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21

The last shemittah year was Jewish year 5768 (13 Sept 2007 - 29 Sept 2008) The next few are: 5775 (25 Sept 2014 - 13 Sept 2015) 5782 (7 Sept 2021 - 25 Sept 2022) 5789 (21 Sept 2028 - 9 Sept 2029) Note that some Rishonim (medieval rabbis) held that the shemittah is the year prior to the years mentioned above (See Tur CM 67) but longstanding normative ...


9

Summary The answers to both of your questions (1. Does shemitat kesafim annul the loan, or merely forbid the lender from claiming? and 2. Does shemitat kesafim happen automatically?) would appear to be the subjects of arguments among the Rishonim. Many Rishonim would appear to understand that shemitat kesafim is indeed a full, automatic annulment of the ...


7

According to a shiur I heard recently, there's a Machlokes Rishonim (early Poskim argue) about whether the Mitzva of Shmitta is: Don't work your land - but your land may work. Your land may not work - no matter who and how the work involved. This - apparently - directly affects the answer to your question, as well as to whether you may lease/sell your ...


7

The Otzar Beit Din is when the Beit Din pays the farmer to collect their produce for the community. The farmer is then a shaliach, and you are not buying the fruit. You're paying him for his effort. Then, when the consumer buys it, he is paying back the Beit Din, again, not buying the fruit. Otzar Beit Din, however, still has kedushat shvi'it, so it cannot ...


6

Rambam Shemitta veYovel 10:10,12 משגלה שבט ראובן ושבט גד וחצי שבט מנשה, בטלו היובלות--שנאמר "וקראתם דרור בארץ, לכל יושביה", בזמן שכל יושביה עליה: והוא שלא יהיו מעורבין שבט בשבט, אלא כולן יושבים כתקנן.‏ ... ובזמן שאין היובל נוהג, אין נוהג עבד עברי, ולא בתי ערי חומה, ולא שדה אחוזה, ולא שדה חרמים, ואין מקבלין גר תושב; ונוהגת שביעית בארץ מדבריהם, וכן ...


6

I Maccabees 6:49-53 talks about a siege in which the Jews were short of food because of shmita.


6

There was a korban omer even during shemitah. (Otherwise, how could one have eaten from chodosh in chutz la'aretz?) It came ideally from the "sefiach" (self-seeded produce); though if that wasn't available, it was imported from Suryah, or, if still necessary, planted in Israel and offered on the Altar (but not eaten by the priests). As such, all the related ...


5

The Sefer Hachinuch in Mitzvah 477 says that the main reasons for this Mitzvah are in order to instill a sense of compassion in the person foregoing the loan, as well as to help train him to have more faith in God. כבר כתבתי במשפטים במצות שמטת קרקעות (מצוה פד), מה שידעתי בשרש המצוה, ושמיטת כספים גם כן, אחר אותו הטעם נמשך, ללמד נפשנו במדות מעלות מדת ...


4

The Chinuch (580) addresses a slightly different but related question: ואולי יעלה במחשבתך בני לאמר, ואיך ימנע אדם מהלואה לעולם מפני זה, ולמה נכתב על זה לאו, והלא בידו להתנות עמו על מנת שלא תשמיטנו בשביעית, וכדרך שאנו עושין תמיד בשטרותינו? אל יבהילך דבר זה, כי התורה תזהירנו בדברים, ואף על פי שאפשר בתקנות ותנאים.‏ And perhaps you, my son, might think ...


4

The first Shemitta year was 21 years after the Jews entered Israel under the leadership of Joshua. According to Seder Olam, that was in the Jewish year 2509 after Creation.


4

I'm just adding this answer due to the faulty translation in the accepted answer: רמב"ם משנה תורה הלכות שמיטה ויובל Rambam Mishneh Torah Laws of Shmita and Yovel כג [כה] אין שביעית נוהגת אלא בארץ ישראל בלבד Shmita applies only in the Land of Israel itself. כה [כח] עבר הירדן, שביעית נוהגת בה מדבריהם. On the eastern bank of the ...


4

See Rabbi Mordechai Willig's "Shmittah for the Consumer": Thus, for the American consumer, the main issue is not the effectiveness of the sale (once one assumes its validity), but rather the question of the status of the produce of non-Jews. With respect to fruit, even if one rejects Rav Yosef Karos; ruling and even the validity of the sale, most ...


4

They must be treated with Kedushas Shevi'is. That means you cannot sell them, you cannot destroy them, you cannot eat them in unusual ways, there is a Mitzva to eat them if they are kosher, and you must not continue to own them past the time they can still be found in the fields or Israel. If they grew in a field which was worked illegally by its owner ...


4

See Ezekiel 4 and Leviticus 26 and Rashi there for other references to the 430 years when Israel violated the Sabbatical and Jubilee years. Each Jubilee period, or 50 years contains seven Sabbaticals and one Jubilee for a total of eight years. In 400 years that would be 8 x 8 = 64 years violated. Another 28 years provides four Sabbatical for a total of 69. ...


