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13 votes

If shemittah passed, is it still honorable to repay a debt?

Mishnah Shevi'it 10:9: הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. One who repays his debts after the seventh year, the sages are pleased with him.
Joel K's user avatar
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10 votes
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What happens to the debts after Shmitat Ksafim?

Summary The answers to both of your questions (1. Does shemitat kesafim annul the loan, or merely forbid the lender from claiming? and 2. Does shemitat kesafim happen automatically?) would appear to ...
Joel K's user avatar
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6 votes

What are we supposed to do during the shemita year?

As has already been mentioned in the comments - with their now free time, it affords the farmers the opportunity to learn and daven more. Rav Tzadok in the first Pri Tzadik of Behar writes: מפני ...
Dov's user avatar
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5 votes

The underlying reason for Shemitat Ksafim?

The Sefer Hachinuch in Mitzvah 477 says that the main reasons for this Mitzvah are in order to instill a sense of compassion in the person foregoing the loan, as well as to help train him to have more ...
Salmononius2's user avatar
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5 votes

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

Based on Be'er Yosef to Leviticus 25:1-3 There’s a Midrash which analyzes 1 a verse in Psalms 2. The verse describes גיבורי כוח, the mighty ones of strength, who follow Hashem’s word. Who ...
robev's user avatar
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4 votes
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Are women obligated in the positive commandment of remission on Shemitta?

Sefer HaChinuch (477) writes that the positive mitzvah of cancelling loans in shemittah applies to males and females.
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
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Does a Gemach that lends money need a Prozbul?

In Choshen Mishpat 67:28 it is written that minor orphans do not require prozbul, because their guardians are batei din, and the source for this ruling is on Bava Kamma 36b–37a (see also Gittin 37a). ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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3 votes
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What is the Kashrut status of Sefichim harvested during Shmita?

R Yehuda Spitz answers your question regarding vegetables grown in a forbidden way (sefichin) (here, next to last paragraph, see footnote 14 for sources) many Acharonim understand that Sefichin must ...
mbloch's user avatar
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3 votes
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Does the shemita year cancel a loan of a sefer?

As DoubleAA commented, when you lend someone an object, the object remains yours, they are expected to treat it with care, and return it intact. This is 'she'eila', borrowing. It is also not subject ...
Shalom's user avatar
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3 votes
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Questions regarding counting for Shemitta and Yovel

This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the ...
Double AA's user avatar
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3 votes

Is Shmitat Ksafim practiced after a Yovel?

Rambam Hilchot Shemitah v’Yovel 10:16 writes that shemitat kesafim only applies in a shemitah year, not in yovel.
Joel K's user avatar
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2 votes

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

A convert cannot be bought (Rambam, Avadim 1:2), so this question is invalid. A convert may not sell himself as a servant. This is derived from Leviticus 25:41: "And he shall return to his ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes

Is the Samaritan Sabbath Year Concurrent with the Shmita?

The Jewish Encyclopedia explains that the difference in the calculations is based on an argument as to when the first year of the first cycle began when the Bnai Yisrael entered the land under ...
sabbahillel's user avatar
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2 votes

Bikkurim during Shemita

If your question was, are you obligated to bring Bikurim from the fruits that grow on Shmita. Then there seems to be a serious question about that. Rashi in Shemos 23/19 says that even the seventh ...
פרי זהב's user avatar
2 votes

Why is Hakhel done specifically after the shemittah year is completed?

The following is based on R' Samson Raphael Hirsch's commentary on these verses. Let's work backward from the ultimate purpose of this special reading, which the Torah is kind enough to tell us (v. 6):...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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2 votes

Why is Hakhel done specifically after the shemittah year is completed?

The Meshech Chachmah explains that Hakel increases(exemplifies) the test of shmittah. It is now the end of shmittah and everyone is itching to go back to their fields and vineyards which hasn't been ...
sam's user avatar
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2 votes

The underlying reason for Shemitat Ksafim?

In general, there seems to be a theme of Israel and its land never being enslaved in perpetuity, specifically not for more than six units (days/years depending on the context), corresponding to the ...
Loewian's user avatar
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2 votes

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

Ramban here answers that Shemittah was used as an example since it was stated briefly/generally at the time of Matan Torah (in Mishpatim), and the details were said later. This example shows us that ...
רבות מחשבות's user avatar
2 votes

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

Aleinu LeShabeiach, based on the teachings of Rav Zilberstein, quotes two answers to this question (p. 394-395): The Chasam Sofer explains that the reason shemittah and Mount Sinai are juxtaposed ...
DonielF's user avatar
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2 votes

If shemittah passed, is it still honorable to repay a debt?

It's perfectly OK, as Joel K already answered, and actually the lender may even peer pressure him to do so. However, the money needs to be given as a gift, and not as repayment of the loan, otherwise, ...
Danny Schoemann's user avatar
2 votes
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Does a car constitute land ownership for pruzbul?

The gemara in Gittin 37a answers your question (translation R Steinsaltz) that one needs a very small amount of land and it can even be lent to the debtor. We learned in a mishna there (Shevi’it 10:6)...
mbloch's user avatar
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2 votes

Keeping Shemittah "When you enter the land"?

I couldn't find any meforshim who were bothered by this. The Gra writes in Aderes Eliyahu db"h כי תבאו that "כי תבאו אל הארץ" comes to exclude a hava amina that shemitta applies to Ever ...
malkizedek's user avatar
1 vote

I am trying to find the gregorian dates that are equivalent to Elul 29. but only those that close the 7-year Shemitah cycle since 2008

There are many applications that will convert a Hebrew date to a Gregorian date. One that will print you lots of possibilities is this one by Stephen Morse. You can ask it "When did (or will) ...
magicker72's user avatar
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1 vote

Houseplants during shmita

First of all, I assume you are asking regarding Eretz Israel. Plants sitting outside have the law of trees. As such you can maintain the plants (e.g., pulling weeds or trimming dead branches) if the ...
mbloch's user avatar
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1 vote

Is Shemittah a mitzvah bein odom laMokom or bein odom lechaveiro?

Not 100% excluding the possibility that shemittas karka, letting one's land be ownerless, is considered an interpersonal mitzvah (you show the Kesav Sofer seems to think so), I'd like to share that ...
robev's user avatar
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1 vote

Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

Ralbag, seen here, suggests that it is not the particular Mitzvah itself that warrants this statement, rather it's placement in the order of the Torah. He writes: Since the narrative was ...
user6591's user avatar
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1 vote

Does one need to worry about shmitah on Arab produce in Israel?

I assume you checked with the seller that the fruits being sold do belong to a non-Jew (i.e., they are not just reselling Jewish produce) - see towards the end as this is not obvious. And of course ...
mbloch's user avatar
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1 vote

Can a non-Jewish slave convert and exit slavery this way?

They might be able to fully convert at the original time. Once they have entered into slavery, however, all the laws of עבד כנעני apply. They cannot escape that status voluntarily. In any case, no ...
Menachem's user avatar
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1 vote

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

(Edited) A non-Jew who converts normally (not a גרות לשם עבדות, a conversion for the sake of slavery) cannot be sold as an עבד עברי, as pointed out in this answer. He can neither be sold for theft, ...
Menachem's user avatar
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1 vote
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Shmittah in Space

Shmita is a law of the land of Israel, not of the airspace above it. A proof is that plants grown through hydroponics, i.e., with their roots outside of the soil, are not subject to the restrictions ...
mbloch's user avatar
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