12

The source in Halacha is Shulchan Arukh (Even HaEzer 21:1) צריך אדם להתרחק מהנשים מאד מאד...ואסור לשחוק עמה...‏ A man must distance himself from women very, very much...it is forbidden to play with her... among lots of other things men shouldn't be doing with unrelated women. Many of the specific examples brought there and elsewhere in older texts ...


11

An intriguing question, but I think you need to split this question into multiple questions. So I'm just going to focus on the first part of the question. "Why is Judaism comprised of so many precise stringencies in comparison to other religions?" I can not provide any sources for my answer, because I believe it is a "new answer", however it is one that ...


11

There are two basic schools of thought about this principle cited by Rebbi Zeira. The Talmud in Niddah 66a is the most primary source for the discussion of this. אמר רב התקין רבי בשדות ראתה יום אחד תשב ששה והוא שנים תשב ששה והן שלשה תשב שבעה נקיים אמר ר' זירא בנות ישראל החמירו על עצמן שאפילו רואות טפת דם כחרדל יושבות עליה שבעה נקיים Rav said: Rebbi ...


10

R. Herschel Schachter quotes an informative anecdote (in this essay): Rabbi Yehuda Amital (shlit”a) relates that when he was a teenager learning in yeshiva, when the students learned Mishna Berura and came across a statement that “one who is a ba'al nefesh should act on accordance with the stringent view”, they thought to themselves that this certainly ...


9

The Aruch HaShulchan - Siman 8 Seif 10 - who to my knowledge was not a Sefardi - writes: וכן נכון לעשות שלא יהיה בהטלית רק צמר And so it is correct to do: to make the tallit only out of wool. It is interesting that Ashkenazim do not seem to be particular about this, yet Sefardim are!


9

R' Dovid Feinstein rules that chalav stam in the US is permissible me'ikar hadin year-round, so it is not comparable to pas palter and one need not be strict to the same degree of pas palter. However, he does maintain that chalav Yisrael is ideal, so it seems like he might consider it a reasonable optional practice to undertake during the aseres y'mei t'...


8

This is not a practice unique to Chabad, and did not even originate with Chabad. The Nitei Gavriel (Pesach vol 2, chapter 39, paragraph 14) mentions this custom, saying that "Many are stringent on Pesach to only eat peeled vegetables". In the footnote he references the Chayei Adam 127:2 (not a Chabad source) and Orchot Chayim Lifshitz (notes to Orach ...


8

Datim is generally the equivalent of Modern Orthodox in the US. Charedim is an umbrella name for Chasidim, Yeshivish and any other variety of strict Orthodox who try to observe Jewish Laws and customs (e.g. the Shulchan Aruch and early commentaries) to the letter. Chasidim are in the Chareidi category with an emphasis on minhagim which are largely based on ...


8

First thing... The Mishnah Berurah (including the Be'ur Halakhah) has a number of idioms for soft stringency, ie for presenting a stringency as a desired objective but not as baseline law. Some statistics from Benjamin Brown's article in Contemporary Jewry (table on pg 2 of the PDF): Yeish/tov/nachon/raui lehachmir: 458 times ... lachush: 223 ... lizaheir / ...


7

According to Eretz Chemda, if he is a "Tinok shenishba", his wine would be kosher. If he isn't (he says he denies Hashem after he investigated the matter) and is Mechalel Shabbos in public (even in front of a Torah Scholar), his wine would be Yayin Nesech.


7

My rebbi in הלכות שחיטה told me that chassidishe שחיטה used to mean that the שוחט had special intent to release the גלגול in the animal and/or to release the inherent spark נצוצות that are in every thing, but eventually that knowledge got lost even to the חסידים (as far as most people know), and now it is only a remembrance to that earlier time.


7

If you really need a Shulchan Aruch which addresses this type of issue, I'll quote from the end of hilchos yom tov siman 529 where the Mechaber just finished talking about simchas yom tov and what bad things can come out from too much fun. He then brings from the Rambam: "Beis Din is required to appoint watchmen on the festivals to go wandering and ...


6

While I'm late to this discussion, I'd like to straighten out and clarify the issues involved. There are a number of matters here: 1) Yiras Shamayim. This requirement in a shochet predates chasidism by a long time, and is quite mainstream. Here is a quote from Shulchan Aruch (YD 18:17): טבח שלא הראה סכינו לחכם (ונמצאת יפה), היו מנדין אותו. ואם נמצאת פגומה, ...


6

The technicalities of shechitah create a very fine line between a kosher shechitah and one that results in neveila meat. For example, applying too much downward pressure on the knife, or pausing during the procedure, can totally invalidate the shechitah. It is basically the shochet's call as to whether the necessary parameters were fulfilled. However, the ...


