Probably the most famous story about a group that gave up their lives instead of doing Gilui Arayot is the story about 400 boys and girls that gave up their lives, as brought down in the Talmud Gittin 57b:
מעשה בד' מאות ילדים וילדות שנשבו לקלון הרגישו בעצמן למה הן מתבקשים אמרו אם אנו טובעין בים אנו באין לחיי העולם הבא דרש להן הגדול שבהן (תהלים סח, כג) אמר ...
Most if not all of the translations below include detailed notes that cite many other Rabbinical works.
(It must be noted that the purposes of the translations and commentaries listed below varied widely. Some of the authors were humanists interested in classicism, comparative religion and jurisprudence, and the like; others, some of who were apostates, had ...
Megillah 28b (English)
ההוא דהוי תני הלכתא סיפרא וסיפרי ותוספתא ושכיב אתו ואמרו ליה לרב נחמן ליספדיה מר אמר היכי נספדיה הי צנא דמלי סיפרי דחסר
there was a certain man who used to
repeat halachoth, Sifra and Sifre and Tosefta, and when he died they came and said to R. Nahman,
Sir, will you deliver a funeral oration for him, and he said, How are we to deliver ...
In their introduction to Yerushalmi Brachot, artscroll adress this question and write that Bavli is better edited, more complete, better commented, easier to understand and less prone to alternative readings.
They note that
The period of the Bavli lasted 150 years more than the Yerushalmi, allowing the former to be redacted, edited, its text refined and ...
1st place: Bava Kama 77a has 9 words of gemara on it and is thus the shortest amud with words of gemara on it in shas. The Tosfos that fills the page is very VERY big.
A close 2nd place is Yoma 56a with 12 words.
The Shortest Daf in shas that has words on both pages is Nedarim 45a-b which has 69 words (not including Hadran Alach).
First of all congratulations for wanting to grow in your Jewish learning. Learning Talmud means different things. One approach is to learn the structure of the Talmud, its way of approaching issues, the various elements of logic it uses, key elements of language (the Talmud is written in Aramaic). This is best accomplished by picking a few pages and learning ...
I would say "maybe" or "it depends" to both.
In Gittin 56b-57a there's a story in which Onkelos bar Kalonikos, the nephew of Titus, wishes to convert to Judaism, but before that, consults three evil men through necromancy. One of these is a man called "יש"ו"/"Jesus":
"Onkelos then went and raised Jesus [the ...
The story is brought down in Chagiga 15b:
When Acher died, they said, "We cannot judge him to punishment [in Gehinnom], but we cannot enter him into the World to Come. We cannot judge him to punishment, because he toiled in Torah; we cannot enter him into the World to Come, because he sinned." Rabbi Meir said, "It is better that they sentence him [so as ...
רמי רב טובי בר רב קיסנא לרבא תנן כל העושה מצוה אחת מטיבין לו עשה אין לא עשה לא ורמינהי ישב ולא עבר עבירה נותנים לו שכר כעושה מצוה אמר ליה התם כגון שבא דבר עבירה לידו וניצול הימנה
Rav Tuvi bar Rav Kisna raises a contradiction to Rava and asked: We
learned in the mishna that anyone who performs one mitzva has goodness
bestowed upon ...
ארבעה אין הדעת סובלתן אלו הן דל גאה ועשיר מכחש וזקן מנאף ופרנס מתגאה על הציבור בחנם
Four types of people cannot be endured by anyone: An arrogant pauper; a wealthy person who denies monetary claims against him; a lecherous old man; and a leader who lords over the community for no cause.
This immediately follows another statement of R. Kahana's, which also quoted an exegesis of R. Nasan b. Minyome's in the name of R. Tanchum. Quoting another statement from the same people is pretty common in the Bavli.
But there can be a deeper explanation also:
Tora T'mima (ad loc.) shows that the brothers must not have known that the pit had snakes and ...
Firstly hatzlocho on this very worthwhile endeavour!
There are a wealth of resources online which collectively can provide anything from a basic translation to a more in-depth review and more. I am not sure if there is one website in isolation that will give you everything you want but you may want to peruse the following options below to see what works best ...
Yes, there are several mishna traditions. The Wikipedia article has the gist: there are the Mishnah-only manuscripts, Talmud Yerushalmi manuscripts, and Talmud Bavli manuscripts. The first two are pretty close, whereas the latter diverges. A mishnah-by-mishnah comparison of the Yerushalmi and Bavli traditions can be found in this work by R. Dr. Elimelech ...
