11

The Rama to Orach Chayim 135:2 writes that if a whole tzibbur missed last weeks laining they should lain both this weeks parsha and last weeks. With regards to a tzibbur missing many shabbasim it is a machlokes. The Mishna Brurah 135:6 brings both opinion. One holds that they make up every single week missed,and according to the other opinion the tzibbur ...


6

The gemara in brachos 6 already mentions the importance of having a specific shul to daven in (some meforshim),and to have a specific seat(other meforshim). The earliest I know of is in teshuvos HaRosh[mid 13th century] in Klal 5 where he discusses Bais Kenesses issues. He has a few simanim where seats are discussed and he mentions the idea of selling ...


6

In describing the synagogues of Bavel in the Twelfth Century, R. Petachia of Ratisbon wrote as follows: בחולו של מועד אומרים המזמורים בכלי שיר On the half-holidays they recite the psalms to the accompaniment of musical instruments, (Travels of Rabbi Petachia of Ratisbon p. 46-47) It seems like the rabbinic authorities there allowed this, and no objection ...


3

Multiple rabbis in various communities that I'm aware of either live-streamed their sermon on Thursday night or recorded themselves delivering it and sent out the recording on Thursday night or Friday.


3

There are many synagogues known to have existed in the Second Temple period both from literature and archaeology (see lists on Hebrew and English Wikipedia). So the question isn't whether they existed, but more what purpose they served. This subject is addressed in Ezra Fleischer's article "On the Beginnings of Obligatory Jewish Prayer" (in Hebrew), ...


3

Recently I was at the Jewish Learning Center in Manalapan, NJ. They had in the front a wood contraption, with a dowel going through, and three sets of digits from 0-9. When they wanted to show the page number, someone manually adjusted the digits. I would imagine this can be made by any carpenter.


2

Choirs are rarely found in Orthodox synagogues nowadays (for reasons beyond the scope of your question), as such there is little literature addressing the topic from an Orthodox perspective. However, choirs seem more common in Reform and Conservative congregations and their rabbinical bodies have documented their views on your question. Here are some ...


2

There is nothing prohibited from either Jews or Gentiles praying in a synagogue at any time of the day. Some synagogues are open all day if they have administrative offices or if they have Hebrew school / yeshiva or some other communal activities during the day. I should clarify the distinction between the synagogue as the whole building vs. the synagogue, ...


2

In order to understand the various answers you may see to this question these days, it's imperative you understand their background. The basic law is to read the Torah sequentially, but occasionally the sequence is interrupted (such as on Yom Tov). All other breaking points are entirely customary. Historically some communities read sequentially to finish the ...


1

Shabbat Candles can be lit from a time called Plag Hamincha, about 1 1/4 seasonal hours before sunset. Check myzmanim.com or a similar site to find the correct time in your area. At its shortest, Plag Hamincha is still half an hour or so before candlelighting time in most of the world. That leaves enough time to light candles before a standard synagogue ...


1

after seeing your question I decided to research that question. It doesnt seem so clear to me and it seems to be a bit of a machlokes. "Rama 53:3 writes that a congregation which doesn't have a minyan at yishtabach should wait until they get a minyan. See both Magen Avraham 53:4 and Mishna Brurah 53:9 who mention waiting a half hour. Igrot Moshe OC 3:4 ...


1

Rashi on the Mishna in Sotah (40b) helps reveal the tasks of these individuals within the "synagogue" - חזן הכנסת - שמש הכנסת שטורח עיסקי הכנסת עליו להכניס ולהוציא ולהפשיט את התיבה ולהכין הכל - The Chazan of the 'synagogue' would do everything needed for the preparations of the congregation's prayer ראש הכנסת - על פיו נחתכין דברי הכנסת מי יפטיר בנביא ...


1

Rav Melamed explains here: לגבי נגינה בכלי שיר בעת התפילה, זהו שינוי שאסור לעשותו בלא הוראה של תלמידי חכמים גדולים. אמנם ההבדלה אינה כגוף התפילה, ומדובר בודאי בפסוקים שלפניה, ולא בעת הברכות עצמם, ולכן אין בזה איסור. - Using instruments suring davening is a forbidden change without the psak of great sages, but havdala isn't part of the essential ...


1

I learned from Rabbi Mizrachi that the halacha is you can't say amen to the kaddish of a mechalel shabbos, if you have a minyan with 9 shomer shabbos and 1 mechalel shabbos all the brachot you make with minyan are brachot in vain, and it's the halachic equivalent of having a non-Jew as a part of the minyah. I asked a Chabad Rabbi, R. Itkin about this, and ...


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