15

No. See the following list from the Rambam of what Mashiach will/must do: In the future, the Messianic king will arise and renew the Davidic dynasty, restoring it to its initial sovereignty. He will build the Temple and gather the dispersed of Israel. Then, in his days, the observance of all the statutes will return to their previous state. We will ...


15

The English term for this tool is an entrenching tool. Here it is described as standard issue gear for a paratrooper in the IDF. As far as I know, it is pretty standard, when required, for soldiers in most any modern army. I suppose we could speculate if the Torah requires a soldier to carry one even if it isn't technically needed (just in case ...) or if ...


13

No, and I'll explain why: First, as per this list, only 42.5% of world Jewry was in Israel in 2010, so "most" of the Jews are not in Israel. Second, the exile is a function of lost spirituality, not just physical presence. The return to Zion will end the exile when god decides we are on the spiritual level for the proper return. Simply moving there, while ...


12

In Israel the custom is to duchen (perform the Priestly Blessing) every day. Outside Israel we Duchen only on Yom Tov.


10

Celebrating Lag Baomer. Lighting bonfires and going to Meron. Going to Meron is definitely a custom (the whole celebration of Lag BaOmer is a custom), and according to this article, over 500,000 people were expected to make the pilgrimage in 2009. According to this, as of Iyar 2011 there were 5,837,000 Jews living in Israel, so that's a pretty large ...


10

Interesting question and it is true that artscroll's biography of R Moshe Feinstein doesn't address the question explicitly. Here are a few relevant statements showing R Moshe's position. From the statements below I perceive a "positive-neutral attitude", for sure without any virulence against the State but also not proactively recommending alyah. One ...


9

Amman has never been under Jewish rulership (it was the capital of the Ammonite kingdom). By contrast, Eilat (or neighboring Etzion Gever) was controlled by Shlomo (I Kings 9:26), Yehoshafat (ibid. 22:49), and Uzziah (II Kings 14:22) - it was permanently wrested away only in Achaz's times (ibid. 16:6) - so there is much more reason to consider it part of ...


9

Need to provide sources, but on one foot, I think the best way to describe his position was: "a convenient distance." Zionism wasn't Rav Moshe's raison d'etre; neither was anti-Zionism. When you're thousands of miles away, that's a position you can afford to have. Just for perspective, consider the pragmatic view of his senior peer, R' Yosef Eliyahu Henkin. ...


9

The Sefer HaChinuch writes as follows: Sefer HaChinuch Mitzvah # 410 ונוהגת מצוה זו בזמן שישראל על אדמתן וסנהדרין של שבעים ואחד יושבין במקומן המוכן להם בירושלם לדין דיני נפשות And this commandment is operative during the time that Israel is on their land and the Sanhedrin of 71 is sitting in their place that is prepared for them in Jerusalem ...


8

This question is far too broad to answer here but the essence of what they follow is based upon the teachings of Rabbi Yoel Teitelbaum. There are two primary sources that lay out their approach. The first is קונטרס על הגאולה ועל התמורה which is, as best I can tell, not available on the internet. The second is ויואל משה which can be found here. It is ...


7

Here is a 56 page pdf with different references to the Eruv Rav in the last generations. The sources are mostly Kabbalistic. It starts with a mention of what the Eruv Rav were originally, and then explains how the spiritual Eruv Rav comes into existence. I just skimmed it, but I didn't see any mention to the Eruv Rav being in control of the land ...


7

Coincidence. The bible does not explicitly state the year in which Abraham was born, and as such, there have been disagreements about the calculations of the biblical years. Thus, it is unclear if Abraham was actually born in the year 1948 from Creation. The current civil calendar is the Gregorian Calendar, based on the Julian Calendar, which was created ...


7

There are numerous prophecies about the Messianic era and they are generally viewed together as a "single package". As such, Orthodox Judaism is hesitant to declare a single prophecy of that package fulfilled in case there is a snag in the fulfillment of the other and it turns out that that declaration was in error. The more Zionist groups of Orthodoxy will ...


6

There are no explicit biblical proofs for this. However, there is a fairly famous statement in the גמרא in .כתובות קיא: רבי יוסי ברבי חנינא דאמר ג' שבועות הללו למה אחת שלא יעלו ישראל בחומה ואחת שהשביע הקדוש ברוך הוא את ישראל שלא ימרדו באומות העולם ואחת שהשביע הקדוש ברוך הוא את העובדי כוכבים שלא ישתעבדו בהן בישראל יותר מדאי This דרשא from a פסוק in שיר ...


