8 votes
Accepted

Rabbinic changes in the Septuagint (Megillah 9a) - facts or fables?

As I wrote in the comments, the modern Septuagint we have today is not the one made by the 72 elders. This is more so true for the Septuagints of the Prophets and Writings, which weren’t even ...
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8 votes
Accepted

Have any Jewish commentaries been written on the Septuagint?

There is a current academic attempt (by Prof. Moshe Tzipor from the Bar Ilan University) to reconstruct the original Hebrew text the Greek translation was based on. It has extensive notes, comments ...
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7 votes

The Rabbis of the Septuagint

Edit: I've now noticed that the Letter of Aristeas, which records the story of the creation of the Septuagint, records the names of all of the sages involved: "The following are the names of the ...
  • 22k
7 votes

The Rabbis of the Septuagint

Aside from the Talmud, the story of the Septuagint is mentioned in the minor tractate Soferim (1:7-8): מעשה בה׳ זקנים שכתבו לתלמי המלך את התורה יונית והיה היום קשה לישראל כיום שנעשה העגל שלא היתה ...
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6 votes
Accepted

Is there still a mesora on how to write the Torah in Greek?

To the title question, “Is there still a mesora on how to write the Torah in Greek?”: The Rambam in Mishneh Torah writes that Greek language has been forgotten. Laws of Tefillin, Mezuzah and ...
6 votes

Have any Jewish commentaries been written on the Septuagint?

Nearly all of Philo's writings are explanations of the Septuagint version of the Pentateuch, though I believe the only ones that actually go through the books in order as a commentary are his ...
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4 votes

A question about King Ptolemy and his wife Arnevet

Interestingly, the Steinsaltz Gemara on this segment comments The seventy-two Elders, in their translation of the word hare in the list of non-kosher animals, used the word δασύπους, dasupous, which ...
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4 votes

Have any Jewish commentaries been written on the Septuagint?

R. Hayim Heller wrote a sefer on the Septuagint. I'm not sure if you would quite call it a commentary, but you can access the sefer here. I think he also wrote something on it in German, called ...
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3 votes

Which source more accurately depicts Goliath's height?

In Shmuel 1 17:4 it writes: וַיֵּצֵ֤א אִֽישׁ־הַבֵּנַ֙יִם֙ מִמַּחֲנ֣וֹת פְּלִשְׁתִּ֔ים גָּלְיָ֥ת שְׁמ֖וֹ מִגַּ֑ת גָּבְה֕וֹ שֵׁ֥שׁ אַמּ֖וֹת וָזָֽרֶת׃ A champion of the Philistine forces stepped forward;...
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3 votes

A question about King Ptolemy and his wife Arnevet

I've been somewhat troubled over the last few weeks by Rabbi Steinsaltz's understanding, brought by @mbloch, that seems to say that the sages' tradition of what had conspired at the time of the making ...
  • 22k
2 votes

Where does Jacob Bernays discuss the creation of the Septuagint?

I have made a little research, and I am not perfectly sure that the claim is correct. There have been much speculation who was King Ptolemy in the Letter of Aristeas. Graetz (1890) rules out Soter and ...
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2 votes

Which source more accurately depicts Goliath's height?

Midrash Tehillim 18:32 (cited in Rashi, I Shmuel 17:49) says that Goliath fell forward after David struck him with a stone (rather than, as might have been expected, backwards) כדי שלא יצטער דוד וילך ...
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2 votes

Have any Jewish commentaries been written on the Septuagint?

The late Harry M. Orlinsky was an expert on the LXX. While he wrote no commentary on the whole translation, he did publish important articles on it. A Google search ('Harry Orlinsky on the Septuagint')...
2 votes

Why did Judaism stop using the Septuagint?

The specific type of Greek was not known to Jews anymore, and the text became corrupted. Originally, it was felt that the Koine translation of the Torah, and specifically only the Torah, was good ...
  • 1,467
1 vote

What parts of the Septuagint are and are not reliable?

The original Septuagint, translated by rabbis more than 22 centuries ago, was of the Pentateuch alone, and not the Books of the Prophets, such as Isaiah. The Talmud states this explicitly in ...
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