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11

The source is the last Mishna in the first chapter of Chullin. Rav Ovadiah of Bartenura explains that indeed we only have a Havdala ceremony when moving from a higher holiness to a lower holiness, and the reason we say "Bein Kodesh leKodesh" generically between Shabbat and Yom Tov and not something like "from a higher holiness to a lower holiness" is so as ...


10

According to the Shulchan Oruch quoted in the question, measuring when done for another person looks like Mekach uMemkar (buying and selling) since that person looks like a "buyer" and if using accurate measuring utensils onlookers will think there is a transaction (thus permitting such an action on Shabbos) and might come to make their own transactions and ...


10

The fixed calendar already prevents Yom Kippur from falling on a Friday or Sunday, to avoid two consecutive days where all melachot are forbidden. (See Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 428:1 with e.g. Magen Avraham, Biur HaGra, Biur Halachah.) If we were to also prevent Yom Kippur from falling on Shabbat, that would lead to a situation where the new moon of ...


8

This is a very old custom, which is cited in the Sefer Rokeach Hilkhot Shabat 49 by Eleazar of Worms.1 The meaning of the three is given by the Kaf haChayim in his commentary to Orach Chayim 268:34, saying that it refers to the three worlds (see here), the higher, the middle and the lower one: ובצרור המור ט"א על ג"פ נגד ג' עולמות עולם עליון ואמצעי ותחתון ...


7

The question is not about the body - the police do not resurrect (as of now), but about its condition and the consequences of the discovery: First, if the body looks fresh and recent - you must call the ambulance first, as the person might be not as much dead as you think! If it's fresh there might be a following Pikuach Nefesh danger for others (think of ...


7

Indeed one prays the amida three times a day (four times on Shabbat and holidays), once in the evening (arvit) since the Jewish day goes from evening to evening, once in the morning (shaharit) and once in the afternoon (minha). See here if you are interested in the exact times (definitions are here). During the week it is nearly the same amida prayer ...


7

This is addressed by Sanhedrin 80b. It’s a dispute to begin with whether the particular form of death needs to be specified in the warning: תניא ושאר חייבי מיתות שבתורה אין ממיתין אותן אלא בעדה ועדים והתראה ועד שיודיעוהו שהוא חייב מיתת ב"ד רבי יהודה אומר עד שיודיעוהו באיזה מיתה הוא נהרג We taught in a Braisa: For all others that make liable to death ...


7

The Aruch Hashulchan Orach Chaim317,4 quotes the Yerushalmi Shabbos 7,1 that suggests that there might be Borer for Humans from humans (i assume with kids who are man handled and don't move voluntarily) according to Chizkia who says that Borer applies to the same species (e.g pomegranates separated from other pomegranates), but this suggestion of Chizkia is ...


7

At Yoatzot.org here, they answer as follows: If the sole purpose is to protect the woman's clothing, the sanitary napkin should not be worn. But generally speaking, most women are also concerned about discomfort or irritation. Embarrassment may be construed as a type of discomfort.


7

The Shulchan Aruch rules (O.C. 294:1) that in general one need not repeat Shemonah Esrei for forgetting Atah Chonantanu. The exception where one does have to repeat it is if he also ate before making havdalah on wine: ואם טעה ולא הבדיל משלים תפלתו ואינו חוזר מפני שצריך להבדיל על הכוס ואם טעם קודם שהבדיל על הכוס צריך לחזור ולהבדיל בתפלה Given that if ...


7

The Gemara (Baba Metziah 90a) discusses this: איבעיא להו: מהו שיאמר אדם לנכרי חסום פרתי ודוש בה, מי אמרינן: כי אמרינן אמירה לנכרי שבות - הני מילי לענין שבת, דאיסור סקילה, אבל חסימה דאיסור לאו - לא. או דלמא לא שנא There is a dispute in the Rishonim how to pasken. The Rambam (Sechirus 13.3) paskens it is forbidden. אמר לעכו"ם חסום פרתי ודוש בה. ישב ...


7

The practice of lighting shabbat candles is a rabbinic requirement (see, e.g. Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Shabbat 25b; Rambam Laws of Shabbat 5:1), to honor the Shabbat and create a pleasant and peaceful atmosphere in the home (see e.g. here). According to most, the requirement may be fulfilled using electronic lights (at least incandescent ones) that serve ...


6

T'fila L'Moshe by Rav Aharon Lopiansky quotes Rav Y'huda ben Yakar as linking the two components in this way, with each later line being an explanation of its preceding word pair(+) (emphasis mine). אלו ארבעה לשונות נאמר כנגד ארבע עולמות שהוא אדון יהיה לכולם, ובא המתפלל לפרשם Akin to DonielF's and DoubleAA's suggestions, it seems to be a common ...


6

In the English version of Shemirath Shabbath k'Hilchata (11:10), R' Yehoshua Neuwirth is strict and writes: When removing the shell from an egg, one should be careful not to break through any letters or designs which may be stamped on it. but he is most likely speaking of hand-removing the shell while your case is slightly different. I believe that, ...


6

DailyHalacha has a nice summary based on the Tur on SA OC 242 The Tur cites a number of passages from the Talmud that underscore the importance of observing and enjoying Shabbat: 1) One who observes Shabbat as a day of enjoyment and delight is rewarded with a "portion without boundaries," meaning, unlimited blessings. Just as he spent money ...


