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10

Pirkei D'Rebbi Eliezer 29 says that Shem Ben Noach performed Avraham's bris. The Medrash Rabba Bereishis 49:2 says that Hashem held Avraham's hand and helped him perform the bris. The verse in Bereishis 17:24 supports that it was performed by someone else, as it uses the passive language בהמולו, when he was circumcised, and Rashi there points out that this ...


9

There is a concept from the Gemara (Pesachim 8a) known as שלוחי מצוה אינן ניזוקין - mitzva messengers are not harmed. When one is going on a trip that involves potential risks, some are of the custom is to give them a small amount of money to give to charity at their place of destination, so that they are effectively turned into "mitzva messengers" until ...


9

Aruch HaShulchan 694:2 says that it is clear to him that it does not have to be given directly to the poor man, and can be given through a messenger (Shaliach) on Purim day. Nitei Gavriel Purim 68:6 mentions in the name of the Yad Aharon 694, Chug Eretz 15, and others that if money is given to a messenger (Shaliach) before Purim to give to the poor man on ...


8

According to the GaRNa"T at the beginning of Maseches Kesubos, there is a school of Rishonim which holds that Nisuin is not a "transaction" (קנין) but is rather the initiation of their living together as husband and wife (תחילת הנהגת אישות). According to this school of thought, at least, one would not be able to send a shaliach, as Nisuin is not an "act of ...


7

Just to add to @DovF's answer. It would seem that making the person your emissary to do any mitzvah would accomplish the same thing, since the main thing is that, as your emissary, he is protected from harm. (see my answer here) However, Tzedakah has an added benefit of "saving one from death", as the Talmud (Shabbat 156B) tells us. So you get the double ...


7

Your question is really the other way around. Generally speaking it's the person who does the mitzva action that says the bracha (Rambam Brachot 11:10). In the case of an aliyah, you are right that in most congregations an appointed reader is designated to read each persons portion out loud and with proper cantillation; however Shulchan Aruch (OC 141:2) ...


7

The Kaf HaChayim 110:27 says that one who is traveling should endeavor to be made a Shliach Mizvah. It does not mention money specifically. Then it says that one who is not made an emissary should himself designate a coin and say that, Bli Neder, when he arrives at his destination he will, with G-d's help, give the coin to Charity in the honor of R' Meir ...


7

R' Elchonon Wasserman in Kovetz Shiurim (Kesuvos 74a) brings this question from R' Akiva Eiger, and explains how the Kiddushin of Biah is fundamentally different from Kessef and Shtar, and why that has ramifications with Shlichus and Tnai. Others (source to follow in edit, bli neder) explain that Kiddushei Biah is not just an arbitrary maaseh kinyan (like ...


6

Accroding to Rabbi Jack Abramowitz having a child or other relative as a catalyst for the congregation to praise God is an indisputable source of merit for the deceased. He basis this on a story about Rabbi Akiva, as given in Rabbi Abramowitz's essay on ou.org


6

By your logic, then, I could say "please pray as my proxy", then I can go home and sleep. Someone can't be your "proxy" -- shliach -- to pray for the same reason you can't be my proxy to wear tefilin or eat matza. It's a mitzvah that applies to your own body. I can have someone circumcise my son, slaughter my Passover sacrifice, build a protective fence ...


5

This website recounts the medrash that says that According to the Midrash (Tanchuma VaYeira 3), Abraham only circumcised himself after consulting with his friend Mamrei.


5

The Or Hachaim Bereshis 24:12 answers this question: Eliezer was worried that once Betuel and family know that Avraham instructed him to find a wife specifically from the family and NOT from Canaan, they would offer one of their Canaanite maid servants as a match - and say that this is their own daughter. Therefore Eliezer went by his mission/shlichut the ...


5

The material on which it's written can be just about anything (Rambam chapter 4): על הכול כותבין את הגט, אפילו על איסורי הנאה; וכותבין על דבר שיכול להזדייף--והוא, שייתנו לה בעדי מסירה. [ג] כיצד: כותב על הנייר המחוק, ועל הדפתרא, ועל החרס, ועל העלין, ועל ידו של עבד, ועל קרן הפרה; ומוסר לה העבד והפרה או הנייר המחוק וכיוצא בו, בפני עדים. The get can be ...


5

As long as your giving happened on your Purim, you fulfilled your obligation. The halacha is that if you wake up Purim morning and look around town and can't find any poor people, you can send the money in the mail, or just set aside the money for whenever you find a poor person. Chayei Adam 154:28, among others. ואם הוא במקום שאין עניים שם, יכול לעכב ...


5

The Binyan Tzion, questions if you are Yotzei the Mitzva of Mishloach Manos if you bring it yourself, since Mishloach implies that you must send it with a Shaliach. Others like the Eishel Avrohom and Rav Shlomo Kluger hold that you are certainly Yotzei if you bring it personally. Sending it is a leniency that the Anshei Knesses HaGedola allowed. Moreover you ...


