16

According to Rabeinu Manoach (a 13th century Rishon) in his Sefer Menucha on Suka 4:2:2 it's because the letters of the Alef-Bet are too holy to be used to describe mundane things such as shapes. כתב הרב היו לה שתי דפנות זו בצד זו כמין גאם כלומר גימ"ל יונית שהיא עשויה כדל"ת שלנו. ומה שאמרו רבותינו כמין גאם ולא אמרו כמין דל"ת שלא רצו לתאר ...


12

Rambam writes in his Introduction to The Mishnah: Afterwards, he [Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi] divided the material in the Order of Women [Nashim]. And he started with Tractate Yevamot (Levirate Marriages); and the reason that required him to start with Yevamot and not to start with Tractate Ketubot (Marriage Contracts) – and the investigation of the intellect ...


12

The Shulchan Aruch 428:3 explains the mnemonic: סימן לקביעת המועדים א"ת ב"ש ג"ר ד"ק ה"ץ ו"ף פירוש ביום א' של פסח יהיה לעולם ת"ב וסימן על מצות ומרורים יאכלוהו ביום ב' בו שבועו' וביום ג' בו ר"ה ביום ד' בו קריאת התורה שהוא שמחת תורה ביום ה' בו צום כיפור ביום ו' בו פורים שעבר: The way it works is the first letter of the ...


11

Pesachim 113b: ארבעה אין הדעת סובלתן אלו הן דל גאה ועשיר מכחש וזקן מנאף ופרנס מתגאה על הציבור בחנם Four types of people cannot be endured by anyone: An arrogant pauper; a wealthy person who denies monetary claims against him; a lecherous old man; and a leader who lords over the community for no cause.


11

According to the Mevo to Oz VeHadar's Maseches Avos Otzar Midrashei Chazal, p. 5, since Avos wasn't written on any specific mitzvah, Chazal never had their usual debates or discussions which are found in the gemarra. Therefore, there was never a tractate put together for the Bavli, Yerushalmi, nor baraisos in the Tosefta. The only baraisa is perhaps Avos D'...


11

I would say "maybe" or "it depends" to both. In Gittin 56b-57a there's a story in which Onkelos bar Kalonikos, the nephew of Titus, wishes to convert to Judaism, but before that, consults three evil men through necromancy. One of these is a man called "יש"ו"/"Jesus": "Onkelos then went and raised Jesus [the ...


10

As @TamirEvan stated in the comments, Ben-Sira appears a few times in the Talmud, for example: Sanhedrin 100b: "The verse states: “All the days of the poor are terrible” (Proverbs 15:15). The book of ben Sira says: Also the nights are terrible, as then the poor person worries. The poor person’s roof is among the lowest roofs in the city, and in the ...


10

The first Tosofos Yeshanim in Mesechtas Yevamos asks why Yevamos comes first. We don't start with tragedies so Kiddushin should be first. He gives two reasons for why Yevamos was put first (1) Because Seder Nashim follows Seder Moed. Seder Moed ends with Moed Kotton (according to their ordering) so we put and study the tragedies near each other. (2) Because ...


10

https://www.yerushalmionline.org/articles/yerushalmi_on_kodshim.pdf Rabbi Yosef Gavriel Bechhofer's terrific article about it. It was the Yerushalmi on all of Seder Kodshim. Rabbi Yosef Rosen of Rogachov is the one to whom the one-new-rabbi-per-mesechta story is attributed: If I'm not mistaken, someone actually did find the Rogachover's note about this in ...


8

Adding to @Harel13's answer, three points: The Gemara in Yevamot 86b says the following: אמר רב חסדא בתחלה לא היו מעמידים שוטרי' אלא מן הלוים שנאמר (דברי הימים ב יט, יא) ושוטרים הלוים לפניכם עכשיו אין מעמידין שוטרים אלא מישראל שנאמר ושוטרים הרבים בראשיכם: Rav Ḥisda said: Initially they would establish officers over the people only from among the Levites, ...


8

I believe the story you’re looking for is in Bava Metzi’a 83b: אשקיוהו סמא דשינתא ועיילוהו לביתא דשישא וקרעו לכריסיה הוו מפקו מיניה דיקולי דיקולי דתרבא They gave him a sedative to drink, and they brought him into a house of marble, and cut open his belly. They removed baskets upon baskets of fat from it.


8

It is in the Yam shel Shlomo to the fifth perek of Bava Kamma


8

The design is from the gate-page (also known as Daf Shaar or Shaar Blatt) of the Romm Press's famous Shas Vilna: (From an original Vilna Brachot. Source) The design is sometimes simply known as "the Vilna gate". There's a lot of symbolism in the design. First of all, the entire concept of gate-pages symbolizes inviting the reader to come and enter ...


7

Tosafos (Gittin 68a, ד"ה וכתיב) addresses this very point, and refers to that episode in Bava Basra: אף על פי שזה הפסוק לא נכתב עדיין היו יודעין כמו ארור עושה מלאכת ה' רמיה בפ' לא יחפור (ב"ב דף כא:) גבי יואב Even though the posuk hadn't yet been written, they knew [the concept] already, as with [the verse in Yirmiyah in the episode with] Yoav. As ...


7

All orders [with the exception of Zeraim] are sorted by the size of the tractates, and Yevamot (16 chapters) is bigger then Ketuvot (13 chapters).


7

I recommend studying the entire tractate. The majority of it does, in fact, discuss actual idolatry. For example: MISHNA: And these are the festivals of gentiles: Kalenda, Saturnalia, and Kratesis, and the day of the festival of their kings, and the birthday of the king, and the anniversary of the day of the death of the king. (Avodah Zara 8a) This mishnah ...


