10

Interestingly, the Torah itself doesn't mention anything special we are celebrating, nor does it give any specific Mitzvah to relate to (besides the special קרבן מוסף). The Yalkut Pinchas 782(ילקוט שמעוני פרשת פנחס רמז תשפב) brings a משל (from TB Sukah 55b) describing Sukot as a party a king has with many friends. When the party is over he asks his son to ...


9

Sitting in the sukkah can be considered a "passive" action, for without saying a berakhah (ברכה) all we're doing is simply sitting and eating outside. However, shaking the Lulav is an "active" or "positive" action which is very specific to Sukkot, and as such, it is not done for the same reasons we don't say a berakhah when sitting in the sukkah on Shmini ...


7

Bzir Aviezer - Rabbi Chaim Aviezer Morgenstern Zatzal explains as follows based on the Gemara in Taanis 10a which says that Hashem gives rain to Eretz Yisrael by himself and other locations through a messenger. Rabbi Yochanan who was in Eretz Yisrael said that rain comes directly from Hashem. Raba who was out of Eretz Yisrael saw the Malach Ridiya who is in ...


6

It's important to notice that there IS a verse for Miriam in the Hoshanos that we all said (or mumbled) just a day before Tefillas Geshem, and we must remember that Tefillas Geshem and Hoshanos were written by the same author, R' Elazar Hakalir. So clearly R' Elazar Hakalir valued Miriam's role as it relates to water and mentioned it in our prayers for water,...


5

Actually, there are two different formats, depending on your nusach, but both different from the "standard": Shmini Atzeret Hachag Hazeh Shmini Chag HaAtzeret Hazeh Either way, you should realize that the chag's name is not "Shmini Atzeret", but it is "an Atzeret on the eighth day". That is, it's really an "anonymous" chag, and not part of Sukkot, but an "...


5

The Bnei Bavel would finish the Torah every year by dividing the Parshios the way we do now, however the Bnei Eretz Yisroel would only finish it every 3 1/2 years and thus would not even celebrate Simchas Torah on a yearly basis. The Minhag if the Bnei Bavel was to celebrate the completion of the Torah on the 9th day of Yom Tov - on the day of Safeik Yom of ...


5

To answer the first question: yes. Because of 'sfeika deyoma', one should sit in the sukkah even on Shemini Atzeres just as one would on the other days of Sukkos. The Gemara Sukkah 47a (as we have it) concludes this way, and says that we should sit in the Sukkah, but not make a bracha. (The reasons for this, as I understand it, is either because it might be ...


5

The Baal HaTanya writes in his siddur: מנהג ותיקין הוא לעשות יום שמיני עצרת גם כן כמו בשמחת תורה It is a custom of the ancients(?) to do on Shmini Atzeres like on Simchas on Torah ... And then going on to describe Hakafos. Rabbi Nachum Greenwald notes that the language seems to paraphrase the Mishnas Chassidim, but the Mishnas Chassidim is talking ...


5

This question is, of course, the subject of a large part of the 1st Perek in Ta'anis. The reason we begin to mention Hashem's power of rain on Shemini Atzeres (Mashiv Haruach) is discussed in Ta'anis 2a-3a and is related to the Nisuch Hamayim in the Bais HaMikdash. The reasons we don't actually begin asking for rain then (V'Sain Tal Umatar)are: Rain on ...


4

This is a list of things which are Ossur behanaa (forbidden for benefit) for ever. in Talmud-Gemara Avoda zara 74a: מתני' אלו אסורין ואוסרין בכל שהו יין נסך ועבודת כוכבים ועורות לבובין ושור הנסקל ועגלה ערופה וציפורי מצורע ושער נזיר ופטר חמור ובשר בחלב ושעיר המשתלח וחולין שנשחטו בעזרה הרי אלו אסורין ואוסרין בכל שהוא Among the list: Eglah Arufa, the hair ...


4

It's another 7 hakafot, but this time with live music. At the ones i've been to, they do the standard hakafah opening verses (with Hashem's name -- it's just reciting psukim, at least in the Sfardi version), and then sing and dance with music. It's not much more complicated than that. I don't know where exactly the custom comes from, but it may just be to ...


4

We can discover what we are celebrating by examining the two main actions of that day: changing the second Amidah blessing to "Who causes the wind to blow and the rain to fall" changing the number of sacrifices for the gentile nations to only one sacrifice (when sacrifices were offered in the Temple). I see those mitzvot directly answer what we celebrate: ...


4

Below is what R' Hirsch says on the subject (Commentary on Lev. 23:36, on p. 684 - 686 of the original Levy translation, with italicized transliterations, elisions, and added paragraph divisions by me). Very brief summary: The special nature of the holiday is indicated by its name "Atzeret," meaning "a preserving summing up" (R' Hirsch's translation), and ...


4

I think the paytan was working the other way. He had a list of holy 'shepherds' in who's zchus we beseach water, he filled in the stanzas with something about water concerning them all. This is very apparent from some of the forced associations. The one about Avraham is all poetic and nothing literal. Mentioning Moshe being thrown in the water seems strange. ...