4

When giving Matanos L'Evyonim, the money should be given on Purim and received on Purim. For one who wishes to give Matanos L'Evyonim to Aniyim in Yerushalayim this presents a problem. Since they celebrate Purim on a different day, how can we give them Matanos L'Evyonim and still be Mekayem the Mitzva? If we give it on the fourteenth when we observe Purim, ...


4

I once typed up something about angels in prayer, so I'll use it here, since it's very relevant (I've translated the Hebrew): מהר"ל, נתיבות עולם, נתיב העבודה פי"ב: ומזה משמע שיתפלל אל הש"י שלא יהיה לו צרים אבל שיתפלל ולומר למלאכים אל תהיו צרים לי זה אין ראוי רק שזה יהיה דרך תפילה אל הש"י. אבל אנו נוהגים לומר מכניסי רחמים הכניסו רחמינו לפני בעל הרחמים וגו' ...


4

See Masheches Kesuvos 98b Rav Papa brings the halacha if the price is fixed they share the extra and if it is not fixed the sender keeps it see it inside.Here is a good story and source for such a case,it seems this case is that belongs fully to the sender because the extra one comes because of the first pair ,it is like part of the sale,and that is how it ...


4

I think it would depend on the agent's intent. The reason why one becomes liable for carrying when the item was predesignated is that the predesignation shows us that the carrier is carrying the item for the specific purpose (in the case of a seed, to plant it), and that shows that he considers the item "significant". Even though someone else carrying the ...


4

One of the Mitzvos which is normally done through a Shaliach-emissary, is teaching your son Torah Kiddushin 29b: ללמדו תורה:מנלן דכתיב (דברים יא, יט) ולמדתם אותם את בניכם. Where do we know one should teach his children Torah? "you shall teach them(the Torah) to your sons" (Devarim 11:19) The Shulchan Aruch (YD 246:5) says: מקום שנהגו ללמד תורה בכתב ...


4

Sure. The first line of Choshen Mishpat 185:1 is הסרסור שליח הוא אלא שנוטל שכר שליחותו A broker is a shliach, except that he gets paid. and he goes on to say that the same rules that apply to a shliach apply to a broker. As for a shliach for a mitzvah (such as delivering a get): You can be paid for doing the mitzvos of bikur cholim or hashovas ...


3

Yalkut Yosef YD 285 Seif 89 says the head of household can appoint a shaliach to affix all the mezuzot. However, the shaliach should make the bracha of "Al Keviat Mezuzah", because whenever a Misvah is done on behalf of someone else, you change it to that form. I don't see any circumstance where the visitor won't be appointed a shaliach- is he going to ...


3

Moshe was destined to be the one to bring down the torah, hence there needed to be no doubt that he was chosen by God. this is also why he was speech impaired (so people would not say he smooth talked everyone into believing in him) likewise it had to be in Egypt which was the world superpower for witchcraft (so that people would not say Moshe was a ...


3

These are the cases he brings here: If the sender (husband) is very sick can the Shliach (messenger) give the Get? If the sender (husband) became a Shoteh after making a Shliach to write a Get for his (husband's) wife? If the husband died - the Shliach definitely can't give it. If Shliach used his own paper (Klaf) is it a kosher Get? If one makes a Shliach ...


3

There are levels in our connection with Hashem. The prophets during all ages acted as such. Though - all of Israel are encouraged to reach that level (of prophecy) themselves. Still, when Hashem wanted to say something, it was through prophets. In the Torah we find it the other way too - Am Yisrael asks Moshe to speak to Hashem for them. There is an ...


3

I have not seen any sources address this question directly. What follows is some limited academic analysis that should not be relied upon practically: The prohibition against kashering items that are likely to get damaged in the process is based on the Gemara in Pesachim (30b) that states that certain vessels can only be kashered by filling the inner cavity ...


3

1) Arizal Shaar HaKawanat (see pg 15-16) says that the Kadish does not only take people out of Gehenam but also lifts people up and up in Gan Eden. 2) Doesn't help the mourners. 3) Only for 30 days.


3

Kol Isha -- presumably, the gemara in Megilla says that theoretically a woman could receive an aliyah. In those times, receiving an aliyah meant reading the Torah as well. Hence many rabbis (including some Orthodox ones) would say that kol isha wouldn't be a problem reading the Torah, and if that kind of singing isn't provocative, one could argue that ...


3

From Rambam Hilchot Mechirah 1:2: "If, however, the purchase is completed through one of the media by which property is transferred, the purchaser acquires the object. There is no need for witnesses; neither the seller or the purchaser may retract." This indicates that nobody need witness the sale of chametz.


3

The following is from Mishnah Demai 4:2. The translation is mine, following Bartenura. To keep things straight I’m referring to the people in question as Reuven and Shimon instead of “him” and “him.” הַמַּדִּיר אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ שֶׁיֹּאכַל אֶצְלוֹ, וְהוּא אֵינוֹ מַאֲמִינוֹ עַל הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, אוֹכֵל עִמּוֹ בַּשַּׁבָּת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ ...


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