6

The traditional practice in Chabad was to only start putting on Rabbeinu Tam Teffilin with permission from the Rebbe* (basically establishing that they had achieved this requisite level of piety), and typically after marriage. However, the Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch writes in the siddur that: כל אשר נגע יראת אלהים בלבו יניח תפילין דרבינו תם בלא ברכה אחר ...


6

As discussed previously: Yoreh Deah 240 siman 8 says that kibud av v'em does not override "any torah or rabinic commandment." Beis Lechem Yehuda there comments: If a son knows that his parents fret when he fasts, he should not fast any days that are not obligatory. The Pischei Teshuva talks about wearing black as a sign of mourning, or saying kaddish; ...


6

R. Avrohom G. Yachnes addresses this in his commentary to Orchos Tzadikim. A Treasure for Life Vol. I p. 62 On the other hand: Years ago, while in kollel, I had the unusual privilege of engaging in conversation with HaGaon R' Yaakov Kamenetsky zt"l, during a visit to our yeshiva. I said to R' Yaakov that after stating the halacha, the Mishnah ...


5

While there might be some differences in customs and halachic positions, all of these groups believe in following the Shulchan Aruch. I would say that the biggest difference between Dati and Chareidi is that Dati men will generally get jobs to support their families and will join the army. Chareidim, including Chassidim, usually emphasize the importance of ...


5

To add to Shmuel Brin's answer: R' Moshe Feinstein rules that a Jew married to a non-Jew is presumed to not observe Shabbos, and R' Moshe implies that such a person would have the presumptive status of a public Shabbos violator. Accordingly, R' Moshe rules that non-mevushal wine such a person touches is forbidden (Igros Moshe YD vol. 2, §132). R' Yosef ...


5

There are different types of Chumrot, as I see it. 1. Fence Sometimes we (personal or dictated by Chazal) need a fence to keep us away from the actual transgression. This way, if we stumble we hit the fence and don't fall into the pit of sin. This is the fence referred to - and recommended - in the first Mishna in Pirkei Avot. This is your typical Humra. ...


5

The rationale behind this is that if the straps turn over, the black will still show. Call it Frum marketing. See Mishnah Berurah 33:21 and Ohr Zaruah 564 - this is the view of Rambam, though we don't accustom ourselves to do this! The Shevet Halevi 9:16 disapproved - none of the Gedolim did this until now! Kikar Shabbat reports that R' Eliashiv refused to ...


5

Yeshivat Hesder Yerucham has a long discussion on Kibud Av V'Aim. It mentions in the name of Harav Yaakov Ariel that Midas Chasidus is not Doche Kibud Av V'Aim. הוא מסביר שזה תלוי בשאלה האם הידור מצווה דוחה כיבוד אב ואם, שכן במצוות מלחמת מצווה יוצאים ידי חובה גם כטוראי פשוט. הרי"א מוכיח שמידת חסידות לא דוחה כבוד אב ואם, וכן מנהג.


5

The Igros Moshe (YD 2:33) writes that the common custom is to consume pas palter even where pas yisrael is easily available.


4

You seem to be confusing Buber's neo-Chassidism and Carlebach's kiruv-Chassidism with actual Chassidism. Both of these authors had an agenda of advertising a secularized version of chassidism to their followers. Original Chassidism was more about adding on to existing Jewish practice by providing commoners with something that they could connect outside of ...


4

TL;DR: Chassidus has already accomplished much of what it set out to do, and has caused significant changes in the "mainstream" of yesteryear, such that the non-Chassidism of today is really a product of both the "mainstream" of yesteryear, and Chassidus itself. Warning: Serious over-simplifications below. While it is true that Chassidus has changed quite ...


4

Are you asking why Judaism has so much legal stringency compared to other religions? If so, I think your impression of "orthodox" Islam is mistaken. As for the other, that whole "breaking away from the law" thing was largely the point... Conversion is a separate question, but it is precisely because of Judaism's many laws that it is not taken lightly, but ...


4

I don't know. But Rav El'azar Meir Teitz provided some data points (but the hyperlinks are mine): The comment was made that there is "a minhag amoung many chassidim to not eat anywhere except in their own house." This… was not restricted to chassidim; it was apparently the norm in Lita as well. My father z"l taught me to take nothing in another house ...


4

The P'ri To'ar (YD 19:1) in a discussion of the obligation to slaughter a Ben Pekua' (live offspring found in a kosher slaughtered mother which biblically is included in the mother's slaughtering but rabbinically requires its own slaughtering because of chashad -- looking suspicious) mentions this rule of Chanukkah (which also relates to chashad) and notes ...


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