11

Chagiga 3b is the main place in Talmud. This text does not easy lead to clear conclusions. But this is the main source. in psychiatry today perhaps those symptoms are included in the term "disorganized behavior". The Sages taught: Who is considered an imbecile (who has no duty to fulfill mitsvot, has no punishment, who cannot make valid acquirement or ...


7

The Yosef Da'as on this section has a fascinating approach. It seems that it was obvious to everybody that Ben Zoma had (somewhat) gone out of his mind (as per Rashi) from his super-spiritual experience. Gemara: בן זומא הציץ ונפגע - Ben Zoma peeked and was injured Rashi: ונפגע. נטרפה דעתו - Injured: his mind was jumbled (lit.) The Rabbis then tried ...


5

Someone with Downs who cannot understand the mitzvah in question would be a pesi. A shoteh is someone incapable of choosing right over wrong. The Rambam may have blamed that on an inability to comprehend, but more modern psychological theories would attribute it to impulse control, an inability to relate to consequences, and psychiatric rather than ...


4

Rabbi Shmuel Singer in his book "A Parent's Guide to Teaching Children Mitzvot: A Halakhic Guide" with the Haskama of Rav Hershel Schechter writes: (on page 143) Modern poskim agree that if a special child has the potential to achieve the intellectual level of an average six-year-old... Upon reaching bar or bat mitzvah such a child will be obligated to ...


4

The short answer is that yes, a child receives Sechar, it's only a question of how much. There are various sources outlined in this Olamot article (points 7-9), see there for details. The Maharam Schick says that a Katan receives Sechar as an Eino Metzuveh Veoseh. Rav Moshe Feinstein is unsure whether the Sechar received is as an Eino Metzuveh Veoseh or ...


2

There are two aspects to this question: A) Is the Shoteh in danger of giving to much Tzedaka? B) Is one allowed to accept even a pittance from the Shoteh Part A) It is forbidden for even a rich person to give too much tzedakka (situations will vary, but often said to be 20% of one's income). Even poor people are obligated in giving Tzedakka but "Rabbi ...


2

These poskim brought in an article sum up that children and even shotim (fools) can do mitzvos: טורי אבן ראש השנה כח,א ודאי ששוטה אינו מפוקע מכל המצוות כגוי, ואין ספק כי קיום מצוה אצלו ודאי יחשב למצוה גמורה, אלא מאחר שהוא שוטה א"כ מעשיו אינם נחשבים כלל ולכן מעשה מצוה שלו שאינו מצוה כלל, לכן הוא חייב לחזור ולאכול מצה כשחזר לשפיותו. ולכאורה ניתן להביא ראיה ...


1

While enjoying and learning from Danny Schoemann's answer, I'd like to offer another route to understanding the idea that Ben Zoma went insane. In describing the episode, the Talmud identifies the effect of Ben Zoma's experience in entering pardes with a particular biblical verse: בן זומא הציץ ונפגע ועליו הכתוב אומר (משלי כה, טז) דבש מצאת אכול דייך פן ...


1

Very important question. First ShizoAffective disorder is not a continuous and irreversible problem of Shote (see DSM 5), almost all mental illnesses has full remission states, or partial remission. Maybe that in certain acute situation, little quantities of time, he is Shote. Second. The answer, your only mitsva is to get better needs to be translated. ...


1

This is a somewhat complex subject. For now, I can supply only a partial answer regarding the Cheresh (deaf - mute) from this interesting article. The original discussion seems to emanate from the first mishnah in Tractate Beitza. However, the article claims that the Chatam Sofer on Even HaEzer 2:2 posits that it is a Halacha l’Moshe Misinai. I don't have ...


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