10

There is a concept from the Gemara (Pesachim 8a) known as שלוחי מצוה אינן ניזוקין - mitzva messengers are not harmed. When one is going on a trip that involves potential risks, some are of the custom is to give them a small amount of money to give to charity at their place of destination, so that they are effectively turned into "mitzva messengers" until ...


10

Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 29 says that Shem Ben Noach performed Avraham's bris. The Medrash Rabba Bereishis 49:2 says that Hashem held Avraham's hand and helped him perform the bris. The verse in Bereishis 17:24 supports that it was performed by someone else, as it uses the passive language בהמולו, when he was circumcised, and Rashi there points out that this ...


9

Aruch HaShulchan 694:2 says that it is clear to him that it does not have to be given directly to the poor man, and can be given through a messenger (Shaliach) on Purim day. Nitei Gavriel Purim 68:6 mentions in the name of the Yad Aharon 694, Chug Eretz 15, and others that if money is given to a messenger (Shaliach) before Purim to give to the poor man on ...


8

According to the GaRNa"T at the beginning of Maseches Kesubos, there is a school of Rishonim which holds that Nisuin is not a "transaction" (קנין) but is rather the initiation of their living together as husband and wife (תחילת הנהגת אישות). According to this school of thought, at least, one would not be able to send a shaliach, as Nisuin is not an "act of ...


7

Your question is really the other way around. Generally speaking it's the person who does the mitzva action that says the bracha (Rambam Brachot 11:10). In the case of an aliyah, you are right that in most congregations an appointed reader is designated to read each persons portion out loud and with proper cantillation; however Shulchan Aruch (OC 141:2) ...


7

Just to add to @DovF's answer. It would seem that making the person your emissary to do any mitzvah would accomplish the same thing, since the main thing is that, as your emissary, he is protected from harm. (see my answer here) However, Tzedakah has an added benefit of "saving one from death", as the Talmud (Shabbat 156B) tells us. So you get the double ...


7

The Kaf HaChayim 110:27 says that one who is traveling should endeavor to be made a Shliach Mizvah. It does not mention money specifically. Then it says that one who is not made an emissary should himself designate a coin and say that, Bli Neder, when he arrives at his destination he will, with G-d's help, give the coin to Charity in the honor of R' Meir ...


7

R' Elchonon Wasserman in Kovetz Shiurim (Kesuvos 74a) brings this question from R' Akiva Eiger, and explains how the Kiddushin of Biah is fundamentally different from Kessef and Shtar, and why that has ramifications with Shlichus and Tnai. Others (source to follow in edit, bli neder) explain that Kiddushei Biah is not just an arbitrary maaseh kinyan (like ...


6

By your logic, then, I could say "please pray as my proxy", then I can go home and sleep. Someone can't be your "proxy" -- shliach -- to pray for the same reason you can't be my proxy to wear tefilin or eat matza. It's a mitzvah that applies to your own body. I can have someone circumcise my son, slaughter my Passover sacrifice, build a protective fence ...


6

Accroding to Rabbi Jack Abramowitz having a child or other relative as a catalyst for the congregation to praise God is an indisputable source of merit for the deceased. He basis this on a story about Rabbi Akiva, as given in Rabbi Abramowitz's essay on ou.org


5

The Or Hachaim Bereshis 24:12 answers this question: Eliezer was worried that once Betuel and family know that Avraham instructed him to find a wife specifically from the family and NOT from Canaan, they would offer one of their Canaanite maid servants as a match - and say that this is their own daughter. Therefore Eliezer went by his mission/shlichut the ...


5

This website recounts the medrash that says that According to the Midrash (Tanchuma VaYeira 3), Abraham only circumcised himself after consulting with his friend Mamrei.


4

See Masheches Kesuvos 98b Rav Papa brings the halacha if the price is fixed they share the extra and if it is not fixed the sender keeps it see it inside.Here is a good story and source for such a case,it seems this case is that belongs fully to the sender because the extra one comes because of the first pair ,it is like part of the sale,and that is how it ...


4

I think it would depend on the agent's intent. The reason why one becomes liable for carrying when the item was predesignated is that the predesignation shows us that the carrier is carrying the item for the specific purpose (in the case of a seed, to plant it), and that shows that he considers the item "significant". Even though someone else carrying the ...


4

One of the Mitzvos which is normally done through a Shaliach-emissary, is teaching your son Torah Kiddushin 29b: ללמדו תורה:מנלן דכתיב (דברים יא, יט) ולמדתם אותם את בניכם. Where do we know one should teach his children Torah? "you shall teach them(the Torah) to your sons" (Devarim 11:19) The Shulchan Aruch (YD 246:5) says: מקום שנהגו ללמד תורה בכתב ...


4

Sure. The first line of Choshen Mishpat 185:1 is הסרסור שליח הוא אלא שנוטל שכר שליחותו A broker is a shliach, except that he gets paid. and he goes on to say that the same rules that apply to a shliach apply to a broker. As for a shliach for a mitzvah (such as delivering a get): You can be paid for doing the mitzvos of bikur cholim or hashovas ...


