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1

למד לשונך לומר איני יודע Teach your tongue to say: “I do not know”. (Talmud, Berakhot 4a) (Framed on the wall in my study.)


2

Pirkei Avot 1:14: הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, אִם אֵין אֲנִי לִי, מִי לִי. וּכְשֶׁאֲנִי לְעַצְמִי, מָה אֲנִי.) וְאִם לֹא עַכְשָׁיו, אֵימָתָי): (He used to say: If I am not for myself, who is for me? But if I am for my own self, what am I?) And if not now, when?


2

Here is a quote I like: "Who is rich? He who is happy with his lot." Ben Zoma — Pirkei Avos 4:1.


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A list of angels that appear in the Talmud, Midrash and Zohar (AKA Chazalic literature) was compiled by Rabbi Reuven Margolies in his book Mal'achei Elyon, which can be viewed (with payement) on Otzar Hachochma (you can see some sample pages here) or bought (for example, here). He names 325 angels, all sourced.


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Here’s one - Sanhedrin 38B אמר רב נחמן האי מאן דידע לאהדורי למינים כרב אידית ליהדר ואי לא לא ליהדר אמר ההוא מינא לרב אידית כתיב (שמות כד, א) ואל משה אמר עלה אל ה' עלה אלי מיבעי ליה א"ל זהו מטטרון ששמו כשם רבו דכתיב (שמות כג, כא) כי שמי בקרבו אי הכי ניפלחו ליה כתיב (שמות כג, כא) אל תמר בו אל תמירני בו אם כן לא ישא לפשעכם למה לי א"ל הימנותא בידן ...


2

Hi @Michael this is quite a wide-reaching question. The following is not definitive but hopefully a good start. People can feel free to turn this answer into a Wiki and add to it. GROUP Bava Metziah 86b - lists Michael, Gavriel, and Raphael who visted Avraham Yoma 37a - Also reference to three above Berachos 4b - Hierarchy of angels based on flight incl. ...


2

This idea is brought by Rabbi Prof. Shmuel Klein in his book "Eretz Yehudah" (Land of Judah), pg. 94, footnote 11 as part of a hypothesis suggested by Avraham Geiger. He refers also to his own essay in "Leshonenu" vol. 1, pg. 338, where he wrote (my translation): "Ben Hakanah: Nechuniyah...man of Emmahus1 lived during the time of ...


5

So BS"D I just stumbled across the Bnei Yissascher, cheilek 2, maamar 8, os 2 (last paragraph) which asks this exact question! He writes there: והנה תמצא גם בתורה שבעל פה, המסכתא המדברת מענין מצות היום לא נקרא שמה על שם היום יום הכיפורים (כאינך שבת, פסחים, ראש השנה, סוכה) רק נקרא יומא, להורות קדושת היום הוא ממקום נעלם ראוי להסתירו, על כן מנהג אנשי מעשה ...


8

According to the gemara in Rosh Hashanah 21a, Yom Kippur was known in Babylon as "Yoma Rabbah" - The Great Day: "רַב נַחְמָן יְתֵיב בְּתַעֲנִיתָא כּוּלֵּיהּ יוֹמֵי דְּכִיפּוּרֵי לְאוּרְתָּא אֲתָא הָהוּא גַּבְרָא אֲמַר לֵיהּ לִמְחַר יוֹמָא רַבָּה בְּמַעְרְבָא It was related that Rav Naḥman had once fasted the entire day of Yom Kippur as usual. ...


5

The Maharsha (Rabbi Shmuel Eliezer Eidels) (quoted here, p. 2) answers in his work Chidushei Agadot that all you have to say is "the day" and it can be understood to mean Yom Kippur as this is the holiest day of the year. R Dovid Bashevkin (in a Tablet article for the conclusion of the tractate) sees in the name of the tractate ... the first hint ...


4

In my personal experience, I find that the better I prepare the Gemara with Rashi, the easier it is to understand the Rishonim. If you know all the steps clearly and how they link together, it becomes much easier to follow the reasoning of the Rishonim. So often I would review a Gemara and Rashi four times or so until I felt I knew how all the steps ...


6

It may be this: Pesachim 51a: יוֹצְאִים בְּקוֹרְדָּקֵיסוֹן בַּשַּׁבָּת, וְאֵין יוֹצְאִין בְּקוֹרְדָּקֵיסוֹן בַּשַּׁבָּת בְּבֵירֵי. וּמַעֲשֶׂה בִּיהוּדָה וְהִלֵּל בָּנָיו שֶׁל רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל שֶׁיָּצְאוּ בְּקוֹרְדָּקֵיסוֹן בַּשַּׁבָּת בְּבֵירֵי, וְלָעֲזָה עֲלֵיהֶן הַמְּדִינָה, וְאָמְרוּ: מִיָּמֵינוּ לֹא רָאִינוּ כָּךְ. וּשְׁמָטוּם וּנְתָנוּם לְעַבְדֵיהֶן, ...


4

The 'Mesivta' editions of Gemora by Oiz VeHadar have a section in back called Aliba Dehilchoso, it's fantastic.


1

The one volume עיניים למשפט השלם by רבי יצחק אריאלי corrects the עניים למשפט in the Vilna Shas. That author has a number of volumes devoted to study of individual tractates from the standpoint of discussion of halachic ramifications at length. Also please see the הלכה ברורה ובירור הלכה in which a number of other tractates are similarly discussed at length ...


0

You could try dafyomi.co.il which summarizes the sugya then brings relevant Rishonim and Poskim. It is organized Daf by Daf. See an example here. You can get to other topics from the homepage.


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There is a website called https://olamot.net/shiurim and each week they take a different sugya and go through it from the gamara down till modern-day posikem. Each week they have a different topic. (currently, they have over 550 topics)


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Are you familiar with Sefaria.org? You can open the Gemara, then click on a paragraph to choose to see either Rishonim or the places in Rambam or Tur or Shulchan Aruch where it is quoted, and then open those resources to see their respective commentaries.


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