Masechet Menachos 29b states that Moshe Rabeinu was allowed to sit in the bais medrash of Rabbi Akivah, but could not follow the learning there.
They told that when Moses went above to receive the Torah, he found
the Holy One, blessed be He, sitting and attaching crowns to the
letters. (Of course, G‑d doesn’t sit, neither does He need to use cut
and paste ...
The commotion is part of a verse in Jeremiah 46:17.
קָרְא֖וּ שָׁ֑ם פַּרְעֹ֤ה מֶֽלֶךְ־מִצְרַ֙יִם֙ שָׁא֔וֹן הֶעֱבִ֖יר הַמּוֹעֵֽד׃
There they called Pharaoh king of Egypt: “Braggart (or: Master of commotion) who let the hour go by.”
Though not everybody agrees that it refers to Pharaoh making a commotion, Rashi and the Metzuda David do explain the verse in ...
Yaavetz address this. He suggests that the tipcha on the word לא in לא תשכח hints to an allowance to mention the name in order to remember Torah. In accordance to the Gemara 'to bring the disgusting one into the study hall', in order to release the holy sparks that are contained within.
He also points to the Gemara stating Haman's children taught Torah in ...
Assuming you are asking regarding the standard (Christian) chapters, there are many chapters that are never cited in the Babylonian Talmud, such as Exodus 37, Joshua 23, Ezra 5, Chronicles I chapter 6, and Chronicles II chapter 8 (see e.g. here). That said, he would have covered an overwhelming majority of Tanach.
From what I can tell off of Sefaria's Connections visualization, by skimming through each Sefer individually and noting the Perakim with no connections, the chapters one will not learn with this method are:
Shmuel I:27, I:29, and II:4
Melachim II:1 and II:16
Yirmiya 20, 35, and 45
Yechezkel 6, 12, 30, 35, and 42
Edit: The longest section of Gemora between Mishayos in the Bomberg edition of Shas is from the first Mishna in Chelek 90a till second Mishna Chelek 107b (about 17.5 daf)
The first mishna in Sanhedrin 2a- 2b till the next Mishna in the second chapter 18a is the second longest gap (16.5 daf).
Pesachim 99b- 114b (14.5 daf)
Bava Basra 42b- 56a (14 daf)
The context is as follows:
ג' אין רואין פני גיהנם אלו הן דקדוקי עניות וחולי מעיין והרשות ויש אומרים אף מי שיש לו אשה רעה ואידך אשה רעה מצוה לגרשה ואידך זימנין דכתובתה מרובה אי נמי אית ליה בנים מינה ולא מצי מגרש לה למאי נפקא מינה לקבולי מאהבה
Three kinds of person do not see the face of Gehenna, viz., [one who suffers from] oppressive poverty, one who is ...
Yeshivish mesechtos are typically the masechtos learned in high school because they are the ones that are more involving (lots of lomdus) and can train a person how to properly learn gemara.
Very often yeshivos have a machzor, cycle of 8 masechtos:
(1,2,3,9) בבא קמא
(1,2,3,9) בבא מציעא
The three categories of biblically prescribed oaths are 1) an oath of a bailee ("Shevuat haShomerim"), 2) an oath to defend a partial monetary rejection ("Modeh beMiktzat"), and 3) an oath to counter a solitary witness ("Eid Echad").
See Rambam, Laws of Shevuot 11:5
This is a good book for a beginner and also for last. Learning tosfot is really learning talmud. All the mefarshim, rishonim and acharonim address the limud of tosfot. In yeshivot people say that if you don't understand the Maharsha, this is a proof that you didn't read accurately the tosfot. So Maharsha (called chidushe halachot) is the main relevant book ...
Sefaria doesn't translate these. But artscroll identifies
nehashim with conjurers or soothsayers (see Rambam MT Avodat Kochavim 11:4)
habarin as snake charmers
bukion and mukion as the characters Bucco and Macchus in a Roman farce (see here)
Salgurin as the name of this farce (see here)
Most of the commentators agree with the premise you state: there is no need to study the Mishna alone. The Mishna clearly held no independent standing in the eyes of Rashi as in his commentary he would not flesh out the concepts presented in the Mishna, but rather said “it is explained in the Gemara,” ("בגמרא מפרש"); in other words, the concepts and ...
Rabbi Aaron Pessin has an entire sefer dedicated to all the "teiku"s that appear in Shas. The entire Sefer can be found online here.
R' Pessin lists 317 times in Shas Bavli from Brachos 8a to Nidda 63a. There is a complete listing which is too large to copy here, but I can at least copy the breakdown by Mesechta.