3

Moshe was destined to be the one to bring down the torah, hence there needed to be no doubt that he was chosen by God. this is also why he was speech impaired (so people would not say he smooth talked everyone into believing in him) likewise it had to be in Egypt which was the world superpower for witchcraft (so that people would not say Moshe was a ...


3

Kol Isha -- presumably, the gemara in Megilla says that theoretically a woman could receive an aliyah. In those times, receiving an aliyah meant reading the Torah as well. Hence many rabbis (including some Orthodox ones) would say that kol isha wouldn't be a problem reading the Torah, and if that kind of singing isn't provocative, one could argue that ...


3

Yalkut Yosef YD 285 Seif 89 says the head of household can appoint a shaliach to affix all the mezuzot. However, the shaliach should make the bracha of "Al Keviat Mezuzah", because whenever a Misvah is done on behalf of someone else, you change it to that form. I don't see any circumstance where the visitor won't be appointed a shaliach- is he going to ...


3

These are the cases he brings here: If the sender (husband) is very sick can the Shliach (messenger) give the Get? If the sender (husband) became a Shoteh after making a Shliach to write a Get for his (husband's) wife? If the husband died - the Shliach definitely can't give it. If Shliach used his own paper (Klaf) is it a kosher Get? If one makes a Shliach ...


3

I have not seen any sources address this question directly. What follows is some limited academic analysis that should not be relied upon practically: The prohibition against kashering items that are likely to get damaged in the process is based on the Gemara in Pesachim (30b) that states that certain vessels can only be kashered by filling the inner cavity ...


3

1) Arizal Shaar HaKawanat (see pg 15-16) says that the Kadish does not only take people out of Gehenam but also lifts people up and up in Gan Eden. 2) Doesn't help the mourners. 3) Only for 30 days.


3

From Rambam Hilchot Mechirah 1:2: "If, however, the purchase is completed through one of the media by which property is transferred, the purchaser acquires the object. There is no need for witnesses; neither the seller or the purchaser may retract." This indicates that nobody need witness the sale of chametz.


3

The following is from Mishnah Demai 4:2. The translation is mine, following Bartenura. To keep things straight I’m referring to the people in question as Reuven and Shimon instead of “him” and “him.” הַמַּדִּיר אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ שֶׁיֹּאכַל אֶצְלוֹ, וְהוּא אֵינוֹ מַאֲמִינוֹ עַל הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, אוֹכֵל עִמּוֹ בַּשַּׁבָּת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ ...


3

The Talmud (Kiddushin 29a) states the following: למולו מנלן דכתיב וימל אברהם את יצחק בנו והיכא דלא מהליה אבוה מיחייבי בי דינא למימהליה דכתיב המול לכם כל זכר והיכא דלא מהליה בי דינא מיחייב איהו למימהל נפשיה דכתיב וערל זכר אשר לא ימול את בשר ערלתו ונכרתה ‘To circumcise him.’ How do we know it? — Because it is written: And Abraham circumcised his son ...


2

If people gave you the money to disperse in Israel as "Shliach Mitzvah Money" it is possible you shouldn't exchange it, but give that specific coin. See the Kaf HaChayim (110:27) and Kemach Solet (pg 121) brought in this answer. They say that one should mark the coin and give it to the travel to give to charity. The Kemach Solet (one of the sources for the ...


2

Paying for an Aveira that was already done, is probably not a problem - especially in this case where you did not request the Aveira to be done. In הלכות איסורי מזבח פרק ד:יב the Rambam states that if you pay a harlot after the fact, the payment does not have the status of Ethnan and can be used as a Korban. This is true even if you agreed on a price and ...


2

As I understand it, a mourner says kadish to declare that despite his loss he still praises God and understands that this was God's will. No. It's sanctification of G-d's name to help fill the void by one less person alive, and for the deceased's merit. Tziduk hadin -- the blessing said proclaiming G-d "the judge of truth", has some of the psychological ...


2

http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/514609/jewish/Why-Does-A-Mourner-Say-Kaddish.htm Even if there is no son who can say the Kaddish, another Jewish male is still able to help the soul along by saying the Kaddish and by dedicating charity in honor of the deceased. After all, we are all connected. In truth, the Ari taught, we are all only ...


2

I know a lawyer who writes living wills who is close with Rabbi Breitowitz; here's the language I've seen: RABBI YITZCHAK BREITOWITZ ... HAS DETERMINED THAT ANY LIFE SUSTAINING TREATMENT, SUCH AS CPR, WHICH MUST BE EMPLOYED IMMEDIATELY TO AVOID DEATH SHALL BE EMPLOYED. ANY DECISIONS FOR LIFE SUSTAINING TREATMENT, SUCH AS A RESPIRATOR, THAT DO NOT NEED TO ...


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