4

Based on Be'er Yosef to Leviticus 25:1-3 There’s a Midrash which analyzes 1 a verse in Psalms 2. The verse describes גיבורי כוח, the mighty ones of strength, who follow Hashem’s word. Who does this refer to? The Midrash says that it refers to those who observe the mitzvah of shemittah. Why are these people called mighty ones of strength? If ...


3

Since the Jewish year begins on 1 Tishrei and ends on 29 Elul, your question is essentially to translate 1 Tishrei and 29 Elul of every Shmita year into Gregorian. The Shmita years are those divisible by 7. Since 1900 these years have been: 5663, 5670, 5677, 5684, 5691, 5698, 5705, 5712, 5719, 5726, 5733, 5740, 5747, 5754, 5761, 5768, and 5775 (which began ...


3

Ramba"m in hilchot shemita veyovel (10:2) says that the first shemita was 21 years after Jews entered Israel (14 years until they captured the land and 7 years till the first shemita), which is 2510 years from the creation. Others rule that 2509 year was shemita. However there is no contradiction, becuase it depends from where you begin to count the years. ...


3

According to a shmita gardening guide from the Israeli Religions Ministry, it seems that grass should be planted at least a month before shmita starts, as with a tree. They even recommend having it in before Tammuz, if i understand correctly. (See page 25 of linked document).


3

The MaHaral says that the number 7 is the number of natural occurrence, while the number 8 is for supernatural. Therefore a baby has his Bris on the 8th day to show that we are L'Maalah M'Derech Hatevah. There are many things in the Torah with the number 7. 7 days of the week, 7 years in a Shemita cycle, 7 Shemitas then a Yoveil, and many other examples of 7....


3

The Mishnah in Kiddushin states that most land-dependent mitzvos only apply in Israel. The gemara quotes a beraysa to show that Non-land Mitzvos (חובת הגוף) apply outside Israel. Land-based mitzvos only apply in Israel. Halachically, Shabbos applies everywhere since it is חובת הגוף. Shemitah is a shabbos for land, so it just applies in Israel. ...


3

Yes. Nowadays every seventh year it is forbidden for Jews to work Jewish owned land in the Land of Israel. Most Rishonim understand that the cancelling of debts applies nowadays everywhere as well (Shulchan Aruch CM 64:1). Note that debts which are secured by collateral or whose collection is the responsibility of the courts are not cancelled (:11-12). ...


3

Rambam Maaser Sheni 9:7 (based on Mishna Maaser Sheni 5:1): מי שהיה לו נטע רבעי בשנת השמיטה, שיד הכול שווה--צריך לציינו בקוזזות אדמה, כדי שיכירו בו, ולא יאכלו ממנו, עד שיפדו. ואם היה בתוך שני עורלה--מציינין אותו בחרסית, כדי שיפרשו ממנו: שאם ציינו בקוזזות אדמה שמא יתפרדו--שאיסור עורלה חמור הוא, שהיא אסורה בהניה. והצנועין היו מניחין את המעות בשנת השמיטה ...


3

Although man has free will, God has a world plan and one way or another his plan will succeed. Similarly God has set into Creation that just as scientific laws must not be violated, so too the laws of the Torah are inviolable. With regards to shmittah the land must rest either through the choice of those in the land of Israel or through some other means... ...


3

Since the vegetables have grown (somewhat) during Shmita, then even moving them to a non-Shmita location, would not remove the Shmita status. If part of the vegie is Shmita, the entire vegie is Shmita. Source: Mishna in Shvi'is 6:3. Relevant parts of the Bartenura: בְּצָלִים שֶׁל שִׁשִּׁית שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ לַשְּׁבִיעִית, וְיָרְדוּ עֲלֵיהֶם גְּשָׁמִים ...


3

This Mitzva applies to Beit Din (Sifra to your verse; cf. Menachot 65b), and the year would begin on 1 Tishrei (RH 1:1). The Sifra clarifies that they would count both the total years of Yovel and the years of the current Shmita. So (as the Chinukh 330 explains it) it would be just like counting the Omer: "This year is 33 years which is 4 Shmittot and 5 ...


3

Rambam Hilchot Shemitah v’Yovel 10:16 writes that shemitat kesafim only applies in a shemitah year, not in yovel.


2

See Gittin 37a where the Gemara states that in order to write a prusbul the borrower does not need to own land of equal value to the loan, but even a miniscule amount of land is sufficient. Therefore, it is certainly worthwhile for the lender to give him a miniscule piece of land, which is worth much less than the debt, to enable him to write a prusbul and ...


2

I realise that this won't fully answer your question, but until somebody with experience of Samaritans weighs in, I can tell you that both Jews and Samaritans determine the agricultural year from the seventh month and not the first. This means that, unlike various other festivals, Jews and Samaritans "celebrate" the Shemittah year at the same time, and ...


2

When speaking of the effect that people have on nature as a result of activities, we often use anthropomorfication as a method of expressing the viewpoint. For example, we have the reference to the land "vomiting out" its inhabitants when abominations are performed in it. Similarly, when shemittah is not adhered to, the spiritual nature of the land is ...


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