Regarding earliest source: Long before the Kav hayashar was born, the ShLo"H (R Yeshayah haLevi Horowitz circa 1560) wrote all about shovavim. You can find his rather simple and straightforward explanation of it and it's connection to Teshuva in his intro to the beginning of his exposition on parshat Shemot in the the sefer Shnei Luchos haBris, section ...


Nitei Gavriel mentions in the name of the Arizal that since during these weeks we read the portions of the Torah starting from the enslavement in Egypt (where there was Tikun HaKeri of Adam HaRishon) until Ki Tsikne Eved Ivri.


Nitei Gavriel Chanuka - Yemei Hashovavaim quotes the Be'er Hataiv 685:2 that mentions it in the name of the Arizal. The reason given is that Shemos begins the enslavement of the Jews in Egypt which was as a Kapara for the sin of Keri done by Adam HaRishon. Be'er Hataiv says this is for those that fast during these weeks. Nitei Gavriel Chanuka - Yemei ...


Yes this is a tefila for the period called SHOVAVYM, shemot vaera, bo, beshalach, Ytro, mishpatim Here is the nussach.


The First Temple prophets used a lot of metaphor describing idolatry as the Jewish people being "unfaithful in marriage" to God. Today, however, shovavim is a time period when many Jews focus on repentance from sexual sin (or better yet, improved education on sexuality in Judaism). We don't experience the same drive towards idolatry that they did in the ...

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