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The gemara on Yoma 26a explains that there was just one lottery that covered both services: א"ר יוחנן אין מפייסין על תמיד של בין הערבים אלא כהן שזכה בו בשחרית זוכה בו ערבית Rabbi Yoḥanan said: They did not hold a separate lottery for the slaughtering and sacrifice of the daily afternoon offering. Rather, the same priest who won a particular ...


5

Most of the commentators agree with the premise you state: there is no need to study the Mishna alone. The Mishna clearly held no independent standing in the eyes of Rashi as in his commentary he would not flesh out the concepts presented in the Mishna, but rather said “it is explained in the Gemara,” ("בגמרא מפרש"); in other words, the concepts and ...


5

R. Yehuda Amital is quoted as saying in a sicha: אחת הבעיות של החוטא היא שהוא רואה את עצמו כשפל ואינו תופש כמה כוח טמון בו. גם אלישע בן אבויה חשב שלא יוכל לחזור בתשובה. הוא שמע קול מאחורי הפרגוד " 'שובו בנים שובבים' - חוץ מאחר" (חגיגה טו ע"א); איש מלבדו לא שמע קול זה - הוא בעצם שכנע את עצמו שזה מצבו.‏ One of the difficulties facing a sinner is ...


3

If the Naara seduces the man and her father is not alive he does not pay the penalty as she wanted it and she has forgiven the money (but if she was raped he would have to pay her) Mishne Lemelech Naaro Besula 2,14: ואם אין לה אב הרי הן של עצמה. פי' דוקא באונס אבל מפותה אין לה כלום שכבר מחלה However when the father is alive she is in his jurisdiction ...


2

Pirkei Avos 5:21 states how the study of Mishnah should proceed the study of Talmud: הוּא הָיָה אוֹמֵר, בֶּן חָמֵשׁ שָׁנִים לַמִּקְרָא, בֶּן עֶשֶׂר לַמִּשְׁנָה, בֶּן שְׁלשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה לַמִּצְוֹת, בֶּן חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה לַתַּלְמוּד [R' Yehuda Ben Teima] used to say: At five years of age the study of Scripture; At ten the study of Mishnah; At thirteen ...


2

You might as well have asked: There are books and courses on studying the Mishna. Just the Mishna. Why would anyone want to study the Mishna by itself, without studying the commentary of R. Ovadya of Bartinura ("Rav") at the same time? Practically speaking, when you study the Mishna, don't you also study the Rav on the side, to understand the Mishna? It's ...


2

Why would people assume that “Afriki” is Africa? Because that's how the Greeks (whose influence on Judaism and many other cultures is well documented) spell and pronounce the word Αφρικη until this very day. Other than the name being similar to the English one, why would one assume that אפריקי in the Gemara has anything to do ...


1

Yes. The 5th chapter of Maaser Sheini has both, immediately adjacent to each other. Maaser Sheini 5:10-14 gives laws of viduy maaser, and then Mishnah 15 says that at a particular time Yochanan Kohen Gadol said not to do it. Since 10-14 weren't practically applicable at the time of the mishnah, the implication is that they're universal whenever viduy ...


1

The Gemara in Yevamos (53b) and Sanhedrin (74b) tells us the nature of a Man when it comes to sexual relations: אין קישוי אלא לדעת That a man cannot develop or maintain an erection without his knowledge or intent to do so. The Gemara also tells us in contrast with man, that a woman is קרקע עולם. Meaning that she is always considered as a passive actor. ...


1

Vayikra Rabbah (7:3) explains the benefit of learning Mishnah [seemingly, in Seder Kodoshim], as this can be in the place of bringing Karbnos, as well as heralding the redemption. רַבִּי הוּנָא אָמַר תַּרְתֵּי, אֵין כָּל הַגָּלֻיּוֹת הַלָּלוּ מִתְכַּנְסוֹת אֶלָּא בִּזְכוּת מִשְׁנָיוֹת, מַה טַּעְמָא (הושע ח, י): גַּם כִּי יִתְנוּ בַגּוֹיִם עַתָּה ...


1

Mishna and Talmud are not books x and y. There are kind of learning. See also this post BM 33ab ת"ר העוסקין במקרא מדה ואינה מדה במשנה מדה ונוטלין עליה שכר תנו רבנן רבו שאמרו רבו שלמדו חכמה ולא רבו שלמדו מקרא ומשנה דברי ר"מ The Gemara enumerates different learnings, learning Mikra, Mishna, … the rav who teach Mikra, Mishna, Chochma. Rashi explains ...


1

In Menachos 37a, Rebbi offered to excommunicate Pelimo: בעא מיניה פלימו מרבי מי שיש לו שני ראשים באיזה מהן מניח תפילין א"ל או קום גלי או קבל עלך שמתא אדהכי אתא ההוא גברא א"ל איתיליד לי ינוקא דאית ליה תרי רישי כמה בעינן למיתב לכהן Pelimo asked of Rebbe, “Someone who has two heads - on which of them does he place tefillin?” He said to him, “Either go ...


1

Here is a Halachic definition of Rasha. Contextually, it is used to define personnel who cannot serve as a legal witness. Shulchan Aruch, Choshen Mishpat 34:2: איזה רשע כל שעבר עבירה שחייבים עליה מלקות ואצ"ל אם חייבים עליה מיתת ב"ד ל"ש אם עבר לתיאבון ל"ש אם עבר להכעיס Who is a Rasha? One who overrides a prohibition which is subsequently punishable ...


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Someone who is a חוטא ומחטי את הרבים. Someone who wins and causes others to sin. The mishna in Avos (5:18) says : כָּל הַמְזַכֶּה אֶת הָרַבִּים, אֵין חֵטְא בָּא עַל יָדוֹ. וְכָל הַמַּחֲטִיא אֶת הָרַבִּים, אֵין מַסְפִּיקִין בְּיָדוֹ לַעֲשׂוֹת תְּשׁוּבָה. משֶׁה זָכָה וְזִכָּה אֶת הָרַבִּים, זְכוּת הָרַבִּים תָּלוּי בּוֹ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים לג) ...


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Not a definitive answer. But, I happened to have come a crossed this Tosfos today. See: Tosfos in Arachin 16b D"H V'anavah She'lo L'shma. His last words are לא ישר אלי, דהוה רשע גמור״"


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