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17

It seems, according to this article, that people found a way. It would seem that as long as Jews stayed in the moderate climate on the shores of the Mediterranean, there was no difficulty obtaining etrogim for the holiday. As people moved north into France, Germany, Poland and Russia, however, the temperature-sensitive tree could not exist and tremendous ...


12

The Gemara (Sukkah 37B) asks the same question: R. Jeremiah enquired of R. Zerika, Why in the blessing do we say only ‘To take the palm-branch’? — Because it towers above the others. Then why should not one lift up the ethrog and recite the blessing over it? — The reason is, the other answered him, that as a species it naturally towers above all of them.


12

Mishna Berura 660:1:3 says that when the Sefer Torah is on the Bimah those on the Mizrach (eastern wall) turn around to face the Torah their right side is now facing Tzafon (north) therfore they start in that direction.


11

Tefillin may not be donned on Shabbat and Yom Tov (Menachot 36b, Shulchan Aruch OC 31:1). Rav Yosef Karo (ibid :2) rules that the days of Chol HaMoed are included in this prohibition, but Rav Moshe Isserlis rules they are not included and Tefillin should be worn. Modern customs vary widely on the latter point and one's personal rabbi should be consulted ...


11

As the Mishnah Berurah there explains, it’s because of תשבו כעין תדורו - one lives in the sukkah as he would in his house. You would leave your house if it was causing you significant discomfort, so you may leave the sukkah under the same circumstances.


10

Even if there's a decoration that completely covers the schach, if it's placed there merely for decoration, than it isn't a problem, provided that the decorations are within 4 tefachim of the schach (Gemara Sukka 10a, Shulchan Aruch O.C. 627:4) However, this is assuming that they have been placed there for the purpose of decorations, otherwise, even a small ...


9

I've tried the paper towel/aluminum foil (my father's method) idea, keeping them in the fridge, and keeping them in water. One year I got a whole lot of them and experimented with around seven different methods for each pair, to see at the end of the week which method would be the best. The winner (and what I've been doing every year since then): wet them ...


8

The Tur (O.C. 625) indicates that you are correct in your question, as he explains why Sukkos isn't in the spring, since we got the huts after we left Egypt in the spring, and it should be then that we celebrate. But it was moved to make it more obvious that we are doing it for the Mitzvah, and not to appreciate the nice weather. This seems to imply that ...


8

This is a Machloket in the Talmud (Sukkah 27b, see OC 637) and the Halacha follows the Sages that one can start building a Sukkah on Chol HaMoed. Even R Eliezer who argued there agreed that if one's Sukkah fell down on Chol HaMoed that one can rebuild it.


8

I would like to potentially challenge the premise of the question. You assume that the threshold of "someone who is in pain" only applies to the mitzvah of succah. However, R. Joseph Messas has a responsum where he seems to apply this rule beyond the mitzvah of succah. The question he was asked involved a certain case where two couples needed to get married ...


8

This is simply understood as a dispute in girsaos. In terms of historically who said what, how could we know? In terms of halacha, the Aruch LaNer ad. loc., and in his Bikkurei Yaakov 625:2, says that the definitive version is the one found in Sifra and Mechilta. This is how the Tur Orach Chaim § 625 could rule that the booths were the clouds of glory, being ...


8

In my book Lashon HaKodesh: History, Holiness, & Hebrew (Mosaica Press, 2015), on page 232 I wrote: This idea comes up again in another, closely related, discussion. According to Kabbalah, on each day of the seven-day Sukkos festival, one of seven historical Jewish forefathers “visits” all the Jews’ sukkos as a spiritual guest known as Ushpizin (...


7

I've heard that after the sin of the Golden Calf, the Clouds of Glory were taken away. After Yom Kippur, Moshe told the Jews to start donating for the Mishkan. On Sukkos, all the necessary materials were obtained, and the Clouds of Glory returned.


7

Nitei Gavriel Sukkah 37:6:10 says that some have a Minhag to place a special chair for the Ushpizin. He mentions it the name of the Chida - Avodas Hakodesh 289 - He also mentions it in the name of the Kaf HaChaim 639:8. Kaf HaChaim 639:8 mentions it from the Zohar Parshas Lech Lecha 93:1. Sefer Be'er Miriam says he saw the Chida do so.


7

The Gra (commentary to Canticles 1:4) explains that the Clouds of Glory returned to the Jewish camp on 15 Tishrei after leaving due to the sin of the Golden Calf. (He reasons that Moshe came down with the second set of tablets on 10 Tishrei. He immediately gave the command to build the Mishkan on 11 Tishrei. The people brought gifts for two mornings. On 14 ...


7

The Talmud asks this question. The Yerushalmi (Sukkah 5:1) answers simply that Hallel is read all week on Sukkot due to the ongoing Mitzva of the Lulav (which is taken and waved during Hallel). The Bavli (Arachin 10) answers that since each day of Sukkot has its own unique Korban Musaf (the number of bulls changes each day, cf. Numbers 29) then in a certain ...