4

This is addressed by R. Mordechai Yaffe. He explains that the formulation that you suggest could imply that there are eight holidays in the year or that each day of Sukkot is considered it's own holiday, both of which are false: Levush O.C. 668:1 אבל אין לומר יום חג שמיני העצרת הזה שהיה משמעותו שהוא חג השמיני הנקרא עצרת וכו' וא"כ היה משמע לשונו שהוא ...


4

Ma'amar Mordechai 668:1 writes regarding tefillah that if one mentions sukkot instead of shemini atzeret he has not fulfilled his obligation. Although he does not explicitly say the same regarding birkat hamazon, he does write further on that: צריך שיאמר את יום שמיני חג העצרת הזה בתפילה ובבהמ"ז ... ומשמע דעיכובא הוא He needs to say "et yom shemini ...


3

Yeshivas Chaim Berlin, as litvisha yeshiva on Coney Island Ave. in Brooklyn, does hskafos on Shmini Atzeres at night. They come back to the yeshiva after eating the seudah and the Rosh Yeshiva speaks (gives a maimar) in the sukkah. Afterwards they go inside and dance hakafos. The hakofos usually do no start until 2-3 AM.


3

This is not a particularly satisfying answer, but I always assumed it was because she's female. While there exist some rare references to women elsewhere in Jewish liturgy, it's far more common practice to leave them out. (For example, I was quite struck that the imahot are included during yizkor -- it seemed unfamiliar after so many daily mentions of "...


3

Perhaps Miriam is alluded to in the verse יִחַד לֵב וְגָל אֶבֶן מִפִּי בְאֵר מַיִם and also in the verse קוֹרֵא וּמַזֶּה טָהֳרַת *מַיִם ר*וּחַק מֵעַם פַּחַז כַּמָּיִם Another thought: When Miriam was Nifteres it says that the water continued in the Zechus of Moshe who was still living. http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/112396/jewish/Miriam....


3

The Chasam Sofer (Derashos HaShalem Shemini Atzeres VeSimchas Torah § 10, first printed in Chiddushei Chasam Sofer Sugyos (5653) § 2) says we're celebrating the completion of all the mitzvos of the month: Rosh Hashanah with Shofar, Yom Kippur with the Avodah and Teshuvah, Sukkos with the Sukkah and Arbah Minim, and of course all the korbonos. He says a ...


3

This is dealt with in the gemara in maseches taanis. We start the mention of mashiv haruach in the chazan's repetition of shemonah esrei for Musaf of Shmini Atzeres. Once it is started, the gemoro states that even when we have a second day of Yom Tov (Simchas Torah), we continue without a break. The question had been whether to stop after mincha until musaf ...


2

We do not do so. You didn't ask why not, but, for anyone interested, there are good and ample reasons.


2

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 668:1 rules that in chutz l'aretz one is required to eat in the sukkah, but that one does not make the beracha of lasheiv basukkah. The Kaf HaHayyim 668:8 rules that this applies to all eating (not just the seudot), but that someone who is machmir to not eat fruit outside the sukkah on Sukkot can be meikil on Shemini Atzeret. The ...


2

The Rabbi of my shul spoke about this question this year. He said that in Israel, a person from chutz la'aretz should sit in a sukkah lechatchila on Shmini Atzeret.


2

The Nussach HaGra as practiced by the Perushim (Talmidim of the Vilna Gaon in Jerusalem) as well as many Litvishe (Haredi) Yeshivot in Israel do not say this - nor almost any other Piyut (except on Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippour). Their Tefilat-Geshem consists of a few snippets of the original, and is said before the silent Mussaf on Shmini Atzeret. You can ...


2

Tosafos in masechs Nidah 16b s.v. Malach raise this issue and answer that Af Bri is in fact the angel in charge of rain, however he only acts with permission of Hashem. ואף ברי (איוב לז) שהוא שר מטר אין עושה אלא ברשות הקב״ה (This of course implies that other angels have some type of free will in their missions. See this Mi Yodeya Q & A.) The ...


2

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 114:1 clearly states that Mashiv HaRuach is inserted beginning with Mussaf. He does not differentiate between an individual or a community. מַתְחִילִין לוֹמַר בִּבְרָכָה שְׁנִיָּה: מַשִּׁיב הָרוּחַ וּמוֹרִיד הַגֶּשֶׁם, בִּתְפִלַּת מוּסָף שֶׁל יוֹם טוֹב הָאַחֲרוֹן שֶׁל חַג, וְאֵין פּוֹסְקִין עַד תְּפִלַּת מוּסָף שֶׁל יוֹם טוֹב ...


2

There is a discussion in gemara if one substitutes, as proposal, the words "you are עצורתי". Rashi interprets this to mean (BT Kid. 6a, s.v. עצורתי): לשון עצרת שתהא נאספת עמי לבית This would mean "gather", as in be stored together with the husband in a home.


1

Indeed, I noticed this interesting phenomena in Gan Hapa'amon ("Liberty Bell" Park) in Jerusalem when I was there in the mid 1980's. 3 Orthodox Israelis explained that the reasoning for this was a combo of these reasons: "Balancing out the score" with the Jews living outside Israel. Many outside Israel do hakafot on Shemini Atzeret to honor those in Israel ...


1

When I was in Hebrew University, we had Yom Tov Sheni shel goliyos with Hakafos. There were Israelis who came and played music and danced as well.. It was mutar for them since it was not Yom Tov.


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