15

The English term for this tool is an entrenching tool. Here it is described as standard issue gear for a paratrooper in the IDF. As far as I know, it is pretty standard, when required, for soldiers in most any modern army. I suppose we could speculate if the Torah requires a soldier to carry one even if it isn't technically needed (just in case ...) or if ...


12

Interesting question and it is true that artscroll's biography of R Moshe Feinstein doesn't address the question explicitly. Here are a few relevant statements showing R Moshe's position. From the statements below I perceive a "positive-neutral attitude", for sure without any virulence against the State but also not proactively recommending alyah. One ...


10

Need to provide sources, but on one foot, I think the best way to describe his position was: "a convenient distance." Zionism wasn't Rav Moshe's raison d'etre; neither was anti-Zionism. When you're thousands of miles away, that's a position you can afford to have. Just for perspective, consider the pragmatic view of his senior peer, R' Yosef Eliyahu Henkin. ...


9

The Sefer HaChinuch writes as follows: Sefer HaChinuch Mitzvah # 410 ונוהגת מצוה זו בזמן שישראל על אדמתן וסנהדרין של שבעים ואחד יושבין במקומן המוכן להם בירושלם לדין דיני נפשות And this commandment is operative during the time that Israel is on their land and the Sanhedrin of 71 is sitting in their place that is prepared for them in Jerusalem ...


8

This question is far too broad to answer here but the essence of what they follow is based upon the teachings of Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum. There are two primary sources that lay out their approach. The first is קונטרס על הגאולה ועל התמורה which is, as best I can tell, not available on the internet. The second is ויואל משה which can be found here. It is ...


7

Coincidence. The bible does not explicitly state the year in which Abraham was born, and as such, there have been disagreements about the calculations of the biblical years. Thus, it is unclear if Abraham was actually born in the year 1948 from Creation. The current civil calendar is the Gregorian Calendar, based on the Julian Calendar, which was created ...


7

There are numerous prophecies about the Messianic era and they are generally viewed together as a "single package". As such, Orthodox Judaism is hesitant to declare a single prophecy of that package fulfilled in case there is a snag in the fulfillment of the other and it turns out that that declaration was in error. The more Zionist groups of Orthodoxy will ...


6

While the verse cited does predict a return of the Jews to the land of Israel it also includes details which have not yet been realized. The return of large numbers of Jews to Israel and an independent Jewish state are a necessary condition for the fulfillment of this prophecy (and others) but not a sufficient condition for its fulfillment. That this ...


6

Shortly before the year 70, Jerusalem was surrounded by Roman troops. Raban Yochanan ben Zakai attempted to negotiate a surrender with the Romans. He recognized there was no realistic outcome in which Jewish self-rule remained over Jerusalem. He was opposed by Jewish religious terrorists known as the Sicarii (Latin for "dagger people") who wanted ...


5

Rashi does not say that one should not join the army younger than 20, as the questioner put it. That is an interpretation read into the words of Rashi. Rashi says: כל יצא צבא: מגיד שאין יוצא בצבא פחות מבן עשרים: all who are fit to go out to the army: This informs [us] that no one went out to the army below the age of twenty. This can be understood as ...


5

Revised psak can be three different things. 1) A Rabbi or Beis din, realizes they made a big mistake. (certain pigs are kosher ... ooops! wrong) So after the psak (legal decision) is issued (example: that pigs are kosher), the Rabbis issue a public recall and say "We made a grave error in judgment. It was a mistake. All should know that pigs were never ...


4

It might be a chilul Hashem for all the reasons expressed in the comments above. But it might be more than that. Rav Soloveichik believed the Israeli flag has the Halachik status and Holiness of a murdered Jew’s clothing, and shouldn't be desecrated. Rav Soloveichik (mentioned in ‘Nefesh Ha’Rav’) says that there is a section in the Shulchan Aruch that ...


4

"The Ran (in Nedarim) explains that the exception to the rule of DDD is Eretz Yisroel, which the Ran categorically states that Dina Dmalchusa Dina is inapplicable in Eretz Yisroel, since the Torah declares Eretz Yisroel belongs to Hashem (Vayikra 25:23). Since Hashem is the true property owner, and He has encouraged all of Klal Yisroel to live in Eretz ...