6

Ramban (to Yisro 20:8): Gentiles count days of the week by the days' names themselves, calling each day by its own name, whether after the heavenly bodies, as Christians do, or by whatever other names. Jews count all the days by the name of Shabas: "echad bashabas", "sheni bashabas", because that's part of the command that we were commanded, to remember [...


6

Going to the Kotel — the Western Wall. (By the way, this is indeed a custom; Rabbi Yitzhak Yosef Shelit"a in Yalkut Yosef Al HaMoadim).


6

Rabbi Aviner has stated clearly that Eilat is part of Israel, and living there fulfills the mitzvah of Yeshuv Ha'aretz. (Question 2 in the link)


6

This question is based entirely on an assumption that "anyone living in Israel is in grave danger," but it cites no source to back this statement of fact up. On the contrary, here is a source that indicates that people living in Israel, in general, are not in grave danger. The US State Department issues Travel Warnings "when long-term, protracted conditions ...


6

While the verse cited does predict a return of the Jews to the land of Israel it also includes details which have not yet been realized. The return of large numbers of Jews to Israel and an independent Jewish state are a necessary condition for the fulfillment of this prophecy (and others) but not a sufficient condition for its fulfillment. That this ...


5

According to Rav Kook, and his son, Israel today is considered the quasi kingdom of Israel for many reasons. I list them here in no particular order. With the signing of the Balfour Declaration, the "three oaths" have been fulfilled, and the Nations of the world (like in the time of Cyrus) told the Jewish people that they are to return home and build their ...


5

Rashi does not say that one should not join the army younger than 20, as the questioner put it. That is an interpretation read into the words of Rashi. Rashi says: כל יצא צבא: מגיד שאין יוצא בצבא פחות מבן עשרים: all who are fit to go out to the army: This informs [us] that no one went out to the army below the age of twenty. This can be understood as ...


5

Shortly before the year 70, Jerusalem was surrounded by Roman troops. Raban Yochanan ben Zakai attempted to negotiate a surrender with the Romans. He recognized there was no realistic outcome in which Jewish self-rule remained over Jerusalem. He was opposed by Jewish religious terrorists known as the Sicarii (Latin for "dagger people") who wanted to force ...


5

Revised psak can be three different things. 1) A Rabbi or Beis din, realizes they made a big mistake. (certain pigs are kosher ... ooops! wrong) So after the psak (legal decision) is issued (example: that pigs are kosher), the Rabbis issue a public recall and say "We made a grave error in judgment. It was a mistake. All should know that pigs were never ...


4

It's not considered at all. There is some DNA that is indicative of Ashkenazi Jewish heritage, but it's possible to have it and not be Jewish, and it's possible to not have it and be Jewish. (i.e. it's a clue, but it's not definitive in either direction.) It's a marker of ancestry, not of religious status. Now your friend can check his history and see if ...


4

Observing 1 day Yom Tov for the Shalosh Regalim (Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot-Shmini Atzeret).


4

Check out the Nefesh B'Nefesh Community Database which lets you search according to a number of criteria. Off the top of my head (and if you're sure Ramat Beit Shemesh is out), from the information you give you might want to look into Yad Binyamin, Modiin, Moshav Matisyahu, Nof Ayalon, Efrat/Alon Shvut/Neve Daniel


4

Machlokes haPoskim. When my yeshivah visited there, we did have birkat kohanim during the chazan's repetition of shachris.


4

Reasons to prohibit: Electrical generation in Israel involves a Jew doing melacha on Shabbat, and since it is forbidden to benefit from such work, one shouldn't use electricity from the public utilities on Shabbat. Reasons to permit: Electricity is required to power hospitals and other life-saving functions. Therefore, it is permitted for Jews to generate ...


4

Under current Israeli law, the post of Chief Rabbi exists in only four cities - Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Haifa, and BeerSheba. The Chief Rabbis are elected for 10 year terms. There are 150 members of the board tasked with choosing the country's two chief rabbis. This board is a mix of orthodox and secular. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chief_Rabbi http://en....


4

Rav Ovadia Yosef originally supported the Oslo Accords due to pikuach nefesh - Rabin and his generals told him it would save lives. Later on after seeing the results - over 3000 Jews murdered and thousands more maimed - he changed his position.


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