a stillborn into an open pit. A kohen later ...
Jastrow writes that "Germamia of Edom" means the Roman province of Germania (Germany) (Edom=Rome).
Abarbanel on Zecharyah 2:3 writes:
"...ולפי דרכם זה אפשר לפרש הארבע קרנות כולם על מלכות רומי שהחריבה בית שני שע"ז היתה המראה שהם ד' מחוזות כולם מבני אדום שעמד בהם מושב הקיסרות, האחת רומי שהם התחילו הקיסרים ראשונה, והשנית קוסטנטינ"ה ...
I haven't seen the gemara nor do I know oof levyem in alsace
What I do know is that there are records of Jews living in speyer, worms and Mainz after the first destruction
These are the source for some common Jewish names like Mintz or Spiro or spira
אמר ליה ההוא מינא לרבי אבהו אלהיכם כהן הוא דכתיב ויקחו לי תרומה כי קבריה למשה במאי טביל וכי תימא במיא והכתיב מי מדד בשעלו
מים אמר ליה בנורא טביל דכתיב כי הנה ה׳ באש יבוא ומי סלקא טבילותא בנורא אמר ליה אדרבה עיקר טבילותא בנורא הוא דכתיב וכל אשר לא יבא באש תעבירו במים
A certain Min said to R. Abbahu: Your God is a priest, since it is written, ...
See this article from Rabbi Reuven Chaim Klein ar Ohr.edu:
One of most famous passages in the entire Bible reads: “Moses
commanded us the Torah, a heritage (morashah) for the Congregation of
Jacob” (Deut. 33:4). The Rabbis exegetically interpreted the word
morashah in this passage as if it reads me’orasah (“betrothed woman”),
which teaches that the Torah’s “...
This is not a direct answer to what you asked, but there is very good reason for the lack of mention of Roman or other foreign gods in the Talmud. As Maimonides wrote:
The idolaters compiled many books of worship, defining its principle manner of service, its works and its laws; but the Holy One, blessed be He! charged us not to read those books at all, not ...
The question boils down to, why does a convert today have to go through a lengthy education process and be required to move into a physical jewish community when the classic halacha clearly does not require this.
I don't have a source, but I would say that in today's society a greater level of background is needed for one to honestly say that they can accept ...
תנו רבנן הרואה מרקוליס אומר ברוך שנתן ארך אפים לעוברי רצונו
Our Rabbis taught: If one sees a statue of Hermes, he says, Blessed be He who shows long suffering to those who transgress His will.
The footnote explains:
Heb. Markolis, the Latin Mercurius. This was the commonest of the heathen images.
If we accept this ...
Whilst not an outright mention...
In Avoda Zara 8a it lists some of the festivals that the non-Jews observed:
ואלו אידיהן של עובדי כוכבים קלנדא וסטרנורא וקרטיסים ויום גנוסיא של מלכיהם ויום הלידה ויום המיתה דברי רבי מאיר
And these are the festivals of gentiles: Kalenda, Saturnalia, and Kratesis, and the day of the festival of their kings, and the birthday of ...
Because of the basic perceived dichotomy of Halachic outcomes - permitted or forbidden, ritually pure or impure, liable or exempt. In those cases, there are always two camps supporting each view.
It should be noted that on free-style topics - length, height, weight, number of - there can be more than two competing views, for example, the Gemmorah at the ...
You might want to consider the Time4Mishna site which methodically goes through all the mishnayos in shas with a full range of overviews and key terms etc.
So for example in Zeraim, if you look at Mishna Berachos here, you will note:
and a summary
I hope this helps!
והא מדכתיב ״והיא לא נתפשה״ מכלל דפשיטא לך דנטמאה
From the fact that it says והיא לא נתפשה we can infer that it is obvious to you that she was נטמאה
והיכי קאמר והיא לא נתפשה אועד אין בה
So how can you say that והיא לא נתפשה goes on ועד אין בה (because you are saying that והיא לא נתפשה means it is obvious that she is נטמאה but ועד אין בה means that we do not ...
Aside from my comment above where I list a number of source that answer your question as to what Lilis represents, to answer your final question about where we know that she was first Adam's wife and then went to becomes Samael/Satan's wife:
The Otzar Meforshim brings down the midrash of Ben Sira here
It says that when Hashem states that it is not good for ...
The biblical book of Isaiah 34:14 possibly describes lilith as a demon:
“And the wild-cats shall meet with the jackals, and the satyr [the
Hebrew is sei’ir, which means “goat”] shall cry to his fellow; yea,
the lilith shall repose there, and find her a place of rest.”
In the Dead Sea Scrolls (Qumran, 67 C.E.), the Seductress says:
“I, the sage, declare ...