4

Kosharot is a website dedicated to educating consumers on Kashrut issues in Israel. They publish regular updates which might be exactly what you are looking for. For an interesting podcast on the state of kashrut in Israel, see here, including R Moshe Katz who leads Kosharot as the first person being interviewed.


4

Rav Ovadia Yosef originally supported the Oslo Accords due to pikuach nefesh - Rabin and his generals told him it would save lives. Later on after seeing the results - over 3000 Jews murdered and thousands more maimed - he changed his position.


4

Reasons to prohibit: Electrical generation in Israel involves a Jew doing melacha on Shabbat, and since it is forbidden to benefit from such work, one shouldn't use electricity from the public utilities on Shabbat. Reasons to permit: Electricity is required to power hospitals and other life-saving functions. Therefore, it is permitted for Jews to generate ...


4

At the rally about drafting yeshiva bachurim on March 2, 2014, over 600,000 Jews attended, and the blessing Chacham HaRazim was said. (two links) The blessing was led by Rav Baruch Mordechai Ezrachi, and introduced by Rav Elimelech Tirnauer. (Hamodia)


4

Observing 1 day Yom Tov for the Shalosh Regalim (Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot-Shmini Atzeret).


3

Sotah 46a-b also the rambam melachim 5-1:


3

According to a contemporary news report, on October 7, 2013 Rabbi Ovadia Yosef was laid to rest with 850,000 people attending the funeral.


3

The beautiful (in my opinion) Koren Birkon contains the "Harachaman"s for both the State of Israel and the Israeli Defense Forces. Here's a photo of the page that has them:


3

The underlying theoretical justification - Pikuach Nefesh, saving lives by preventing attacks - is where it would come from. Whether or not this behavior accomplishes that in this context is another matter. The most interesting aspect of the question is if the victim of the "Price-Tag" attack is decidedly not an aggressor, just happens to be in the same ...


3

Reb Shlomo Zalman Auerbach says IDF soldiers may risk their lives to recover the body of a slain comrade because if soldiers think that if they are killed their bodies will be left in the field this would cause a weakening of their combat moral which poses pikuach nephesh to klal yisrael. From this it seems evident RSZA was of the opinion that the IDF are ...


3

I will start by addressing the specific question that you have asked here: "According to Halacha, is it a sin for a Jew to take control over some land in Eretz Yisrael when this land was taken against the will of its previous controller (regardless of whether it was occupied or empty, and whether there was violence involved in the transition)?" The answer ...


3

I have zero comment as to today's politics. And when in comes to broader policies, there are many different concerns at play. I can refer you to likely the closest source material, though; assuming individual criminals and civilian life: Suppose a criminal is chasing after you with a gun saying you looked at me funny, I'm going to kill you!, and suddenly by ...


3

The prayer was instituted in 1948 by the Sephardic and Ashkenazic Chief Rabbis of the newly formed State of Israel, respectively Rabbis Ben-Zion Meir Hai Uziel and Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog. The prayer was originally published in the newspaper HaTzofe on September 20, 1948, and in Haaretz on the following day. Over the years it was assumed that Nobel laureate S. ...


3

Rabbi David Forhman argues that this is exactly the case in a video dvar torah on Parashah Haazinu as part of his Aleph Beta video series. His argument is that the process for teshuva on a national scale is outlined in Parashah HaTeshuva and the Shirat Haazinu- after sinning by worshipping other gods, etc., Am Yisrael must take steps to return to G-d and ...


2

There are many who believe that the State of Israel is the "beginning of the sprouting of the redemption [ie, the very beginning of the Messianic era]," and there are those who believe that the State is a sign that we're much further along in the process. At the very least one could make a strong argument that the "Exile" is over, even if the Messianic era ...


2

As far as what the modern State of Israel should do, this was addressed at length by its first Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Yitzchak Isaac Herzog. Broadly speaking, he felt that in a democratic state there had to be certain tolerance. He allowed selling land to non-Jews, for instance. Broader concerns of avoiding enmity against Jews and concerns of "if the Jews ...


2

Destroy the idols - "pursue avodah zarah and get rid of it from the entire Eretz Yisroel" - Rambam, Hilchos Avodah Zarah 7:2. Not allow the idolaters to live there - ibid. 10:6.


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