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8

While the Arizal does indeed say that A) one should stand for Vayivarech David, and B) that one should give tzedakah standing during Vayivarech David, these customs are not dependent on one another. The Kaf HaChaim (OC 51:43 quotes the Arizal on standing during Vayivarech David as follows: וכ"כ האר"י ז"ל בשער הכוונות בענין תפלת השחר די"ח ע"ג וז"ל צריך ...


1

I think it depends on the type of photo and the type of frame. A rare/previous/important picture or a delicate frame would fall in the halachic category of mukze chisaron kis ("a loss of the pocket") and could not be moved. This category of muktze relates to objects that are valuable to their owner (regardless of their monetary value), that don't have a ...


2

This is actually forbidden. As background, building new items is forbidden because of the melacha of boneh. Rebuilding is somewhat easier but not that much. As R Daniel Braude (Learn Shabbos, pp. 292ff) explains fastening tightly (e.g., with screws, nail or glue) is forbidden min haTorah fastening loosely (e.g., attaching parts of an item in a way ...


3

R Jack Abramowitz clarifies (here) the distinction between the permitted and forbiddden part of the melacha of boneh (assembling or building) While the av melacha (primary labor) involves both assembling separate pieces into a unified whole and forming a shelter, either activity is prohibited on Shabbos, even if the other is not accomplished. ...


1

Those Halachot are quite famous, this is where you should start looking: טור שיג מטה של פרקים, אסור להחזירה ולהדקה, ואם תקע חייב חטאת. ואם היה רפויה מותר לכתחלה... Tur 313 A bed made of "joints" (parts that are made to disassemble and reassemble): It is forbidden to assemble it (on Shabbat), and if he did he needs [to offer] a sacrifice. And if it's ...


1

Since both (all) groups you mentioned accept the written Torah as divine (to say nothing of other shared social/cultural similarities) there are certainly many many items of agreement. I would presume all would generally prohibit eating pork, adultery, or worshiping idols and so forth. Nevertheless, as these groups mutually identified themselves as distinct ...


2

In the Yerushalmi Brachot 8:1 (56b) (as well as in Yerushalmi Pesachim 10:2 (69b)), we read: א"ר יוסי בר' נהיגין תמן במקום שאין יין שליח ציבור עובר לפני התיבה ואומר ברכה אחת מעין שבע וחותם במקדש ישראל ואת יום השבת Said R. Yosé b. Rabbi, “This is the custom [in Babylonia] in a place where they have no wine [available for the recitation of the ...


-2

The idea of "מעלין בקדושה ולא מורידים" (see WIKI's summary in Hebrew) is not universal, it applies only to a limited set of holy objects, Mitzvos and people: תשמישי קדושה (Religious articles) like Teffilin, Torah scroll, etc. Channukah lights - we go from 1 to 8 Kohen Gadol and King's wife. As Shabbos clothes are not "Religious articles", this rule does ...


2

There are many cases of businesses operated on Shabbat in partnership with non-Jews. The classical case is that of a nursing home operated by a Jew, which needs to remain open and functioning on Shabbat. One is allowed to operate such a business by taking on a non-Jewish partner and stipulating from the beginning that the non-Jew is totally in charge of ...


5

As you correctly write, nolad applies to physical elements and is connected to the laws of mukze, which also only applies to physical objects. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch writes (88:4) Nolad is something that came into being today, such as ashes from a fire which was ignited today by a non-Jew; or an egg that was laid today and sap running from the trees ...


4

In the course of a wide-ranging teshuvah about pikuach nefesh on Shabbos, the Tzitz Eliezer quotes several explanations: (from Kapei Aharon) According to one view (R' Shimon ben Menasya), it might be permissible to violate Shabbos for pikuach nefesh only if the person will thereby be able to keep future Shabbosos, but not for חיי שעה, if they're anyway ...


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