7

The reason for taking seventy aravot on Succot was to signify the additional seventy bulls which were sacrificed on the holiday (cf. Sukka 52b); such was the custom of the Sura Academy as attested to by Natronai Gaon (Shaare Teshuvah §312). See also Otzar HaGeonim (Sukka ibid) for additional significations. The custom was ultimately codified by Tur (OC §651, ...


7

"And it is permitted to drink water and wine and eat fruit [even if he established himself on them- REMA's own opinion] outside of the Sukkah. And he who is stringent upon himself, and will not drink even water outside of the Sukkah, he is praised." Shulchan Aruch with Rema; 639:2 "Water and wine and to eat fruit - The reason is that eating even a lot of ...


6

What I'd seen around the blogosphere was that it was an innovation by "Rabbi" (he was never formally ordained) Shraga Feivel Mendolowitz intended for Torah UMesorah community day schools that were open on Chol Hamoed (probably in the 1960s, I assume). Some of the students were not observant and didn't have a sukkah at home, so they'd take class trips to see ...


6

The Rambam in Moreh Nevukhim 3:43 says that Pesach is 7 days because a seven day period is an intermediate period between the natural day and lunar month. Just as this has significance in nature (according to Munk, this refers to the medical view at the time that 7 days was a turning point in illnesses), it is significant for the Torah, because the Torah ...


6

The Yerushalmi Sukka 15b halacha 8 seems to be the source for shaking three times : דף טו,ב פרק ג הלכה ח גמרא הא בהודו לא. להוציא אף באנא ה' הצליחה נא. רב חייה בר אשי בשם רב זה שהוא משכים לצאת לדרך נוטל לולב ומנענע. שופר ותוקע. לכשתגיע עונות קריאת שמע ה"ז קורא את שמע ומתפלל. תני צריך לנענע ג' פעמים ר' זעירה בעי הכין חד והכין חד. או הכין והכין חד. ...


6

There’s two main parts to Sukkos: the “Yom Tov,” on which most acts which are forbidden on the Sabbath are also forbidden (the main exception being many things that are involved in food preparation), and “Chol HaMoed,” on which some acts forbidden on Yom Tov are also forbidden, but which is generally more lenient. This year, the “Yom Tov” part of Sukkos ...


5

My Rabbi wrote an article on this here. Question: I am going on a family outing on Chol Hamoed. Do I need to ensure that I eat in a Sukka? Answer: The Gemara in Sukka (26a) teaches us that one is exempt from eating and sleeping in a Sukka while travelling because teishvu kaein taduru, one doesn’t alter one’s normal living habits in order to live in a ...


5

Igros Moshe OC 3:93 writes that a traveler for pleasure is not exempt from sukkah. Kovetz Halachos 16:26 writes that one is technically exempt even for pleasure, but he ends off saying that nowadays one can find a sukkah almost everywhere and one would be obligated to sit and sleep in the sukkah.


5

I was just referred to "How to keep your aravos fresh throughout sukkos: The definitive guide for frustrated palm-frond wavers", an apparently anonymous document describing a series of nine experiments, carefully testing different strategies for keeping Aravot fresh. Read the whole thing to see all of the strategies tested and all of the results, including ...


5

Rabbi Yoshia (Sukkah 7b) claims that walls must also provide shade and therefore may not be constructed from transparent material. But I think you can decorate the walls enough to guarantee enough shade for comfort or lay plastic sheets like tarp. Since I am a female, I am not a posek, but just suggesting my idea to help solve the problem of a sukkah with ...


5

I am a Lubavitcher Chassisd myself that learns in a Lithuanian yeshiva. Before Sukkos one year, during a Halacha class, my rebbe was speaking about this topic of sleeping in the sukkah, and I mentioned that in Chabad they don't sleep in the Sukkah because its too holy. He got really angry at that and said "Well we follow like the Shulchan Aruch" and then ...


5

Jewish Chronicle states Apparently, the earliest source for the custom of welcoming the Ushpizin on Succot is in the Zohar, the classic of Kabbalah. The Zohar makes clear that a central reason is to stress the importance of inviting guests to share the holiday with us: "One must also gladden the poor, and the portion [that would otherwise have ...


5

This is addressed in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 631,10: סוכה שאין לה גג כגון שהיו ראשי הדפנות דבוקות זו בזו כמין צריף או שסמך ראש הדופן של סוכה לכותל פסולה ואם היה לה גג אפילו טפח או שהגביה הדופן הסמוך לכותל מן הקרקע טפח הרי זו כשרה. הגה: וצריך שיהיה בה שבעה טפחים על שבעה בגובה עשרה טפחים (טור) A Succah without a flat roof at all e.g the entire walls ...


5

Waving the lulav represents our victorious emergence from the judgment of Rosh Hashanah/Yom Kippur. The following Midrash appears in Midrash Tanchuma on Parshat Emor # 18: ולקחתם לכם ביום הראשון זה שאמר הכתוב אז ירננו כל עצי יער לפני ה' כי בא כי בא לשפוט הארץ במי הכתוב מדבר בישראל ובאומות העולם שהקדוש ברוך הוא דן אותן ביום הכפורים אלו ואלו נכנסין ...


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