7

See Shabbat 156a: כְּתִיב אַפִּינְקָסֵיהּ דְּרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן לֵוִי: הַאי מַאן דִּבְחַד בְּשַׁבָּא, יְהֵי גְּבַר וְלָא חֲדָא בֵּיהּ... מַאי טַעְמָא? דְּאִיבְּרוֹ בֵּיהּ אוֹר וָחוֹשֶׁךְ. הַאי מַאן דְּבִתְרֵי בְּשַׁבָּא יְהֵי גְּבַר רַגְזָן. מַאי טַעְמָא? מִשּׁוּם דְּאִיפְּלִיגוּ בֵּיהּ מַיָּא. הַאי מַאן דְּבִתְלָתָא בְּשַׁבָּא — יְהֵי גְּבַר עַתִּיר ...


6

It's in נוסחת הריב"ן on the side of the page in Nazir there, near the end of note Vov (referenced within the text of the Rashi). Here's what it looks like in the Vilna Shas, with the relevant parts highlighted:


6

Rashi to Shabbat 115b explains that it is because these two verses are considered a complete book of the Torah on their own (quoting the gemara later on 116a).


6

The Chidushei Agadata of the Maharsha points you to the same memoir in Sanhedrin 20a. There he explains that the Mizbeach - usually - gets the bird offerings that a wife brings, mostly from the first wife. I.e. once she is divorced, the Mizbeach gets fewer offerings, hence the Mizbaech being upset over their divorce. I guess "second marriages" tend to be ...


6

You can find the following editions of חדושי רבי חנום on the Otzar website. Bava Kammah Bava Metziah Bava Basra Gittin Yevamos It will allow you to have 150 pages of free access and the remaining pages will come with a charge. Likewise you can access the שיעורי רבי נחום there as well: Bava Metziah & Bava Basra (first 150 pages free) Yevamos & Gittin ...


6

This forum discussion adds one possible answer: The Mishnah in Shekalim 3:2 brings the opinion of Rabbi Yishmael that some things in the Beit Hamikdash had Greek letters written on them. Tiferet Yisrael explains that at that time, the Jews may have been more familiar with Greek than with Hebrew. Thus, if the original sources listed above were from a time ...


5

The Rashei Galusa in Bavel were descended from David, and we know that some of them were among the Amoraim. They include the earlier Rav Huna (a contemporary of R' Yehudah Hanassi, and possibly a teacher of Shmuel), Mar Ukva, and Rav Huna brei dR' Nosson. Also R' Nosson (the Av Beis Din in the time of Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel II) was a son of the Reish ...


5

I found this book yesterday in my yeshiva's library. It seems like an interesting book. In any case, the book describes his technique at length, but there's one specific chapter called "סדר הלימוד בקיצור" - "The progression of study in short". I'll bring what he says there in my own words: Learn a quarter or a third of the page (from the ...


5

No, goodness no. Rambam finishes Ch. 15 of Laws of High Courts and their Punishments with the complete list of sins that theoretically warrant the death penalty, and it's not on there. Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, Igros Moshe OC4:117 (addressing "Mr. ABC"), says its punishment is less than kares, which itself is less than court-conducted capital punishment. "As ...


5

Ben Yehoyada sidesteps the issue by positing that either they were not directly behind her, or that there was more than four amos between them. ואין להקשות איך היה הולך אחרי אשתו? דאפשר היה מצדד צידודי. אי נמי היה יותר מארבע אמות ביניהם דמותר כמפורש בדברי רבינו האר"י ז"ל בשער המצות. Maharsha says that a host has to enter first because of Derech ...


5

The Talmud states (Sanhedrin 17a) that one can only be appointed to the Sanhedrin if he can prove that a sheretz is pure (despite the fact that a sheretz is impure): אמר רב יהודה אמר רב אין מושיבין בסנהדרין אלא מי שיודע לטהר את השרץ מה"ת Rab Judah said in Rab's name: None is to be given a seat on the Sanhedrin unless he is able to prove the cleanness ...


5

Rambam, the most prolific rishonic author of laws of Zeraim, writes as follows in his introduction to Mishneh Torah: ומשני הגמרות ומן התוספתות ומספרא וספרי (ומן התוספות) מכולם יתבאר האסור והמותר הטמא והטהור החיוב והפטור הפסול והכשר כמו שהעתיקו איש מפי איש מפי משה רבינו מסיני From the entire [body of knowledge stemming from] the two Talmuds, the Tosefta, the ...


5

The OU website notes a good reason: While Masechet Yevamot focuses on the rules and regulations concerning levirate marriage, nevertheless, it involves an examination of forbidden sexual and marital relationships, as well as the severity of those prohibitions. Thus, the study of Masechet Yevamot becomes a basic source for all of Seder Nashim.


5

There is a somewhat lengthy discussion of this in the Talmud: אמר רבי אבדימי דמן חיפה מיום שחרב בית המקדש ניטלה נבואה מן הנביאים וניתנה לחכמים אטו חכם לאו נביא הוא הכי קאמר אע"פ שניטלה מן הנביאים מן החכמים לא ניטלה אמר אמימר וחכם עדיף מנביא שנאמר ונביא לבב חכמה מי נתלה במי הוי אומר קטן נתלה בגדול אמר אביי תדע דאמר גברא רבה מילת' ומתאמר' משמיה דגברא רבה ...


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