6

In this situation the application of graf shel rei (bedpan) would apply. The Shulchan Aruch Orach Chayim 308:35 allows one to move a graf shel rei out of sight or smell . This is a special halacha which allows one to move something which one would usually not be allowed to move since it has no use, but since it is something which is disgusting and unsightly ...


6

Spending Shabbat with non-Jews, or Jews who aren't Shomer Shabbat, can be difficult. I think the best idea would to avoid being put in such a situation. But if you can't, make sure: kosher food will be avaliable. People in the household (like your father) have a working understanding of what can and cannot be done on Shabbat. (If your father exhibits a ...


6

Halachipedia brings a number of opinions permitting this R Josh Flug (Sukkot To Go 5770, p. 27) writes that it is certainly permissible to use a toilet with an automatic flusher if no other restroom is available because most assume that using electricity is prohibited only d’rabanan and therefore is permitted for kavod habriyot. He says that ...


6

There are multiple options depending on how much of a reference book you are searching for vs. something which is readable cover-to-cover to rehearse. The 39 melochos is an amazing reference work but it is very heavy (ca. 2000 pages) and detailed. Serves best to check out or learn in depth a specific melacha with Hebrew footnotes to enable further study ...


6

Historically a non-shomer Shabbat Jew did not count as part of a minyan, however in recent generations, a number of halachic decisors taught that the status of Shabbat-desecrators is different today. They do not desecrate Shabbat to defy God but as part of a general movement of non-observance. As such many prominent poskim agree they can be counted. See R ...


6

There is no question that spending Shabbat alone can be frustrating, boring and difficult. It is not good for man to be alone, and for sure not on Shabbat (which might be the reason Eve was created right before Shabbat). Ideally Shabbat would be spent in the company of friends, or at least other Jews. If this is not possible, here are a few ideas borrowing ...


6

The Beur Halacha says that beshaas hadechak, in pressing circumstances, when you make kiddush you can have in mind to eat in another room in the same building. He concludes that if you can see the other room, then in all circumstances it's fine, so long as you had in mind to eat there. My guess has always been that in certain shuls the Rabbi is concerned ...


6

R' Shlomo Kluger in Shu"t U’vacharta BaChaim (§87) vehemently forbade such practice, after an incident where a local Rav permitted a kvittel to be written and sent to the Belzer Rebbe on Shabbos. The Eshel Avraham (328.17) quotes a yesh omrim that it is forbidden, but leaves off 'וצ״ע' דלכתוב שיבא אוהבו אצלו או שיתפללו בעדו י"ל דאסור וצלע"ע היטב ...


6

How do we observe time-bound mitzvot where time and seasons are different? On Earth, The problem dates back to the 18th century, when Jews started moving north, where daytime or nighttime can last for days or weeks. The Talmud is our guide: Rav Huna says: If a man is wandering in the desert and does not know when Shabbat is, he should count six days [...


5

Mishnah Berurah 269:2 explains that since the chazzan does not fulfill his kiddush obligation (as he is not eating his meal in the synagogue) he can’t drink the wine, because it is forbidden to eat or drink anything before kiddush. (This prohibition is discussed in Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 271:4.)


5

See Yalkut Yosef Shabbat 135:37 where he explains that m'ikar hadin, a mechalel shabbat b'farhesia doesn't count towards the seven olim(l'chatchila) because it is as if they don't acknowledge ma'aseh bereshit. However, if a machloket will occur, it is not necessary to be makpid on this rule. Also based on shu"t Yabia Omer 9:108 sec. 103. See quote below: ...


5

The reason many prefer to make their own Kiddush rather than be yotzei from the host is because of the dictum מצוה בו יותר מבשלוחו - it is preferable to perform a Mitzvah personally [based on Kiddushin 41]. (Pri Megadim, MZ 207) Others disagree, and claim that the above principle doesn't apply, because hearing Kiddush is better than regular שליחות, because ...


5

Piskei Shabbas by Rabbi Eliezer Padwar is also very helpful sefer. It is 4 volumes (Yom tov as one vol) . It is in English and has footnotes. Many of the psakim are from Rav Moshe Feinstein ,and the Debercheiner Rav. Many people also use Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen's seforim ,which has good notes (Many times contain more lenient opinions). There is also Rav ...


5

The psak of Shemiras Shabbos KeHilchoso: If one is kovei'a the meal on pas habo'oh bekisnin, for example, cake, then one can use two full cakes for lechem mishneh. שמירת שבת כהלכתה פרק נה סעיף טז: הקובע סעודה על פת הבאה בכיסנין דהיינו עוגה יכול הוא לקחת שתי עוגות שלמות ללחם-משנה ולבצוע עליהן


5

The Gemara in Shabbos 3a states that when it comes to laws of Shabbos, the term פָּטוּר generally means that it is forbidden but doesn't require a sacrifice to be brought. So the Mishna never really 'clearly permitted' it, quite the opposite! As the Mishna Brurah explains (340:18): יש ליזהר - ר"ל אף דחיוב חטאת ליכא דבעינן שיכתוב דוקא בדיו או בשאר דבר ...


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